FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Shinui" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Shinui
Politics - Politics portal
Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Israel
Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government. ... Israeli Coat of Arms Original digital image can be found at the site of the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

The Basic Laws of Israel are a key component of Israels uncodified constitution. The State of Israel has no formal constitution. ... The Jerusalem Law is a common name of Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel passed by the Israeli Knesset on July 30, 1980 (17th Av, 5740). ... The Law of Return (חוק השבות) is Israeli legislation that allows Jews to settle in Israel and gain citizenship. ... President of the State of Israel (Hebrew: נשיא המדינה, Nasi Hamedina) is the head of state of Israel, but has a largely ceremonial, figurehead role with real power lying in the hands of the Prime Minister of Israel. ... Moshe Katsav (Courtesy: Israeli Knesset) Moshe Katsav (Hebrew מֹשֶׁה קַצָּב Mōšeh Qaṣṣāḇ), born December 5, 1945) is the current President of Israel (since 2000). ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ... Ehud Olmert (Hebrew: אהוד אולמרט, pronounced OL-mehrt; born September 30, 1945) is the Acting Prime Minister of Israel and also the Prime Minister-elect as of legislative elections held on March 28, 2006. ... Israel The power of the Knesset to supervise and review government policies and operations is exercised mainly through the state controller, also known as the ombudsman or ombudswoman (Hebrew: מבקר המדינה Mevaker HaMedina. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... List of Knesset speakers in the parliament of Israel: Joseph Shprinzak (Mapai) 1949-59 Nahum Nir (Ahdut Haavodah) 1959 Kadish Luz (Mapai, Alignment)1959-69 Reuven Barkat (Alignment) 1969-72 Yisrael Yeshayahu-Sharabi (Alignment) 1972-77 Yitzhak Shamir (Likud) 1977-80 Yitzhak Berman (Likud) 1980-81 Menachem... Members of the 17th Knesset (elected 2006), preliminary list See also Knesset List of Knesset speakers List of political parties in Israel List of Israelis List of Likud Knesset Members Prime Minister of Israel President of Israel Politics of Israel External link All past and present members Category: ... Elections in Israel gives information on election and election results in Israel. ... Elections for the 16th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 January 2003. ... The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006, following an agreement between the Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, and the new Leader of the Israel Labour Party, Amir Peretz. ... Political parties in Israel: Israels political system is based on proportional representation which allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties, in which a single party usually has no chance of gaining power by itself, forcing the parties to cooperate and form coalition governments. ... Knesset Elections Law is crucial legal document governing the process of elections in the Israeli federal parliament or the Knesset. ... Judicial branch is an independent branch of the government which includes secular and religious courts. ... Frontal view The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... The Israeli Ministry of Interior recognizes three types of local government in Israel: cities, regional councils, and local councils. ... In Israel, a local council is a locality similar to a city in structure and way of life, that has not yet achieved a status of a city, which requires a minimum number of residents, among other things. ... Foreign relations of Israel deals with some of the following issues: In addition to seeking an end to hostilities with Arab forces, against which it has fought five wars since 1948, Israel has given high priority to gaining wide acceptance as a sovereign state with an important international role. ... Israel and the United Nations have had very mixed relations, since the states founding on May 14, 1948. ... Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip are at the center of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... Israel (in blue color) and the Arab League states (in green, Comoros is not shown). ... Arguments about the applicability of various elements of international law underlie the debate around the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... From the time it was established in March 1945, the Arab League took an active role in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ...

Shinui (שינוי) (original full name: Tenua le-Shinui ve Yozma and then to Shinui-Mifleget ha-Merkaz) is a Zionist, secular and anti-clerical, free market liberal party in Israel. Shinui is a member of the Liberal International. In Hebrew, the word Shinui literally means "change". In the election of 2003, it gained 15 out of 120 Knesset seats, making it the third-largest party, behind Likud and Labour, but dramatically plummeted off of the political map only three years later in the 2006 elections. The party suffered a severe split in early 2006 that saw the departure of leader Tommy Lapid and most of the party's MKs. The party's new leader is Ron Levintal. Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian), in small (down) text is written First Palestinian sound movie 1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by Mordecai Noah, page one. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Anti-clericalism is a movement that opposes religious interference into public and political life and more generally the encroachment of religion in the citizens lives. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... This is a list about liberalism and political parties around the world. ... The Liberal International is an international organization for international liberal parties. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel with the West Bank, the United States, and Jewish communities around the world. ... Elections for the 16th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 January 2003. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a right-wing political party in Israel. ... Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ... The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006, following an agreement between the Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, and the new Leader of the Israel Labour Party, Amir Peretz. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yosef Tommy Lapid ( יוסף טומי לפיד ) is an Israeli politician and a minister. ...

Shinui
Shinui party logo
Leader Ron Levintal
Chairperson {{{chairman}}}
Spokesperson {{{spokesperson}}}
Founded 1974
Headquarters
Political ideology Liberalism Centrist
International affiliation Liberal International
Website www.shinui.org.il

Contents

Image File history File links Shinui_logo. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... The Liberal International is an international organization for international liberal parties. ...


History

Shinui was established by Israeli business people and academics in 1974, following the 1973 Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur War, which shook the Israeli public. In the 1977 elections it formed the DASH (Democratic Movement for Change) bloc with other Liberal parties and public figures, secured 15 seats in parliament and formed the first non-Labour coalition government. DASH suffered many internal conflicts and quickly dissolved, leaving Shinui, headed by Prof. Amnon Rubinstein to run on its own in the 1981, 1984 and 1988 elections, in which it was down to two seats. Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, (Jordan, Iraq) Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali Strength 415,000 troops; 1,500 tanks, 3,000 armored carriers; 945 artillery units 100 mm and up; 561 airplanes, 84 helicopters; 38 warships. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Amnon Rubinstein Amnon Rubinstein (born 1931) is an Israeli scholar, politician, and columnist. ...


In 1992 it joined two other dovish parties, Ratz (רצ, Movement for Civil Rights and Peace), Mapam (מפ"ם, Israeli Workers Party), to form the leftist coalition party Meretz, which together won 12 seats and formed a coalition government with Labour. In 1996 the three parties decided to merge to form united Meretz party. The party leader, Prof. Amnon Rubinstein, supported the merger, but most party members, under the leadership of Avraham Poraz sought to distance themselves from the leftist social-democratic elements in Meretz, and splintered in 1997. Poraz led the party towards a more ideologically liberal stance on both the economy and secularism. Ratz (Hebrew: רץ) was a left wing Israeli political party formed in 1973 by former Labour Knesset member Shulamit Aloni. ... Mapam - United Workers Party (in Hebrew: מפם - מפלגת פועלים מאוחדת Mifleget Poalim Meuhedet) was initially a Marxist-Zionist party. ... Meretz (מרצ, Hebrew: vitality, energy) was an Israeli political party, considered to be on the left and secular. ... Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ... Amnon Rubinstein Amnon Rubinstein (born 1931) is an Israeli scholar, politician, and columnist. ...


Towards the 1999 elections, he abdicated in favour of flamboyant TV celebrity Yossef 'Tommy' Lapid, who was known for his fierce rhetoric against religious coercion. In those elections, Shinui went up to 6 seats, while in 2003 it won 15 seats and became the 3rd largest political party in Israel, and Ariel Sharon's senior coalition partner. Yosef Tommy Lapid ( יוסף טומי לפיד ) is an Israeli politician and a minister. ... For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ...


Ideology

Religion and state

Despite nearly 30 years of public support of Liberal-Capitalist economic and social policies, its best known platform plank is a call for separation of religion and state within the confines of Zionist ideology. It demands civil marriage (although it has opposed a bill to enact it in March 2004), the operation of public transportation, businesses, theaters, etc. on Saturdays (the Shabbat, Jewish Sabbath), removal of laws concerning selling and importing non-kosher food, drafting of Haredi Jews into the IDF, and a halt to payments to Haredi Yeshiva students. Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... In economics, a capitalist is someone who owns capital, presumably within the economic system of capitalism. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ... Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many people who (usually) are in a sexual relationship. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Shabbat (שבת shabbāt, rest Hebrew, or Shabbos in Ashkenazic pronunciation), is the weekly day of rest in Judaism. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Haredi or Charedi Judaism, often also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל (help· info), [Army] Force for the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces, comprising the Israeli army, Israeli air force and Israeli navy. ... Yeshiva or yeshivah (Hebrew: ישיבה pl. ...


Because of such demands and the inflammatory tone of its current leadership, it is sometimes accused of being anti-religious or hating the religious, and so some, including many secular people who would otherwise agree with its platform, would not vote for it. The party's official position is that it does not oppose religion but merely seeks to mend the inequities that exist because of religion. However, some material from Shinui's internet site does seem to be anti-religious, such as their television campaign for the 2006 elections in Israel which shows Haredi Jews dragging onto secular voter, and as the secular man votes for Shinui, all the Haredim vanish in midair.[1] This campaign is seen by many as provocotive, and by some even anti-Semitic. Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ...


Conforming to its liberal orientation, Shinui recently adopted a unanimous resolution to create an in-party forum for gay, lesbian bisexual and transgendered persons.


Economy

Economically, Shinui supports a free market, privatization of public assets, and a lowering of taxes, especially taxes on the middle class. The party has also objected to the introduction of a progressive estate tax. A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or, especially in India, disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership and/or transferring the management of a service or activity from the government to the private sector. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ...


Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Shinui's position on Israeli-Palestinian conflict is in accord with the mainstream rightwing consensus. Shinui supports the anti-terrorism actions undertaken by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, including direct targeting of terrorist leaders (such as Ahmed Yassin). Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip are at the center of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ... The term Palestinian terrorism is commonly used to describe acts of political violence committed by Palestinian individuals or groups against Israelis, Jews, and nationals of other countries. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Shinui supports negotiation with the Palestinians concerning the final status and a Palestinian state, which would include removal of Israeli settlements and withdrawal from most of the West Bank and Gaza. It asserts that both the Right and Left mislead the public. The Right, by claiming that only force will solve the problem, and the Left, by claiming that there is a Palestinian partner for peace. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Israeli settlement. ... Gaza City (alternatively, simply Gaza; Arabic غزة Ġazzah; Hebrew עזה Azza). ... The concept of peace ranks among the most controversial in our time. ...


Shinui strongly supports the Israeli West Bank barrier and Israel's unilateral disengagement plan of 2004 from the Gaza Strip. The barrier route as of May 2005. ... Israels unilateral disengagement plan (also known as the disengagement plan, תוכנית ההינתקות) is a proposal by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to remove all permanent Israeli presence in the Gaza Strip and northern Samaria (part of what is known as The West Bank to the Palestinians, the UN, and...


Political ethics and corruption

Shinui proclaimed itself as defender of political purity and lawful behavior (in Hebrew: טוהר המידות ושלטון החוק ). It promised to set an example for an uncorrupted party which its members aren't suspected in criminal affairs and financial irregularities. Shinui sees itself as an antithesis of the Mizrahi Haredi party Shas which they describe as "unenlightened," "primitive" and "corrupt". Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel with the West Bank, the United States, and Jewish communities around the world. ... Mizrachi is also an organisation of the Religious Zionist Movement Mizrahi Jews or Oriental Jews (מזרחי eastern, Standard Hebrew Mizraḥi, Tiberian Hebrew Mizrāḥî; plural מזרחים easterners, Standard Hebrew Mizraḥim, Tiberian Hebrew Mizrāḥîm) are Jews of Middle Eastern origin; that is to say, their ancestors never left the Middle East. ... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... Shas logo Shas (Hebrew: שס) is an Israeli political party representing mostly Haredi Sephardi Jews. ...


As such, Lapid asked and received the Ministries of Justice and Internal Affairs (the last was held formerly by Shas). Shinui also frequently praise the Supreme Court of Israel as protector of the law and moral values. Lady Justice - allegory of Justice as woman with sword and with book - statue at court building. ... Internal Affairs can refer to: Internal Affairs, a 1990 movie[1] starring Richard Gere and Andy Garcia and which was set in the Internal Affairs department of the Los Angeles Police Department. ... Shas logo Shas (Hebrew: שס) is an Israeli political party representing mostly Haredi Sephardi Jews. ... Frontal view The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ...


Politics

Shinui has refused to join any coalition which includes the Haredi parties (Shas and United Torah Judaism). A coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... Shas logo Shas (Hebrew: שס) is an Israeli political party representing mostly Haredi Sephardi Jews. ... United Torah Judaism (In Hebrew: יהדות התורה which translates as Judaism [of the] Torah) (UTJ) is a small Haredi political party in the Israeli Knesset. ...


Shinui has a deep rivalry with Meretz-Yachad party, although they share very similar values in many issues. The rivalry is due to a battle over voters (both parties draw their support from the Ashkenazi-secular middle class) and what are often seen as "ego fights" between Yossef Lapid to Yachad's leader Yossi Beilin. Meretz (מרצ, Hebrew: vitality, energy) was an Israeli political party, considered to be on the left and secular. ... This is an article about the Israeli political party. ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi,AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... Yosef Tommy Lapid ( יוסף טומי לפיד ) is an Israeli politician and a minister. ... Dr. Yossef (Yossi) Beilin (born June 12, 1948) is a dovish Israeli politician, a former Knesset member, deputy foreign minister and justice minister within the Israeli Labour Party. ...


Paritzky affair

On July, 2004, a tape recording of Shinui senior member and Minister of Infrastructures, Yossef Paritzki, was exposed. In the tape, Paritzki asked a private investigator to frame his Shinui colleague Avraam Poraz in order to end his political career and thus clear the way for Paritzki. The private investigator was paid by the workers' union of Israel's Power Company (IPC), which wanted to prevent a law bill by Poraz denying the IPC workers many privileges they currently hold. This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Electric power is the amount of work done by an electric current in a unit time. ...


In response, Shinui publicly denounced and condemned Paritzki and asked Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to fire Paritzki from the cabinet, and called on Paritzki to resign from the Knesset and leave Shinui. Paritzki refused and blamed Shinui and other factors in a plot against him. For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ...


Joining the governing coalition

On August 2004, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon initiated coalition negotiations after he lost the government majority required to support his disengagement plan. Sharon wished to form a Likud-Labor-Shinui "secular unity" government, but this intention was thwarted by the objections of Likud's members. Sharon then started negotiations with the Haredi Shas and United Torah Judaism (UTJ) parties to join the governmemt. However, Shinui vowed in the 2003 elections that it would not sit together in a coalition with these parties. For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ... The Gaza Disengagement Plan describes the move to withdraw all Jewish Israeli settlers from the Gaza Strip unilaterally as soon as possible, lead by Ariel Sharon. ... Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a right-wing political party in Israel. ... Haredi or Charedi Judaism, often also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... Shas logo Shas (Hebrew: שס) is an Israeli political party representing mostly Haredi Sephardi Jews. ... United Torah Judaism (In Hebrew: יהדות התורה which translates as Judaism [of the] Torah) (UTJ) is a small Haredi political party in the Israeli Knesset. ... A coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ...


After significant pressure from Sharon, and to avoid being blamed for thwarting the implementation of the disengagement plan, Lapid retracted his vow and agreed to sit together in the government with UTJ, if they could agree on the government principles. Lapid also hoped that the UTJ would be the side to turn down and scuttle the negotiations. The UTJ, however, raised its demands (e.g. cancelling procedures for passing civil marriage laws and the Tal law). The Gaza Disengagement Plan describes the move to withdraw all Jewish Israeli settlers from the Gaza Strip unilaterally as soon as possible, lead by Ariel Sharon. ... Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many people who (usually) are in a sexual relationship. ...


Paritzky affair continued

In June 2005 a new media circus regarding Shinui threatened to reopen the not-yet-healed wounds of the Paritzky Affair. Poraz, confronted by low ranking party activists who accused him and Lapid of dictatorial control of the organization, was recorded by them offering vacation flights out of the country and other financial favours. The tape reached the 'Maariv' daily, which at the time was running its "Where is the Shame" anti-corruption campaign led by its editor Amnon Dankner and top columnist Dan Margalit. The affair had few consequences for several reasons. The most important was Shinui's position outside the government which differed from the Paritzky Affair. The Gaza Withdrawal and the opposition to it also deadened public interest in internal party skirmishes except the Likud "rebellion" against Ariel Sharon. These facts, along with the well-known lack of activity among most Shinui members contributed to the fall of the scandal from the headlines, and the absence of a real investigation. A map illustrating the four phases of the Gaza disengagement plan. ...


However, a recurring shadow that the Poraz scandal has posed to the party is the threat that it has become institutionalized and dominated by Lapid and Poraz. These issues were brought to a head in September 2005 when Rubinstein criticized Lapid for stifling criticism and not engaging efforts to expand the party's membership beyond its currently tiny three thousand plus.


On December 1, 2004, Shinui voted against Sharon's proposed 2005 budget, which included subsidies to UTJ projects. In response, Sharon fired the Shinui ministers from the cabinet. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Shinui out of the cabinet

As of 2005, Shinui was not included in the new coalition government of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon after he formed a new coalition with the Labour Party, and the Ashkenazi Haredi parties of United Torah Judaism and Degel haTorah. For more detail of Sharons recent illness, see Illnesses of Ariel Sharon. ... Labour or Labor, (Hebrew: העבודה, HaAvoda) is a political party in Israel. ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi,AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... United Torah Judaism (In Hebrew: יהדות התורה which translates as Judaism [of the] Torah) (UTJ) is a small Haredi political party in the Israeli Knesset. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


When Lapid and Poraz were fired by Sharon in January 2005, Poraz responded with war-like words, claiming that they would return with far more seats after the next election and then the Likud could not ignore them. Since then Shinui has been subjected to several challenges, notably being part of an opposition that includes two parties diametrically opposed to it, Shas and the National Religious Party.


Observers have commented that as a leading member of the opposition, Lapid instead continued to serve the interests of Sharon, providing a safety net in order to see through the Gaza Withdrawal, and supporting Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's financial reforms. These positions have led to criticism by members further to the left that Lapid is little more than Sharon's trump card should the Labour Party lead the coalition. Shinui did vote against the November appointment of Netanyahu's replacement Ehud Olmert and two other Likud ministers, Ze'ev Boim and Ronni Bar-On. (help· info) (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ (without niqqud: בנימין נתניהו), Hebrew transliteration written in English: Binyamin Netanyahu, nicknamed Bibi) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel. ... Ehud Olmert (Hebrew: אהוד אולמרט, pronounced OL-mehrt; born September 30, 1945) is the Acting Prime Minister of Israel and also the Prime Minister-elect as of legislative elections held on March 28, 2006. ...


Shinui and Peretz's Labour leadership

Shinui's position has drastically changed following the November 9 election of MK and Histadrut trade union chairman Amir Peretz as the head of the Labour Party. Unlike his predecessor and opponent in the party primary, Shimon Peres, Peretz advocates a social democratic economic policy, and he was the most ferocious outside opponent of Lapid's secular coalition proposal of 2003, claiming it would only widen the social gap. The Histadrut (Federation [of labor]) or HaHistadrut HaKlalit shel HaOvdim BEretz Yisrael (ההסתדרות הכללית של העובדים בארץ ישראל) (Hebrew: General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel) is the Israeli trade union congress. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; Arabic: عمير بيريتس; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and the current leader of the Labour Party of Israel. ... Labour or Labor, (Hebrew: העבודה, ha-`Avōdāh) is a political party in Israel. ... ▶ (help· info) (Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס without Niqqud: שמעון פרס) (born Shimon Perske on August 16, 1923 in Poland, and immigrated with his family to Israel in 1934), is an Israeli politician, who was a member of the Labour Party until December 2005. ...


Peretz threatened Lapid's ambition of turning Shinui into one of the two top parties in Israel. Before Peretz's election Labour and Shinui were both primarily attractive for well-off, Ashkenazi Israelis of liberal/secular lifestyles. Peretz is a Moroccan immigrant who is privately traditional in his religious practices, and his support is drawn from lower class and Arab voters. In these respects Peretz is far more dangerous to Shinui than Peres, because unlike the latter he is determined and better tuned to bring new voters to Labour.


Threat from Kadima

Shinui also faced a threat from the center-right where Ariel Sharon, prime minister and former head of the ruling Likud Party broke with the hardline party faithful led by Benjamin Netanyahu and Uzi Landau in response to their opposition to the Gaza Withdrawal and continuing tensions. Sharon has formed the moderate Kadima party with his old supporters in the Likud, including Ehud Olmert and Tzipi Livni, as well as MKs from Labour and other parties. Sharon's platform threatens Shinui with virtual eradication. Since Lapid resigned as Justice Minister, Tzipi Livni has filled his shoes and become one of the most visible government ministers. (help· info) (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ (without niqqud: בנימין נתניהו), Hebrew transliteration written in English: Binyamin Netanyahu, nicknamed Bibi) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel. ... Uzi Landau (born August 2, 1943) is an Israeli Knesset member representing the Likud political party. ... A map illustrating the four phases of the Gaza disengagement plan. ... Kadima (Hebrew: קדימה, Qādīmāh, forward) is a centre Israeli political party. ... Ehud Olmert (Hebrew: אהוד אולמרט, pronounced OL-mehrt; born September 30, 1945) is the Acting Prime Minister of Israel and also the Prime Minister-elect as of legislative elections held on March 28, 2006. ... Tzipi Livni, Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipora (Tzipi) Livni (Hebrew: ציפי לבני) (born July 5, 1958) is a senior Israeli politician currently serving as Foreign Affairs Minister and Justice Minister. ...


In the days when Sharon first declared the formation of his new political bloc, the media speculated that Lapid would be driven into a coalition with the Prime Minister in exchange for guaranteed positions on the Kadima Knesset list. Lapid and Poraz denied the rumours, claiming that Sharon didn't have the will to withstand pressure from outside groups, especially the Orthodox parties. Ironically, in the 1977 elections Sharon's start-up faction Shlomtzion had proposed a coalition with Shinui when it was led by Amnon Rubinstein, who also refused the offer. Almost thirty years later history has been repeated, although Shinui is today far weaker than Sharon's Kadima. Shlomtzion may refer to: The Israeli political Shlomtzion Party Queen Salome Alexandra of Judea This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Split in leadup to 2006 elections

The party was put into turmoil on January 12, 2006 when five of its MKs quit after Avraham Poraz was defeated by Ron Levintal in his bid to retain the second slot in the electoral list. Poraz, Ilan Shalgi, Meli Polishook-Bloch, Eti Livni and Ronny Brison announced they were quitting Shinui and would form a new party that would represent the "real Shinui"[2]. Party Chairman Tommy Lapid was re-elected to his spot on the top of the list with only 53% of the votes cast against challenger Yitzhak Gilad but had said in the past that he would not serve without Poraz as his deputy[3]. Shinui members vote in a seperate round for each slot on the list, the winning candidate is required to win more than 50% of the vote. The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006, following an agreement between the Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, and the new Leader of the Israel Labour Party, Amir Peretz. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On January 25, Lapid resigned as Shinui's chairman and left the party declaring it no longer worthy of support. [4] A total of 11 MKs quit Shinui and formed a new party Hetz led by Poraz and supported by Lapid. Shinui was left with only three MKs, Ehud Rassabi, Ilan Leibovitch and Igal Yasinov.[5] January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hetz (Arrow) is an Israeli political party, founded by former Shinui member Avraham Poraz, after he lost the inner Shinui elections to Ron Levintal. ...


The actual election result saw a cataclysmic disintegration of the party's strength; both it and its twin, Hetz, did not even cross the threshold. Parties required more than 60,000 votes to win a seat in the Knesset, however, Shinui received only 4,907 votes while Hetz recieved 10,274 votes .


Before the election Lowenthal attempted several conciliatory gestures toward Poraz, attempting negotiations with both him, the leader of the anti-corruption Tafnit Party Uzi Dayan, and former Prime Minister Ehud Barak over the prospect of forming a united front, but to no avail. Tafnit (Hebrew: תפנית Turnaround) is a political party and a social movement which was established by the Aluf in reserve Uzi Dayan. ... Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born February 12th, 1942, in Mishmar HaSharon kibbutz, then British Mandate of Palestine) is an Israeli politician and was the 10th Prime Minister of Israel from 1999 to 2001. ...


See also

Many liberal political parties in Israels history can claim substantial popular support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament (the Knesset). ...

External links

  • (Hebrew) Shinui official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shinui - definition of Shinui in Encyclopedia (1081 words)
Shinui supports negotiation with moderate Palestinians concerning the final status and a Palestinian state, which would include removal of Israeli settlements and withdrawal from most of the West Bank and Gaza.
Shinui is strongly support the Israeli West Bank barrier and Israel's unilateral disengagement plan of 2004 from the Gaza Strip.
Shinui proclaimed itself as defender of political purity and lawful behavior (in Hebrew: טוהר המידות ושלטון החוק;).
Shinui - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2276 words)
Shinui's position on Israeli-Palestinian conflict is in accord with the mainstream rightwing consensus.
As of 2005, Shinui was not included in the new coalition government of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon after he formed a new coalition with the Labour Party, and the Ashkenazi Haredi parties of United Torah Judaism and Degel haTorah.
Shinui also faced a threat from the center-right where Ariel Sharon, prime minister and former head of the ruling Likud Party broke with the hardline party faithful led by Benjamin Netanyahu and Uzi Landau in response to their opposition to the Gaza Withdrawal and continuing tensions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m