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Encyclopedia > Shia view of the Qur'an

Part of a series on the
Qur'an

Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Mus'haf
Qur'an reading
Qur'an translations
Origin and development
Tafsir
Qur'an and Sunnah
Views on the Qur'an
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This is a sub-article to Shi'a Islam and Qur'an

The Shi'a view of the Qur'an has some differences from the Sunni view but it must be noted that the text of the Qur'an is exactly identical in both Shia and Sunni. A Mushaf is a Arabic word that literarly means cover, as in a book cover. ... Sura (sometimes spelled as Surah) ( ) is an Arabic term literally meaning to enclose something, or to surround it with a wall. ... Ayah ( ‎ , plural Ayat ‎ ) is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ... Quran reading is the reading (tartil, tajwid, or taghbir) aloud, reciting, chanting, or singing of portions of the Quran. ... TajwÄ«d (تجويد) is an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed. ... Tarteel (Arabic: ترتيل ) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Quran as recitation. ... A manzil (منزل, plural manazil, منازل) is one of seven parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one week. ... A juz (جزء, plural ajza, اجزاء) is one of thirty parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one month. ... A hizb (حزب , plural ahzab,احزاب) is one half of a juz and thus comprises roughly one 60th of the text of the Quran. ... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ قرآن حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... It has been suggested that Qari be merged into this article or section. ... Rasm is an Arabic term that signifies: drawing, sketch, trace, graph, pictures, outline, pattern, mark, notes, design, regulation, form, rate. ... Translations of the Qurán are interpretations of the holy book of Islam in languages other than Arabic. ... This is a sub-article to Translation of the Quran. ... The study of the origins and development of the Qur’an can be said to fall into two major schools of thought, the first being a traditionalist Muslim pious view which argues that the Quran is a religious text revealed by Allah to Muhammad, this assertion to be taken... The Madinan suras of the Quran are those suras which were revealed at Madina, after Muhammads hijra from Makka, when the Muslims were establishing a state rather than being, as at Makka, an oppressed minority. ... The Makkan suras are the chronologically earlier suras of the Quran that were revealed at Makka. ... A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير) tafsÄ«r, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ... Some of the Quranic verses are said to be revealed pertaining to some specific person. ... Justice, truth-telling, various virtues and sins the prohibition of purjury in the Quran are repeated many times: // And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e. ... Asbāb al-nuzÅ«l, an Arabic term meaning occasions of revelation, is a a secondary genre of Qurānic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qurān were revealed. ... Naskh, an Arabic language word usually translated as abrogation and alternately appearing as the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansÅ«kh (the abrogating and abrogated [verses]), is a technical term for a major genre of Islamic legal exegesis directed at the problem of seemingly contradictory material within or between the... The Quran and Bible possess many similarities as the holy scriptures of Islam and Christianity, respectively. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Islamic view of the Bible. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... Bakkah (Arabic: ‎) is a place mentioned in surah 3:96 of the Quran. ... A tree diagram of the Quranic initial letters, labelled with the respective numbers of occurrences. ... An esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an is an interpretation of the Qur’an which includes attribution of esoteric or mystic meanings to the text by the interpretater and in this aspect its method is different from the conventional exegesis of the Qur’an called tafsir. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ibn Baz was a follower of the Muslim scholars Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab and Ibn Taymiyya; he belonged to that current of Muslim thought sometimes called Salafism and sometimes called Wahabbism. ... This is a sub-article to Quran and Islamic view of miracles. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ... Muslims believe that the Quran is the literal word of God (Allah) as recited to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. ... Quran desecration means insulting the Quran, the holy book of Islam, by defiling or disfacing it. ... There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ... For the novel by Salman Rushdie, see The Satanic Verses. ... Tanazzulat, or descents (Arabic تنزلات, plural of Tanazzul, تنزل), refers to the act of descent of the pre-existing Quran through different Realms. ... The Qisas al-anbiya (قصص الأنبياء) or Stories of the Prophets refers to various collections of tales adapted from the Quran. ... Beit Al Quran, Hoora Beit Al Quran (Arabic: بيت القرآن) means House of Quran in Arabic. ... Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Contents

History

Shi'as use the Qur'an which is conformable with recitation of `Asim of Kufa transmitted by Hafs. They further believe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad was the first person to compile a complete Qur'an,[1] and then Ali(AS) made a tafsir. The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير) tafsīr, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ...


Tafsir

The Shi'a tafsir on several verses are different from the traditional Sunni view. Either through giving a totally different interpretation, or by giving the same interpretation, but giving that interpretation a larger impact on their Jurisprudence.


3:33

Hadith of The Cloak (please expand this line) The Hadith of The Cloak (Arabic: حديث الكساء Hadith-e-Kisa) refers to the Event of the Cloak or the Companions of the Cloak (ahl al-kisa). ...


4:24

4:24, or an-Nisa, 24, also called as "the verse of Mut'ah", is the Qur'anic verse whom the Shi'a use justify their conclusion regarding the legality of temporary marriages (Arabic: Nikah Mut'ah) This is a sub-article to An-Nisa. ... “Arabic” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Mutta marriage be merged into this article or section. ...


5:55

wali (please expand this line) Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ...


Missing Verses

Shias, like the rest of the Muslims, do not believe that the Qur'an has some missing verses. In fact, the Qur'an according to the shias is their only book without any mistakes. They believe that the Qur'an was sent to Muhammed and has never been modified or edited and will remain intact.


Misconceptions

Main article: Views on Shi'a Islam

There are some common misconceptions and accusations aimed at Shi'a. There are several views on the Shia. ...


While Shi'a and Sunni accept the same sacred text, the Qur'an, some claim that Shi'a dispute the current version, i.e. they add two additional surahs known as al-Nurayn and al-Wilaya.[2] Nonetheless, Shi'as claim that they are falsely accused of this, as they believe, like Sunnis, that the Qur'an has never been changed and it is with reference from sunni hadeeth books that this inference is drawn not only by uninformed shias but sunnis too.[3][4] The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ... There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ...


Sunni Islam and Shi'a Islam

Part of a series on
Shī‘a Islam
Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ...



Image File history File links Basmala. ...

Branches

Twelver · Ismaili · Zaidi Twelvers ( Ithnāˤashariyyah) are those Shiˤa Muslims who believe there were twelve Imāms, as distinct from Ismaili & Zaidi Shiite Muslims, who believe in a different number of Imams or in a different path of succession. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... Zaidiyya, Zaidism or Zaydism (Arabic: الزيدية az-zaydiyya, adjective form Zaidi or Zaydi) is a ShÄ«a maðhab (sect, school) named after the Imām Zayd ibn ˤAlÄ«. Followers of the Zaidi fiqh are called Zaidis (or are occasionally called Fivers in the West). ...

People of the House

Muhammad
Ali ibn Abu Talib
Fatima Zahra
HasanHusayn
Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ... This article is about Muhammads daughter. ... Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib ()‎ (Fifteenth of Ramadan, 3 AH – Twenty-eighth of Safar, 50 AH) [6] was the grandson of Muhammad, and was the son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shi’a Imam and the fourth Sunni Caliph) and Fatima Zahra (a daughter of Muhammad). ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ...

Beliefs

Light of Aql
Succession of Ali
Straying of the Sahaba
View of the Qur'an
Imamate of the Family
Ghadir KhummKarbala
Shias believe that the souls of the Prophets and the Imams are derived from the first light in the universe which was created by Allah, the light of Aql, which in Arabic roughly translates as knowledge. ... The Succession to Muhammad concerns the different viewpoints and beliefs that are held in relation to the succession to the leadership of the Muslim community after the death of Muhammad. ... For other views of Sahaba and a short description, see sahaba. ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... This is a sub-article to the Succession to Muhammad The word Hadith refers to a saying of the Prophet of Islam. ... Combatants Banu Hashim Commanders Umar ibn Saad Husayn ibn Ali† Strength over 40 000 72 Casualties 100+ 72(Tabari) The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE)[1][2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ...

See Also

History of Shia Islam
Theology of Shia ... In Shia Islam, Theology of Shia (Usūl al-Dīn) is the five main beliefs that Shia Muslims must possess. ...

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According to Shmuel Bar, some Sunni classical religious literature contains accusations that "The Shiites have a Qur’an that includes verses (Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn) which are not in the Sunni Qur’an and that were forged in order to justify Ali’s right to succession. In doing so, the Shiites distort the Qur’an (tahrif)". It is also claimed that the Shiites have forged hadiths in order to justify their doctrines."[5] There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ...


In “Kashf-ul-Irtiyab fe Radd Fasl-el-Khitab” (i.e., Exposing Suspicion in Answering the Decisive Speech) has transmitted a group of quotations by eminent Shiite scholars concerning the textual authenticity of the Qur’an, he quotes the scholars:

  • Abu Ja’far Ibn Babwai Al-Qummi (died 381 A.H.)
  • As-Sayyid Al-Murtada ‘Ali Al-Musawi (died 436 A.H.)
  • Sheikh-ul-Ta’fa (i.e., Authority of the Sect) At-Tusi (died 461 A.H.)
  • Abu ‘Ali At-Tabarasi (died 548 A.H.)
  • As-Sayyid Ibn Tawus (died 644 A.H.)
  • Mulla Muhsin al-Fayd Al-Kashani (died 1091 A.H.)
  • Muhammad Baha' al-Din Al-‘Amili Al-Baha’i (died 1104 A.H.)
  • The critical scholar Zayn al-Din Al-Bayadi.
  • The Jurist Sayyid Nurullah At-Tustari[6]

These are the qoutations of some of the most authentic Shi'a scholars: Shaikh Saduq: Mohammad ibn-Ali ibn-e Babuyeh , ( who is known as Sheikh Saduq and ibn-e Babuyeh) (306- 381 A.H) in Qom. ...

"Our belief is that the Qur’an is what is between the two covers and it is what is in people’s hands, nothing more. Whosoever attributes to us that we say rather than this is a liar.[7]"

Sayyed Murtaza:

"The knowledge of authentic transmission of the Qur’an is like the knowledge of great countries and events, prominent accidents, famous books and written Arabic poetry for care is intensified and causes are available to properly transmit and guard it, and it reached such an extent that nothing else has ever reached. The Qur’an was, during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), compiled and arranged until the Prophet (peace be upon him) assigned a group of Companions (Sahaba) to memorize it. It was displayed and recited before the Prophet (peace be upon him) and some Companions as Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood and Ubai Ibn Ka’b recited the whole Qur’an many times before the Prophet (peace be upon him). All this indicates that it was compiled and arranged, neither amputated nor scattered ……. Who disagreed among the Imamiyyah and Al-Hashawiyyah (two Shi’ite sects) are not to be considered for disagreement is attributed to some traditionists who related weak reports whom they believed to be true. However, such reports cannot refute what is already known and agreed upon its authenticity.[8] Twelvers ( Ithnāˤashariyyah) are those Shiˤa Muslims who believe there were twelve Imāms, as distinct from Ismaili & Zaidi Shiite Muslims, who believe in a different number of Imams or in a different path of succession. ...

Shaikh Tusi or Sheikh-ut-Ta’fa (i.e., Authority of the Sect): Shaykh Tusi(Persian: –) Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Hassan Tusi(Persian: –), known as Shaykh al-Tayefah(Arabic: –) is a Persian of the Shia Twelver Islamic belief, born in Tus, Khorasan, Iranin the year 385 AH. At the age of 23, He moved to Baghdad to join the great center of...

"Talking about it being increased or decreased is unacceptable because increasing is agreed upon its falsehood. As for decreasing, different Muslim sects are apparently against it and this matches the authentic belief of our sect and was affirmed by Al-Murtada (may Allah be pleased with him). This is explicit in various reports, however, some reports were related about decreasing parts of it and moving parts from place to place, but they are loner reports and do not indicate decisive knowledge. So, it prior to ignore them and quit being preoccupied with them because they cannot be interpreted. Even if they were authentic, it would not be against what is between the two covers for its authenticity is well known and none among the Ummah objects to or rejects it. Our reports agree upon reading it, holding by it and displaying any disagreement in branches before it, whatever agrees with it is accepted and whatever disagrees is rejected. An irrefutable tradition is reported on authority of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he says: “I’m leaving in you the two weights (Ath-Thuqlain) by whom if you hold by, you will never be lost: Allah’s Book and my family, the inhabitants of my house. They will never separate till they join me in the Hawd”. This indicates that it is present every time because he cannot command us to hold by it if it is corrupted[9]"

The above two Sura's are considered as a forgery and do not appear in the Shia published Qur'ans. Shia Muslims consider the accusation that they are using a different Qur'an as one of the misconceptions about the Shi'a. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


However, all the Qur'ans published in all the Shi'a countries such as Iran are the same as those published in Sunni countries. Shi’ites recite the Qur’an according to the Qira’t of Hafs on authority of ‘Asim which is the prevalent Qira’t in the Islamic world.[10]


Some accused Shi'a of alleging that Fatimah had her own Mus'haf (Qur'an), the Mushaf of Fatimah, who was three times larger than the current Qur'an. Again, Shi'a reject this as a missrepresentation of facts aimed at misscrediting the Shi'a. A Mushaf is a Arabic word that literarly means cover, as in a book cover. ... The Book of Fatimah, Mushaf of Fatimah or Fatimahs Mushaf is according to Shias tradition, a book written by Fatima Zahra, the daughter of Muhammad. ...


See also

// Hadith collections The book of Sulaym ibn Qays — ? by ? Nahj al-Balagha — ? by ? Bihar al-Anwar — 1600s by Allama Majlesi Usul al-Kafi — ? by ? Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya — 678-713 by ? Shahr Usul al-Kafi — ? by ? Furu al-Kafi — ? by ? Tafsir Tafsir al-Mizan — ? by Allameh Tabatabaei History books Restatement of...

References

Prose contains specific citations in source text which may be viewed in edit mode.

  1. ^ http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/chapter8/8.html
  2. ^ The Shi'i Qur'an: an Examination of Western Scholarship by Jonah Winters
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Current trends in Islamist ideology (Volume 2), Center on Islam, Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World (Hudson Institute), p. 91. Article about this publication: Sunnis and Shiites: Between Rapprochement and Conflict
  6. ^ “Kashf-ul-Irtiyab fi Radd Fasl al-Khitab”, page 57
  7. ^ Is the Qur’an Corrupted? Sheikh As-Sadouq, "Al-I'tiqadat", Volume 1, page 57.
  8. ^ At-Tabarasi, "Majma'-ul-Bayan", Volume 1, page 15
  9. ^ "Tafsir-us-Safi", Volume 1, page 55
  10. ^ [http://www.geocities.com/noorullahwebsite/shiites.html Is the Qur’an Corrupted? Shi’ites’ View]

 
 

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