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Encyclopedia > Shillong
  ?Shillong
Meghalaya • India
Map indicating the location of Shillong
 Shillong 
Coordinates: 25°34′00″N 91°52′60″E / 25.5667, 91.8833
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 1,525 m (5,003 ft)
District(s) East Khasi Hills
Population
Density
260,000 (2001)
• ?/km² (Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"/sq mi)
Mayor ?
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 791 xxx
• +0364
• ML-01

Coordinates: 25°34′00″N 91°52′60″E / 25.5667, 91.8833 Shillong (Khasi Shillong) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smaller states in India. It is also the district headquarters of East Khasi Hills District and is situated at an altitude of 4,908 ft (1,496 m) above sea level. The city has a population of approx. 260,000 according to the 2001 census. Shillong has steadily grown in size and significance in its own traditional way from a mere village as it used to be when it was made the new civil station of Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by British. It remained the summer capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam for many years. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma Valley and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya in January 21, 1972 when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur. , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Meghalaya_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... East Khasi Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Khasi are a tribe in Meghalaya, India and in parts of Bangladesh, who call themselves Hynniew trep (which means the seven huts in the Khasi language). ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... The Khasi are a tribe in Meghalaya, India and in parts of Bangladesh, who call themselves Hynniew trep (which means the seven huts in the Khasi language). ... Jaintia Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo, বাংলা Bangla, বঙ্গদেশ Bôngodesh or বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ...

Contents

Geography

Romantic and picturesque and blessed with an abundance of nature's gifts, Shillong is described as the 'Scotland of the East' because of its striking similarity with that of the Scottish Highlands. Picnic spots in and around Shillong include Elephant falls in upper Shillong, Spread Eagle falls,Beadon/Bishop falls, Sweet Falls, Ward Lake, Umiam(16 km from Shillong), Various picnic spots on the road to Sohra, Umrynjah (near Umroi)and Lover's Lane on the way to Shillong Peak. Lowland-Highland divide Highland Sign with welcome in English and Gaelic The Scottish Highlands (A Ghàidhealtachd in Gaelic) include the rugged and mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ...


The road to the town of Smit is also very picturesque and there are many spots where one can just relax by the meadows and enjoy a chilled beer.


There are many opportunities for adventure travel in Shillong. Cave exploration,trekking etc. The possibilities are endless.


Shillong is located at 25.57° N 91.88° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 1526 metres (5006 feet),with Shillong peak being it's highest point, at 1965 metres. ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Connectivity

This is one of the few hill stations with motorable roads all around. Shillong has no rail lines. There is a small airport at Umroi, around 30 km) from Shillong; most flights into Umroi are only on certain days of the week. The nearest major airport and railway station is at Guwahati, approximately 120km from Shillong. The tourist towns of Cherrapunjee (around 56 km) and Umiam Lake (around 16 km) are close to the city. Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Umiam Lake in Meghalaya Umiam Lake is a lake located in the hills 15 kms from Shillong in the state of Meghalaya, India. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Shillong had a population of 132,876. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Shillong has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 78%. In Shillong, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


There are 3 major tribal communities: Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia. Ethnically, Khasis and Jaintias are very similar (as they both speak Mon-Khmer languages) and are collectively called Hynniewtrep (7 tribes) while Garos are known as A'chik. The Khasis are one of the few matrilineal tribes existing in the world today which people mistakenly refer to as matriarchal. The Khasi are a tribe in Meghalaya, India and in parts of Bangladesh, who call themselves Hynniew trep (which means the seven huts in the Khasi language). ... The Garos are a tribe in Meghalaya, India, and Mymensingh, Bangladesh, who call themselves Achik. ... The Jaintia Kingdom from eastern Shillong Plateau extended to the plains south of it and to the north of the Barak River valley in Assam. ... The Mon-Khmer languages are the autochthonous languages of Indo-China. ... Matrilineality is a system in which one belongs to ones mothers lineage; it may also involve the inheritance of property or titles through the female line. ...


There is also Bengali, Nepali, Assamese, Bihari and Marwari population. The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... Motto जननी जन्मभूमिष्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी  (Sanskrit) Mother and motherland are dearer than the heavens Anthem Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka Capital (and largest city) Kathmandu Official languages Nepali, Demonym Nepali Government Interim government  -  King Gyanendra1  -  Interim Head of State Girija Prasad Koirala  -  Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala Unification December 21, 1768  Area  -  Total 147,181... The Assamese people are a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-linguistic people of Assam. ... Bihari is a name given to a group of Indo-Aryan languages spoken in the Bihar region of India. ... Marwari may refer to: Marwari Site, Connecting Marwaris :TheMarwari. ...


Religion in Shillong

Christianity is the main religion of Shillong and Meghalaya. Various denominations are present here. Unlike other Hill regions of the Northeast, Christian evangelisation was strongly resisted by the Khasis. Under the Khasi Association (Seng Khasi), they managed to stop the cultural repression by the missionaries. Seng Khasi assertion forced the missionaries to re-examine their colonial/eurocentric assumptions. Except for a few American funded born again groups, almost all Christian denominations are more or less in favour of acculturation.[citation needed] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


Shillong also has a number of Hindus,which form the largest group among the minorities,a sizable population of Muslims and Buddhist(mainly Tibetan refugees settled in Shillong as traders) and Sikhs.


Socio Political phases of Shillong

Shillong’s socio political atmosphere had often witnessed turbulent times. In 1979 there was a communal riot against a particular section of community. The flare up caused causalities in human life and property. In 1987 there was a state wide agitation against illegal migrants led by late Bull N Lyngdoh leader of a student’s organization called Khasi Students Union (KSU). The movement paralyzed Shillong’s robust educational system and imposed a suspension of all academic sessions for schools and colleges that year. In the subsequent years 1988, 1989 and 1990 there have been sporadic violent clashes between student bodies and the administration over other non ethnic residents of Shillong, culminating with a severe riot in 1992, which left several people belonging to a minority community dead or injured. During that period local sentiments poured out in the town’s public places and writings on the wall such as “We are Khasis by blood and Indians by accident” were common.


Insurgency reached a peak in the late 90's with the actions of the HNLC, a separatist group demanding freedom from the Indian Government. However,this faction further broke into smaller groups and at present has been reduced to the status of a small criminal organisation.


The return of relative peace has made the city safer to both the local people and outsiders and now there is even the presence of a fledgling night-life in the city,something unheard of a decade earlier.


However communal tensions have re-surfaced with the eviction of foreign labourers and those from outside the state in the past few months, but so far there has been no signs of a violent conflict as the incidents have largely been relegated to other parts outside the city limits.


In all, Shillong can be described as a stable place compared to many other conflict-ridden towns in the North-East region.


The Shillong Golf Course

The Shillong Golf Course, Shillong in Meghalaya is one of India's oldest golf courses.
The Shillong Golf Course, Shillong in Meghalaya is one of India's oldest golf courses.

Shillong has one of the largest golf courses (the world's wettest) in Asia and the golf course is called "Glen Eagle of the East". It enjoys the rare distinction of being one of the few natural golf courses in Asia. Not only is the Shillong course scenic and enjoyable, it is also challenging. A group of British Civil Service officers introduced golf to Shillong in 1898 by constructing a nine hole course. The present 18 hole course was inaugurated in 1924.The course is set in an undulating valley covered with pine and rhododendron trees. The tight fairways, carpeted with a unique local grass which hardens the soil, are difficult to negotiate. The number of out-of-bounds streams that criss-cross every fairway makes it all the more trying. Obstructions come in the form of bunkers, trees and rain. The longest hole is the 6th, which is a grueling 594 yards. Image File history File links Shillong_golf_course2. ... Image File history File links Shillong_golf_course2. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ...


Institutions in Shillong

  • Shillong is the headquarters of the North Eastern Council.
  • The main university is the North Eastern Hill University with campuses in Tura and Shillong- HQ
  • A bench of the Guwahati High Court has been set up in Shillong.
  • Shillong is a major educational center in north eastern India. The major colleges in Shillong are:
    • St. Edmund's College,
    • St. Anthony's College,
    • St. Mary's College ,
    • St. Mary's College of Teacher Education ,
    • Shillong College,
    • Lady Keane College.
    • Union Christian College,Barapani (Umiam Lake)
  • Some of the most famous schools in Shillong are Pine Mount School, Loreto Convent, St. Edmund's School, Shillong and St. Anthony's School, estabished in the early 20th Century.
  • An IIM (Indian Institute of Management) has also been sanctioned for Shillong.
  • Shillong has a centre of the CIEFL (Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages) which has its headquarters in Hyderabad.
  • Shillong also has many offices of the Geological Survey of India.
  • The Anthropological Survey of India and the Zoological Survey of India also have their presence here.
  • It also has the HQ of the Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force
  • The HQ of the oldest paramilitary force in India - the Assam Rifles
  • The Assam Regimental Centre of the Indian Army
  • The 101 Area of the Indian Army.
    • Army School Shillong, 101 Area
  • The Gurkha Training centre of the Gurkha Regiment of the Indian Army which trains raw recruits and converts them into feared soldiers.

In 1971, the Indian Central government set up the North Eastern Council by an act of parliament. ... North-Eastern Hill University was set up as a central university on 19 July 1973 to cater the needs of north eastern states of India. ... Tura can refer to: Tura River: left tributary of Tobol (in Siberia, Russia) the capital of the Evenkia autonomous district, Russia the capital of West Garo Hills district, Meghalaya, India Tura, a city in Hungary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... The Guwahati High Court was established on March 1, 1948 after the Government of India Act, 1935 was passed. ... Umiam Lake in Meghalaya Umiam Lake is a lake located in the hills 15 kms from Shillong in the state of Meghalaya, India. ... St Edmunds School, Shillong was established by the Congregation of Christian Brothers (India province) in 1923. ... Location of IIMs The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are Indias premier business schools that also conduct research and provide consultancy services in the field of management to various sectors of the Indian economy. ... The crest of the IAF. Eastern Air Command forms one of the five operational commands. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Assam Rifles is an Indian paramilitary unit. ...

Eminent personalities associated with Shillong

People who have been associated with Shillong include

  • Swami Vivekananda, social reformer, philosopher and world renowned patriot monk had spent his last moments in Shillong.
  • Dr. Prosperly B. Lyngdoh is the first khasi graduated from the Billy Graham School, Louisville, KY. USA. Dr. Lyngdoh was born and brought up in Jowai Jaintia Hills. Dr. Lyngdoh presently work as a professor.
  • Queenie Rynjah, Padmashree & educationist
  • P Mukhim who received the illustrious Padmashree prize
  • S Jain who received the prestigious international Alfred P. Sloan award
  • the poets Robin S Ngangom and K S Nongkynrih
  • the former Lok Sabha speaker P A Sangma studied in St. Anthony's College.
  • Former Chief Election Commissioner James Michael Lyngdoh is from Shillong and had studied at St. Edmund's College but has settled in Hyderabad.
  • Lt. Keishing Clifford Nongrum, 25, 12 J&K Light Infantry, was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra (India's Second highest military award for gallantry) posthumously for bravery during the Kargil War 1999
  • Lou Majaw, the Bob Dylan of Shillong. Lou and Eddie Rynjah had started celebrating Bob Dylan's birthday in Shillong on May 24 1972. It has become an annual event and gets extensive coverage on national and international TV Channels.
  • The actor Victor Bannerjee is also a product of St. Edmund's School.
  • Utpal Dutt the famous actor and a radical communist was also born and brought up in Shillong.
  • Famous film critic Amita Malik is from Shillong.
  • Poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote his famous play "Shesher Kobita" (the last poem) when he was in Shillong.
  • Nirad C Chaudhuri has written extensively about Shillong in his book 'Autobiography of an Unknown Indian'.
  • Anthropologist and tribal expert Verrier Elwin had settled in Shillong and he lived here till his death.
  • Multi-faceted Mrs. Rita Saikia Das, who now, is promoting the Assamese Cuisine internationally was brought up in Shillong. She also helps noted actor Victor Bannerjee another eminent personality, run a Blind School in Assam.
  • Mr L P Singh one of India's last ICS (Indian Civil Service) Officers was governor of Meghalaya and other North Eastern states during the seventies.
  • Dhruba Hazarika (1956-) former student of St. Edmunds College. Recipient of the Katha prize for story writing. Presently based in Guwahati. His first novel 'A Bowstring Winter' has been published by Penguin India in May 2006.
  • Historian A.L.Basham was married in Shillong.
  • Lila Majumdar (1908-2007) famous Bengali juvenile classicist and a noted personality , (by relation she was Satyajit Ray's aunt) spent her childhood in Shillong.
  • Dr. Zohurul Hoque (1925-)internationally recognized translator of the Qur'an in 3 languages. Currenty resides in Guwahati.
  • Air Marshal Pranab (Lalu) K. Barbora, born in Shillong, is presently holding the rank of Air Marshall in the Indian Air Force, and he is the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Eastern Air Command.
  • Noted writer and Booker Prize winner, Arundhati Roy was born in the KJP Synnod Hospital in Shillong.
  • Prabhat Dey Sawyan,prominent industrialist and architect,recently honoured by The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTAC);designed and launched boutique resort 'Ri Kynjai' incorporating traditional khasi roof forms into a modern architectural setting.
  • Brother Eric D'Souza, former principal of St. Columba's School, Delhi, recipient of President's Award for the Best Teacher is one of the most respectable citizens of Shillong.
  • Award winning Blues band Soulmate hails from Shillong
  • Murli Melwani, another product of St Edmund’s School and College, is the author of “Indian English Stories”(2007), “Stories of a Salesman”(1966;2nd edition 1976),”Deep Roots( a 3-Act Play) and “Themes in Indo-Anglian Literature.”
  • “James Michael Lyngdoh I.A.S, a student of St Edmunds, retired as the Chief Election Commissioner of India. He is also the author of “ Chronicle Of An Impossible Election.”
  • Maharaja Kirit Pradyot Deb Barman Manikya Bahadur (b. July 4, 1977) is the current head of the Royal House of Tripura also has a summer Castle in Shillong and owns a Hotel called The Royal Heritage -Tripura Castle

Swami Vivekananda (Bengali: Shami Bibekanondo) (January 12, 1863 - July 4, 1902), whose pre-monastic name was Narendranath Dutta ( Nôrendrônath Dôt-tô), was one of the most famous and influential spiritual leaders of the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga and a major figure in the history of Hinduism... Lou Majaw (b. ... (Bengali: , IPA: ) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by the sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali poet, Brahmo Samaj philosopher, visual artist, playwright, novelist, and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also known as the Man Booker Prize, or simply the Man Booker, is one of the worlds most important literary prizes, and awarded each year for the best original novel written by a citizen of the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland in... The Senior School Building St. ... “Blues music” redirects here. ...

City Development

Shillong is an unplanned city and its sudden growth is hampering the infrastructure of the city. However a large tract of land on the outskirts has been earmarked for the planned development of New Shillong, although so far the construction work has not begun yet.


Proposition of a by-pass has been mentioned now and again especially with air pollution in the city reaching alarming levels.The afore-mentioned proposal can prove to be very crucial because the roads are the lifeline of the region which does not have a rail network or a recognisable air network.


Out of sixty three mission cities eligible for Central Funds for city development plans under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Shillong stands out as only one of three cities not to submit its plans to the Urban Development Ministry. [3] [4]


References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Shillong
  2. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  3. ^ Chandigarh, Delhi submit plans for urban renewal — The Hindu
  4. ^ "Pondy yet to submit City Development Plan to Centre" — The Tribune

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Shillong travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Meghalaya State Government Portal
  • Shillong.com
  • Shillong Online


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...


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Shillong is at distance of 104 km from Guwahati, 295 km from Kaziranga, 578 km from Siliguri and 658 km from Darjeeling.
Shillong is connected by rail with the rest of the country through the railhead of Guwahati at a distance of 103 kilometers from Shillong.
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