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Encyclopedia > Shimla
  ?Shimla
Himachal Pradesh • India
Coordinates: 31°06′40″N 77°09′14″E / 31.111, 77.154
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
25 km² (10 sq mi)
• 2,130 m (6,988 ft)
District(s) Shimla
Population
Density
163,000[1] (2001)
• 120/km² (311/sq mi)
Municipal Commissioner Shekhar Gupta
Mayor Sohan Lal
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 171 0xx
• +0177
• INSHI
• HP-03, HP-51

Coordinates: 31°06′40″N 77°09′14″E / 31.111, 77.154 , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Himachal_Pradesh_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Shimla is one of the districts of Himachal Pradesh. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Editor and now also part owner of the Indian Express group of newspapers (which also includes Financial Express and the Hindi daily Jansatta), Shekhar Gupta is today more known for his television programme, Walk the Talk, a blatant copy of John Simpson of the BBCs style of conducting in... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Shimla pronunciation  [ʃɪmla] (Hindi: शिमला), originally called Simla, is a city in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is also the capital of the state and a municipality within the Shimla district[1]. In 1864, Shimla was declared the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India. A popular tourist destination, Shimla is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills" (a term coined by the British). Located in north-west Himalayas at an altitude of 2,130 metres (6,988 ft), the city of Shimla, draped in forests of pine, rhododendron, and oak, experiences pleasant summers and cold, snowy winters. The city is famous for its buildings styled in tudorbethan and neo-gothic architecture reminiscent of the colonial era. Shimla is connected to the city of Kalka by one of the longest narrow gauge railway routes in India[2]. Shimla is approximately 115 km (71.4 miles) from Chandigarh, the nearest major city, and 365 km (226.8 miles) from New Delhi, the national capital. The city is named after the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Kali.[3] Image File history File links Shimla. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Shimla is one of the districts of Himachal Pradesh. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Pine (disambiguation). ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... The Tudorbethan Revival which manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the20th century, and was also of influence in some other countries. ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... Kalka is an important town in Panchkula district of Haryana, India. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...

Contents

History

Shimla city view from the railway station
Shimla city view from the railway station

Shimla was discovered by the British in 1819 after the Gurkha War. At that time it was known for the temple of Hindu Goddess Shyamala Devi. Scottish civil servant Charles Pratt Kennedy built the first British summer home in the town in 1822. Shimla, or Simla as it was called until recently, had already caught the eye of Lord William Bentinck, the Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. In a letter to Colonel Churchill in 1832 he wrote[4] Download high resolution version (1000x750, 115 KB)View from above the railway station File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1000x750, 115 KB)View from above the railway station File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Gurkha War (1814-1816), also known as the Anglo-Nepalese War, was fought between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Nepal. ... Charles Pratt Kennedy was an officer in the British army from 1808 to 1865. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, known as Lord William Bentinck (14 September 1774 - 17 June 1839) was a British statesman who served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Simla is only four days march from Loodianah, is easy of access, and proves a very agreeable refuge from the burning plains of Hindoostaun

By the latter half of the 19th century the town had become the summer capital of the British Raj[5]. British soldiers, merchants, and civil servants moved here each year to escape from the heat during summer in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Kalka-Shimla railway line, constructed in 1906, added to its accessibility and popularity. The railway route, touted as an engineering feat, came to be known as the "British Jewel of the Orient"[5]. In addition, Shimla was also the capital of undivided state of Punjab in 1871 and remained so until the construction of the new city of Chandigarh (the present-day capital of Punjab). Upon the formation of the state of Himachal Pradesh in 1971, Shimla was named its capital. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kalka Shimla Train The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a 26 (762mm) narrow gauge railway in North-West India travelling along a mostly mountainous route from Kalka to Shimla. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


Pre-independence structures still dot Shimla; buildings such as the Viceregal lodge, Auckland House, Gorton Castle, Peterhoff house, and Gaiety Theatre are reminders of British rule in India.[6][1]


Geography

Passenger train on the Kalka-Shimla Railway route
Passenger train on the Kalka-Shimla Railway route

Shimla is located in the north-western ranges of the Himalayas. At an average altitude of 2397.59 meters (7866.10 feet) above mean sea level, the city is spread on a ridge and its seven spurs. The city stretches nearly 9.2 km from east to west[7]. The highest point in Shimla, at 2454 meters (8051 feet), is the Jakhoo hill. Shimla is a Zone IV (High Damage Risk Zone) per the Earthquake hazard zoning of India. Weak construction techniques and increasing population pose a serious threat to the already earthquake prone region[8][9]. There are no bodies of water near the main city and the closest river, Sutlej, is about 21 km (13 miles) away[10]. Other rivers that flow through the Shimla district, although further from the city, are Giri, and Pabbar (both are tributaries of Yamuna). The green belt in Shimla planning area is spread over 414 hectares (1023 acres)[5]. The main forests in and around the city are that of pine, deodar, oak and rhododendron[11]. Environmental degradation due to the increasing number of tourists every year without the infrastructure to support them has resulted in Shimla losing its popular appeal as an ecotourism spot[12]. Another rising concern in the region are the frequent number of landslides that often take place after heavy rains[8][13]. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 524 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 786 pixel, file size: 952 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kalka-Simla Railway. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 524 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 786 pixel, file size: 952 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kalka-Simla Railway. ... Kalka Shimla Train The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a 26 (762mm) narrow gauge railway in North-West India travelling along a mostly mountainous route from Kalka to Shimla. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... This article is about the use of the term in geography and physical geology. ... A spur is a subsidiary summit of a mountain. ... The Indian subcontinent has had a history of devastating earthquakes. ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ... For other uses, see Pine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism which appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious. ... This article is about geological phenomenon. ...


The climate in Shimla is predominantly cold during winters, and moderately warm during summers. The temperatures range from 3.95 °C (39.11 °F) to 32.95 °C (91.31 °F) over the year.[14] The average temperature during summer is between 14 °C and 20 °C, and between -7 °C and 10 °C in winter. Monthly precipitation varies between 24 mm in November to 415 mm in July. It is typically around 45 mm per month during winter and spring and around 115 mm in June as the monsoon approaches. The average total annual precipitation is 1520 mm (62 inches). Snowfall in the region, which usually took place in the month of December has lately (over the last fifteen years) been happening in January or early February every year.[15] Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... MM or variations may refer to: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navys engineering community Macromedia, an American software company Majoras Mask, a game in the Legend of Zelda series of games Malice Mizer, a Japanese visual kei band Market maker, a person or a... MM or variations may refer to: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navys engineering community Macromedia, an American software company Majoras Mask, a game in the Legend of Zelda series of games Malice Mizer, a Japanese visual kei band Market maker, a person or a... MM or variations may refer to: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navys engineering community Macromedia, an American software company Majoras Mask, a game in the Legend of Zelda series of games Malice Mizer, a Japanese visual kei band Market maker, a person or a... MM or variations may refer to: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navys engineering community Macromedia, an American software company Majoras Mask, a game in the Legend of Zelda series of games Malice Mizer, a Japanese visual kei band Market maker, a person or a... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... MM or variations may refer to: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navys engineering community Macromedia, an American software company Majoras Mask, a game in the Legend of Zelda series of games Malice Mizer, a Japanese visual kei band Market maker, a person or a... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 8 9 13 18 22 23 21 20 20 17 14 10
Mean daily temperature (°C) 4 5 9 14 18 19 18 17 16 14 10 6
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 1 2 6 10 14 15 15 15 13 12 6 3
Average number of rain days 4 5 4 4 4 9 17 17 7 2 1 2
Source: Weatherbase

Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...

Economy

Employment is largely driven by the government and tourism[16]. Being the administrative capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh, the city houses several central and state government offices. Government jobs account for almost half (47%) of the working population. Direct hospitality industry personnel such as tour guides, hotel and restaurant employees, etc., are few (10%) but high-profile. Individual crafts and small scale industries, such as tourist souvenir production and horticultural produce processing, comprise most of the remainder. Organisational use In some organisational analyses, administration can refer to the bureaucratic or operational performance of mundane office tasks, usually internally oriented. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ...

Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla

In addition to being the local hub of transportation and trade, Shimla is the area's healthcare center, hosting a medical college and four major hospitals:[17] the Indira Gandhi Hospital (formerly known as Snowden Hospital,) Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital (formerly called Ripon Hospital,) Kamala Nehru Hospital, and Indus Hospital. The city's development plan aims make Shimla an attractive health tourism spot[16]. Image File history File links Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... Health tourism is travel to improve ones health, such as a visit to a health resort or weight-loss camp. ...


Civic administration

Town Hall as seen from the Ridge
Town Hall as seen from the Ridge

The administrative responsibilities of the city of Shimla and the surrounding planning areas of Dhalli, Tutu, and New Shimla reside with the Shimla Municipal corporation. Established in 1851, the Shimla municipal corporation is an elected body comprising 27 councilors 3 of which are nominated by the government of Himachal Pradesh[7]. The nominations are based on prominence in the fields of social service, academics and other activities. 33% seats are reserved for women. The elections take place every five years and the mayor and deputy mayor are elected by and amongst the councilors themselves. As of June 2007, the two major political parties are the Indian National Congress (in power) and BJP (opposition)[18]. The administrative head of the corporation is the commissioner who is appointed by the state government. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (1022 × 639 pixel, file size: 578 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (1022 × 639 pixel, file size: 578 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Indian National Congress, (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The city contributes one seat to the state assembly (Vidhan Sabha), and one seat to the lower house of parliament (Lok Sabha)[19]. Law and order in the city is collectively maintained by the Police department, Vigilance Department, Enforcement directorate, Forensics, Fire department, department of prisons, and Home Guard department. There are five police stations and three fire stations in Shimla[20]. The Superintendent of Police, Shimla heads the police department. The First Armed Police Battalion, one of the four armed police battalions in the state, is also available for assistance to the local police for assistance[21]. There are eleven courts in the district including a fast-track court[22] Vidhan Sabha, the name of the state-level legislature assemblies in India. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Vigilance is the act of watching for something to happen, of watching for danger. ... Superintendent (Supt. ...


Demographics

Church on the Ridge

Shimla city consists of the Shimla municipal corporation and Shimla planning areas(SPA). The SPAs are Dhalli, Tutu, and New Shimla urban agglomerations. As per the 2001 India Census[23], the city has a population of 1,42,161 spread over an area of 19.55 sq km[7]. A floating population of 75,000 is attributed to service industries such as tourism[7]. The largest demographic, 55%, is 16-45 years of age. A further 28% of the population are younger than 15 years. The low sex ratio - 930 girls for every 1000 boys in 2001[24] - is cause for concern, even though it is not atypical of the region. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (750x1000, 404 KB) Ryan Wenzel I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (750x1000, 404 KB) Ryan Wenzel I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ...


The unemployment rate in the city has come down from 36% in 1992 to 22.6% in 2006. This drop is attributed to recent industrialization, the growth of service industries, and knowledge development[25]. 84% of the population of Shimla city is literate, compared to 80% in Shimla district and 77% in the entire state%[26]. The majority of Shimla's population consists of natives of Himachal Pradesh. A large minority is composed of Partition-era migrants from Pakistan. Hindi, Punjabi and Pahari are the main languages. The major religion is Hinduism, followed by Sikhism. Other religious groups include Christians and Tibetan Buddhists. , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is under construction. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in GurmukhÄ«, PanjābÄ« in ShāhmukhÄ«) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali Gurung Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newari Pahari Tamang Pahari (or Pahaari) is a general terms for a range of dialects spoken across the Himalayan range, not limited to a single country in the subcontinent. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ...


Culture

A folk celebration in Shimla
A folk celebration in Shimla
Stained Glass windows at St. Michael's Catholic Church (1850) Shimla.
Stained Glass windows at St. Michael's Catholic Church (1850) Shimla.

The people of Shimla are informally called Shimlaites. With largely cosmopolitan crowds, a variety of festivals are celebrated here. The Shimla Summer Festival, held every year during peak tourist season, [27], and lasting 3-4 days, is celebrated on the ridge. The highlights of this event include performances by popular singers from all over the country.[28] Shimla has a number of places to visit. Local hangouts like the mall road and ridge are in the heart of the city. Most of the heritage buildings in the city are preserved in their original tudorbethan architecture. The Viceregal lodge which houses the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, and Wildflower hall that is now a luxury hotel are some of the famous ones. A collection of paintings, jewelery and textiles of the region can be found at the State Museum (built in 1974). Further out from the city is the Naldehra nine-hole golf course, the oldest of its kind in India[29]. Kufri is a ski resort (winter only) located 19 kilometres (11.8 mi) from the main city. Lakkar Bazaar, a market extending off the ridge, is famous for souvenirs and crafts made of wood. Tatta Pani, 55 kilometres (34.2 mi) from the main city, is the name of hot Sulpher springs that are believed to have medicinal value located on the banks of river Satluj. Shimla is also home to Asia's only natural Ice skating rink[30]. State and national level competitions are often held at this venue. The Shimla Ice Skating Club, which manages the rink, hosts a carnival every year in January, which includes a fancy dress competition and figure skating events. Due to effects of global warming and increasing urban development in and around Shimla, the number of sessions on ice every winter have been decreasing in the past few years. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 653 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 735 pixel, file size: 414 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 653 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 735 pixel, file size: 414 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 429 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (462 × 646 pixels, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Stained Glass windows at St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 429 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (462 × 646 pixels, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Stained Glass windows at St. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... View from the Mall Mall Road is considered to be the centre of Shimlas social life. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... The Tudorbethan Revival which manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the20th century, and was also of influence in some other countries. ... The Indian Institute of Advanced Study is a prestigious research institute based in Shimla, India. ... Kufri is a tiny hill station located 19 km from Shimla on the National Highway No. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ...


Shimla has many temples and is often visited by devotees from nearby towns and cities. The Kali Bari temple, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali is near the mall. Jakhoo Temple, for the Hindu god Hanuman is located at the highest point in Shimla[citation needed]. Sankat Mochan, another Hanuman temple, is famous for the numerous monkeys that are always found in its vicinity. It is located on Shimla-Kalka Highway about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the city. The nearby temple of Tara Devi is a place for performing rituals and festivals. Other prominent places of worship include a Gurudwara near the bus terminus and a Church on the ridge. Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... This article is about a divine entity in Hinduism. ... This article is about a divine entity in Hinduism. ... A Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ...


Famous people associated with Shimla include English author Rudyard Kipling, Indian film personalities Anupam Kher, Preity Zinta, Amrish Puri (who studied here), and Prem Chopra (brought up here), economist and former vice-president of World Bank Shahid Javed Burki, Satyananda Stokes who introduced apple in the region, writer Idries Shah, ornithologist Allan Octavian Hume (had his home here), and former general of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq who studied here. This article is about the British author. ... Anupam Kher (Hindi: अनुपम खेर), born March 7, 1955, is an actor in Hindi films in India. ... Preity Zinta (Hindi: . Pronunciation: born January 31, 1975)[1] is an Indian film actress who has appeared in Hindi, Telugu and English movies. ... Amrish Lal Puri (Hindi: अमरीश पुरी, Urdu: اَمریش پُری, June 22, 1932 – January 12, 2005) was an Indian actor who appeared primarily in Bollywood movies. ... Actor in Bollywood movies, mostly known for playing the villain. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... Shahid Javed Burki is a professional economist who has served as Finance Minister of Pakistan and as a Vice President of the World Bank. ... Agnes, Prem and Satyananda Stokes Satyananda Stokes (16 August 1882 - 14 May 1946) was an American who moved to India and adopting it as his own country. ... Idries Shah (16 June 1924–23 November 1996) (Persian: ادریس شاه), also known as Idris Shah, né Sayyid Idris al-Hashimi (Arabic: سيد إدريس الهاشمي), was an author in the Naqshbandi sufist tradition on works ranging from psychology and spirituality to travelogues and culture studies, and was descended from the revered family, the Sadaat of... This article is about the field of zoology. ... Allan Octavian Hume (June 6, 1829 - July 31, 1912) son of Joseph Hume was a civil servant in British governed India, and a political reformer. ... General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Urdu: ) (b. ...


Education

Public library on the Ridge
Public library on the Ridge

The city has 14 anganwadis and 63 primary schools[7]. There are many schools from the British era. Some of the popular schools in the city are: Chapslee School, Sacred Heart Convent (Tara Hall), St Edward's School, Hainault Public School, DAV Public School, Convent of Jesus and Mary, Auckland House, Dayanand Public School and Himalayan Internation School at Chharabra. Most schools are either affiliated to the CISCE council or the CBSE board. Download high resolution version (1000x750, 128 KB)The public library near the church File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1000x750, 128 KB)The public library near the church File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Ridge Road The Ridge, Shimla The Ridge is located in the heart of Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... This article should belong in one or more categories. ... Convent of Jesus and Mary, Delhi - often known by the acronym CJM - is a leading girls school in Delhi, India. ... Chharabra is a small village situated approximately 8250 feet (2514 m) above sea level, 13 km from Shimla, India. ... SasquatchTalkContributions June 28, 2005 04:42 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ...


The medical institutes in Shimla are Indira Gandhi Medical College and Dental college. St. Bedes and Rajkiya Kanya MahaVidayaliya (RKMV) are girls-only colleges. Government College Sanjauli, and Government College Chaura Maidan are also located in the city. The Indian Institute of Advanced Study, housed in the Viceregal Lodge, is a residential center for research in Humanities, Indian culture, religion, and social and natural sciences. The Himachal Pradesh University is also based in Shimla. Shimla has two state libraries with a collection of over 47,000 old books divided between them. The one at Gandhi Bhavan in the University has over 40,000 books and the other library, also a heritage building on the ridge, has 7000.[31]. Other institutes of higher education and research located in Shimla are the Central Potato Research Institute, a member of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and National Academy of Audit and Accounts for training of officers of the Indian Audit and Accounts services. The Indian Institute of Advanced Study is a prestigious research institute based in Shimla, India. ... Himachal Pradesh University is a public university in Shimla, India. ... Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India is the apex body in Agriculture and related allied fields, including research and education. ...


Places Of Interest

A signboard that reads: "Caution: Feeding monkeys and other stray animals in public places is a punishable offence. Violaters can be fined upto Rupees 500."
A signboard that reads: "Caution: Feeding monkeys and other stray animals in public places is a punishable offence. Violaters can be fined upto Rupees 500."

The Mall: The Mall is the main shopping centre of Shimla. It also has many restaurants, clubs, banks, bars, Post Offices and tourist offices. The Gaiety Theatre is also situated there. People walk up and down the Mall slowly, stopping to gossip, as it is the main meeting place for everyone. The Ridge and Scandal point are the two main meeting points at the Mall. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


Christ Church, Ridge ShimlaChrist Church: Situated on the Ridge is Christ Church, which is the second oldest church in Northern India. It has a very majestic appearance and inside there are stained glass windows which represent faith, hope, charity, fortitude, patience and humility. Christ Church is a place all visitors should spend some time in.


Jakhu Hill: 2 km from Shimla, at a height of 8000 ft, Jakhu Hill is the highest peak and offers a beautiful view of the town and of the snow-covered Himalayas. At the top of the Hill, is an old temple of Hanuman, which is also the home of countless playful monkeys waiting to be fed by all visitors. A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Shimla State Museum: The Museum, which was opened in 1974, has tried to project hill-out and the cultural wealth of the state. There is a collection of miniature Pahari paintings, sculptures, bronzes wood-carvings and also costumes, textiles and jewellery of the region.


Indian Institute of Advanced Studies: This institute is housed in the Viceregal Lodge, which was built in 1884-88 during the British times. It has spacious gardens and is ringed by beautiful pine trees. All is calm and serene just the right atmosphere for a student of literature or politics.


Summer Hill: Situated at a distance of 5 km from the Ridge is the lovely township of Summer Hill at a height of 6,500 ft on the Shimla-Kalka railway line. Mahatma Gandhi lived in these quiet surroundings during his visits to Shimla. Himachal Pradesh University is situated here.


Annandale of the yesteryearsAnnandale: Developed as the playground of Shimla, Annandale is 2-4 km from the Ridge at a height of 6,117 ft. It is a favourite spot for cricket, picnics and the princely game of polo.

The Annandale polo field
The Annandale polo field

Tara Devi: 11 km from the Shimla bus-stand. Tara Devi has a temple dedicated to the goddess of stars on top of the hill. There is a military Dairy Town here as well as the headquarters of Bharat Scouts and Guides. At a height of 6,070 ft, Tara Devi is an ideal place for a person wanting peace and some rest. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,496 × 1,664 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,496 × 1,664 pixels, file size: 2. ...


Sankat Mochan: A popular Hanuman temple is located here. We get an excellent view of Shimla from the temple. It can be reached by car or on foot.


Mashobra: 13 km away from Shimla, Mashobra has several excellent picnic spots. Mashobra is the site of the annual Sipi fair in June. The nearest rest house is at Craignano which is 3 km from Mashobra, and is a beautiful holiday resort.


Kufri

Skiing in Kufri
Skiing in Kufri

Kufri: 16 km from Shimla at a height of 8,600 ft, Kufri is the winter sports capital. During winter, visitors have the facility for skiing. The skiing season is at its best during January and February. Equipment for sking is available from HPTDC winter sports club at Kufri. Apart from skiing, Kufri is a lovely picnic spot with a beautiful view of the hills around and the snowy peaks. There is also a zoo that delights children.
Image:Deodar12.jpg
Naldehra
Naldehra: 22 km from Shimla and surrounded by beautiful deodar trees. Naldehra has a well kept nine-hole golf-course. It is a lovely, popular picnic spot. The annual Sipi fair in June is held in Naldehra.

Chail
Left
Chail: Chail is a little mountainous heaven 45 km from Shimla. It was the summer capital of the Maharaja of Patiala before Independence. The forests near Chail have many species of birds and deer. Chail is known for its cricket pitch, which is the highest cricket ground in the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Transport

The Shimla Railway Station
The Shimla Railway Station

Local transport in Shimla is by bus or private vehicles. Buses ply frequently on the circular road surrounding the city center. Tourist taxis are also an option for out of town trips. Locals typically traverse the city on foot. Private vehicles are prohibited on the mall, ridge, and nearby markets. Due to narrow roads and steep slopes, the auto rickshaws common in other Indian cities are largely absent. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 586 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,700 × 1,246 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 586 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,700 × 1,246 pixels, file size: 1. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


Shimla is well-connected by road and rail. The National Highway NH-22 connects Shimla to the nearest big city of Chandigarh. The scenic Kalka Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge track, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records for the steepest rise in altitude in a distance of 96 km[32]. Kalka, the plains rail terminus, has daily departures to major Indian cities. Flights from the airport at Jubbarhatti (12 km away)[33] connect Shimla to Delhi.
, Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width. ... Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ... Kalka is an important town in Panchkula district of Haryana, India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...


References

  1. ^ a b c Official Web Site of District Shimla.
  2. ^ Narrow Gauge Routes. IRFCA - The Indian Railways Fan Club. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  3. ^ Shimla Tourism, The Queen of Hills.
  4. ^ Researches and Missionary Labours Among the Jews, Mohammedans, and Other Sects By Joseph Wolff, published by O. Rogers, 1837
  5. ^ a b c Heritage of Shimla. Town & Country Planning Department, Shimla. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  6. ^ Shimla: Another age, another time. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2001-05-26.
  7. ^ a b c d e Shimla Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  8. ^ a b Concrete buildings make Shimla vulnerable to quake. Indiainfo.com. Retrieved on 2005-10-14.
  9. ^ Report from the field: Shimla City, India. GeoHazards International. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  10. ^ Sight seeing tours around Shimla. HP Tourism Development Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  11. ^ H.P. Forest Department. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  12. ^ Adarsh Batra (September 2001). "Himalayan Ecotourism In Shimla". ABAC Journal. Assumption University, AU Journal. 
  13. ^ Landslides disrupt traffic in Shimla. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2005-07-16.
  14. ^ World 66, Average temperatures and rain. World 66. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  15. ^ 62cm and counting. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  16. ^ a b City Development Plan, Shimla. Municipal Corporation, Shimla. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  17. ^ Department of Health and Family welfare, Himachal Pradesh. Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
  18. ^ Cong retains hold on Shimla MC. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2002-04-30.
  19. ^ Indian Elections. Indian-elections.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  20. ^ Shimla Helpline. Himachal Pradesh Government. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.
  21. ^ Himachal Pradesh Police. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.
  22. ^ High court of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Government. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.
  23. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  24. ^ Missing: Mapping the Adverse Child Sex Ratio in India, UNFPA 2003
  25. ^ CM turns down demand for unemployment dole. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  26. ^ Himachal Census. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  27. ^ Himachal Tourism, Adventure Tourism. Himachal Tourism Official website. Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  28. ^ Summer festival begins on melodious note. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2004-06-04.
  29. ^ HP Tourism Development Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  30. ^ Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2001-02-11.
  31. ^ A state library on its last legs. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2001-02-02.
  32. ^ 100 years of pine-scented travel. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved on 2003-11-08.
  33. ^ Shimla Airport, Airports Authority of India. Retrieved on 2007-05-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was started in 1969 and renamed the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1987. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Shimla travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Images of Shimla
  • St. Bede's College, Shimla
  • St. Edwards School, Shimla


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shimla:: Travel Guide, Shimla Hotel Reservations (389 words)
It is a beautiful hill town in the lap of nature, surrounded by pine and deodar forests.
It is a 18 sq km mountainous region lying at an altitude of 2,213 meters.
British coined the term “Queen of the hills” for Shimla.
Shimla, Shimla India, Shimla City Guide, Shimla Travel, Shimla Capital of Himachal Pradesh, Shimla Tour Travel (247 words)
Shimla (also spelt as 'Simla') derives its name from goddess 'Shayamla Devi', which is another manifestation of Goddess Kali.
In 1864 Shimla was declared as the summer capital of India.
After Independence, Shimla became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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