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Encyclopedia > Shoreham, Kent
Shoreham
Statistics
Population:
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference: TQ515615
Administration
District: Sevenoaks
Shire county: Kent
Region: South East England
Constituent country: England
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Kent
Historic county: Kent
Services
Police force: {{{Police}}}
Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}}
Ambulance: South East Coast
Post office and telephone
Post town: Sevenoaks
Postal district: TN14
Dialling code: 01959
Politics
UK Parliament:
European Parliament: South East England

Shoreham is a village and civil parish in the valley of the River Darent six miles north of Sevenoaks in Kent: it is in the District of Sevenoaks. The parish includes the settlements of Badgers Mount and Well Hill. The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Sevenoaks is a local government district in Kent, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Constituent country is an official term used to describe three of the four principal component parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK): England; Scotland; Wales. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... A fire engine belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... This is a list of ambulance services in the United Kingdom: Ambulance services in England, after July 1, 2006 are A few deviations from the above have been made for operational reasons. ... As of 1st July the NHS Ambulance Services Trusts of Kent, Surrey and Sussex are being joined together to form a new South East Coast Ambulance Service . ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The debating chamber, or hemicycle, in Strasbourg The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European... South East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The confluence of the River Darent (left) and the River Cray (right) on Crayford Marshes. ... Sevenoaks is a town in Kent, in south-east England. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... Sevenoaks is a local government district in Kent, England. ...


The probable derivation of the name is estate at the foot of a steep slope. Steep slope was from the Saxon word scor. pronounced shor, but written sore by Norman scribes.


The village of Shoreham contains four traditional independent pubs, with another in nearby Twitton.

Contents

History

The Darent valley was one of the major areas of Stone Age settlement; and Shoreham is mentioned in the Domesday Book. Stone Age fishing hook. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


It was also known as a smuggling area. Moreover, it was the most bombed village in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. A skirmish with smugglers from Finland at the Russian border, 1853, by Vasily Hudiakov. ...


Papermaking was once a local industry; the mill closed finally in 1925. Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ...


Wartime Shoreham

WWI: memorial cross

There is a white memorial cross in the hillside opposite the village church. It was dug in 1920 as a memorial to local men killed in action. Shoreham was also the home to the first British soldier to be shot for desertion during the First World War. However, there is no sufficient evidence to suggest that he was deserting his post.


WWII: Shoreham Aircraft Museum

The official opening of the Aircraft Museum in 1978 was attended by fifteen former Battle of Britain pilots. It pays lasting tribute to all those airmen who fought in the skies over southern England during World War II and houses a substantial collection of aviation relics excavated by the group over many years from sites of crashed British and German aircraft, as well as items which have been donated. Combatants United Kingdom Germany Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Albert Kesselring Strength initially 700; grew to nearly 1000 by the end of the Battle. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


Run by local enthusiasts, the Museum is largely funded by proceeds made by visitors whose donations contribute to the recovery and preservation of the artefacts.

    • The now famous battle fought between Fighter Command and the Luftwaffe, the Battle of Britain, brought the village of Shoreham directly into the war, when on 15th September 1940, a Dornier 17Z, part of a force of about 100 German bombers approaching London, a was shot down shortly before noon. The invading formation had been challenged by nine RAF Squadrons and the battle developed into a series of individual 'dogfights'. The unfortunate pilot of the Dornier was forced to land in a field at Castle Farm, with a Spitfire circling overhead, its cockpit canopy open, and its pilot waving a handkerchief, to signal a warning to the growing crowd of hop pickers nearby to stay away until the Shoreham Home Guard arrived to recover the German crew. Feldwebel Heitsch, the pilot and Feldwebel Pfeiffer, the observer, were driven to the public house in Shoreham village, where they were bought a brandy before being driven to Sevenoaks Police Station. The museum holds a collection of photographs of the Dornier, along with items taken from the wreckage at the time.

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United Kingdom Germany Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Albert Kesselring Strength initially 700; grew to nearly 1000 by the end of the Battle. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Dornier may refer to Claudius Dornier, original founder of Dornier GmbH Lindauer DORNIER GmbH FairchildDornier Dornier Medtech [1], maker of medical equipment e. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in the Second World War. ... Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex, England, is bordered on the north by the South Downs, on the west by the Adur valley and on the south by the River Adur and Shoreham Beach. ...

Famous people

  • John Wesley is known to have often preached here: he was friends of the then vicar.
  • It was once the home of the London born artist Samuel Palmer, (1805-1881) who lived in the village for from 1826 to 1835 where he was part of a group of artists who followed William Blake and called themselves The Ancients. Palmer was principally a landscape painter and etcher, with his early works mainly done in water colours described as possessing a 'visionary, mystical style greatly influenced by Blake'. His work vividly depicts the local rural landscapes of the 1820s. Contrary to local myth, he did not live at the 'Water House' on the River Darent, but in a run-down farm cottage that has since been demolished. The mistake arises because his father, Samuel Palmer senior, rented the 'Water House' for some years.
  • Verney Lovett Cameron, (1844-1894) First European to cross Equatorial Africa from coast to coast is buried in the village graveyard.
  • Robert Colgate, sympathiser with the French Revolution who was forced to leave Britain. He arrived in the USA where he founded the famous Colgate toothpaste company.
  • Lord Dunsany (1878-1957), the writer, was resident here.
  • Naomi Watts, a Hollywood actress, was born in Shoreham.
  • Joe Richmond, Two time Shoreham Duck Race Winner 2004-05

John Wesley (June 17, 1703–March 2, 1791) was an 18th-century Anglican clergyman and Christian theologian who was an early leader in the Methodist movement. ... Self-portrait of the young Samuel Palmer, circa 1826. ... William Blake in an 1807 portrait by Thomas Phillips William Blake (November 28, 1757–August 12, 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. ... The confluence of the River Darent (left) and the River Cray (right) on Crayford Marshes. ... Verney Lovett Cameron (July 1, 1844 - March 24, 1894), English traveller in Central Africa and the first European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea, was born at Radipole, near Weymouth, Dorsetshire. ... Lord Dunsany of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. ... Naomi Watts (born September 28, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated English-Australian actress. ...

Communications

  • Road: Shoreham stood on the turnpike which ran from Dartford to Sevenoaks, opened between 1750-1780. The route of that road is now followqed by the A225.
  • Rail: Shoreham railway station is on the Swanley to Sevenoaks line and was opened on 2 June 1862. In the station building is a Countryside Centre, which is run by volunteers and opens weekend afternoons. Shoreham is a good base for walkers.

A toll road, tollway, turnpike, pike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Shoreham railway station serves Shoreham in Kent. ... Swanley is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ...

External links


Books with local content include:


Joe's Walks for Bad Map-Readers - 13 Country Walks around London, by Joe Alexander with illustrations by Joy Paul (Roxburghe Publishing, 1992, ISBN 0-9519402-0-1) Available from the publishers: Roxburghe Publishing, 8 Kenneth Crescent, London NW2 4PT


Also several pamphlets and books published by the Shoreham Historical Society [1].

The town of Sevenoaks in Kent, South East England
with the surrounding suburbs, villages, towns and parishes:

Ash • Ash-cum-Ridley • Bough BeechBrastedBrasted ChartChartwellCheveningChiddingstone • Chiddingstone Causeway • ChipsteadCowdenCrockenhillCrockham HillDunton GreenEdenbridgeEynsfordFarninghamFawkhamFawkham GreenFordcombeFour ElmsHalsteadHartleyHeverHextable • Hodsoll Street • Horton KirbyHorton Kirby and South DarenthIde HillKemsingKnockholtLeighMarkbeechMarsh GreenNew Ash GreenOtfordPenshurst • Ridley • RiverheadSealSevenoaks WealdShorehamSouth DarenthSundridgeSundridge with Ide HillSwanleySwanley VillageToys HillUnderriverWesterhamWest Kingsdown Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Sevenoaks is a town in Kent, in south-east England. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... Ash-cum-Ridley is a civil parish in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. ... Bough Beech is a village in the county of Kent, England. ... Brasted is a village on the A25 road in Kent, England, to the east of Westerham. ... Brasted Chart is a hamlet within the civil parish of Brasted in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Chartwell, located two miles south of Westerham, Kent, England, was the home of Winston Churchill. ... Chevening is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Chiddingstone village is a parish within the district of Sevenoaks. ... Chipstead, is a small village in Kent, near Sevenoaks. ... Cowden is a village in Kent in the UK. Its railway station was the scene of a fatal crash: see Cowden railway station. ... Crockenhill lies immediately south of Swanley town in Kent. ... Crockham Hill is a village in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. ... Dunton Green is a small Kent village lying in the valley of the River Darent, three miles north of Sevenoaks. ... Edenbridge is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Eynsford (pronounced Ainsfud) is a village located on the River Darent, six miles south of Dartford in Kent. ... Farningham is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Fawkham is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Fawkham Green is a the main village within the civil parish of Fawkham in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Fordcombe is a village within the civil parish of Penshurst in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Four Elms is a village within the civil parish of Hever in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Halstead is a village in Kent, England located approximately 3 miles south of Orpington and 4 miles north of Sevenoaks. ... Hartley is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Hever is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Hextable is a village within the town of Swanley in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Horton Kirby is a village in the civil parish of Horton Kirby and South Darenth in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Horton Kirby and South Darenth is a civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Ide Hill is a village in Kent, standing on one of the highest points of the sandstone ridge about five miles south-west of Sevenoaks. ... Kemsing is a village in north-west Kent, on the North Downs Way. ... Knockholt is a village in Kent, England lying approximately 5 miles south of Orpington and 3 miles northwest of Sevenoaks. ... Leigh, although it derives its name from the same source as lea is, however, here pronounced as lie. The village is situated 3 miles west of Tonbridge in Kent. ... Markbeech is a village in the civil parish of Hever in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Template:Merging target=Edenbridge (town) Marsh Green is a small hamlet in Eden Vale, part of the parish of Edenbridge, England. ... New Ash Green is a new village near the ancient village of Ash, in the parish of Ash-cum-Ridley, about ten miles south of Gravesend in Kent. ... Otford is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent. ... Penshurst village is located some five miles south of Sevenoaks in Kent, England. ... Riverhead, a one-time village and now part of the built-up area to the north of the town of Sevenoaks, is also a civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Seal village is situated on the A25 road (the road parallel to the North Downs across Kent), and is gradually becoming part of the urban area of Sevenoaks. ... Sevenoaks Weald is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... South Darenth is a village in the civil parish of Horton Kirby and South Darenth in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Sundridge is a village within the civil parish of Sundridge with Ide Hill, in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Sundridge and Ide Hill is a civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Swanley is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Swanley Village is a small village within the town of Swanley in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Toys Hill is a hamlet in Brasted civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... Statistics Population: {{{Population}}} Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ5552 Administration District: Sevenoaks Shire county: Kent Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Kent Historic county: Kent Services Police force: Kent Police Ambulance service: South East Coast Post office and telephone Post town: TONBRIDGE... Westerham is a scenic village which is now almost a town. ... West Kingsdown is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ...

The district of Sevenoaks
List of places in Kent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shoreham, Kent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (710 words)
Shoreham is a village and civil parish in the valley of the River Darent six miles north of Sevenoaks in Kent: it is in the District of Sevenoaks.
The now famous battle fought between Fighter Command and the Luftwaffe, the Battle of Britain, brought the village of Shoreham directly into the war, when on 15th September 1940, a Dornier 17Z, part of a force of about 100 German bombers approaching London, a was shot down shortly before noon.
Rail: Shoreham railway station is on the Swanley to Sevenoaks line and was opened on 2 June 1862.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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