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Encyclopedia > Shrimp
Shrimp

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Pleocyemata
Infraorder: Caridea
Dana, 1852
Superfamilies

Alpheoidea
Atyoidea
Bresilioidea
Campylonotoidea
Crangonoidea
Galatheacaridoidea
Nematocarcinoidea
Oplophoroidea
Palaemonoidea
Pandaloidea
Pasiphaeoidea
Procaridoidea
Processoidea
Psalidopodoidea
Stylodactyloidea Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (760x612, 66 KB) shrimp © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... // Subclasses Eumalacostraca Hoplocarida Phyllocarida See text for orders. ... Suborders Dendrobranchiata Pleocyemata See text for superfamilies. ... Infraorders Caridea Stenopodidea Reptantia, divided into: Polychelida Achelata Glypheoidea Astacidea Thalassinidea Anomala Brachyura Pleocyemata is a sub-order of decapod crustaceans, erected by Martin Burkenroad in 1963. ... James Dwight Dana (February 12, 1813 - April 14, 1895) was an American geologist, mineralogist and zoologist. ... In biology, a superfamily is a taxonomic grade intermediate between suborder and family. ... Subfamilies & Genera Atyinae Atya (Atyoida, Attya) Caridina Neocaridina Caridellinae Pycnisia Paratyinae Paratya Typhlatyinae Typhlatya Others Antecaridina Atyopsis Edoneus Halocaridina Haminaea Jolivetya Kalriana Paracaridina Syncaris The atyid shrimps (family Atyidae) is a taxon of Caridean shrimp present in all tropical and most temperate waters of the world. ... Subfamilies & Genera Acanthephyra Ephyrina Heterogenys Hymenodora Janicella Kemphyra Meningodora Notostomus Oplophorus Systellaspis The family Oplophoridae is a taxon of pelagic shrimps and the only subtaxon of the superfamily Oplophoroidea. ... Genera Eupasiphae Glyphus Leptochela Parapasiphae Pasiphaea Pasiphea Psathyrocaris The family Pasiphaeidae is a taxon of shrimps and the only subtaxon of the superfamily Pasiphaeoidea. ... Genera Bathystylodactylus Neostylodactylus Parastylodactylus Stylodactylus The family Stylodactylidae is a group of shrimps and the only representative of its superfamily (Stylodactyloidea). ...

True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. Together with prawns, they are widely caught and farmed for human consumption. Suborders Dendrobranchiata Pleocyemata See text for superfamilies. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... Annual mean sea surface salinity for the World Ocean. ... Superfamilies Penaeoidea Aristeidae Benthesicymidae Penaeidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Sergestoidea Luciferidae Sergestidae Prawns are shrimp-like crustaceans, belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata [1]. Prawns are distinguished from the superficially similar shrimp by the gill structure which is branching in prawns (hence the name, dendro=tree; branchia=gill), but is lamellar in...

Contents

Taxonomy

A number of more or less unrelated crustaceans share the word "shrimp" in their common name. Examples are the mantis shrimp and the opossum or mysid shrimp, both of which belong to the same class (Malacostraca) as the true shrimp, but constitute two different orders within it, the Stomatopoda and the Mysidacea. Triops longicaudatus and Triops cancriformis are also popular animals in freshwater aquaria, and are often called shrimp, although they belong instead to the Notostraca, a quite unrelated group. Superfamilies and families Bathysquillidoidea Bathysquillidae Indosquillidae Erythrosquilloidea Erythrosquillidae Gonodactyloidea Alainosquillidae Eurysquillidae Gonodactylidae Hemisquillidae Odontodactylidae Protosquillidae Pseudosquillidae Takuidae Lysiosquilloidea Coronididae Heterosquillidae Lysiosquillidae Nannosquillidae Tetrasquillidae Squilloidea Harpiosquillidae Squillidae incertae sedis Parasquillidae Sculdidae Mantis shrimp or stomatopods are marine crustaceans belonging to the order Stomatopoda, one part of the class Malacostraca, the largest... Families not necessarily a complete list: Mysidae Eucopiidae Lophogastridae Petalophthalmidae Gnathophausiidae The Mysidacea is an order of small, shrimp-like creatures including the species Neomysis americana (opossum shrimp). ... A class is the rank in the scientific classification of organisms in biology below Phylum and above Order. ... // Subclasses Eumalacostraca Hoplocarida Phyllocarida See text for orders. ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Families Not necessarily a complete list: Alainosquillidae Bathysquillidae Coronididae Erythrosquillidae Eurysquillidae Gonodactylidae Hemisquillidae Indosquillidae Lysiosquillidae Nannosquillidae Odontodactylidae Parasquillidae Protosquillidae Pseudosquillidae Squillidae Takuidae Tetrasquillidae The Mantis shrimps are the order Stomatopoda of crustaceans. ... Families not necessarily a complete list: Mysidae Eucopiidae Lophogastridae Petalophthalmidae Gnathophausiidae The Mysidacea is an order of small, shrimp-like creatures including the species Neomysis americana (opossum shrimp). ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Genera Lepidurus Triops The order Notostraca (colloquially referred to as notostracans, called Triops, tadpole shrimp or shield shrimp) are small crustaceans in the class Branchiopoda. ...


Shrimp are distinguished from the superficially similar prawns by the structure of the gills, There is, however, much confusion between the two, especially among non-specialists, and many shrimp are called "prawns" and many prawns are called "shrimp". This is particularly widespread in culinary contexts. In Southeast Asia, the difference between shrimp and prawns is based on size, with larger shrimp being called prawns.[1] Superfamilies Penaeoidea Aristeidae Benthesicymidae Penaeidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Sergestoidea Luciferidae Sergestidae Prawns are shrimp-like crustaceans, belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata [1]. Prawns are distinguished from the superficially similar shrimp by the gill structure which is branching in prawns (hence the name, dendro=tree; branchia=gill), but is lamellar in... For other uses, see Gill (disambiguation). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Shrimp as food

A steamed tail-on shrimp
A steamed tail-on shrimp
Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
shrimp

Recipes using shrimp form part of the cuisine of many cultures: examples include shrimp kebabs, shrimp creole, shrimp gumbo, pan fried, deep fried, stir fried. There's pineapple shrimp and lemon shrimp, coconut shrimp, pepper shrimp, shrimp soup, shrimp stew, shrimp salad, shrimp and potatoes, shrimp burger, shrimp sandwich, shrimp fajitas. Strictly speaking, dishes containing scampi should be made from the Norway lobster, a shrimp-like crustacean more closely related to the lobster than shrimp, but in some places it is quite common for large shrimp to be used instead. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (848x720, 269 KB) // steamed shrimp http://visualsonline. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (848x720, 269 KB) // steamed shrimp http://visualsonline. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... American scampi in garlic butter Scampi is the plural of scampo, the Italian name for the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus), also known as the Dublin Bay prawn (especially in the U.K. and Ireland) and langoustine (the French name). ... Binomial name Nephrops norvegicus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus (also called Dublin Bay prawn or langoustine), is a slim orange-pink lobster up to 24 cm long [2] found in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean and North Sea as far north as Iceland and northern Norway, and south... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ...


As with other seafood, shrimp is high in calcium and protein but low in food energy. A shrimp-based meal is also a significant source of cholesterol, from 7 mg to 251 mg per 100 g of shrimp, depending on the method of preparation.[2] For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Food energy is the amount of energy in food that is available through digestion. ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol). ... The milligram (symbol mg) is an SI unit of mass. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ...


Dried shrimp is commonly used as a flavoring and as a soup base in Asian cuisines while fried shrimp is popular in North America. In Europe, shrimp is very popular, forming a necessary ingredient in Spanish paella de marisco, French bouillabaisse, Italian cacciucco, Portuguese caldeirada and many other seafood dishes. Asian cuisine is a term for the various cuisines of South, East and Southeast Asia and for fusion dishes based on combining them. ... Valencian paella. ... This article is about the food. ... Cacciucco (cah-CHOO-koh) is an Italian stew consisting of several different types of meat and/or fish cooked together with vegetables and large quantities of garlic and chilli peppers. ... Caldeirada is a typical Portuguese stew consisting of a large variety of fish, and sometimes shellfish, with potatoes, tomato and onion. ...


Shrimp and other shellfish are among the most common food allergens.[3] Cooked mussels Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... A food allergy is an immunologic response to a food protein. ...


Preparation

Preparing shrimp for consumption usually involves removing the shell, tail, and "sand vein". Various seashells Danielle A shell is the hard, rigid outer covering, or integument, allanimals. ... A scorpion tail The tail is the section at the rear end of an animals body; in general, the term refers to a distinct, flexible appendage to the torso. ...


To deshell a shrimp, the tail is held while gently removing the shell around the body. The tail can be detached completely at this point, or left attached for presentation purposes.

Removing the "vein" (a euphemism for the digestive tract) can be referred to as "deveining", though in fact shrimp do not have any real veins; they have an open circulatory system. The "vein" can be removed by making a shallow cut lengthwise down the outer curve of the shrimp's body, allowing the dark ribbon-like digestive tract to be removed with a pointed utensil. Alternatively, if the tail has been detached, the vein can be pinched at the tail end and pulled out completely with the fingers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 64 KB) From http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 64 KB) From http://www. ... Binomial name Pandalus borealis Krøyer, 1838 Pandalus borealis (also called Pandalus eous) is a species of shrimp found in cold parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... For the Physics term GUT, please refer to Grand unification theory The gastrointestinal or digestive tract, also referred to as the GI tract or the alimentary canal or the gut, is the system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and... Deveining is the removal of the gastrointestinal tract of a shrimp, a common part of preparing them for eating. ... In the circulatory system, a vein is a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart. ... For transport in plants, see Vascular tissue. ...


The shrimp is then rinsed under cold running water.


Shrimp in aquaria

Several types of shrimp are kept in home aquaria. Some are purely ornamental, while others are useful in controlling algae and removing debris.[4] Freshwater shrimp commonly available for aquaria include the Japanese marsh shrimp (Caridina multidentata , also called "Amano shrimp," as their use in aquaria was pioneered by Takashi Amano), and ghost or glass shrimp (Palaemonetes spp.). Popular saltwater shrimp include the cleaner shrimp Lysmata amboinensis, the fire shrimp (Lysmata debelius) and the Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta). Aquarium is also the name of the Russian band, which is also spelled Akvarium A 335,000 gallon (1. ... Binomial name Caridina multidentata Stimpson, 1860 Caridina multidentata is a species of shrimp found in the Yamato River area of Japan as well as parts of Korea and Taiwan. ... Takashi Amano is a photographer , designer and Aquarist. ... Species Palaemonetes pugio Palaemonetes paludosus Palaemonetes vulgaris Palaemonetes kadiakensis The genus Palaemonetes includes a geographically diverse group of fresh and brackish-water North American shrimp. ... Binomial name Lysmata amboinensis De Man, 1888 The Cleaner Shrimp (Lysmata amboinensis) is an omnivore which will generally scavenge and eat parasites and dead tissue. ... Binomial name Lysmata debelius Bruce, 1983 Lysmata debelius (known as the fire shrimp, blood red shrimp or scarlet cleaner shrimp) is a arthropod that grows to a maximum size of 5 cm (2 ;in) and is indigenous to the Indo-Pacific. ... Genera There are 4 genera and 12 species: Gnathophylloides Gnathophyllum - bumblebee shrimps Hymenocera - harlequin shrimps Levicaris Gnathophyllid shrimps (family Gnathophyllidae) are a taxon of tropical shrimps in the superfamily Palaemonoidea. ...


See also

Shrimp growout pond on a farm in South Korea. ... Pandalus borealis is a popular food source. ... Families Euphausiidae Euphausia Dana, 1852 Meganyctiphanes Holt and W. M. Tattersall, 1905 Nematobrachion Calman, 1905 Nematoscelis G. O. Sars, 1883 Nyctiphanes G. O. Sars, 1883 Pseudeuphausia Hansen, 1910 Stylocheiron G. O. Sars, 1883 Tessarabrachion Hansen, 1911 Thysanoessa Brandt, 1851 Thysanopoda Latreille, 1831 Bentheuphausiidae Bentheuphausia amblyops Krill are shrimp-like marine... Dried shrimp are shrimp that have been sun dried and shrunk to a thumbnail size. ... Binomial name Alpheus bellulus , Tiger pistol shrimp (Alpheus bellulus) is a type of shrimp, also called Symbiosis Shrimp, or Snapping Shrimp. ... Shrimp on the barbie is an often-quoted phrase that originated in a series of television commercials by the Australian Tourism Commission starring Paul Hogan from 1986. ... The Shrimp Girl is a painting by the English artist William Hogarth (1697–1764) in the National Gallery, London. ... William Hogarth (November 10, 1697 – October 26, 1764) was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited as a pioneer in western sequential art. ...

References

  1. ^ Charmaine Solomon (1998). Encyclopedia of Asian Food. New Holland Publishers (Australia) Pty Ltd.. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  2. ^ Cholesterol Content in Seafoods. Retrieved on January 7, 2007.
  3. ^ Common Food Allergens. The Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  4. ^ Anderson, Joe. Freshwater Shrimp in the Aquarium. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Caridea

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shrimp - definition of Shrimp in Encyclopedia (713 words)
Examples are the mantis shrimp and the opposum or mysid shrimp, both of which belong to the same class (Malacostraca) as the true shrimp, but constitute two different orders within it, the Stomatopoda and the Mysidacea.
The usage of the common name "shrimp" also varies: zoologically, all crustaceans belonging to Natantia (or to a corresponding list of families) are called shrimps, but in common usage, especially in relation to cooking, some of the large ones are known as prawns.
Shrimp and prawns are versatile ingredients, and are often used as an accompaniment to fried rice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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