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Encyclopedia > Shipping
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The Panama canal. A cargo ship transiting the Gatún locks northbound is guided carefully between lock chambers by "mules" on the lock walls to either side.
The Panama canal. A cargo ship transiting the Gatún locks northbound is guided carefully between lock chambers by "mules" on the lock walls to either side.

Shipping is basic process of transporting goods and cargo. Virtually every product ever made, bought, or sold has been affected by shipping. Despite the many variables in shipped products and locations, there are only three basic types of shipments: land, air, and sea. Image File history File links 75708030_f7fe6aa854. ... Image File history File links 75708030_f7fe6aa854. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x640, 87 KB) Summary A ship moves between lock chambers of the Panama Canal. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x640, 87 KB) Summary A ship moves between lock chambers of the Panama Canal. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Cargo is a term used to denote goods or produce being transported generally for commercial gain, usually on a ship, plane, train or truck. ...


Land or "ground" shipping is easily the most popular form of shipping. Even in Air and Sea shipments, ground transportation is still required to take the product from its origin to the airport or seaport and then to its destination. Ground transportation is typically more affordable than air or sea shipments, so whenever possible shippers attempt to keep their freight in trucks. Many trucks will take freight directly from the shipper to its destination in what is known as a door to door shipment. Vans and trucks of all sizes make deliveries to sea ports and air ports where freight is moved in bulk also. Many nations have built specialized naval ships to ensure the free movement of legitimate cargo; these "merchant navies" are essential to the world economy, carrying the bulk of international trade. The ships are also extremely expensive constructions themselves, being some of the largest man-made vehicles ever. The term originates with the shipping trade of wind power ships, and has come to refer to the delivery of cargo and parcels of any size above the common mail of letters and postcards. The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Merchant Marine. ... Wind farm in Neuenkirchen, Dithmarschen, Germany. ... A parcel is a mailable or shippable item other than a letter, book, or other document. ... A British pillar box. ... Vintage German letter balance for home use Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... British postal card, used in 1890 A postcard or post card is typically a rectangular piece of thick paper or thin cardboard intended for writing and mailing without an envelope and at a lower rate than a letter. ...


Most cargo transport is by ground shipping rather than by air transport because ground shipping can be cheaper and less restrictive to size, quantity, weight, and type of freight. Air transport is usually reserved for products which must be sent within a shorter time frame. Some carriers offer ground shipping that operates on an exact timeline as only air used to.


Shipping can more generally refer to the transport of freight ("shipments"), independent of the mode of transport. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mode of transport is a general term for the different kinds of transportation of people or cargo: Car Truck Ship Aircraft ...

Contents

Types of ships involved

Container ship Rita being loaded at Copenhagen; note crew standing on deck, and stacks of containers on shore. ... Bulk carrier Berge Athene, a 225,000 DWT vessel. ... A tanker is a ship designed to transport liquids in bulk. ... A cable layer is a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electricity, and such. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Pride of Rotterdam, One of the P&O Ferriess Flagships operating the Hull-Rotterdam Route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... Skaugran Oslo Loading a Ro Ro passenger car ferry The Cetus Leader A Canadian RORO Ferry A PCC ships starboard side showing side ramp. ... The Le Four manoeuvering in Brest harbour A tugboat, or tug, is a boat used to manoeuvre, primarily by towing or pushing other vessels (see shipping) in harbours, over the open sea or through rivers and canals. ... A dredge is a small waterborne craft used to remove sediment from the bottoms of rivers and harbors. ... Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. ...

Shipping companies

American Export-Isbrandtsen Lines, New York, was the leading US-flag shipping company between the US east coast and the Mediterranean from 1919 to 1977, offering both Cargo ship services and Passenger ship services, until declaring bankrupcy and was acquired by Farrell Lines, New York. ... American President Lines Ltd. ... Bergeland Bergesen d. ... The Vestey Group (Vestey Group Ltd) (formerly Vestey Brothers) is a privately owned UK group of companies, comprised of an international food product business (that includes meats, dairy products, frozen vegetables,bakery products, food services and trading) and significant cattle ranching and sugar cane farming interests in Brazil and Venezuela. ... Steamship Lines Inc. ... C.H. Robinson Worldwide, Inc. ... CMA CGM S.A. is a French container transportation and shipping company, founded by M. Jacques R. Saadé. It is the largest container shipping company in France and the fifth largest container company in the world. ... China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company (abbreviated as COSCO) is one of the largest liner shipping companies serving companies all over the world. ... CP Ships is a large Anglo-Canadian shipping company owned by Canadian Pacific Limited. ... The Cunard Line formerly Cunard White Star Line is the British cruise line that operates the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) ocean liners. ... A/S Dampskibsselskabet TORM or TORM (NYSE: TRMD), based in Copenhagen, Denmark, is a shipping company that owns and operates product tankers and bulk carriers. ... A DHL Boeing 757 A DHL Sprinter van DHL Boat DHL Truck DHL is a Deutsche Post company that provides international shipping of documents and freight as well as contract logistics. ... Essar Shipping Ltd. ... Evergreen Marine Corporation (or Evergreen Group) is a Taipei, Taiwan based containerized marine shipping company, mainly serving the east coast of Asia and the west coast of North America, with over 100 container ships. ... FUCKERS ARE STUPID. USE UPS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ... Hamburg Süd is one of the key carriers on the North-South trade routes by ocean transportation, founded in 1871. ... Hanjin Group is a Korean holding company and sixth largest company in Korea (1999) which has been described by the Korea Herald as a Chaebol. ... Hapag-Lloyd is a German transportation company comprising a cargo container shipping line and a cruise line. ... The Hyundai Group, founded by Chung Ju-yung in 1947 as a construction company, was once South Koreas biggest conglomerate (chaebol). ... Jadrolinija is a Croatian sea shipping company founded in Rijeka on January 20, 1947. ... This article refers to a model railway company. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Matson is a surname, and may refer to Harold Matt Matson, founder of Mattel Pamela Matson, dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University Mark Matson, American Catholic priest Margaret Matson, alleged with in 17th century Pennsylvania Ollie Matson, American football player as a placename: Matson, Gloucestershire, England... Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. (MSC) is currently the second-largest container shipping line in the world. ... Neptune Orient Lines. ... The Japan-based Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, Nippon Yusen Kaisha (日本郵船), or NYK Line, is one of the largest shipping companies in the world. ... The Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL) is a Hong Kong-based containerized shipping and logistics service company. ... P&O Nedlloyd Container Line Limited is a worldwide ocean-going container shipping line, headquartered in London and Rotterdam, and owned by A.P. Moller-Maersk Group (Maersk). ... Safmarine (South African Marine Corporation Limited) is an international shipping business offering container and break-bulk shipping services worldwide. ... The Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) is a PSU of the Government of India that operates and manages vessels that services both national and international lines. ... The Vestey Group (Vestey Group Ltd) (formerly Vestey Brothers) is a privately owned UK group of companies, comprised of an international food product business (that includes meats, dairy products, frozen vegetables,bakery products, food services and trading) and significant cattle ranching and sugar cane farming interests in Brazil and Venezuela. ... United Arab Shipping Company was established in July 1976; jointly by the six shareholding states from the Arabian Gulf (Bahrain,Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and U.A.E). ... United Parcel Service Inc. ... uShip, Inc. ... WAL may refer to Write Ahead Logging, a family of techniques for providing atomicity and durability (two of the ACID properties) in database systems. ... Zim Integrated Shipping Services is the biggest cargo shipping company in Israel. ...

See also

image:title_transport.jpg
This article is part
of the Transport series
Modes...

Animal-powered
Aviation
Human-powered
Ship
Rail
Road Transport title, both photos from sxc. ... Mode of transport is a general term for the different kinds of transportation of people or cargo: Car Truck Ship Aircraft ... (Non-human) animal-powered transport is a broad category of the human use of non-human animals (also known as beasts of burden) for the movement of people and goods. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Human-powered transport is transport of person(s) and/or goods powered by human muscle. ... Ship Transport is the process of moving people, goods, etc. ... A railway yard in Portland, Oregon. ... Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ...

See also...
Topics | Portal
This box: view  talk  edit

This is a list of transport related topics. ... Affreightment (from freight) is a legal term used in shipping. ... Mid-stream operation is the operation of loading and unloading cargo containers at the container ship while at sea, with barges performing the distribution or landing of containers to piers nearby. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... A railway yard in Portland, Oregon. ...

Leading Educational Institutes

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. MIT is organized into five schools and one college, containing 32 academic departments and 53 interdisciplinary laboratories, centers and programs. ... The United States Merchant Marine Academy is one of the five United States service academies. ...

Further reading

  • How To Package Your Product For Shipping. PackagingPrice.com. Retrieved on 2006-05-03. — A guide detailing how best to package items that need to be shipped. Includes technical information about using various types of outer and inner packaging. Also includes requirements of major parcel carriers.
  • Shipping supplies and tips

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freedom Ship - the City at Sea (448 words)
The Freedom Ship has little in common with a conventional ship; it is actually nothing more than a big barge.
The bolt-up construction and the unusually large amount of steel incorporated into the ship meets the design engineer's requirements for stability and structural integrity and the cost engineers requirements of "economic feasibility" but the downside is a severe reduction in top speed, making the ship useless for any existing requirements.
For example, it would be too slow to be a cruise ship or a cargo ship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

Normay
11th July 2010

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