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Encyclopedia > Shilling

The shilling is a unit of currency in current and former use in many countries. The word is thought to derive from the base skell-, "to ring/resound", and the diminutive suffix -ing. [1] The shilling was a British coin, and was also a part of the Australian coinage system until 1966. ...


The abbreviation for shilling is s, from the Latin solidus, the name of a Roman coin. Often it was written informally or printed with a slash, e.g., 1/6d as 1 shilling and sixpence (often pronounced "one and six"), or when there were no pence with a slash then a hyphen, e.g., "11/-". Quite often a triangular shape or (sans serif) apostrophe would be used to give a neater appearance, e.g., "1'6" and "11'-". In Africa it is often abbreviated sh. For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Julian solidus, ca. ... The main Roman currency during most of the Roman Republic and the western half of the Roman Empire consisted of coins including the aureus (gold), the denarius (silver), the sestertius (bronze), the dupondius (bronze), and the as (copper). ... Due to technical limitations, /. redirects here. ... In typography, a sans-serif (or sans serif, sans, sans-surryphs) typeface is one that does not have the small features called serifs at the end of strokes. ... For the prime symbol (′) used for feet and inches, see Prime (symbol). ...

1956 Elizabeth II UK shilling showing English and Scottish reverses
1956 Elizabeth II UK shilling showing English and Scottish reverses
Image:1933 Scotish Shilling.jpg
A 1933 English shilling

Contents

British Shilling Incorporates 76-904. ... British Shilling Incorporates 76-904. ...

United Kingdom

Image:1948 Scotish Shilling.jpg
A 1948 cupro-nickel English shilling

In the United Kingdom, a shilling was a coin used from the reign of Henry VII[citation needed] until decimalisation in 1971. Before decimalisation, there were twenty shillings to the pound and twelve pence to the shilling, and thus 240 pence to the pound. Two coins denominated in multiple shillings were also in circulation at this time. They were the florin (2/-), which adopted the value of ten new pence (10p), and the crown (5/-), the highest denominated non-bullion UK coin in circulation at decimalisation. The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Old pence is the term used in the United Kingdom to describe the pre-decimalisation unit of currency, the penny. ... Florin may refer to this modern currency: Aruban florin. ... Crown reverse, 1953 and 1960. ...


The word shilling comes from schilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times where it was deemed to be the value of a cow in Kent or a sheep elsewhere. Colonial shillings, such as the 1652 pine-tree shilling, were made in Massachusetts when the Puritans settled America. At decimalisation, the shilling was superseded by the new five pence piece, which initially was of identical size and weight and had the same value, and inherited the shilling's slang name of a bob. For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ... The British decimal Five Pence (5p) coin was issued in 1968 in preparation for the forthcoming decimalisation of the coinage. ...


Irish shillings

Irish shilling 1954
Irish shilling 1954
Main article: Irish shilling coin

In the Republic of Ireland, the shilling was issued as scilling in Irish. They had kept the original 12d value on their shilling. It was issued until 1969, and after 1971, like the United Kingdom, the general public often used a shilling to pay 5p to shops, etc. When the Central Bank of Ireland issued a smaller 5p piece, the shilling was withdrawn in 1992. They remain, like all obsolete Irish coinage, redeemable at the Central Bank. Irish Shilling Copied from http://worldcoingallery. ... Irish Shilling Copied from http://worldcoingallery. ... The Irish shilling coin featured the bull and the original minting of the coin from 1928 until 1942 contained 75% silver, a higher content than the equivalent British coin. ... Banc Ceannais na hÉireann or the Central Bank of Ireland is the Republic of Ireland which had control of the issue of Irish banknotes and coins. ...


Australian shillings

Further information: Australian coins

Australian shillings, twenty of which made up one Australian pound, were first issued in 1910, with the Australian coat of arms on the reverse and King Edward VII on the face. The coat of arms design was retained through the reign of King George V until a new ram's head design was introduced for the coins of King George VI. This design continued until the last year of issue in 1963. In 1966 Australia's currency was decimalised and the shilling was replaced by a ten cent coin (Australian), where 10 shillings made up one Australian dollar. Australian coins refers to the coins which are or were in use as Australian currency. ... The Australian pound was Australias currency from 1910 to 1966. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... King George V King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865–20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) (December 14, 1895 - February 6, 1952) was the third British monarch of the House of Windsor, reigning from December 11, 1936 to February 6, 1952. ... The Australian 10 cent coin is the second least valued coin in circulation and also the second most produced coin. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia 6 countries and territories Kiribati Nauru Tuvalu Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Norfolk Island Inflation 4. ...


The slang term for a shilling coin in Australia was "deener". The slang term for a shilling as currency unit was "bob", the same as in the United Kingdom.


East African shillings

The East African shilling was in use in the British colonies and protectorates of British Somaliland, Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda and Zanzibar from 1920, when it replaced the rupee, until after those countries became independent, and in Tanzania after that country was formed by the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964. Upon independence in 1960, the East African shilling in the Northern Region of Somalia (former British Somaliland) and the Somali Somalo in the Southern Region (former Italian Somaliland) were replaced by the Somali Shilling.[2] In 1966 the East African Monetary Union broke up, and the member countries replaced their currencies with the Kenyan shilling, the Ugandan shilling and the Tanzanian shilling respectively.[3] Though all these currencies have different values at present, there are plans to reintroduce the East African shilling as a new common currency by 2009.[4] The East African Shilling is the proposed name for the common currency the East African Community plans to introduce by 2009. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Flag Capital Aden Religion Islam Political structure Protectorate History  - Established 1884  - Independence June 26, 1960  - Somaliland established 18 May, 1991 Currency British pound British Somaliland was a British protectorate in the north part of the Horn of Africa, and later part of Somalia and presently the unrecognized Republic of Somaliland. ... Flag of Deutsch-Ostafrika (1885-1919) Flag of Tanganyika (1919-1961) Flag of the Republic of Tanganyika 1962–64 Tanganyika is the name of an East African territory lying between the largest of the African great lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika, after which it was named. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... Italian Somaliland was an Italian colony that lasted, apart from a brief interlude of British rule, from the late 19th century until 1960 in the territory of the modern-day East African nation of Somalia. ... The Somali shilling (shilin soomaali) is the currency used in the African nation of Somalia. ... ISO 4217 Code KES User(s) Kenya Inflation 10. ... The Ugandan shilling is the currency of Uganda. ... The current curency used in Tanzania, althought the wide spread use of U.S. Dollars is accepted. ... The East African Shilling is the proposed name for the common currency the East African Community plans to introduce by 2009. ...

Countries where the currency is called Shilling
Countries where the currency is called Shilling

Other countries' shillings

Due to the reach of the British Empire, the shilling was once used on every inhabited continent. This two-shilling piece was minted for British West Africa.
Due to the reach of the British Empire, the shilling was once used on every inhabited continent. This two-shilling piece was minted for British West Africa.

Shillings were also issued in New Zealand before decimalisation in the 1960s, in Austria (Schilling) until the advent of the Euro, in the Scandinavian countries (skilding) until the Scandinavian Monetary Union of 1873, and in the city of Hamburg, Germany. Photo by Quadell File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Quadell File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Location of British West Africa. ... For the system of library classification, see Dewey Decimal Classification. ... The Schilling was the currency of Austria until the Euro exchange in 2002. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... The Scandinavian Monetary Union (Swedish: Skandinaviska myntunionen, Danish: Skandinaviske møntunion) was a monetary union formed by Sweden and Denmark on May 5, 1873 by fixing their currencies against gold at par to each other. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ...


The Sol (later the sou), both also derived from the Roman solidus, were the equivalent coins in France, while the (nuevo) sol (PEN) remains the currency of Peru. As in France, the Peruvian sol was originally named after the Roman solidus, but the name of the Peruvian currency is now much more closely linked to the Spanish word for the sun (sol). This helps explain the name of its temporary replacement, the inti, named for the Incan sun god. Julian solidus, ca. ... ISO 4217 Code PEN User(s) Peru Inflation 2. ... Inti or Sun of May of the flag of Argentina, 1818 In Inca mythology, Inti was the sun god, as well a patron deity of Tahuantinsuyu. ...


Shillings were also used in Malta, prior to decimalization in 1972, and had a face value of five Maltese cents. Decimalization refers to any process of converting from traditional units, usually of money, to a decimal system. ... ¢ c A United States cent, or 1¢ or a penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals 1/100 of various countries basic monetary units. ...


Other countries that were in the British Empire still use the term shilling or the local variant (Shillin) informally as a unit of currency among the local populace. In Vanuatu and Solomon Islands, the word "selen" (shilling) is used in Bislama and Pijin to mean "money" and in Egypt and Jordan the Shillin (Arabic: شلن) is equal to 1/20th of the Egyptian pound or the Jordanian dinar. In the United States during colonial times, British money was used, and references to shillings are often seen in early American literature. Bislama is a Melanesian creole language, one of the official languages of Vanuatu. ... Pijin is a language spoken in the Solomon Islands. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... ISO 4217 Code EGP User(s) Egypt Inflation 6. ... The Jordanian dinar (ISO 4217 code JOD) is the official currency of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the first official one in the State of Palestine. ...



References

  1. ^ shilling - Definitions from Dictionary.com
  2. ^ Description of Somalia shilling - URL retrieved October 8, 2006
  3. ^ Dissolution of the East African Monetary Union - URL retrieved October 8, 2006
  4. ^ East African Business Council - Fact Sheet: Customs Union - URL Retrieved October 8, 2002

is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

External links


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