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Encyclopedia > Shot clock
The Shot Clock Monument in Syracuse, New York
The Shot Clock Monument in Syracuse, New York

A shot clock is a timer designed to increase the pace (and subsequently, the score) in a competitive sport. The sport most identified with the shot clock is basketball, although other sports have used one (such as the play clock in both American football and Canadian football) or are considering implementing one of their own to shorten the length of time needed to play the game to completion. Download high resolution version (855x641, 153 KB)Syracuses Shot Clock Monument Taken by me newkai 01:06, 30 Mar 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Syracuse, New York Shot clock Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (855x641, 153 KB)Syracuses Shot Clock Monument Taken by me newkai 01:06, 30 Mar 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Syracuse, New York Shot clock Categories: GFDL images ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005 Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls attempts to score. ... A play clock is a timer designed to increase the pace (and subsequently, the score) in American football and Canadian football, similar to what a shot clock does in basketball. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Canadian football is a sport in which two teams of twelve players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards (100. ...


History

Close-Up of Syracuse's Shot Clock Monument
Enlarge
Close-Up of Syracuse's Shot Clock Monument

Coach Howard Hobson, who coached at Oregon State University and later Yale University, is credited with the idea. It first came to use in 1954 in Syracuse, New York, where Danny Biasone, the owner of the NBA's Syracuse Nationals, experimented using a 24-second version during a scrimmage game. Biasone then convinced the NBA to adopt it. His team went on to win the 1955 championship. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (855x641, 167 KB)Syracuses Shot Clock Monument Close-Up Taken by me newkai 01:07, 30 Mar 2005 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (855x641, 167 KB)Syracuses Shot Clock Monument Close-Up Taken by me newkai 01:07, 30 Mar 2005 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Howard Hobby Hobson was born on July 4, 1903 in Portland, Oregon. ... Oregon State University Oregon State University (OSU) is a public research and degree-granting four-year university located in Corvallis, Oregon. ... Yale University is a private university in New Haven, Connecticut. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ... Daniel Biasone (February 22, 1909 - May 25, 1992) was the founding owner of the Syracuse Nationals, an NBA team now known as the Philadelphia 76ers. ... The National Basketball Association of the United States and Canada, commonly known as the NBA, is the premier professional basketball league in North America. ... The Philadelphia 76ers are a National Basketball Association team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, also known as the Sixers for short. ...


Some say that this invention "saved the sport of basketball" as it had begun to lose fans before its implication. This was largely due to the stalling tactics used by teams once they were leading in a game. Without the shot clock, teams could pass the ball nearly endlessly without penalization. Very low-scoring games were common.


When the shot clock first came into play, it made many players nervous, to the extent that the clock hardly came into play, as players were shooting much quicker than twenty seconds.


Basketball

In professional men's basketball (both NBA and FIBA), the shot clock counts down 24 seconds, thus often being called the "24-Second Clock." Failure to attempt a shot that hits the rim within this time results in loss of possession. A buzzer goes off when the shot clock reaches zero. A shot attempted right before this buzzer is called a buzzer beater. The National Basketball Association of the United States and Canada, commonly known as the NBA, is the premier professional basketball league in North America. ... The International Basketball Federation (French Fédération Internationale de Basketball) is an association of national organizations which governs international competitition in the sport. ... A buzzer beater in basketball is a shot taken just before the shot clock or the game clock expires, when a buzzer is sounded. ...


The shot clock has been criticized as teams occasionally foul intentionally so the opposing team cannot use the full 24 seconds. Thus the losing team might have a chance at coming back and tying or winning the game.


Danny Biasone came up with 24 seconds by dividing 2,880 (the number of seconds in a game) by 120 (the average number of shots in a game at that time).


Women's basketball, both college and professional, uses 30 seconds. Men's college basketball in the United States uses a 35-second clock.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Basketball rules (1897 words)
The shot clock was first introduced by the NBA in 1954, to increase the speed of play.
Teams were then required to attempt a shot within twenty-four seconds of gaining possession, and the shot clock would be reset when the ball touched the basket's rim or the backboard, or the opponents gained possession.
A missed shot where the shot clock expires while the ball is in the air constituted a violation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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