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Encyclopedia > Shopping

Shopping is the examining of goods or services from retailers with intent to purchase. Shopping is the activity of selection and/or purchase. In some contexts it is considered a leisure activity as well as an economic one. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Good. ... This article is about a term used in economics. ... A drawing of a self-service store Retailing consists of the sale of goods/merchandise for personal or household consumption either from a fixed location such as a department store or kiosk, or away from a fixed location and related subordinated services (Definition of the WTO (last page). ... It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Selection (disambiguation). ... To gain control of an asset in exchange for a valuable consideration. ... A relaxing afternoon of leisure: a young girl resting in a pool. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ...

Contents

Shopping in ancient societies

Shopping can be traced back to many civilisations in history. In ancient Rome, there was Trajan's Market with tabernas that served as retailing units. Shopping list are known to be used by Romans as one was discovered by Hadrian's wall dated back 75-125 AD written for a soldier.[1] Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Trajans Market, 2006 Trajans Market (Mercatus Traiani) is a large complex of ruins in the city of Rome, located on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, at the opposite end to the Colosseum. ... A taberna is a single room shop covered by a barrel vault within great indoor markets of ancient Rome. ... A shopping list is a list of items to be purchased by a shopper. ... // Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of modern-day England. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s - 70s - 80s 90s 100s 110s 120s Years: 70 71 72 73 74 - 75 - 76 77 78 79 80 Events Last known cuneiform inscription Accession of Han Zhangdi. ... Events Construction of the Pantheon (Rome) as it stands today by Hadrian. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Participants

The shopper

To many it is considered a recreational activity in which one visits a variety of stores in search of a suitable product to purchase. Window shopping is an activity that shoppers engage in by browsing though glass windows of a shop for entertainment. Sometimes they like what they see and might try on the item(s) or imagine purchasing these items without actually purchasing, possibly just to pass the time between other activities, or planning a purchase.


To some, shopping is a task of inconvenience and vexation. Shoppers sometimes go though great lengths to wait in long lines to buy popular products as typically observed with early adopters shoppers and holiday shoppers. Sometimes buyers feel ripped-off because they did not get what they paid for often asking for a refund. Sometimes shoppers get caught up in a scam. Diffusion is the process by which a new idea or new product is accepted by the market. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... a money back guarantee is essentially a simple guarantee that, if a buyer is not satisfied with a product or service, a refund of the monies or consideration paid will be made. ... A confidence trick, confidence game, or con for short, (also known as a scam) is an attempt to intentionally mislead a person or persons (known as the mark) usually with the goal of financial or other gain. ...


More recently compulsive shopping has been recognised as an addiction. Commonly referred as compulsive shopping, shopping addiction, shopoholic or formally oniomania, these shoppers have an impulsive uncontrollable need to go shopping to get a rush or high. Heroin bottle An addiction is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity, despite harmful consequences to the individuals health, mental state or social life. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


The merchant

Sellers of products come by various names. They may be called vendors, merchants, salesman. A vendor is one who sells something. ... Merchants function as professional traders, dealing in commodities that they do not produce themselves. ... Salesman is a 1969 cinema verité documentary film which follows four salesmen of expensive Bibles door-to-door in a low-income neighborhood which cannot afford expensive Bibles. ...


Shopping venues

Shopping hubs

A larger commercial zone can be found in city downtown or Arab city souk. Shopping hubs, or shopping centers, are collection of stores that is a grouping of several businesses. Typical examples include shopping malls, town squares, flea markets, and bazaars. A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. ... A typical flea market shop, in Germany Swap meet redirects here. ... A bazaar is a market, often covered, typically found in areas of Muslim culture. ...


Stores

Shops are divided into multiple categories of stores which sell a selected set of goods or services. Usually they are tiered by target demographic based on the amount disposable income of the shopper. They can be tiered from cheap to pricey. Good. ... Services are: plural of service Tertiary sector of industry IRC services Web services the name of a first-class cricket team in India This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For the album by punk rock band, Snuff, see Disposable Income (album) Disposable income is the total amount of income an individual makes after direct taxes. ...


Some shops sell second-hand goods. Often the public can also sell goods to such shops. In other cases, especially in the case of a nonprofit shop, the public donates goods to the shop to be sold though thrift stores in the USA, charity shops in the UK. In give-away shops goods can be taken for free. In antique shops, the public can find goods that are older and harder to find. Sometimes people are broke and borrow money from a pawn shop using an item of value as collateral. College students are known to resell books back though college textbook bookstores. Old used items are often distributed though surplus stores. A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... A charity shop (UK), thrift store (US) or op shop (Australia/NZ, from opportunity shop) is a retail establishment operated by a charitable organization for the purpose of fundraising. ... A charity shop or hospice shop(UK), thrift shop or thrift store or hospice shop(U.S., Canada), resale shop when not meaning consignment shop (U.S.), or op shop (Australia/NZ, from opportunity shop) is a retail establishment operated by a charitable organization for the purpose of fundraising. ... Give-away shops, freeshops, or free stores are second-hand stores that are starting to appear in Northern European towns and cities, especially in the Netherlands and Germany. ... Broke may refer to, Broke (film) independent film by Bill Whirity Broke (band), 2000s US alternative rock band Arthur Broke (or Brooke) (died 1593), translator of The Tragicall Historie of Romeus and Juliett Philip Broke (1776-1841), officer in the British Navy Broke family, pre-made characters in The Sims... Modern pawnbroker storefront A Pawnbroker is a person who offers loans to individuals who use their personal property as collateral. ... Collateral could mean: Collateral in finance means a security or guarantee (usually an asset) pledged for the repayment of a loan if one cannot procure enough funds to repay. ... A bookstore. ... A surplus store sells items that are used, or purchased but never used, but no longer needed. ...


Many shops are part of a shopping chain that carry the same trademark (company name) and logo using the same branding, same presentation, and sell the same products but in different locations. The shops may be owned by one company, or there may be a franchising company that has franchising agreements with the shop owners often found in relation to restaurant chains. “(TM)” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Logo (disambiguation). ... Look up branding in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Franchising (from the French for honesty or freedom[1]) is a method of doing business wherein a franchisor licenses trademarks and tried and proven methods of doing business to a franchisee in exchange for a recurring payment, and usually a percentage piece of gross sales or gross profits as well... A restaurant chain is a set of related restaurants, typically with the same name in many different locations either under shared corporate ownership (e. ...


Various types of retail stores that specialise in the selling of goods related to a theme include bookstores, candy shops, liquor stores, gift shops, hardware stores, hobby stores, pet stores, pharmacys, sex shops, supermarkets. A bookstore. ... Candy Shop is the second single from 50 Cents second album, The Massacre. ... A liquor store in Decatur, Georgia. ... A gift shop is a store primarily selling souvenirs relating to a particular topic, often to simply provide evidence that the consumer has visited that location. ... Hardware stores sell hardware: for instance allen wrenches, gerbil feeders, toilet seats, electric heaters Trash compactors, juice extractor, shower rods and water meters Walkie-talkies, copper wires safety goggles, radial tires BB pellets, rubber mallets, fans and dehumidifiers Picture hangers, paper cutters, waffle irons, window shutters Paint removers, window louvers... A hobby store is a place dedicated to the selling of things that people usually employ for their personal satisfaction. ... A typical pet store in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ... Front window of a Tokyo sex shop advertising adult toys A sex shop is a shop that sells products such as sex toys, pornography, erotic lingerie, erotic books, and safer sex products such as condoms and dental dams. ... Packaged food aisles in a Fred Meyer store in Portland, Oregon A supermarket is a departmentalized self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise. ...


Other stores such as big-box stores, hypermarkets, convenience stores, department stores, general stores, dollar stores sell a wider variety of products not horizontally related to each other. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Packaged food aisles of Fred Meyer in Portland, Oregon In commerce, a hypermarket or multi-department store is a superstore which combines a supermarket and a department store. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The interior of a typical Macys department store. ... Smiths Gully General Store in Smiths Gully, Australia. ... A 99 cent store A dollar store is a store that sells inexpensive items for one dollar or less each. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Travel agency is example of a store that sells services. A travel agency is a business that sells travel related products and services, particularly package tours, to end-user customers on behalf of third party travel suppliers, such as airlines, hotels, tour companies, and cruise lines. ...


Home shopping

With modern technology such as television and telephone and the Internet, users could be described as home shopping though online retail stores. Electronic commerce and business-to-consumer electronic commerce systems in combination of home mail delivery systems make this possible. Typically a consumer could make purchases though online shopping, shopping channels, mail order, etc. Sometimes peddlers and ice cream trucks pass though the neighborhoods offering services and goods. Also, neighborhood shopping takes place though various garage sales found in United States. Home Shopping commonly refers to the electronic retailing / home shopping channels industry, which includes such billion dollar companies as HSN, QVC, eBay, ShopNBC, Buy. ... Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce or eCommerce, consists of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. ... Business-to-consumer electronic commerce (B2C) is a form of electronic commerce in which products or services are sold from a firm to a consumer. ... It has been suggested that first class mail be merged into this article or section. ... online shopping has grown hugley as the internet has expanded. ... Shopping channels are television specialty channels that present shopping related content. ... Mail order is a term which describes the buying of goods or services by mail delivery. ... A peddler, Brit. ... A typical ice cream van; this one is in London. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Shopping time

Shopping time is anytime, when the stores are closed, go online. Watch TV go on your mobile phone and look at magazines. Make sure to always look at the shipping time and price, because thats when shopping outside of the stores starts to get expensive. Make sure to always spend money wisely. See money. Some countries and stores don't open on a certain day for religious, political, or economical reasons. See reasons.


Regulation

Some business have shopping hours are open 24 hours 7 days-a-week. Some nations regulate the operation of businesses for religious reasons and do not allow shopping on particular days or dates. Customs and regulations for shopping hours (times that shops are open) vary from country to country. ...


Shopping seasons

Shopping seasons are periods where a burst of spending occurs typically near holidays in the United States, where Christmas shopping is the biggest shopping spending season. Some famous target dates are Black Friday and Cyber Monday. In the Northern Hemisphere, the Christmas season[1][2] or winter holiday season is a late-year season that surrounds the Christmas holiday as well as other holidays during the November/December timeframe. ... Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving and is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season in the United States. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Some religions regard such spending seasons against their religion and dismiss the practice. Many question the over-commercialisation and the response by stores who downplay the shopping season often cited in the Christmas controversy or War on Christmas. A Macys storefront in San Francisco, California during December of 2004. ...


Pricing and negotiation

The pricing technique used by most retailers is cost-plus pricing. This involves adding a markup amount (or percentage) to the retailers cost. Another common technique is manufacturers suggested list pricing. This simply involves charging the amount suggested by the manufacturer and usually printed on the product by the manufacturer. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cost-plus pricing is a pricing method commonly used by firms. ... This article or section needs to be wikified. ... MSRP stands for Manufacturers Suggested Retail Price. Under earlier U.S. state Fair Trade statutes, the manufacturer was able to impose a fixed price for items. ...


In Western countries, retail prices are often so-called psychological prices or odd prices: a little less than a round number, e.g. $ 6.95. In Chinese societies, prices are generally either a round number or sometimes some lucky number. This creates price points. In economics and business, the price is the assigned numerical monetary value of a good, service or asset. ... Retail prices are often expressed as odd prices: a little less than a round number, e. ... Price points are prices for which demand is relatively high. ...


Often prices are fixed and displayed on signs or labels. Alternatively, there can be price discrimination for a variety of reasons. The retailer charges higher prices to some customers and lower prices to others. For example, a customer may have to pay more if the seller determines that he or she is willing to. The retailer may conclude this due to the customer's wealth, carelessness, lack of knowledge, or eagerness to buy. Price discrimination exists when sales of identical goods or services are transacted at different prices from the same provider. ...


Price discrimination can lead to a bargaining situation often called haggling, a negotiation about the price. Economists see this as determining how the transaction's total surplus will be divided into consumer and producer surplus. Neither party has a clear advantage, because the threat of no sale exists, whence the surplus vanishes for both. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Negotiation (disambiguation). ... This page deals with the various forms of economic surplus, including producer, consumer, government, and social/total surplus. ...


In popular culture

There was a television shopping game show called Shop 'Til You Drop. Shop Til You Drop is an American game show which has aired on a number of cable television networks and in syndication. ...


The Pet Shop Boys wrote a song called "Shopping" for their 1987 album Actually. It takes the totally consumerist approach many shoppers have, and turns it into a satire on the privatisation culture of Britain in the 1980s. Pet Shop Boys are an English synthpop/pop music grammy-nominated duo, consisting of Neil Tennant who provides main vocals, keyboards and very occasionally guitar, and Chris Lowe on keyboards and occasionally on vocals. ... Actually is the third album, the second of entirely new music, by the UK electronic music group Pet Shop Boys. ... Consumerism is a term used to describe the effects of equating personal happiness with purchasing material possessions and consumption. ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


In the Gilmore Girls fourth season episode "Scene in a Mall," a significant part of the episode is devoted to window shopping, which is Lorelai and Rory's main plan for the day. Gilmore Girls is an American television drama/comedy created by Amy Sherman-Palladino and starring Lauren Graham and Alexis Bledel. ...


In the famous shopping quote by Bo Derek, "whoever said money can't by happiness simply didn't know where to go shopping." Bo Derek (born Mary Cathleen Collins on November 20, 1956, Long Beach, California, USA) is a Golden Globe-nominated American film actress and model. ...


Internet shopping bargain aggregation sites such as have become a favorite shopping channel for busy people. Hundreds of merchant sites are reviewed for favorable pricing. Coupons for reduced pricing or free shipping are presented with the item which help deliver additional value to the shoppers.Inie and maisie love to shop, they are the most famous shopppers in the world.


References

  1. ^ Roman shopping list deciphered. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (2001-03-05). Retrieved on 2007-09-23.

6790t/g/0 The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shopping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (442 words)
Shops are divided into multiple categories of stores which sell a selected set of goods or services.
The shops may be owned by one company, or there may be a franchising company that has franchising agreements with the shop owners (see also restaurant chain).
In other cases, especially in the case of a nonprofit shop, the public donates goods to the shop to be sold (see also thrift store).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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