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Encyclopedia > Shower
Showerhead
Showerhead

A shower is the act of spraying water on the body, or a device built for that purpose. When 'taken' for personal hygiene, soap or detergent are often used to aid washing of the skin, and shampoo to aid hair washing. Showering generally uses less water and energy than taking a bath. A full bathroom may include a shower, but a half bathroom will not. Look up shower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... In addition to acting as a normal shower, a steam shower produces steam using a humidifying steam generator. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1829 KB) Summary A turned on shower, photographed by DONeil. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1829 KB) Summary A turned on shower, photographed by DONeil. ... Hygiene is the maintenance of healthy practices. ... For other uses, see Soap (disambiguation). ... Laundry detergents are just one of many possible uses for detergents Detergent is a compound, or a mixture of compounds, intended to assist cleaning. ... Washing is one way of cleaning, namely with water and often some kind of soap or detergent. ... Shampoo is a common hair care product used for the removal of oils, dirt, skin particles, dandruff, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that gradually build up in hair. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Hair care. ...

Contents

History

1904 illustration of a portable shower.
1904 illustration of a portable shower.

The hygiene regimen in the form of a shower goes back to the time of the Greeks, as evidenced by extant vases and murals.[1] During the Scottish Enlightenment, Lord Monboddo showered every morning with cold water on his front porch to emulate the Greeks and profess his belief in the practice as healthful;[2] his habit, while eccentric, was well publicized with the intelligentsia of that era. Another step toward the spread of showering was when the Prussian military installed showering rooms in their barracks in 1879.
Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... The Scottish Enlightenment was a period of intellectual ferment in Scotland, running from approximately 1740 to 1800. ... James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714 - May 26, 1799) was a Scottish judge, scholar and eccentric. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ...


Cultural significance

Group nudity is commonly accepted in many cultures when showering or bathing, as long as it is not mixed-gender bathing, in which nudity is much less commonly accepted.
Group nudity is commonly accepted in many cultures when showering or bathing, as long as it is not mixed-gender bathing, in which nudity is much less commonly accepted.

Showering is mostly part of a daily routine, but is also practiced for wellness and relaxation artistic illustration of a three males of different ages in a public shower copyright 2004, Todd VerBeek File links The following pages link to this file: Nudity User:Tverbeek Categories: GFDL images ... artistic illustration of a three males of different ages in a public shower copyright 2004, Todd VerBeek File links The following pages link to this file: Nudity User:Tverbeek Categories: GFDL images ... Nude redirects here. ... Look up relaxation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Showering procedure

Showering results in a few phases, in which the skin, and usually the hair, are wet with water. Then cleansing products are applied, allowed to work, and subsequently rinsed out. If necessary, soaping and rinsing is re-performed.


Elderly and disabled

Showering is easier and more secure than bathing, for elderly and disabled people as it requires less effort to step out of and also presents a lower risk of slipping and falling.[citation needed] Children bathing in a small metal bathtub Bathing is the immersion of the body in fluid, usually water, or an aqueous solution. ...


This is certainly true for the elderly and/ or disabled in their boat setting. Companies such as Premier Bath, Inc. and others that have copied their design are selling walk-in tubs and showers for home-owners who would like to safely age-in-place at home. This is a great solution for anyone who is still relatively ambulatory, but as mobility decreases so does the effectiveness of this type product.


Institutional showering in Nursing Homes and Rehabilitation facilities was replaced for several years by whirlpool tubs. During the mid-1970's up until the late-1900's these tubs were how residents were mostly cleaned. For several reasons, whirlpool use has been greatly reduced and the trend is back to showering. Some of the reasons that whirlpool bathing has been abandoned are:


Time constraints: to fill a whirlpool with the 60+ gallons necessary to bath takes approximately 12 to 15 minutes (depending on water pressure and size of the water pipes of 1/2 or 3/4 inch), another 12 to 15 minutes to perform bathing and an additional 12 to 15 minutes to disinfect the tub for the next resident to go in. Staffing challenges and higher acuities of residents has made this very inefficient.


Cross-contamination: 90 to 100% of today's institutional residents are bladder and/or bowel incontinent. Whirlpool tubs, by design, take the water that the resident is emerged into a hydraulic pump which is then forced out of a series of jets. This very feature that relaxes the healthy with a pleasant spa experience becomes a source of cross-contamination for incontinent residents and care-givers alike.


Disinfection: Disinfecting between bathing incontinent residents becomes an even bigger task because of all the internal plumbing and pump...did the disinfection process remove all of the matter that was sucked into the pump and out of the jets? This is impossible to verify without dismantling the tub or testing water samples.


Clostridium Difficile: C-Diff is a dangerous bacteria that is only transmitted by fecal-oral contact. Is is especially deadly to the very young and the very old. C-Diff has claimed many lives, causing Canada and the UK to outlaw the use of whirlpool tubs with incontinent people. Ohio State CDC has kept records of C-Diff and the effect on the elderly.


The only real advancement to showering over the past 70 years has been from metal constructed shower chairs to PVC plastic construction. The process has always been to undress the resident in their room, place them onto a shower chair, wrap a sheet around for modesty and wheel them down to the central shower area with all of their toiletries in their lap. Occasionally, in new construction designs, an institution will have roll-in showers in each room or shared between two rooms. This eliminates the shrouded trip down the hallway for the resident, but it also drives up the construction cost of facility and takes away square footage for other uses.


Purpose

Various purposes of showering include routine hygiene, as well as safety (as in chemical spills, mass decontamination, etc.). Mass decontamination (abbreviated mass decon) is the decontamination of large numbers of people, in the event of industrial, accidental, or intentional contamination by toxic, infective, caustic, polluted, or otherwise unhealthful or damaging substances. ...


Structure and designs

Modern sensor-operated column shower
Modern sensor-operated column shower

There are free-standing showers, but also showers which are integrated into a bathtub. Showers are separated from the surrounding area through watertight curtains (shower curtain), sliding doors, or folding doors, in order to protect the space from spraying water. Showers with a level entry wet room are becoming very popular, especially due to improvements in waterproofing systems, & prefabricated components. Best practice requires a waterproofing material to cover any walls and floor of the shower area, that are thereafter tiled, or in some countries covered with a sheet material like vinyl. A shower curtain with a penguin pattern Shower curtains are curtains used in bathtubs with a shower or shower enclosures and are usually made out of vinyl, cloth or plastic. ... The front door of a house is often decorated to appear inviting. ... Roman folding door at Pompeii, Italy. ...


Places such as a swimming pool, a locker room, and a military facility, have multiple showers. There may be shower rooms without divisions (typically sex-segregated) or shower stalls (typically open at the top; often in shower rooms which are sex-segregated anyway). For the 2003 film, see Swimming Pool (film). ... A changeroom (in Australia, Canada, and other areas, including some parts of the USA, and also known as a changing room, change room, lockerroom, or locker room in the United Kingdom or USA) is a place where people go to change their clothes. ... Sex segregation is the separation, or segregation, of people according to sex or gender. ...


Anthony David Rueli of the University of Massachusetts researched the aspect of why shower curtains billow inwards during showering ("shower-curtain effect") and received for it the Ig Nobel Prize in 2001. In physics, the shower-curtain effect is the phenomenon in which a shower curtain gets blown inwards with a running shower, regardless of the temperature of the water. ... Flying frog. ...


A shower head is a perforated nozzle that distributes the water over a large solid angle. Thus less water can be used to wet the same area. Low flow shower heads can use water even more efficiently by aerating the water stream. Some shower heads can be adjusted to spray different patterns of water. Hard water may result in calcium and magnesium deposits clogging the head, causing it to lose effectiveness. Rocket Nozzle A nozzle is a mechanical device designed to control the characteristics of a fluid flow as it exits from an enclosed chamber into some medium. ... A solid angle is the three dimensional analog of the ordinary angle. ... Not to be confused with heavy water. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number magnesium, Mg, 12 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, period, block 2, 3, s Appearance silvery white solid at room temp Standard atomic weight 24. ...


Shower curtains

A shower curtain with a penguin pattern
A shower curtain with a penguin pattern

Shower curtains are curtains used in bathtubs with a shower or shower enclosures and are usually made out of vinyl, cloth or plastic. The shower curtain has two main purposes: to provide privacy and to prevent water from flooding the bathroom. Shower curtains usually surround the bath inside the tub and are held up with railings or curtain rods on the ceiling. To accommodate the different types of bathtub shapes, railings can come in different sizes and are flexible in their design. Many people use two shower curtains, one that is inside the tub that can be purely functional or can be decorative as well, and an outer shower curtain, which is purely decorative. A Shower curtain with penguins. ... A Shower curtain with penguins. ... In physics, the shower-curtain effect is the phenomenon in which a shower curtain gets blown inwards with a running shower, regardless of the temperature of the water. ... For religious use, see Veil. ... For the foundations of the World Trade Center, see The Bathtub. ...


Wet Room

A shower within a bathroom with a barrier free floor, level with its surroundings. Consists of two phases of construction, whatever the building structure. Phase 1 - Structural. Consists of a Gradient or Slope, an outlet hole, & a Foul Air Trap connecting the floor to the waste pipes. Phase 2 - Waterproofing. Best practice would suggest multiple layers of defence. Grout is used to fill gaps between tiles, but this material is generally porous. Tiles are generally waterproof, so larger surface area's of grout are less waterproof. Thus small mosaic tiles offer less of a defence than large format tiles. This means sub-tile waterproofing is important when tiles are being used.


See also

Children bathing in a small metal bathtub Bathing is the immersion of the body in fluid, usually water, or an aqueous solution. ... A typical American bathroom A bathroom is a room that may have different functions depending on the cultural context. ... Communal showers are a group of single showers put together in one room/area. ... In addition to acting as a normal shower, a steam shower produces steam using a humidifying steam generator. ...

References

  1. ^ Multicultural Resource Center: Showers
  2. ^ Cloyd, E.L., James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1972)

External links

  • Shower Head troubleshooting and general information
  • How to fit a shower screen
  • How to build a Wet Room
Nude redirects here. ... Variation in the physical appearance of humans is believed by anthropologists to be an important factor in the development of personality and social relations in particular physical attractiveness. ... A baby wearing many items of winter clothing: headband, cap, fur-lined coat, shawl and sweater. ... Underwear redirects here. ... Clothing has various sociological functions, including: conspicuous consumption stating or claiming identity establishing, maintaining and defying sociological group norms Thus wearing specific types of clothing or the manner of wearing clothing can convey messages about class, income, belief and attitude. ... Clothing laws vary considerably around the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The meanings of naturism and nudism are very similar, and refer to a cultural and political movement practising, advocating and defending social nudity in private and public spaces. ... Social nudity is nudity in private and public spaces. ... En premiär by Anders Zorn Attitudes toward the nudity of children and children seeing nude people vary substantially, depending on the childs culture, age and the context of the nudity. ... Timeline of non-sexual social nudity (prehistory - 1999) Timeline of non-sexual social nudity (2000 - present) Bohemianism Counterculture Culture jamming Direct action Flash mob Smart mob Categories: | | | | | | ... Fashion line Imitation of Christ incorporated toplessness in its public fashion show, which brought comparisons to Vanessa Beecrofts art. ... Topfreedom is a social movement to accord women and girls the right to be topfree (topless) in public where men and boys have that right. ... Going bare chested refers to a man wearing no clothes above the waist, exposing the torso and arms. ... “Topless” redirects here. ... Christian naturists are followers of the Christian faith who practice naturism or nudism, and thus are part of the clothes-free movement. ... Gay naturism or LGBT naturism (which is generally equated with nudism) concerns a lifestyle in which nudity, especially in a communal context, is viewed as natural, positive and healthy. ... Horseback riding. ... This is a list of public outdoor clothes free areas for recreation. ... Beach in Koktebel. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nudity in sport. ... Nudity in sport, i. ... Skinny dipping, or skinny-dipping is swimming naked. ... For other uses, see Streaking (microbiology) and Streak. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... A woman sunbathing A suntanned arm showing browner skin where it has been exposed. ... Woman doing a session of naked yoga. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot means not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ... Massage in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Hot tub at Big White Ski Resort A hot tub is a large manufactured tub or small pool full of heated water and used for soaking, relaxation, massage, or hydrotherapy. ... Children bathing in a small metal bathtub Bathing is the immersion of the body in fluid, usually water, or an aqueous solution. ... // Public baths originated from a communal need for cleanliness. ... For the music festival in Finland, see Sauna Open Air Metal Festival. ... A naked party is a party, primarily taking place on college campuses or with college-age people, where the participants are nude. ... Strip games are variants of board games, card games, sports, or other games, usually involving more than one player, where players remove clothes when they lose points in the game. ... Depictions of nudity refers to nudity in all the artistic disciplines including vernacular and historical depictions. ... Art modeling involves the posing of a model to as an aid in creating a work of art. ... Figure drawing by Leonardo da Vinci Figure drawing is an exercise in drawing the human body in its various shapes and positions. ... Sitting nude (1993) oil on canvas by Frans Koppelaar Figure painting is a form of the visual arts in which the artist uses a live model as the subject matter of a two-dimensional piece of artwork using paint as the medium. ... Body art by Youri Messen-Jaschin Face Painter redirects here. ... Sex in advertising is the use of sexual attraction as a tool of persuasion to draw interest to a particular product, for purpose of sale, generally using attractive models. ... Nudity in film is the appearance in motion pictures of people without clothing. ... Nudity in American television has always been a controversial issue. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The portrayal of nudity in music videos, either of explicit and non-explicit nature, has always been a controversial topic. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Body image is a term which may refer to our perceptions of our own physical appearance, or our internal sense of having a body which is constructed by the brain. ... Gymnophobia is an irrational, abnormal and persistent fear or anxiety about being seen naked, and/or about seeing others naked, even when it is socially acceptable. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Features such as a symmetrical face, full lips, and low waist-hip ratio, are commonly considered physically attractive when part of a female, because they are thought to indicate physical health and high fertility to a potential mate. ... For other uses, see Vanity (disambiguation). ... Objectification refers to the way in which one person treats another person as an object and not as a human being. ... a few scenes out of Johann Schwarzers (1880, Vienna, Austria - 10. ... An exhibitionist exposing himself at a soccer game. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mooning is the act of displaying ones bare buttocks by removing clothing, e. ... “Voyeur” redirects here. ... Fragonards The Swing is rather tame for modern standards, but in the 18th century depicting a lady with a man able to look up her skirts was considered highly erotic. ... In sexology, some people use the term sex-positive to describe an attitude towards human sexual behavior that regards sexual activities as fundamentally healthy and pleasurable, and encourages sexual pleasure and experimentation. ...

 
 

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