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Encyclopedia > Shifnal
Market Place & Park Street, Shifnal
Shifnal
Coordinates: 52°40′06″N 2°22′13″W / 52.6683, -2.3704
Population 7,094
OS grid reference SJ749079
District Bridgnorth
Shire county Shropshire
Region West Midlands
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHIFNAL
Postcode district TF11
Dial code 01952
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament The Wrekin
European Parliament West Midlands
List of places: UKEnglandShropshire

Shifnal is a small market town in Shropshire, England. It forms a part of the Bridgnorth district of Shropshire and The Wrekin constituency. It has a railway station on the Shrewsbury-Wolverhampton Line and is near to the M54 motorway. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1455, 744 KB) Market Street and Park Street in Shifnal, Shropshire, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1455, 744 KB) Market Street and Park Street in Shifnal, Shropshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Bridgnorth is a local government district in Shropshire, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Shropshire (alternatively Salop or abbreviated Shrops) is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The TF postcode area, also known as the Telford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Broseley, Market Drayton, Much Wenlock, Newport, Shifnal and Telford in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... West Mercia Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the counties of Shropshire (including Telford and Wrekin), Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Shropshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering Shropshire in the West Midlands region of England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Herefordshire, Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin, Warwickshire, West Midlands, and Worcestershire in the West Midlands region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... The Wrekin is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... West Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ... Shropshire (alternatively Salop or abbreviated Shrops) is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... Bridgnorth is a local government district in Shropshire, England. ... The Wrekin is a hill in east Shropshire , England. ... Shifnal railway station is a station on the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury Line serving the town of Shifnal in Shropshire, England. ... The Shrewsbury to Wolverhampton Line (and previously to Birmingham) is the railway line from Shrewsbury to Wolverhampton via Wellington. ... The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ...

Contents

History

Early medieval

The town, originally known as Idsall, was most probably a Saxon settlement established by the end of the 7th century. The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ...


Shifnal is thought to be the place named Scuffinhalch in a 9th century document as a possession of Medeshampstede (now Peterborough) Abbey, however this is thought to be a dubious claim and the ancient document is likely to be a forgery. As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Medeshampstede, the name in the Dark Ages of the city of Peterborough. ... Peterborough is a cathedral city and unitary authority in the East of England, with an estimated population of 161,000 as of 2006. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ...


The first part of the name is reckoned to be the personal name "Scuffa" rather than a place name. The ending "halch" means a large, shallow bowl describing the topography of the town's location.


Unusually the name of the town has alternated through the centuries between Idsall and Shifnal. Idsall is mentioned in a 9th century charter as Iddeshale meaning "Idi's nook" or corner. A nook is said to be an area of land of approximately 20 acres. It is often conjectured that the two names of Idsall and Shifnal were names of settlements on the east and west side respectively of Wesley Brook, the stream that runs through the town and a tributary of the River Worfe. J. C. Anderson in his "Shropshire its Early History and Antiquities" states that Idsall means Hall of Ide and Shifnal is Hall of Sceafa.


“A Key to English Place-names” has an entry for Shifnal that reads '*Scuffa's nook of land'. It was also known as Iddeshale, '*Idi's nook of land'.[1]


The oldest part of the town is said to be the area around St Andrews Church, Church Street and Innage Road where excavations have turned up evidence of ancient buildings.


Middle-ages

Norman

The village, as it would have been in 1086, is recorded in the Domesday Book. The initial part of the entry states: Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...

Robert, son of Theobald, holds of Earl Roger Iteshale. Earl Morcar held it."

This entry records that possession was lost by the Saxon Earl Morcar when he rebelled against the Norman conquerors. Morcar/Morkere (d. ... Norman conquests in red. ...


The church of St Andrews has a Norman chancel and was almost certainly built on the site of an earlier Saxon church. It was a collegiate church or Minster with a chapter of priests administering to the needs of congregations in outlying settlements. St Andrews lost its collegiate status when it was given to Shrewsbury Abbey c. 1087. The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... A collegiate church was a church served and administered by a body of canons or prebendaries, similar to a cathedral, although they were not the seat of a bishop. ... Minster can refer to Minster (cathedral) Place names: Canada Lloydminster, Alberta / Saskatchewan United Kingdom Minster-in-Thanet, Kent Minster-in-Sheppey, Isle of Sheppey, Kent, England Minster Lovell, Oxfordshire, England. ... Shrewsbury Abbey, now famous for its prominent role in the Brother Cadfael mysteries of Ellis Peters, is a medieval monastic foundation. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ...


Plantagenet period

Walter de Dunstanville the lord of the manor, applied in 1245, to King Henry III and was granted a market charter for the town[2]. Walter then laid out a broad market street that is Broadway, Bradford Street, Market Place and Park Street for the purpose of holding markets. This area to the east of the stream was known as Shifnal and gradually it was this name that superseded Idsall as the town's name. Events Rebellion against king Sancho II of Portugal in favor of his brother Alphonso. ... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was crowned King of England in 1216, despite being less than ten years of age. ...


Tudor times

Old Idsall House, Church Street, Shifnal and blue plaque inset.
Old Idsall House, Church Street, Shifnal and blue plaque inset.

Shifnal had something of an early industrial revolution during the latter half of the 16th century with the construction of a charcoal fired blast furnace near to the Manor House. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Blast furnace in Sestao, Spain. ...


A fire swept through the town on July 7, 1591, setting alight the roof of the church. The fire devastated many, if not all, of the buildings east of the stream now known as Wesley Brook. The church and the timber framed Old Idsall House (a listed building), at its foot to the east are said to be the only two buildings to have survived the fire that destroyed the rest of the settlement. This information is now commemorated by a blue plaque fixed to the wall of the house. The fire is thought to have been started by a maid servant's candle that accidentally set fire to some hanging flax. After the fire, Elizabeth I sent money to help rebuild the town. is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1591 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603 ) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ...

Idsall House, Park Street, Shifnal

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ...

18th and 19th centuries

Thomas Beddoes a well-known physician of his day was born in 1760 at Balcony House, named owing to a room projecting above the roof line, on the east side of Market Place. This building later became the Star Hotel.


A Baptist Church was established in Aston Street at the end of the 18th century but it closed down before the 20th century.


Thomas Telford upgraded Watling Street the turnpike road that passed through the town in the late 18th century. This road carried traffic from London to Shrewsbury, Chester and Holyhead for Ireland. It is reported that as many as 18 coaches a day called at Shifnal. Passengers were provided with respite from their travels by three coaching inns the Jerningham Arms, The Star Hotel and The Unicorn. Thomas Telford (August 9, 1757 - September 2, 1834) was born in Westerkirk, Scotland. ... The modern Watling Street crossing the Medway at Rochester near the Roman and Celt crossings Watling Street is the name given to an ancient trackway in England and Wales that was first used by the Celts mainly between the modern cities of Canterbury and St Albans. ... A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Shrewsbury (pronounced either or ) is a town of 70,560 inhabitants [1] in Shropshire, England. ... For the larger local government district, see Chester (district). ... Holyhead (Welsh: Caergybi, the fort of St. ...


It is during this period of prosperity that many new houses were built lending Shifnal a Georgian air. The name Idsall was still used to distinguish the area around the St Andrews Church and the Manor from the market and commercial area of Shifnal.


The railway line from London and Birmingham to Holyhead was constructed through Shifnal at high-level in the late 1840s. A station was provided but the opening of the line on November 12, 1849, brought an abrupt end to the already declining trade in coaching traffic. The viaducts constructed were cast by Horseley Ironworks. Birmingham (pron. ... Holyhead (Welsh: Caergybi, the fort of St. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Engine Arm Aqueduct The Horseley Ironworks (sometimes spelled Horsley and Iron Works) was a major ironworks in the Tipton area in the historic county of Staffordshire, now the West Midlands, England. ...


20th century

Shifnal shown within Telford in Pink.
Shifnal shown within Telford in Pink.

The Star Hotel was demolished after a fire in 1911 being replaced by a public house known as the Eight Bells or Ring of Bells. Today the building is occupied by The Odfellows Wine Bar. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A map of Telford, England, showing urban areas/divisions. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A map of Telford, England, showing urban areas/divisions. ... This article is about the town of Telford, Shropshire. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The railway bridge over Market Place was rebuilt in 1953 that saw the open spandrels of the original arch replaced with a dourer flat panel construction. Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A spandrel is originally a term from Architecture, but has more recently been given an analogous meaning in Evolutionary biology. ...


The town continued to expand notably during the 1960s. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...


Education

Early years

There are several pre-school nursery and day centres in the town.


Primary

There are also two primary schools in the town:

  • Shifnal Primary School, Curriers Lane
  • St Andrew's Church of England Primary, School Park Lane

Secondary

The town has two secondary schools:

  • Idsall School in Coppice Green Lane that is a comprehensive school
  • Young Options College, Lamledge Lane is an independent specialist school[3]

Idsall School is a comprehensive secondary school with Specialist Sports College status located in the small town of Shifnal in Shropshire, England. ...

Famous people

Church Street, Shifnal
Church Street, Shifnal

Charles Dickens, whose grandmother was reputedly employed at nearby Tong Castle,[4] visited the town on several occasions and many believe that the buildings in his book, The Old Curiosity Shop, were based on those in the town [5]. The Shifnal Historical Society report that he was very taken with the architecture of the town, and for that reason, he based The Old Curiosity Shop on The Unicorn Public House now known as Naughty Nell's.[6] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 3. ... “Dickens” redirects here. ... The Old Curiosity Shop is a novel by Charles Dickens. ...


Thomas Beddoes born in 1760 in Balcony House became professor of chemistry at Oxford University. Thomas Beddoes (April 13, 1760 - December 24, 1808), English physician and scientific writer, was born at Shiffnall in Shropshire. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...


P. G. Wodehouse (1881-1975) it is widely believed that Shifnal was the origin of his fictional town Market Blandings.[7] Pelham Grenville Wodehouse KBE (October 15, 1881 – February 14, 1975) (IPA: ) was an English comic writer who has enjoyed enormous popular success for more than seventy years. ... This is an incomplete guide to fictitious places featured in the works of P. G. Wodehouse. ...


Places of interest

Churches

St Andrews Church, Church Street, Shifnal
St Andrews Church, Church Street, Shifnal
  • Church of England: St Andrews' Church on Church Street has a Norman chancel with an Elizabethan double-hammerbeam roof and was almost certainly built on the site of an older Saxon church.
  • Methodist: Trinity Church, Victoria Road
  • Roman Catholic: St Mary’s Church, Shrewsbury Road

It also has, through Churches Together in Shifnal,[8] its own Christian bookshop and drop-in centre, Oasis. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 392 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2511 × 3835 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 392 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2511 × 3835 pixel, file size: 1. ... This photograph from 1896 shows the hammerbeam roof of Westminster Hall. ...


Communal services

A community library run by the council is located on Broadway. The Millennium Sensory Garden lies between St Andrews Church and Innage Road and contains the town's war memorial. Shifnal Police Station is located behind the library on Broadway.


Pubs restaurants and hotels

Naughty Nell’s public house, a restored 16th century coaching inn originally known as the Unicorn claims to have been the home of Nell Gwyn’s and her renowned bedchamber it was named The Nell Gwynn for a while. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Nell Gwynn was one of the first English actresses and the mistress of King Charles II. Nell Gwyn (or Gwynn or Gwynne), born Eleanor, (2 February 1650 - 14 November 1687), was one of the earliest English actresses to receive prominent recognition, and a long-time mistress of King Charles II...


Sports

There are several sporting facilities in Shifnal such as the Idsall Sports Centre, which is attached to Idsall School.


Shifnal is home to sporting clubs such as Shifnal Golf Club, Shifnal Cricket Club, Shifnal Town Football Club (which currently has a place in the West Midlands League, Premier Division), Shifnal Tennis Club, Shifnal Bowling Club and Shifnal Town Europeans Junior Football Club. West Mids Regional League logo The West Midlands (Regional) League is a football competition based in England. ...


The town had a squash club (with swimming pool) of 35 years standing but this closed down in 2005 to make way for a housing estate.


When the FA School of Excellence was based at nearby Lilleshall, the local Idsall School was attended by some future England International Footballers such as Michael Owen and Andy Cole as pupils. and stu curral, the best batsmen in the world The Football Association (The FA) is the governing body of football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. ... Lilleshall is a village in Shropshire, England. ... Idsall School is a comprehensive secondary school with Specialist Sports College status located in the small town of Shifnal in Shropshire, England. ... Michael James Owen[2] (born December 14, 1979, in Chester, Cheshire)[3] is an English football player currently with Newcastle United. ... Andrew Alexander Andy Cole (born 15 October 1971 in Nottingham) is an English footballer who plays as a striker for Premiership side Portsmouth, and is one of the highest scoring players in the games history. ...


References

  1. ^ Shifnal on A Key to English Place-names
  2. ^ British History Online: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516 - Shropshire
  3. ^ Young Options
  4. ^ Discovering Tong: Chapter 13
  5. ^ Shropshire Tourism: Shifnal
  6. ^ Information Britain: Naughty Nell's
  7. ^ Behind the Plum line - Guardian Books, September 6, 2003
  8. ^ "http://www.shifnal66.fsnet.co.uk/"

External links

  • Shifnal Conservation Areas Appraisal by Bridgnorth District Council
  • Shifnal Visitor Guide
  • Shifnal a site sponsored by Shifnal Town Council
  • Shifnal entry at the official County Council Tourism site
  • Literary Heritage entry



  Results from FactBites:
 
Shifnal (751 words)
It seems that Shifnal was probably settled by the Saxons in the middle of the 7th century.
Shifnal's real prosperity came at the end of the 18th century when it catered for the coaches and their passengers on the road from London to Shrewsbury and the Irish mail coaches on their way to Holyhead.
Shifnal saw little further change until the 1960s when the rapid growth of estates around the town was accompanied by the clearance of some of the older buildings in the centre, particularly those between Cheapside and Bradford Street where the car park is today.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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