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Encyclopedia > Shooting sports

The shooting sports include those competitive sports involving tests of proficiency (accuracy and speed) using various types of guns such as firearms and airguns (see Archery for more information on shooting sports that make use of bows and arrows). Hunting is also a shooting sport, and indeed shooting live pigeons was an Olympic event (albeit only once, in 1900). The shooting sports are categorized by the type of firearm or target used. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1197 × 1800 pixel, file size: 802 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Subject: Hattie Johnson Source page url: http://www4. ... It has been suggested that Last Call Poker be merged into this article or section. ... A Glock 22 hand-held firearm with internal laser sight and mounted flashlight, surrounded by hollowpoint ammunition. ... Air guns are weapons that propel a bullet using compressed air or another gas, possibly liquefied. ... Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. ... “Hunter” redirects here. ... Pigeon redirects here. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...

Contents

History

Concerned over poor marksmanship during the American Civil War, veteran Union officers Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate formed the National Rifle Association in 1871 for the purpose of promoting and encouraging rifle shooting on a "scientific" basis. In 1872, with financial help from New York state, a site on Long Island, the Creed Farm, was purchased for the purpose of building a rifle range. Named Creedmoor, the range opened in 1872, and became the site of the first National Matches until New York politics forced the NRA to move the matches to Sea Girt, New Jersey. The popularity of the National Matches soon forced the event to be moved to its present, much larger location: Camp Perry. In 1903, the U.S. Congress created the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice (NBPRP), an advisory board to the Secretary of the Army, with a nearly identical charter to the NRA. The NBPRP (now known as the Civilian Marksmanship Program) also participates in the National Matches at Camp Perry. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom The National Rifle Association, or NRA, is a non-profit group for the promotion of marksmanship, firearm safety, and the protection of hunting and personal protection firearm rights... Creedmoor is the name of a number of places in the United States of America: Creedmoor, North Carolina Creedmoor, Texas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... NRA is an abbreviation that may mean: National regulatory authorities Negative relative accommodation Nuclear reaction analysis In Ireland: National Roads Authority In the Republic of China: National Revolutionary Army, was the National Army of the Republic of China from 1925 until 1949 In Latvia: NeatkarÄ«gā RÄ«ta AvÄ«ze... Camp Perry is a National Guard training facility located on the shore of Lake Erie in northern Ohio near Port Clinton. ... The Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP)is a U.S. government program that promotes firearms safety training and rifle practice for all qualified U.S. citizens with special emphasis on youth. ...


In 1903, the NRA began to establish rifle clubs at all major colleges, universities and military academies. By 1906, youth programs were in full swing with more than 200 boys competing in the National Matches. Today, more than one million youth participate in shooting sports events and affiliated programs through groups such as 4-H, the Boy Scouts of America, the American Legion, U.S. Jaycees, NCAA, the Scholastic Clay Target Program, National Guard Bureau, ROTC and JROTC. These programs have all continued to thrive despite political pressures to disband. The success of these programs is often attributed to an emphasis on safety and education that has resulted in an unprecedented scholastic and collegiate athletic safety record. Sign announcing 4-H membership on a ranch in Larimer County, Colorado. ... For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The United States Junior Chamber or Jaycees is an organization aimed at individuals aged 21 to 39 to help them in business and their professional careers. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The National Guard Bureau is located in Washington DC and is a joint command operated by the United States Department of the Army and The United States Department of the Air Force to conduct all the administrative matters pertaining to the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. ... The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ... The Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC) is a program put forth by the United States Armed Forces in high schools across the nation that train highschool students in Leadership and Military Sciences. ...


French pistol champion and founder of the modern Olympics, Pierre de Coubertin, participated in many of these early competitions. This fact certainly contributed to the inclusion of five shooting events in the 1896 Olympics. Over the years, the events have been changed a number of times in order to keep up with technology and social standards. For example, targets that formerly resembled humans or animals in their shape and size have are now a circular shape in order to avoid associating the sport with any form of violence. At the same time, some events have been dropped and new ones have been added. The 2004 Olympics featured three shooting disciplines (rifle, pistol and shotgun) where athletes competed for 51 medals in 10 men's and 7 women's events -- slightly fewer than the previous Olympic schedule. His statue at the Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta. ... The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece. ...


The Olympic Games continue to provide the shooting sports with its greatest public relations opportunity. The sport has always enjoyed the distinction of awarding the first medals of the Games. Internationally, the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) has oversight of all Olympic shooting events worldwide, while National Governing Body's (NGB) administer the sport within each country. The International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) is an organization that governs international shooting sports. ...


Having originally established shooting as an organized sport, the NRA was the obvious choice to administer the United States participation in the Olympic games. The NRA dutifully managed and financially supported international and conventional shooting sports (ie, National Matches) for over 100 years until the formation of USA Shooting. Prior to 1979, a year-round U.S. Shooting Team did not exist. ...


Because of its long heritage and broad appeal, the shooting sports are enjoyed by a large number of participants around the world. In recent years, however, the shooting sports have become increasingly threatened by social and political reforms. In some countries, voters have declared their disapproval toward the private ownership and possession of handguns. This is generally motivated by the perception that handguns are associated with violent crime instead of sportsmanship. Some governments, such as the British, have enacted restrictive gun control legislation that directly effects the shooting sports. For example, even when sanctioned, the shooting sports may not be televised or publicized in the UK.


More recently, a rise in the number of concealed carry permit-holders in the US has led to a surge in interest in various handgun competitions that foster defensive skills, accuracy drills, and personal protection tactics. In the United States, concealed carry is the right to carry a handgun or other weapon in public in a concealed manner. ...


Rifle shooting sports

Target for 10m air-rifle (Olympic)
  • The four Rifle ISSF shooting events (including two Olympic events) consist of long-time target shooting from distances of 10, 50 and 300 m.
  • The two Running Target ISSF shooting events consist of rapid shooting at a target that moves sideways from distances of 10 and 50 m.
  • Biathlon is an Olympic sport combining shooting and cross-country skiing.
  • The CISM Rapid Fire match is a speeded version of the ISSF 300 m Standard Rifle event.
  • Muzzle loading and Cowboy Action Shooting are concerned with shooting replica (or antique) guns.
  • Gallery Rifle shooting is popular in the UK and was introduced as a substitute for many pistol shooting disciplines following the 1997 handgun ban.
  • Benchrest shooting is concerned with shooting small groups, i.e. firing a series of bullets to the exact same spot on a target, with the rifleman sitting on a chair (bench) and the rifle supported from a table.
  • Fullbore Target shooting is concerned with shooting at targets at ranges of 300 - 1000 yards, i.e. firing a series of bullets to the exact same spot on a target.
Sport-shooting with air-rifles, 10m
  • There are a vast number of nationally recognized sports, including:
    • Full bore and small bore, rifle shooting in the United Kingdom.
    • Three position airgun competitions, popular in the United States.
    • Field shooting, often at very long distances, popular in Scandinavia.
    • Running target shooting at 80 m, on a target depicting an elk, popular in Sweden as a hunting exercise.
    • Summer biathlon, with skiing replaced by running, popular in Germany.
  • Military Service Rifle is a shooting discipline that involves the use of rifles that are used by military forces and law-enforcement agencies, both past and present use. Ex-military rifles, sniper rifles (both past and present) and civilian versions of current use service rifles are commonly used in the Military Service Rifle shooting competitions. It is popular in the United States and culminates each year with the National Matches being held at Camp Perry, Ohio. Some countries have outlawed civilian shooting at human-silhouette targets, though. Silhouette targets are not used in the National Match Course of Fire. Bullseye targets are used.

Highpower Rifle competition often is held at the same events as Service Rifle, such as the U.S. national championships each year at Camp Perry. Highpower competitors generally are civilians using whatever rifles they prefer within the rules, whereas Service Rifle entrants are limited to current or previous U.S. armed forces weapons. Download high resolution version (800x796, 80 KB)Target for 10m Air-rifle-shooting picture: Wilfried Wittkowsky, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Shooting sports Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (800x796, 80 KB)Target for 10m Air-rifle-shooting picture: Wilfried Wittkowsky, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Shooting sports Categories: GFDL images ... The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status. ... The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... Archery competition at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics. ... Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ... CISM is the official radio station of Université de Montréal. ... 300 m Standard Rifle is one of the ISSF shooting events. ... A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the bullet is loaded from the muzzle of the gun. ... Cowboy Action Shooting (CAS), also known as Western Action Shooting or Single Action Shooting, is a competitive shooting sport that originated in California, USA, in the early 1980s. ... Look up replica in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Gun politics in the United Kingdom, in similarity with gun politics in Australia, places its main considerations on how best to ensure public safety and how deaths involving firearms can most effectively be prevented. ... Benchrest shooting is a sport in which very accurate rifles are shot at paper targets from a rest or bench from a sitting position. ... Download high resolution version (1500x741, 213 KB)Sport-shooting with air-rifles 10m picture: Wilfried Wittkowsky, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Shooting sports ISSF shooting events Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1500x741, 213 KB)Sport-shooting with air-rifles 10m picture: Wilfried Wittkowsky, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Shooting sports ISSF shooting events Categories: GFDL images ... International Rifle events in Three positions are conducted with an equal number of shots fired from the Prone, the Standing and the Kneeling positions, always in that order. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map The moose (so named in North America, derived from Eastern Abenaki moz)[1] or elk (in Anglophone Europe), Alces alces, is the largest extant member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from the others by the palmate antlers of its males. ...

  • Palma competition dates from 1876, featuring long-range rifle shooting, out to 1,000 yards. The first Palma match was contested by teams from the U.S. and Ireland, and continues in various nations today.

Handgun shooting sports

  • The six Pistol ISSF shooting events (including four Olympic events) consist of both precision and rapid-fire target shooting from distances of 10, 25, and 50 metres. In the UK it is not possible to practice for some of the Olympic events following the Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1997.
  • Modern pentathlon includes timed shooting with an air pistol as the first of its five parts.
  • The CISM Rapid Fire match is similar to the ISSF 25 m Rapid Fire Pistol event.
  • Practical shooting, developed by civilian marksmen and later used as a basis for military and police exercises, is a variation where the shooter often moves during shooting, and hit scores and shooting time are equally important.
  • PPC 1500, also developed into police exercises, is standard precision shooting, as opposed to practical shooting, but somewhat imitating real-life conditions.
  • Muzzle loading and Cowboy Action Shooting, as above, also use revolvers.
  • Metallic silhouette shooting, developed to loosely simulate hunting, is shooting at heavy animal-shaped steel silhouettes that must be knocked down to score, typically at long range using very powerful pistols.
  • Here also there are a vast number of nationally recognized sports, including:
  • Other, less formally organized shooting sports include:
    • Knocking bowling pins off a table top,
    • Steel "reactive" targets,
    • and general "plinking" at miscellaneous objects.

The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status. ... The Firearms (Amendment) (No. ... Competitors in the final round of the Mens Modern Pentathlon pull for the finish line at the Goudi Sports Complex on August 26, 2004. ... CISM is the official radio station of Université de Montréal. ... 25 m Rapid Fire Pistol is one of the ISSF shooting events. ... Practical shooting is a sport which challenges an individuals ability to shoot rapidly and accurately with a full power handgun, rifle, and/or shotgun. ... A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the bullet is loaded from the muzzle of the gun. ... Cowboy Action Shooting (CAS), also known as Western Action Shooting or Single Action Shooting, is a competitive shooting sport that originated in California, USA, in the early 1980s. ... Metallic silhouette shooting is a group of target shooting disciplines that involves shooting at metal cutouts representing game animals at varying distances. ... This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom The National Rifle Association, or NRA, is a non-profit group for the promotion of marksmanship, firearm safety, and the protection of hunting and personal protection firearm rights... Bullseye Also known as Conventional Pistol. ... Bullseye, also known as Conventional Pistol, is a sport in which participants shoot handguns at paper targets at fixed distances and time limits. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...

Shotgun shooting sports

  • The three Shotgun ISSF shooting events (presently all Olympic) are based on quick reaction to clay targets thrown by a machine.
  • Other shotgun sports with (at least partial) international recognition include Sporting Clays, providing more variation than the standard ISSF events, and Down-The-Line. Five Stand is also a shotgun shooting sport similar to skeet, but with more target variety. There are five stations, or stands. At each station there is normally a card that lets the shooter know the sequence of birds he or she will be shooting at.
  • Cowboy Action Shooting also may involve shotguns.

The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status. ... Sporting Clays is a clay pigeon shooting sport. ... Down The Line is a British radio comedy broadcast on BBC Radio 4, which satirises populist radio phone-in shows. ... Cowboy Action Shooting (CAS), also known as Western Action Shooting or Single Action Shooting, is a competitive shooting sport that originated in California, USA, in the early 1980s. ...

Action shooting sports

Action Shooting is a generic term applicable to non-traditional shooting sports, generally characterized by rapid movement within each shooting stage. Examples include practical pistol (International Practical Shooting Confederation(IPSC)/United States Practical Shooting Association(USPSA) and IDPA), cowboy action shooting, and three-gun events noted below. The latter two involve use of rifles, handguns, and shotguns within the same event. An IPSC shooter using a modified . ... The United States Practical Shooting Assocation (USPSA) is a 501c(3) non-profit Delaware corporation that is currently headquartered in Sedro Woolley, Washington. ... The International Defensive Pistol Association promotes defensive pistol shooting as a sport, using equipment including full-charge service ammunition to solve simulated real world self-defense scenarios. ... Cowboy Action Shooting (CAS), also known as Western Action Shooting or Single Action Shooting, is a competitive shooting sport that originated in California, USA, in the early 1980s. ...


However, fast, accurate shooting (mainly with handguns) requiring little or no movement also belongs to the Action category owing to the rapidity of firing. Events such as the Bianchi Cup are examples.


3-gun shooting sports

3-gun shooting events (not to be confused with NRA 3-gun "Conventional Pistol" events fired with a rim-fire, center-fire and .45 caliber pistol) are quickly becoming more popular among local shooting clubs. They involve competitions where the stages are shot with a combination of a rifle, handgun, and/or shotgun. Although 3-gun competitions take place in most local areas, the largest national annual events are the USPSA Nationals and the MGM Ironman [1]. Bullseye Also known as Conventional Pistol. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ... The United States Practical Shooting Assocation (USPSA) is a 501c(3) non-profit Delaware corporation that is currently headquartered in Sedro Woolley, Washington. ...

sport shooting a Mini Uzi submachine gun at a match in Las Vegas 2005

Image File history File linksMetadata MiniuziMK9kVegas2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MiniuziMK9kVegas2005. ...

Submachine gun shooting sports

Submachine Gun competition have been around for over 20 years and are growing. Vector Arms Mini Uzi SMG with Gemtech MK9k suppressor at uzitalk. ...


See also

Exhibition shooting or trick shooting is a sport in which a marksman performs various feats of skill, usually using non-traditional targets. ... An outdoor shooting range with a sheltered shooting stand and several other unsheltered stands. ...

External links

International governing bodies

Other


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shooting sports - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1571 words)
Hunting is also a shooting sport, and indeed shooting live pigeons was an Olympic event (albeit only once, in 1900).
The shooting sports are categorized by the type of firearm or target used.
Metallic silhouette shooting, developed to loosely simulate hunting, is shooting at heavy animal-shaped steel silhouettes that must be knocked down to score, typically at long range using very powerful pistols.
Shooting Sports (897 words)
It uses the skills and disciplines of shooting to assist young people and their leaders in obtaining knowledge and developing skills.
Development of skills within the discipline of shooting and "life skills" is implicit in the program curriculum and explicitly stated for volunteers.
The shooting sports and related natural resource activities are utilized as a vehicle for human growth and development.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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