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Encyclopedia > Shirkuh

Asad ad-Din Shirkuh bin Shadhi (also Shirguh or Sherko) (died 1169) was an important Muslim military commander, and uncle of Saladin. Events Nur ad-Din invades Egypt, and his nephew Saladin becomes the sultan over the territory conquered by Nur ad-Din. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Saladin, from a 12th-century Arab codex. ...


He was originally from a Kurdish village in Armenia near the town of Dvin. He was the son of Shahdi, a Kurdish ruler, and was the brother of Najm ad-Din Ayyub, the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. When Ayyub lost Tikrit in 1138 he and Shirkuh joined Zengi's army, and Shirkuh served under Nur ad-Din who succeeded Zengi in Mosul. Shirkuh was later given Homs as a vassal state of Mosul. The Kurds are an ethnolinguistic group inhabiting parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey (a region commonly referred to as Kurdistan). ... The Ayyubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origins which ruled Egypt, Syria, and Kurdistan Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Looking north along the Tigris towards Saddams Presidential palace in April 2003 Tikrit (تكريت, also transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit) is a town in Iraq, located 140 km northwest of Baghdad on the Tigris river (at 34. ... Events Robert Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Imad ad-Din Atabeg Zengi (also Zangi, Zengui, Zenki, or Zanki) (1087- September 14, 1146) was the son of Aq Sunqur al-Hajib, governor of Aleppo under Malik Shah I. His father was beheaded for treason in 1094, and Zengi was brought up by Karbuqa, the governor of Mosul. ... al-Malik al-Adil Nur ad-Din Abu al-Qasim Mahmud Ibn Imad ad-Din Zangi (1118 – May 15, 1174), also known as Nur ed-Din, Nur al-Din, etc. ... Mosul (36°22′N 43°07′E; Arabic: , Kurdish: Mûsil, Syriac: ܢܝܢܘܐ Nîněwâ) is a city in northern Iraq. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In 1163 he convinced Nur ad-Din to send him to Egypt in to settle a dispute between Shawar and Dirgham over the Fatimid vizierate. Shawar was restored and Dirgham was killed, but after quarrelling with Shirkuh Shawar allied with Amalric I of Jerusalem, who marched into Egypt in 1164 and besieged Shirkuh at Bilbeis. In response Nur ad-Din attacked the Crusader states and almost captured the Principality of Antioch. // Events Owain Gwynedd is recognized as ruler of Wales. ... The Fatimids or Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic الفاطميون) is the Ismaili Shiite dynasty that ruled much of North Africa from A.D. 5 January 910 to 1171. ... A Vizier (وزير, sometimes also spelled Vizir, Wasir, Wazir, Wesir, Wezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages) is an oriental, originally Persian, term for a high-ranking political (and sometimes religious) advisor or Minister, often to a Muslim monarch such as a Caliph, Amir, Malik (king) or Sultan. ... Amalric I (also Amaury or Aimery) (1136 – July 11, 1174) was King of Jerusalem 1162–1174, and Count of Jaffa and Ascalon before his accession. ... // Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Bilbeis (Coptic Phelbs) is an ancient fortress city on the eastern edge of the southern Nile delta in Egypt. ... The Crusader states, c. ... The Principality of Antioch, including parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria, was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade. ...


Shirkuh was sent back into Egypt in 1167, with Shawar once again allying with Amalric. Amalric besieged him in Alexandria until he agreed to leave; a Crusader garrison, however, remained in Egypt and Amalric allied with the Byzantine Empire, planning to conquer it entirely. Now Shawar sought help from Shirkuh. Shirkuh avoided a pitched battle with the Crusaders, who in any case did not have the resources to conquer Egypt and were forced to retreat. Events Taira no Kiyomori becomes the first samurai to be appointed Daijo Daijin, chief minister of the government of Japan Peter of Blois becomes the tutor of William II of Sicily Absalon, archbishop of Denmark, leads the first Danish synod at Lund Absalon fortifies Copenhagen William Marshal, the greatest knight... This article needs to be updated. ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: ), is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ...


In January of 1169 Shirkuh entered Cairo and had Shawar executed. He set himself up as vizier, but died two months later. He was succeeded by his nephew Saladin, who had served with him on his campaigns in Egypt. Saladin eventually succeeded Nur ad-Din as well, uniting Egypt and Syria, which enabled him to almost completely drive out the crusaders from Syria and Palestine. Cairo (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15. ... Saladin, from a 12th-century Arab codex. ...


Shirkuh or Shir Kuh is a Kurdish-Persian name which literally means "The lion Mountain". In Latin, his name was rendered as "Siraconus"; William of Tyre, referring to the expedition of 1163, describes him as Shir Kuh or Shirkuh (in Persian: شيركوه) (literaly: The lion mountain) is a 4075m high mountain in central Iran, in Yazd province, beside the city of Yazd. ... Kurdish (Kurdî) is an Indo-Iranian language spoken in the region loosely called Kurdistan, including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ... Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fārsi or پارسی Pārsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... William of Tyre (c. ...

"an able and energetic warrior, eager for glory and of wide experience in military affairs. Generous far beyond the resources of his patrimony, Shirkuh was beloved by his followers because of this munificence. He was small of stature, very stout and fat and already advanced in years. Though of lowly origin, he had become rich and risen by merit from his humble estate to the rank of prince. He was afflicted with cataract in one eye. He was a man of great endurance under hardships, one who bore hunger and thirst with an equanimity quite unusual for that time of life."

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shirkuh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (465 words)
Shirkuh was later given Homs as a vassal state of Mosul.
Shirkuh avoided a pitched battle with the Crusaders, who in any case did not have the resources to conquer Egypt and were forced to retreat.
Shirkuh or Shir Kuh is a Kurdish-Persian name which literally means "The lion Mountain".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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