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Encyclopedia > Shoebill
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How to read a taxobox

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes or Pelecaniformes
Family: Balaenicipitidae
Bonaparte, 1853
Genus: Balaeniceps
Gould, 1850
Species: B. rex
Binomial name
Balaeniceps rex
Gould, 1850

The Shoebill, Balaeniceps rex also known as Whalehead is a very large bird related to the storks. It derives its name from its massive shoe-shaped bill. Shoebill File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Aves redirects here. ... Families Ardeidae Cochlearidae Balaenicipitidae Scopidae Ciconiidae Threskiornithidae Traditionally, the order Ciconiiformes has included a variety of large, long-legged wading birds with large bills: storks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and several others. ... Families Pelecanidae Sulidae Phalacrocoracidae Fregatidae Anhingidae Phaethontidae The Pelecaniformes are an order of medium-sized and large waterbirds found worldwide. ... Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte (May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857) was a French naturalist and ornithologist. ... Duckbilled Platypus. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Duckbilled Platypus. ... Aves redirects here. ... Genera See text. ...

The Shoebill is a large, 150 cm (60in) long bird. The adult is mainly grey, the juveniles are browner. It lives in tropical east Africa, in large swamps from Sudan to Zambia. A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...

Shoebills feed in muddy waters, preying on lungfish and similar fish. They nest on the ground, laying 2 eggs. Orders See text. ...

The population is estimated at between 5,000 and 8,000 individuals, the majority of which are in Sudan. BirdLife International have classified it as Vulnerable, the main threats being habitat destruction, disturbance and hunting. BirdLife International is the international conservation organization working to protect the world’s birds and their habitats. ...

The Shoebill is one of the bird taxa not easily classified. Traditionally allied with the storks (Ciconiiformes), it was retained there in the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy which lumped a massive number of unrelated taxa into their "Ciconiiformes". More recently, the shoebill has been considered to be closer to the pelicans (based on anatomical comparisons; Mayr, 2003) or the herons (based on biochemical evidence; Hagey et al., 2002). Genera See text. ... The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy is a radical bird taxonomy based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies conducted in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s. ... Species Pelecanus occidentalis Pelecanus thagus Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Pelecanus onocrotalus Pelecanus crispus Pelecanus rufescens Pelecanus philippensis Pelecanus conspicillatus A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. ... Genera See text. ...


  • BirdLife International (2006). Balaeniceps rex. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable
  • Hagey, J. R.; Schteingart, C. D.; Ton-Nu, H.-T. & Hofmann, A. F. (2002): A novel primary bile acid in the Shoebill stork and herons and its phylogenetic significance. Journal of Lipid Research 43(5): 685–690. PDF fulltext
  • Mayr, Gerald (2003): The phylogenetic affinities of the Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex). Journal für Ornithologie 144(2): 157-175. [English with German abstract] HTML abstract

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

  • ARKive - images and movies of the Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex)
  • BirdLife Species Factsheet
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Balaeniceps rex

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
shoebill stork - Encyclopedia.com (942 words)
A solitary, silent bird, the shoebill stork is native to the marshy banks of the papyrus swamps of the East African White Nile and its tributaries, where it feeds on a diet of frogs, small crocodiles, and especially lungfish and other mud puddle fish.
A ground nester, the shoebill deposits its one or two chalky white eggs in a nest of grasses on a high, dry spot, where its downy young remain, helpless for some time after hatching.
Shoebills are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Ciconiiformes, family Balaenicipitidae.
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo - Animal Fact Sheet (599 words)
Shoebills are often silent, but participate in "bill-clattering", a behavior characteristic of storks.
Adult shoebills use the behavior as a greeting at the nest, but young shoebills can be heard making this vocalization as well, in addition to a "hiccupping" voice when calling for food.
Although shoebills share some characteristics of storks, they are more like the herons in many of their behaviors and physiological features, yet also share common characteristics with pelicans.
  More results at FactBites »



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