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Encyclopedia > Short bone
Short bone
Latin os breve
Gray's subject #17 79
Dorlands/Elsevier o_07/12598129

Where a part of the skeleton is intended for strength and compactness combined with limited movement, it is constructed of a number of short bones, as in the carpus and tarsus. Short bones are defined as being approximately as wide as thet are tall. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... In Greek mythology, Carpus fruit was a son of Chloris and Boreas. ... In tetrapods, the tarsi are the cluster of bones in the foot between the tibia and fibula and the metatarsus. ...

These consist of cancellous tissue covered by a thin crust of compact substance.

The patellae, together with the other sesamoid bones, are by some regarded as short bones. In anatomy, a sesamoid bone is a bone embedded within a tendon. ...


  • Stedman's Online Medical Dictionary, 27th Edition

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

Bone and cartilage - edit
cartilage: chondroblast, chondrocyte, perichondrium, types (hyaline, elastic, fibrous), fibrocartilage callus, metaphysis

bone: ossification (intramembranous, endochondral, epiphyseal plate), cycle (osteoblast, osteoid, osteocyte, osteoclast), types (cancellous, cortical), regions (epiphysis, diaphysis), structure (osteon/Haversian system, Haversian canals, periosteum, Sharpey's fibres, lacunae, canaliculi, trabeculae, medullary cavity, bone marrow), shapes (long, short, flat, irregular, sesamoid) Grays illustration of a human femur, a typically recognized bone. ... Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue. ... Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue. ... A chondroblast is a cell, which originates from a mesenchymal stem cell and forms Chondrocytes, commonly known as cartilage cells. ... Chondrocytes (< Greek chondros cartilage + kytos cell) are the only cells found in cartilage. ... The perichondrium is a layer of dense connective tissue which surrounds the cartilage. ... Cartilage is type of dense connective tissue. ... Cartilage is type of dense connective tissue. ... Cartilage is type of dense connective tissue. ... A fibrocartilage callus is a temporary fibrocartilage callus which forms as bone attemps to heal a fracture. ... The metaphysis is the body of cartilage that separates the epiphyses and the diaphysis of long bones during growth. ... Grays illustration of a human femur, a typically recognized bone. ... Ossification is the process of bone formation, in which connective tissues, such as cartilage are turned to bone or bone-like tissue. ... Osteoblasts and osteoclasts on trabecula of lower jaw of calf embryo. ... Section of fetal bone of cat. ... The long bones are those that are longer than they are wide, and grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis at an epiphysis at one end of the growing bone. ... An osteoblast (from the Greek words for bone and to build) is a mononucleate cell which produces a protein that produces osteoid. ... Osteoid is a protein mixture which is secreted by osteoblasts. ... An osteocyte, a star-shaped cell, is the most abundant cell found in bone. ... An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell that degrades and reabsorbs bone. ... Cancellous bone (or trabecular bone, or spongy bone) is a spongy type of bone with a very high surface area, found at the ends of long bones. ... Cortical bone is one of two main types of bone. ... For other uses of the word bone, see bone (disambiguation). ... The diaphysis is the main or mid section (shaft) of a long bone. ... Osteons (cross section) Osteons (also called Haversian system in honor of Clopton Havers) are predominant structures found in some lamellar or compact bone. ... Haversian canals are a series of tubes around narrow channels formed by lamellae. ... The periosteum is an envelope of fibrous connective tissue that is wrapped around the bone in all places except at joints (which are protected by cartilage). ... Sharpeys fibres (bone fibres, or perforating fibres) are a matrix of connective tissue consisting of bundles of strong collagenous fibres connecting periosteum to bone. ... In histology, a lacuna is a small space containing an osteocyte in bone or chondrocyte in cartilage. ... Canaliculi are small, microscopic canals between the various lacunae of ossified bone. ... Definition and etymology trabeculae. ... The medullary cavity is the central cavity of bone shafts where yellow marrow (adipose) is stored. ... Grays Anatomy illustration of cells in bone marrow. ... The long bones are those that grow primarily by elongation at an epiphysis at one end of the growing bone. ... Flat Bones. ... The irregular bones are such as, from their peculiar form, cannot be grouped as long bone, short bone, or flat bone. ... In anatomy, a sesamoid bone is a bone embedded within a tendon. ...



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