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Encyclopedia > Short film

Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. The film industry involves motion pictures studios, manufacturers of technical equipment and software, distribution and personnel on a global scale. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... This movie film reel has film wrapped around it. ...


The term came to be applied in the 1910s, when the majority of feature films began to be made in much longer-running editions. A typical film program came to be expected to include a feature preceded by one or more short subjects. Short subjects could be live action or animated; comedy was particularly utilized as their style, and well-known comedians such as Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Laurel and Hardy and others are best known from short subject films. // Events and trends Technology Gideon Sundback patents the first modern zipper Harry Brearley invents stainless steel Charles P. Strite invents first pop-up bread toaster Science Einsteins theory of general relativity Max von Laue discovers the diffraction of x-rays by crystals Alfred Wegener puts forward his theory of... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Animation is the technique in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a... Comedy is the use of humor in the performing arts. ... A comedian (also comedienne, female) is a person who attempts to make people laugh through a variety of methods, normally through joke telling, or a stream of funny banter. ... Chaplin in his costume as The Tramp Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was the most famous actor in early to mid Hollywood cinema, and later also a notable director. ... Joseph Frank Keaton VI (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966), always known as Buster Keaton, was a popular and influential American silent-film comic actor and filmmaker. ... Laurel and Hardy Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy are probably the most famous comedy duo in film history. ...


Animated cartoons likewise came principally as short subjects, as did newsreels. Less frequently, short subjects might be in the form of travelogues, human interest films or concert films. The form was so popular that virtually all major production companies had fully staffed, special units assigned to develop and produce them; and many companies, especially in the silent and very early sound era, produced short subjects exclusively (e.g. Keystone Studios, Atlas Educational Film Co.). A cartoon is any of several forms of art, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... A Newsreel is a documentary film that is regularly released in a public presentation place containing filmed news stories. ... This article is in the process of being merged into Travel literature, and may be outdated. ... Human interest news articles are about particular individuals or groups of people. ... A concert is a live performance, especially musical, for the benefit of an audience. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Keystone Studios was an early movie studio founded in Glendale, California in 1912 by Mack Sennett and Adam Kessel as the Keystone Pictures Studio. ...


In the 1950s, television programming, including broadcast of older short subjects sold to television stations, eclipsed the value of all but cartoons featuring well-loved characters; but by the end of the 1960s, the cost of manufacturing these had come to outweigh the return, and short subjects effectively disappeared from the movie screens. // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby-boom from returning... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ...


Since the 1980s, short subjects have come to be munged together with "short films", an international, academic term used to mean a contemporary non-commercial motion picture that is substantially shorter than the average commercial feature film. The definition of maximum length varies from 40 minutes (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences rule) to about 80 minutes. The short-film form is to the full length film what the short story is to a full-fledged novel. // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 60s and 70s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... This article is in need of attention. ... DeFoes Robinson Crusoe, Newspaper edition published in 1719 A novel (from French nouvelle, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ...


Short films often focus on difficult topics which longer, more commercial films usually avoid. Their filmmakers benefit from larger freedoms and can take higher risks with their films, but must rely on festival and art house exhibition to achieve public display. The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... A film festival is a mostly annual festival showcasing films, usually of a recent date, sometimes with a focus on a specific genre (e. ... A typical megaplex (AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, California). ...


Most short films are better known outside the United States than within, due to less rigidity of audience expectation as to programme content, arrangement and length, outside the U.S.


Categories

The form itself splits into several sub-categories, mainly:

Short films are also popular as first steps into the cinematic art among young filmmakers. As well, short film making is growing in popularity among users outside the traditional short film scene who are taking advantage of broadband Internet connections and affordable equipment such as "prosumer" or semi-professional cameras (now costing under USD$3,000) and PCs with free or low-cost software capable of video editing, post-production work, and DVD authoring. In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Animation refers to the process in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result. ... The seawater creature in The Abyss marked CGIs acceptance in the visual effects industry. ... A documentary is a work in a visual or auditory medium presenting political, scientific, social, or historical subjects in a factual and informative manner. ... An experimental film is a film organized neither as narrative fiction nor as non-fiction. ... Broadband in general refers to data transmission where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaneously to increase the effective rate of transmission. ... Prosumer refers to one of two possible portmanteaus formed by contracting either the word producer or professional with the word consumer. ... The United States dollar, or American dollar, is the official currency of the United States. ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... The term video editing can mean more than one thing -- see: non-linear editing system, using computers electronic video editing, using videotape This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... DVD is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...


External links

  • AtomFilms a popular short film portal and one of the pioneers on the net
  • iFilm No.2 in short films on the net
  • At Confession Independent Short Film
  • the9th short quicktime movies
  • Clipland Short Film database of nearly 10,000 films
  • Hypnotic on- and offline publisher of short films
  • LA Freewaves experimental new media festival
  • Saturday Shorts experimental filmmakers who make a short film every Saturday night
  • Chicago International REEL Shorts Festival One of the top midwest short film festivals.
  • 8008 Private short film projects.
  • Credo Independent short film

  Results from FactBites:
 
Short subject - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (530 words)
Short subjects could be live action or animated; comedy was particularly utilized as their style, and well-known comedians such as Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Laurel and Hardy and others are best known from short subject films.
Since the 1980s, short subjects have come to be munged together with "short films", an international, academic term used to mean a contemporary non-commercial motion picture that is substantially shorter than the average commercial feature film.
As well, short film making is growing in popularity among users outside the traditional short film scene who are taking advantage of broadband Internet connections and affordable equipment such as "prosumer" or semi-professional cameras (now costing under USD$3,000) and PCs with free or low-cost software capable of video editing, post-production work, and DVD authoring.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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