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Encyclopedia > Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes

A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891
Created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Episode count Four novels
Fifty-six short stories
Information
Gender Male
Specialty Deductive reasoning
Occupation Detective
Nationality English
IMDb profile

Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. He is the creation of Scottish-born author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. A brilliant London-based detective, Holmes is famous for his intellectual prowess, and is renowned for his skilful use of "deductive reasoning" while using abductive reasoning (inference to the best explanation) and astute observation to solve difficult cases. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Paget illustration of Sherlock Holmes (right) and Dr. Watson. ... The Strand Magazine was a monthly fiction magazine founded by George Newnes. ... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of attention. ... Deductive reasoning is reasoning whose conclusions are intended to necessarily follow from its premises. ... Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes Detective fiction is a branch of crime fiction that centers upon the investigation of a crime, usually murder, by a detective, either professional or amateur. ... Look up publication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 - July 7, 1930) is the British author most famously known for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... Deductive reasoning is reasoning whose conclusions are intended to necessarily follow from its premises. ... Abduction, or inference to the best explanation, is a method of reasoning in which one chooses the hypothesis that would, if true, best explain the relevant evidence. ... Inference is the act or process of deriving a conclusion based solely on what one already knows. ... For other uses, see Observation (disambiguation). ... A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process. ...


Conan Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six short stories that featured Holmes. All but four stories are narrated by Holmes' friend and biographer, Dr. John H. Watson; two are narrated by Sherlock Holmes himself, and two others are written in the third person. The first two stories, short novels, appeared in Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887 and Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in 1890. The character grew tremendously in popularity with the beginning of the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine in 1891; further series of short stories and two serialised novels appeared almost right up to Conan Doyle's death in 1930. The stories cover a period from around 1878 up to 1903, with a final case in 1914. For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of attention. ... Dr Watson (left) and Sherlock Holmes, by Sidney Paget. ... Lippencotts Monthly Magazine is a 19th century magazine, published from 1886 to 1915 in Philadelphia. ... The Strand Magazine was a monthly fiction magazine founded by George Newnes. ... The term serial refers to the intrinsic property of a series —namely its order. ...

Contents

The character

Personality and habits

Monument of Sherlock Holmes in London
Monument of Sherlock Holmes in London

Holmes describes himself and his habits as "Bohemian". In his personal habits, he is very disorganized, as Watson notes in "The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual", leaving everything from notes of past cases to remains of chemical experiments scattered around their rooms and his tobacco inside his Persian slipper. Dr. Watson also states in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" that Holmes is generally late to rise. However, in A Study In Scarlet, Watson states that Holmes would undoubtedly have eaten breakfast and left their apartment before he woke up every morning. Image File history File links Estatua_de_Sherlock_Homes_en_Londres. ... Image File history File links Estatua_de_Sherlock_Homes_en_Londres. ... For other uses, see Bohemian (disambiguation). ... Reginald Musgrave, by Sidney Paget in Strand. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... The Adventure of the Speckled Band is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...


Drug use and other bad habits

Holmes used drugs including opium, morphine, and especially cocaine, sometimes habitually, particularly when he lacked stimulating cases. This was legal at the time. Watson disapproved and described this as the detective's "only vice", saying later he "weaned" Holmes off of drug use, citing its destructive qualities. Even so, Watson viewed Holmes' drug habit "dormant" and "not dead, but merely sleeping"[1]. At one point Watson actually assumed that Holmes had taken the drug after staying up much of the night. [2]. This article is about the drug. ... This article is about the drug. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ...


In addition to drug use, Holmes often went without food during his more intense cases.

My friend had no breakfast for himself, for it was one of his peculiarities that in his more intense moments he would permit himself no food, and I have known him to presume upon his iron strength until he has fainted from pure inanition.[3]

Nevertheless, Watson did not consider as a vice Holmes' habit of smoking (usually a pipe) heavily, nor his willingness to bend the truth and break the law (e.g., lie to the police, conceal evidence, burgle, and housebreak) when it suited his purposes. Holmes and Watson considered such actions justified as done for noble purposes, such as preserving a woman's honour or a family's reputation (this argument is discussed by Holmes and Watson in "The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton"). The cigarette is the most common method of smoking tobacco. ... For other uses, see Honour (disambiguation). ... Look up reputation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Detection Methods

Holmes can often be quite dispassionate and cold; however, when hot on the trail of a mystery, he can display a remarkable passion despite his usual languor. He has a flair for showmanship and often prepares dramatic traps to capture the culprit of a crime which are staged to impress Watson or one of the Scotland Yard inspectors (e.g., Inspector Lestrade at the end of "The Norwood Builder" or the capture of Jonathan Small in "The Sign of Four"). He also holds back his chain of reasoning, not revealing it or giving only cryptic hints and surprising results, until the very end, when he can explain all of his deductions at once. New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...


He is also quite an actor, in several of his adventures he has feigned being wounded or ill to give effect to his case, or to incriminate the people involved, as in "The Adventure of the Dying Detective". In "The Adventure of the Reigate Squire", Holmes uses dramatic and effective means to assure that the Cunninghams did not realise the importance of the sheet of paper, or the fact that a corner was found in the dead man's grip. For he believed that this would cause the Cunninghams to destroy the paper "without delay" and the detection of this torn sheet was crucial to the success of the case. Also in the case of Irene Adler, Holmes staged a shooting, and a fire to get her to give away the hiding place of her picture. This worked at first, but after his departure she realised what had occurred and immediately left the country taking her picture with her. She is later described as the only woman to outwit Sherlock Holmes. The Adventure of the Dying Detective, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... The Adventure of the Reigate Squire, also known as The Adventure of the Reigate Squires and The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle, was one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ...


Holmes is also proud of being British, as demonstrated by the patriotic "VR" (Victoria Regina – i.e. Queen Victoria) made in bullet pocks in the wall by his gun. He has also carried out counterintelligence work for his government in several cases, most conspicuously in "His Last Bow", most often tracking down stolen state documents or thwarting the work of foreign spies. Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... His Last Bow is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, as well as the title of one of the stories in that collection. ...


Holmes does have an ego that sometimes seems to border on arrogance; however, his arrogance is justified. He seems to enjoy baffling police inspectors with his superior deductions. However, he is often quite content to allow the police to take the credit for his work, with Watson being the only one to broadcast his own role in the case (in "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty", he remarks that of his last fifty-three cases, the police have had all the credit in forty-nine), although he enjoys receiving praise from personal friends and those who take a serious interest in his work. eGO is a company that builds electric motor scooters which are becoming popular for urban transportation and vacation use. ... The Adventure of the Naval Treaty, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Financial affairs

Although he initially needed Watson to share the rent of his comfortable residence at 221B Baker Street, Watson reveals in "The Adventure of the Dying Detective" (when Holmes was living alone) that "I have no doubt that the house might have been purchased at the price which Holmes paid for his rooms," suggesting he had developed a good income from his practice, although it is never revealed exactly how much he charges for his services. He does say, in "The Problem of Thor Bridge" that "My professional charges are upon a fixed scale. I do not vary them, save when I remit them altogether..." The Adventure of the Dying Detective, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... The Problem of Thor Bridge is a Sherlock Holmes murder mystery by Arthur Conan Doyle, which appears in the collection The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes. ...


This is said in a context where a client is offering to double his fees; however, it is likely that rich clients provided a remuneration greatly in excess of Holmes's standard fee: in "The Adventure of the Final Problem", Holmes states that his services to the government of France and the royal house of Scandinavia had left him with enough money to retire comfortably, while in "The Adventure of Black Peter" Watson notes that Holmes would refuse to help the wealthy and powerful if their cases did not interest him, while he could devote weeks at a time to the cases of the most humble clients. Holmes also tells Watson, in "A Case Of Identity", of a golden snuff box received from the King of Bohemia after "A Scandal In Bohemia" and a fabulous ring from the Scandinavian royal family; in "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" Holmes receives an emerald tie-pin from Queen Victoria. Other mementos of Holmes' cases are a gold sovereign from Irene Adler ("A Scandal in Bohemia") and an autograph Letter of thanks from the French President and a Legion of Honor-for tracking down an assassin named Huret ("The Adventure of the Golden Pince-Nez"). Holmes and Moriarty fighting over the Reichenbach Falls. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... The Adventure of Black Peter is a Sherlock Holmes story by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... Medal for the officer class, decorated with a rosette Napoleon wearing the Grand Cross The President of France is the Grand Master of the Legion. ... The Adventure of the Golden Pince-Nez, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...


In "The Adventure of the Priory School", Holmes "rubs his hands with glee" when the Duke notes the sum, which surprises even Watson, and then pats the cheque, saying "I am a poor man", an incident that could be dismissed as Holmes's tendency toward ironic humour. Certainly, in the course of his career Holmes had worked for both the most powerful monarchs and governments of Europe (including his own) and various wealthy aristocrats and industrialists, and had also been consulted by impoverished pawnbrokers and humble governesses on the lower rungs of society. The Adventure of the Priory School, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Business magnate. ... This article is about the occupation of a pawnbroker. ...


The Victorian class system was much more complex than today's — it would have been degrading to offer a bill to a royal figure, but such a figure might well provide recompense of the equivalent of millions in modern currency. On the other hand, Holmes has been known to charge clients for his expenses, and to claim any reward that might be offered for the solution's problem: he says in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" that Miss Stoner may pay any expenses he may be put to, and requests that the bank in "The Red-Headed League" remunerate him for the money he spent solving the case. As well as accepting the reward from the Duke of Holdernesse in "The Adventure of the Priory School", Holmes has his wealthy banker client in "The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet" pay him both for the costs of recovering the stolen gems, and also claims the reward the banker had put for their recovery. The Adventure of the Speckled Band is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Red-Headed League is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Priory School, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the eleventh of the twelve Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Courage

Holmes is generally quite fearless. He dispassionately surveys horrific, brutal crime scenes; he does not allow superstition (as in The Hound of the Baskervilles) or grotesque situations to make him afraid; and he intrepidly confronts violent murderers. He is generally unfazed by threats from his criminal enemies, and indeed Holmes himself remarks that it is the danger of his profession that has attracted him to it. The only thing that truly bothers Holmes is boredom, and he can become very agitated and upset when there is no case set before him. For other uses, see Superstition (disambiguation). ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... Boring and Bored redirect here. ...


Use of weapons and martial arts

On occasion Holmes and Watson carry pistols with them; however, these weapons are only used on six occasions. A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ...

  1. In The Sign of the Four, they both fire at the Andaman Islander;
  2. In The Hound of the Baskervilles, both Holmes and Watson fire at the hound;
  3. in "The Adventure of the Copper Beeches", Watson fires at the mastiff;
  4. in "The Adventure of the Empty House", Watson pistol-whips Colonel Sebastian Moran;
  5. in "The Adventure of the Three Garridebs", Holmes pistol-whips Killer Evans after Watson is shot;
  6. in "The Musgrave Ritual", it is revealed that Holmes decorated the wall of their flat with a patriotic "V.R." (Victoria Regina) done in bullet marks.

Besides a pistol, Holmes twice uses a riding crop/cane as a weapon. In "The Red-Headed League" he knocks the pistol from John Clay's hand, and in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" to lash out at the snake. The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... The Adventure of the Copper Beeches, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and the last of the twelve collected in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... Pistol Whip is a custom variant of slayer in Halo 2 To create the variant turn off weapons that spawn on map. ... Colonel Sebastian Moran is the villain of the Sherlock Holmes short story The Empty House , he is self-employed but has worked for the late unlamented Professor James Moriarty. ... The Adventure of the Three Garridebs, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... The Red-Headed League is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... ... The Adventure of the Speckled Band is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...


Holmes is also reckoned a formidable fist-fighter, though his prowess is only reported second-hand. In The Sign of the Four, Holmes introduces himself to the prize-fighter McMurdo as "the amateur who fought three rounds with you at Alison's rooms on the night of your benefit four years back." McMurdo responds by saying, "Ah, you're one that has wasted your gifts, you have! You might have aimed high, if you had joined the fancy." In the first story of The Return of Sherlock Holmes, "The Adventure of the Empty House", Holmes recounts to Watson how he used martial arts to overcome Moriarty and fling his adversary to his death at the Reichenbach Falls. He states: "I have some knowledge, however, of baritsu, or the Japanese system of wrestling, which has more than once been very useful to me." Baritsu was either a fabricated martial art, or a drafting error on the author's part who meant to refer to Bartitsu. Despite this, for a while at least, it still acquired some notoriety all of its own. The Return of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1903-1904, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... Several people have the name Moriarty, mostly as a surname: Professor Moriarty, an important villain in the Sherlock Holmes series of mysteries Dean Moriarty, character in the novel On The Road by Jack Kerouac Jack Moriarty, a mostly-hallucinated nemesis of Gregory House on the Holmes-inspired television series House. ... Jujutsu (also jujitsu, ju jitsu, ju jutsu, or jiu jitsu; from the Japanese 柔術 jūjutsu gentle/yielding/compliant Art) is a Japanese martial art. ... Bartitsu is an eclectic martial art and self defence method originally developed in England during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


Friendships

Finally, Holmes does have capacities for human emotion and friendship. He has a remarkable ability to gently soothe and reassure people suffering from extreme distress, a talent which comes in handy when dealing with both male and female clients who arrive at Baker Street suffering from extreme fear or nervousness. In "The Adventure of the Norwood Builder", we see an example of Holmes's affection for Dr. Watson when it is revealed that Watson has sold his practice as a doctor to a man named Verner, who, "...[gave] with astonishing little demur the highest price that I ventured to ask — an incident which only explained itself later, when I found that Verner was a distant relation of Holmes, and it was my friend who had really found the money." Again we are shown his close personal friendship with Watson, whose near-death at the hands of a counterfeiter in "The Adventure of the Three Garridebs" elicits much grief and anger from Holmes. Over time, Holmes's relations with the official Scotland Yard detectives goes from cold disdain to a strong respect. And the classic "might-have-been" in Holmes's life is, of course, Irene Adler (from "A Scandal in Bohemia"), who is later referred to in the most laudatory terms by Watson. This is the only such canonical incident, however; despite signs of interest in other women, Watson is frequently disappointed that Holmes shows no further interest in them once the case is solved. The Adventure of the Norwood Builder, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the second tale from The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Three Garridebs, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ... New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ...


Relationships

An estimate of Holmes's age in the short story "His Last Bow" places his year of birth around 1854 although there is no authoritative biography. At the beginning of "The Adventure of the Veiled Lodger", Watson states that Holmes "was in active practice for twenty-three years"; during seventeen of these years, Watson "was allowed to cooperate with him and to keep notes of his doings". His Last Bow is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, as well as the title of one of the stories in that collection. ... The Adventure of the Veiled Lodger, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Historically, Holmes lived from the year 1881 at 221B Baker Street, London (in early notes it was described as being situated at Upper Baker Street), a flat up seventeen steps, where he shared many of his professional years with his good friend Dr. Watson for some time before Watson's marriage in 1887 and after Mrs. Watson's death. The residence was maintained by his landlady, Mrs. Hudson. 221B Baker Street is the fictional London residence of the detective Sherlock Holmes, created by author Arthur Conan Doyle. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the structure. ... Dr. John H. Watson is a fictional character, the sidekick of Sherlock Holmes, the fictional 19th century detective created by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie... Mrs. ...


In almost all of the stories, Holmes is assisted by the practical Watson, who is not only a friend but also his chronicler (his "Boswell"). Most of Holmes's stories are told as narratives, by Watson, of the detective's solutions to crimes brought to his attention by clients. Holmes sometimes criticizes Watson for his writings, usually because he relates them as exciting stories rather than as objective and detailed reports focusing on what Holmes regards as the pure "science" of his craft. James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck and 1st Baronet (October 29, 1740 - May 19, 1795) was a lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh, Scotland. ...


Holmes has an older brother, Mycroft Holmes, a government official, who appears in three stories: "The Greek Interpreter", "The Final Problem", and "The Bruce-Partington Plans". He is also mentioned in a number of others, including "The Empty House". Mycroft had a unique civil service position as a kind of memory-man for all aspects of government policy — a kind of walking database. Sherlock thought Mycroft was more gifted but not a man of action, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club, described as a club for the most un-clubbable men in London. Mycroft Holmes as depicted by Sidney Edward Paget in Strand Magazine Mycroft Holmes is a fictional character in the stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... Holmes and Moriarty fighting over the Reichenbach Falls. ... The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... The Diogenes Club is a club featured in a few Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, most notably The Greek Interpreter. Probably named after Diogenes the Cynic, it was co-founded by Sherlocks older brother, Mycroft Holmes. ...


In "The Greek Interpreter", Holmes also claims that his grandmother was the sister of Vernet, the French artist. Self-portrait Judas and Tamar, 1840. ...


In three stories (The Sign of the Four, A Study in Scarlet, and "The Adventure of the Crooked Man"), Holmes is assisted by a group of street children he calls the Baker Street Irregulars. The Irregulars' initial meetings with Holmes are not covered in any great detail, but he seems to have known them for at least a short period of time before meeting Watson. Exactly when they came into his service is unknown, but the boys show great respect for Holmes and he treats them with a surprising kindness, as he has shown little interest in children at all outside of cases involving them. He also speaks of them with a certain respect, due to the fact that, in the stories in which they appear, they are quite literally capable of going anywhere and seeing and hearing virtually anything, thus giving him increased ability to solve cases by taking in their reports. He pays the boys for their services, offering bonuses to any boy (or boys) who found a vital clue in the case. The Irregulars are mentioned a few times more in the Granada television series featuring Jeremy Brett and Edward Hardwicke (though they are not seen much) than they are in the actual novels. Sometimes as a means of explaining the gathering of a clue or the means by which such a clue may yet be obtained. (The boys figured in a separate TV programme/series of their own called the Baker Street Boys.) The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... The Adventure of the Crooked Man, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Baker Street Irregulars are a group of fictional characters featured in the Sherlock Holmes stories. ... Peter Jeremy William Huggins (November 3, 1933 – September 12, 1995), better known as Jeremy Brett, was an English actor famous for his portrayal of the detective Sherlock Holmes in the British television series The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... Edward Hardwicke (born August 7, 1932; sometimes credited as Edward Hardwick) is a British actor, the son of Sir Cedric Hardwicke and actress Helena Pickard. ...


Law enforcement officers with whom Holmes has worked include Inspector Lestrade, Tobias Gregson, Stanley Hopkins, Alec MacDonald, and Athelney (or Peter) Jones, all five of Scotland Yard, and Francois Le Villard of the French police. Holmes usually baffles the police with his far more efficient and effective methods, showing himself to be a vastly superior detective, a fact that the police seem to have learnt to take with good grace — witness Lestrade at the end of "The Six Napoleons". Inspector Lestrade arresting a suspect, by Sidney Paget Inspector Lestrade in the Granada television series Inspector Lestrade is a Scotland Yard detective appearing in several of the Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Tobias Gregson, a Scotland Yard inspector, is a fictional character who has appeared in a number of the Sherlock Holmes novels and short stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Inspector Stanley Hopkins is a Scotland Yard detective in the Sherlock Holmes stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... The National Police (Police Nationale) is one of two national police forces and the main civil law enforcement agency of France, with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns. ...


Holmes's archenemy and popularly-supposed nemesis was Professor James Moriarty ("the Napoleon of Crime"), who fell, struggling with Holmes, over the Reichenbach Falls. Conan Doyle intended "The Final Problem", the story in which this occurred, to be the last that he wrote about Holmes. However, the outpouring of protests and letters demanding that he bring back his creation convinced him to continue. He did so with The Hound of The Baskervilles, although this was a case Holmes was involved in before his supposed death. His return in "The Adventure of the Empty House" had Conan Doyle explaining that only Moriarty fell over the cliff, but Holmes had allowed the world to believe that he too had perished while he dodged the retribution of Moriarty's underlings. Also, numerous sources[citation needed] claim that Moriarty was initially Holmes' mathematics tutor, as is also referenced in the work of William S. Baring-Gould. Professor Moriarty also has a presence in The Valley of Fear. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Professor Moriarty, illustration by Sidney Paget which accompanied the original publication of The Final Problem. Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character who is the best known antagonist (and archenemy) of the detective Sherlock Holmes. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The Reichenbach Falls (Reichenbachfall) in Meiringen, Switzerland, have a total drop of 250 m (656 ft). ... William Stuart Baring-Gould (1913–1967) was a noted Sherlock Holmes scholar, best known as the author of the influential fictional biography Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street: A life of the worlds first consulting detective, published in 1962. ...


Holmes and women

The only woman in whom Holmes ever showed any interest that verged on the romantic was Irene Adler. According to Watson, she was always referred to by Holmes as "The Woman." Holmes himself is never directly quoted as using this term — though he does mention her actual name several times in other cases. She is also one of the few women who are mentioned in multiple Holmes stories, though she actually appears in person only in one, "A Scandal in Bohemia". She is often thought to be the only woman who broke through Holmes's reserve. She is possibly the only woman who has ever "beaten" Holmes in a mystery; this point is unclear owing to a comment with some chronological problems in one of the stories (see the Irene Adler or "The Five Orange Pips" articles for details). However, it is important to note that Watson explicitly states, "It was not that he felt any emotion akin to love for Irene Adler." Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ... The Five Orange Pips, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the fifth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ...


In one story, "The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton", Holmes is engaged to be married, but only with the motivation of gaining information for his case. He clearly demonstrates particular interest in several of the more charming female clients that come his way; however, Holmes inevitably "manifested no further interest in the client when once she had ceased to be the centre of one of his problems." Holmes found their youth, beauty, and energy (and the cases they bring to him) invigorating, as opposed to an actual romantic interest. The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...


These episodes show that Holmes possesses a degree of charm, yet, apart from the case of Adler, there is no indication of a serious or long-term interest. Watson states that Holmes has an "aversion to women" but "a peculiarly ingratiating way with [them]." Holmes states, "I am not a whole-souled admirer of womankind"; in fact he finds "the motives of women... so inscrutable... How can you build on such quicksand? Their most trivial actions may mean volumes... their most extraordinary conduct may depend upon a hairpin."


Another point of interest in Holmes's relationships with women is that the only joy he gets from their company is the problems they bring to him to solve. In The Sign of the Four, Watson quotes Holmes as being "an automaton, a calculating machine." This references Holmes's lack of interest in relationships with women in general, and clients in particular, as Watson states that "there is something positively inhuman in you at times." The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...


At the end of "The Adventure of the Devil's Foot", Holmes states: "I have never loved, Watson, but if I did and if the woman I loved had met such an end, I might act as our lawless lion-hunter had done". In the story, the explorer Dr. Sterndale had killed the man who murdered his beloved, Brenda Tregennis, to exact a revenge which the law could not provide. The Adventure of the Devils Foot, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ...


Watson writes in "The Adventure of the Dying Detective" that Mrs. Hudson is fond of Holmes in her own way, despite his bothersome eccentricities as a lodger, owing to his "remarkable gentleness and courtesy in his dealings with women." Watson notes that while he dislikes and distrusts them, he is nonetheless a "chivalrous opponent." However, Holmes cannot be said to be misogynistic, given the number of women he helps in his work. The Adventure of the Dying Detective, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... Misogyny is an exaggerated pathological aversion towards women. ...


Watson, on the other hand, boasts in The Sign of the Four of "an experience of women which extends over many nations and three separate continents." In addition, he speaks favourably of some women — indeed, in virtually all the longer stories he remarks on the exceptional beauty of at least one female character — and actually marries one, Mary Morstan of The Sign of the Four. The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie...


Knowledge and skills

Sherlock Holmes (right) and Dr. Watson, by Sidney Paget.
Sherlock Holmes (right) and Dr. Watson, by Sidney Paget.

In the very first story, A Study in Scarlet, something of Holmes' background is given. In early 1881, he is presented as an independent student of chemistry with a variety of very curious side interests, almost all of which turn out to be single-mindedly bent towards making him superior at solving crimes. An early story, "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott", presents more background on what caused Holmes to become a detective: a college friend's father complimented him very highly on his deductive skills. Holmes always uses scientific (or supposedly scientific) methods and focuses on logic and the powers of observation and deduction. He is an eccentric character and always remains objective. He only reveals things to us gradually. Image File history File links Paget_holmes. ... Image File history File links Paget_holmes. ... A Paget illustration of Sherlock Holmes (right) and Dr. Watson. ... A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... The Adventure of the Gloria Scott, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... Deductive reasoning is the process of reaching a conclusion that is guaranteed to follow, if the evidence provided is true and the reasoning used to reach the conclusion is correct. ...


In A Study in Scarlet, Dr. Watson assesses Holmes's abilities thus: A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ...

  1. Knowledge of Literature.—Nil.
  2. Knowledge of Philosophy.—Nil.
  3. Knowledge of Astronomy.—Nil.
  4. Knowledge of Politics.—Feeble.
  5. Knowledge of Botany.—Variable. Well up in belladonna, opium and poisons generally. Knows nothing of practical gardening.
  6. Knowledge of Geology.—Practical, but limited. Tells at a glance different soils from each other. After walks, has shown me splashes upon his trousers, and told me by their colour and consistence in what part of London he had received them.
  7. Knowledge of Chemistry.—Profound.
  8. Knowledge of Anatomy.—Accurate, but unsystematic.
  9. Knowledge of Sensational Literature.—Immense. He appears to know every detail of every horror perpetrated in the century.
  10. Plays the violin well.
  11. Is an expert singlestick player, boxer and swordsman.
  12. Has a good practical knowledge of British law.

However, even at the very end of "A Study in Scarlet" itself, it is shown that Holmes knows Latin and needs no translation of Roman epigrams in the original - though that knowledge is not mentioned in the above list, and the langugue would be of doubtful direct utility for detective work. For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Pinguicula grandiflora commonly known as a Butterwort Example of a cross section of a stem [1] Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... For information on the erotic actress Belladonna see: Belladonna. ... This article is about the drug. ... For other uses, see Poison (disambiguation). ... A gardener Gardening is the practice of growing flowering plants, vegetables, and fruits. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland For the American hard rock band, see SOiL. For the System of a Down song, see Soil (song). ... Geological map of Great Britain. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... Human heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... Sensationalism is a manner of being extremely controversial, loud, attention-grabbing, or otherwise sensationalistic. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Singlestick, also known as cudgels, is a martial art related to fencing and stick fighting, and a wooden weapon for the art, used for attack and defence, the thicker end being thrust through a cup-shaped hilt of basket-work to protect the hand. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ... A swordsman is one skilled in the use of swords. ... The law of the United Kingdom consists of several independent legal systems which use common law principles, civil law principles, or both. ... A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


Later stories make completly clear that the above list is misleading, and that Holmes—who has just met Watson—is 'pulling Watson's leg' Two examples: despite Holmes' supposed ignorance of politics, in "A Scandal in Bohemia" he immediately recognizes the true identity of the supposed Count von Kramm. Regarding non-sensational literature, his speech is replete with references to the Bible, Shakespeare, and even Goethe. This is somewhat inconsistent with Holmes's rebuking Watson for telling him that the Earth revolves around the Sun instead of the other way around, saying it would not matter to him one bit if it was true the other way around. He goes on to say that he avoids cluttering his memory with information that is of no use to him in detective work; however, in "The Lion's Mane", it is said that Holmes has a habit of collecting even the most obscure facts and memorizing them. A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749–March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Sol redirects here. ... This article is about the historical term. ...


Also, in "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," Holmes expresses his knowledge of different varieties of tobacco ash, and tells of the monograph he wrote on the subject, a very strange field of knowledge, but it is understandable seeing as how it relates to his detective work. Holmes states, "I found the ash of a cigar, which my special knowledge of tobacco ashes enables me to pronounce as an Indian cigar. I have, as you know, devoted some attention to this and written a little monograph on the ashes of one hundred forty different varieties of pipe, cigar, and cigarette tobacco." The Boscombe Valley Mystery, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the fourth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... A monograph is a scholarly book or a treatise on a single subject or a group of related subjects. ...


Moreover, in "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" Watson reports that in November 1895, "Holmes lost himself in a monograph which he had undertaken upon the Polyphonic Motets of Lassus"—a most esoteric field of knowledge, for which Holmes would have had to "clutter his memory" with an enormous amount of information which had absolutely nothing to do with crime fighting—knowledge so extensive that his monograph was taken as "the last word" on the subject.[4] The later stories abandon the notion that Holmes did not want to know anything unless it had immediate relevance for his profession; in the second chapter of The Valley of Fear, Holmes instead declares that “all knowledge comes useful to the detective”, and near the end of "The Adventure of the Lion's Mane", he describes himself as “an omnivorous reader with a strangely retentive memory for trifles”. The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... In Western music, motet is a word that is applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions. ... Orlande de Lassus, a. ... The Valley of Fear is a Sherlock Holmes novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Lions Mane, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Already in A Study in Scarlet, Conan Doyle compares his sleuth with two earlier, more established fictional detectives: Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin and Emile Gaboriau's Monsieur Lecoq. The former had first appeared in "The Murders in the Rue Morgue," first published in 1841, and the latter in L'Affaire Lerouge (The Lerouge Affair) in 1866. The brief discussion between Watson and Holmes about the two characters begins with a comment by Watson: A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... C. Auguste Dupin is a fictional detective created by Edgar Allan Poe. ... Émile Gaboriau (November 9, 1832 - September 28, 1873), a French mystery writer, novelist, and journalist, one of the pioneers of modern detective fiction. ... Monsieur Lecoq is the creation of Emile Gaboriau, a 19th French century mystery writer, novelist, and journalist. ... The Murders in the Rue Morgue is a short story by Edgar Allan Poe first published in Grahams Magazine in 1841. ...

"You remind me of Edgar Allan Poe's Dupin. I had no idea that such individuals did exist outside of stories."


Sherlock Holmes rose and lit his pipe. "No doubt you think that you are complimenting me in comparing me to Dupin," he observed. "Now, in my opinion, Dupin was a very inferior fellow. That trick of his of breaking in on his friends' thoughts with an apropos remark after a quarter of an hour's silence is really very showy and superficial. He had some analytical genius, no doubt; but he was by no means such a phenomenon as Poe appeared to imagine."


"Have you read Gaboriau's works?" I asked. "Does Lecoq come up to your idea of a detective?"


Sherlock Holmes sniffed sardonically. "Lecoq was a miserable bungler," he said, in an angry voice; "he had only one thing to recommend him, and that was his energy. That book made me positively ill. The question was how to identify an unknown prisoner. I could have done it in twenty-four hours. Lecoq took six months or so. It might be made a textbook for detectives to teach them what to avoid."

Holmes seems convinced that he is superior to both of them, while Watson expresses his admiration of the two characters. It has been suggested that this was a way for Conan Doyle to pay his respects to characters imagined by writers who had influenced him, while insisting that his creation was an improvement on theirs. (Doyle did in fact express his own admiration for Holmes's two predecessors.) However, Holmes pulls a very Dupin-esque mind reading trick on Watson in "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" (repeated word for word in the story, "The Resident Patient," when "The Cardboard Box" was removed from the Memoirs), and, to a lesser extent, in "The Adventure of the Dancing Men". The Adventure of the Cardboard Box is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Dancing Men, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Holmes is also a competent cryptanalyst. He relates to Watson, "I am fairly familiar with all forms of secret writing, and am myself the author of a trifling monograph upon the subject, in which I analyse one hundred and sixty separate ciphers." One such scheme is solved using frequency analysis in "The Adventure of the Dancing Men" which uses a series of stick figures, for example: Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, hidden, and analýein, to loosen or to untie) is the study of methods for obtaining the meaning of encrypted information without access to the secret information which is normally required to do so. ... This article is about steganography (hidden writing), not to be confused with stenography (shorthand). ... A monograph is a scholarly book or a treatise on a single subject or a group of related subjects. ... This article is about algorithms for encryption and decryption. ... In mathematics, physics and signal processing, frequency analysis is a method to decompose a function, wave, or signal into its frequency components so that it is possible to have the frequency spectrum. ... The Adventure of the Dancing Men, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... A stick figure. ...

Holmes has shown himself to be a master of disguise from his earliest cases, adopting personas from all walks of life: he appears as a seaman in “The Sign of the Four”, a stable groom and a humble clergyman in "A Scandal in Bohemia", an opium addict in "The Man with the Twisted Lip", an old Italian priest in "The Adventure of the Final Problem", a poor bibliophile in "The Adventure of the Empty House", a plumber in "The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton" and even as a woman in "The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone". From The Adventure of the Dancing Men Sherlock Holmes story. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Man with the Twisted Lip, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the sixth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... Holmes and Moriarty fighting over the Reichenbach Falls. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Although Holmes looks upon himself as a disembodied brain, there are times when he can become very emotional in a righteous cause, such as when he disapproves of how the banker Holder treated his son in "The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet", and rounds on the Duke in "The Priory School" for putting his own son in danger. At the end of "The Adventure of the Six Napoleons", he is touched by Inspector Lestrade's deep gratitude for his assisting Scotland Yard. Watson says, "he was more nearly moved by the softer human emotions than I had ever seen him." And, in "The Adventure of the Three Garridebs", Watson is wounded by a forger he and Holmes are pursuing. While the bullet wound proved to be "quite superficial," Watson is moved by Holmes' reaction. The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the eleventh of the twelve Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Adventure of the Six Napoleons, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... Inspector Lestrade arresting a suspect, by Sidney Paget Inspector Lestrade in the Granada television series Inspector Lestrade is a Scotland Yard detective appearing in several of the Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Three Garridebs, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ...

It was worth a wound;it was worth many wounds;to know the depth of loyalty and love which lay behind that cold mask. The clear, hard eyes were dimmed for a moment, and the firm lips were shaking. For the one and only time I caught a glimpse of a great heart as well as of a great brain. All my years of humble but single-minded service culminated in that moment of revelation.

Holmes’ analysis of physical evidence is both scientific and precise. His methods include the use of latent prints such as footprints, hoof prints and bicycle tracks to identify actions at a crime scene (“A Study in Scarlet”, "The Adventure of Silver Blaze", "The Adventure of the Priory School", "The Hound of the Baskervilles", "The Boscombe Valley Mystery"), the use of tobacco ashes and cigarette butts to identify criminals ("The Adventure of the Resident Patient", The Hound of the Baskerville), the comparison of typewritten letters to expose a fraud ("A Case of Identity"), the use of gunpowder residue to expose two murderers ("The Adventure of the Reigate Squire"), bullet comparison from two crime scenes ("The Adventure of the Empty House") and even an early use of fingerprints (The Norwood Builder). Holmes also demonstrates knowledge of psychology in "A Scandal in Bohemia", luring Irene Adler into betraying where she had hidden a photograph based on the "precis" that an unmarried woman will seek her most valuable possession in case of fire, whereas a married woman will grab her baby instead. A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... Silver Blaze, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Boscombe Valley Mystery, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the fourth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Resident Patient, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... A Case of Identity is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and is the third story in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Reigate Squire, also known as The Adventure of the Reigate Squires and The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle, was one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ...


Despite the excitement of his life (or perhaps seeking to leave it behind) Holmes retired to the Sussex Downs to take up beekeeping ("The Second Stain"), and wrote a book on the subject. His search for relaxation can also be seen in his love in music, notably "The Red Headed League" where Holmes takes an evening off from a case to listen to Pablo de Sarasate play violin. Pablo Martín Melitón de Sarasate y Navascuéz (March 10, 1844 - September 28, 1908, pronounced Sara-SOT-tey), was a Spanish violin virtuoso and composer of the Romantic period. ...


Influence

Holmesian Deduction

"Holmes' belongings" including a magnifying glass, calabash pipe, and a deerstalker cap at the Sherlock Holmes Museum in London.
"Holmes' belongings" including a magnifying glass, calabash pipe, and a deerstalker cap at the Sherlock Holmes Museum in London.

"From a drop of water," Holmes wrote in an essay described in A Study in Scarlet, "a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other." Holmes stories often begin with a bravura display of his talent for "deduction". It is of some interest to logicians and those interested in logic to try to analyse just what Holmes is doing when he performs his deduction. Holmesian deduction appears to consist primarily of drawing inferences based on either straightforward practical principles — which are the result of careful inductive study, such as Holmes's study of different kinds of cigar ashes — or inference to the best explanation. In many cases, the deduction can be modeled either way. In 2002, Holmes was inducted as an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry — the only fictional character so honoured — in appreciation of his contributions to forensic investigation.[5] Download high resolution version (480x640, 90 KB)I, Alterego, created the source file and release it under the GFDL. (I made it in adobe imageready) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 90 KB)I, Alterego, created the source file and release it under the GFDL. (I made it in adobe imageready) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A magnifying glass (called a hand lens in laboratory contexts) is a convex lens which is used to produce a magnified image of an object. ... Binomial name (Molina) Standl. ... Youth with pipe by Hendrick Jansz Terbrugghen A pipe is a tool used for smoking. ... A deekstalker (right) along with typically associated paraphenailia of Sherlock Holmes A deerstalker is a type of hat that is typically worn in rural areas, often for hunting. ... The Sherlock Holmes Museum is a privately-run museum and popular tourist attraction dedicated to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. ... Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Deductive reasoning is reasoning whose conclusions are intended to necessarily follow from its premises. ... Logic (from Classical Greek λόγος logos; meaning word, thought, idea, argument, account, reason, or principle) is the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration. ... Aristotle appears first to establish the mental behaviour of induction as a category of reasoning. ... Royal Society of Chemistry The Royal Society of Chemistry is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of advancing the chemical sciences. ... A fictional character is any person, persona, identity, or entity whose existence originates from a work of fiction. ...


Holmes's straightforward practical principles are generally of the form, "If 'p', then 'q'," where 'p' is observed evidence and 'q' is what the evidence indicates. But there are also, as one may observe in the following example, often some intermediate principles. In "A Scandal in Bohemia" Holmes deduces that Watson had got very wet lately and that he had "a most clumsy and careless servant girl." When Watson, in amazement, asks how Holmes knows this, Holmes answers:

"It is simplicity itself... My eyes tell me that on the inside of your left shoe, just where the firelight strikes it, the leather is scored by six almost parallel cuts. Obviously they have been caused by someone who has very carelessly scraped round the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud from it. Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey."

In this case, we might say Holmes employed several connected principles such as these:

  • If leather on the side of a shoe is scored by several parallel cuts, it was caused by someone who scraped around the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud.
  • If a 19th-century London doctor's shoes are scraped to remove crusted mud, the person who so scraped them is the doctor's servant girl.
  • If someone cuts a shoe while scraping it to remove encrusted mud, that person is clumsy and careless.
  • If someone's shoes had encrusted mud on them, that person has been very wet lately and has been out in vile weather.

By applying such principles in an obvious way (using repeated applications of modus ponens), Holmes is able to infer from In logic, modus ponens (Latin: mode that affirms; often abbreviated MP) is a valid, simple argument form. ...

  • The sides of Watson's shoes are scored by several parallel cuts.

to

  • Watson's servant girl is clumsy and careless.

and

  • Watson has been very wet lately and has been out in vile weather.

But perhaps Holmes is not giving a proper explanation — after all, Holmes may be well aware of Watson's servant girl. As Watson is a doctor and it has been raining, it is likely he has been out in the rain.


Of course, Holmes's deductive reasonings are a common tool by which certain characters (particularly his astonished clients) are introduced by Holmes himself into the story. For example, in Conan Doyle's story The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist, Holmes's observations allow him to deduce that the client, Violet Smith, enjoys bicycling, due to slight roughenings of the sides of her shoe's soles from friction with the pedals. He also notes that the lady has spatulated finger-ends, which he initially assumes had been acquired from typewriting. However, he then openly corrects himself by commenting on Ms. Smith having a certain spirituality about the face (which he commented would not come from working with a typewriter), and remarks how such fingers can also develop from playing musical instruments; thus, he identified Ms. Smith as being a musician (a music teacher, to be precise). The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...


In other instances of Holmesian deduction, it is more difficult to model his inference as deduction using general principles, and logicians and scientists will readily recognize the method used, instead, as an "inductive" one — in particular, "argument to the best explanation", or, in Charles S. Peirce's terminology, "abduction". However, that Holmes should have called this "deduction" is entirely plausible. Aristotle appears first to establish the mental behaviour of induction as a category of reasoning. ... Charles Sanders Peirce Charles Sanders Peirce (September 10, 1839 – April 19, 1914) was an American logician, philosopher, scientist, and mathematician. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


The instances in which Holmes uses deduction tend to be those where he has amassed a large body of evidence, produced a number of possible explanations of that evidence, and then proceeds to find one explanation that is clearly the best at explaining the evidence. For example, in The Sign of the Four, a man is found dead in his room, with a ghastly smile on his face, and with no immediately visible cause of death. From a whole body of background information as well as evidence gathered at and around the scene of the crime, Holmes is able to infer that the murderer is not one of the various people that Scotland Yard has in custody (each of them being an alternative explanation), but rather another person entirely. As Holmes says in the story, "How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?" This phrase has entered Western popular culture as a catchphrase. New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... A catch phrase is a phrase or expression that is popularized, usually through repeated use, by a real person or fictional character. ...


In the latter example, in fact, Holmes' solution of the crime depends both on a series of applications of general principles and argument to the best explanation.


Holmes' success at his brand of deduction, therefore, is due to his mastery of both a huge body of particular knowledge of things like footprints, cigar ashes, and poisons, which he uses to make relatively simple deductive inferences, and the fine art of ordering and weighing different competing explanations of a body of evidence. Holmes is also particularly good at gathering evidence by observation, as well locating and tracking the movements of criminals through the streets of London and its environs (in order to produce more evidence) — skills that have little to do with deduction per se, but everything to do with providing the premises for particular Holmesian deductions. Four examples of Holmes' deductions of an owner's lifestyle are: Dr. Watson's old pocket watch in The Sign of the Four, Dr. Mortimer's walking stick in The Hound of the Baskervilles, Mr. Grant Munro's pipe in "The Adventure of the Yellow Face" and Henry Baker's hat in "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle." This article is about the portable timepiece. ... A walking stick (or two) is a tool used by many people to ease pressure on the legs when walking. ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... The Adventure of the Yellow Face, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the third tale from The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the seventh story of twelve in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ...


In the stories by Conan Doyle, Holmes often remarked that his logical conclusions were "elementary," in that he considered them to be simple and obvious. He also, on occasion, referred to his friend as "my dear Watson." However, the complete phrase, "Elementary, my dear Watson," does not appear in any of the sixty Holmes stories written by Conan Doyle. One of the closest examples to this phrase appears in the "The Adventure of the Crooked Man". Upon Holmes's explanation of a deduction: The Adventure of the Crooked Man, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ...

"Excellent!" I cried "Elementary." said he

It does appear at the very end of the 1929 film, The Return of Sherlock Holmes, the first Sherlock Holmes sound film, and may owe its familiarity to its use in Edith Meiser's scripts for The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes radio series. The phrase was first used by American actor William Gillette though. The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes was an old-time radio show which aired from October 2, 1939 to July 7, 1947. ...


It should be noted too, that our modern stereotype of police procedure — someone who looks for physical clues, rather than someone who examines opportunity and motive — comes from Holmes.


Conan Doyle was an admirer of Oliver Wendell Holmes. In 1858, Holmes had written, in his Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table, “Tell me about Cuvier’s getting up a megatherium from a tooth … so all a man’s antecedents and possibilities are summed up in a single utterance….” This recalls what Schopenhauer had written in 1851, “Just as a botanist recognises the whole plant from one leaf and Cuvier constructed the entire animal from one bone, so from one characteristic action of a man we can arrive at a correct knowledge of his character.” (Parerga and Paralipomena, Vol. II, §118) These assertions are echoed in "The Five Orange Pips", in which Sherlock Holmes declared, “As Cuvier could correctly describe a whole animal by the contemplation of a single bone, so the observer who has thoroughly understood one link in a series of incidents should be able to state all the other ones, before and after.” Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. ... Megatheriinae were a subfamily of elephant-sized ground sloths that lived from 2 million to 8,000 years ago. ... Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher born in Gdańsk (Danzig), Poland. ... Georges Cuvier Baron Georges Leopold Chretien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier (August 23, 1769 - May 13, 1832) was a French naturalist, He was born at Montbéliard (then Mömpelgard in Württemberg) under the name of Johann Leopold Nicolaus Friedrich Kuefer, and was the son of a retired officer... The Five Orange Pips, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the fifth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ...


Readers of the Sherlock Holmes stories have often been surprised to discover that their author, Conan Doyle, was a fervent believer in paranormal phenomena, and that the logical, sceptical character of Holmes was in opposition to his own in many ways. Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ...


It must be noted that, in Holmesian deduction, it is important to attempt to eliminate all other possibilities, or as many as possible. As Holmes says to Watson,"Eliminate all that is impossible, whatever remains is the explanation, however improbable." This requires quite a bit of practice to reach. Watson attempts several times to perform Holmesian deductions, and even gives his explanations. However, he fails to recognize other equally probable circumstances, and is wrong on almost every count. As of 2007, the MI5 and MI6 are training their agents in Sherlockian Deduction [6]. MI-5 redirects here. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


Role in the history of the detective story

A popular misconception is that the Sherlock Holmes stories gave rise to the entire genre of detective fiction. In fact, the Holmes character and his modus operandi were inspired by two predecessors, C. Auguste Dupin and Monsieur Lecoq and their technique for solving crime. Created by Edgar Allan Poe and Émile Gaboriau respectively, they were both investigators to whom even Holmes himself alluded. Many fictional sleuths have imitated Holmes' logical methods and followed in his footsteps, in various ways. C. Auguste Dupin is a fictional detective created by Edgar Allan Poe. ... Monsieur Lecoq is the creation of Emile Gaboriau, a 19th French century mystery writer, novelist, and journalist. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... Émile Gaboriau (November 9, 1832 - September 28, 1873), was a French writer, novelist, and journalist, and a pioneer of modern detective fiction. ...

The Doctor takes his cue from Holmes' dress sense to disguise himself in The Talons of Weng-Chiang
The Doctor takes his cue from Holmes' dress sense to disguise himself in The Talons of Weng-Chiang

Writers have produced many pop culture references to Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle, or characters from the stories in homage, to a greater or lesser degree. Such allusions can form a plot development, raise the intellectual level of the piece or act as Easter eggs for an observant audience. Image File history File links Fourthdoctorwengchiang. ... Image File history File links Fourthdoctorwengchiang. ... The Doctor is the only known name of the central character in the long-running BBC television science-fiction series Doctor Who, and also featured in a vast range of spin-off novels, audio dramas and comic strips connected to the series. ... The Talons of Weng-Chiang is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from February 26 to April 2, 1977. ... Many writers make references to Sir Arthur Conan Doyles famous literary creation, the detective Sherlock Holmes, and these often become embedded within popular culture. ... A virtual Easter egg is a hidden message or feature in an object such as a movie, book, CD, DVD, computer program, or video game. ...


Some have been overt, introducing Holmes as a character in a new setting, or a more subtle allusion, such as making a logical character live in an apartment at number 221b. Often the simplest reference is to dress anybody who does some kind of detective work in a deerstalker and cloak (as seen right). Another rich field of pop culture references is Holmes' ancestry and descendants (as discussed above) but really the only limit is the writer's imagination. A third major reference is the quote, "Elementary, my dear Watson," (which, as mentioned above, was never actually said by Holmes). Another common misattributation is that Holmes, throughout the entire novel series, is never described as wearing the 'deerstalker hat', although Sidney Paget had drawn Holmes donning it on two occasions. 221B Baker Street is the fictional London residence of the detective Sherlock Holmes, created by author Arthur Conan Doyle. ... This article is about Arthur Conan Doyles fictional detective. ... A deekstalker (right) along with typically associated paraphenailia of Sherlock Holmes A deerstalker is a type of hat that is typically worn in rural areas, often for hunting. ...


As an inspiration for speculation by fans

Main article: Sherlock Holmes speculation The fifty-six short stories and four Sherlock Holmes novels written by Conan Doyle are termed the Canon by the Holmesians. ...


The 56 short stories and 4 novels written by Conan Doyle are termed "the Canon" by the Sherlockians. A popular pastime among fans of Sherlock Holmes is to treat Holmes and Watson as real people, and attempt to elucidate facts about them from clues in the stories or by combining the stories with historical fact. Early scholars of the canon included Ronald Knox in Britain and Christopher Morley in New York. Traditionally, the canon of Sherlock Holmes consists of the 56 short stories and 4 novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Ronald Arbuthnott Knox (1888-1957) was an English theologian and crime writer. ... Christopher Morley (5 May 1890–28 March 1957) was an American journalist, novelist, and poet. ...


As an inspiration for scientists

Sherlock Holmes has occasionally been used in the scientific literature. Radford (1999) [7] speculates on his intelligence. Using Conan Doyle’s stories as data, Radford applies three different methods to estimate Sherlock Holmes’s IQ, and concludes that his intelligences was very high indeed. Snyder (2004)[8] examines Holmes’ methods in the light of the science and the criminology of the mid- to late-19th century. Kempster (2006)[9] compares neurologists’ skills with those displayed by Holmes. Finally, Didierjean and Gobet (2008)[10] review the literature on the psychology of expertise by taking as model a fictional expert: Sherlock Holmes. They highlight aspects of Doyle’s books that are in line with what is currently known about expertise, aspects that are implausible, and aspects that suggest further research.


Societies

In 1934 were founded the Sherlock Holmes Society, in London, and the Baker Street Irregulars, in New York. Both are still active today (though the Sherlock Holmes Society was dissolved in 1937 to be resuscitated only in 1951). The two initial societies founded in 1934 were followed by many more Holmesians circles, first of all in America (where they are called "scion societies" - offshoots - of the Baker Street Irregulars), then in England and Denmark. Nowadays, there are Sherlockian societies in many countries like India and Japan being the more prominent countries which have a history of such activity. The Baker Street Irregulars are several different groups, all named after the original, from various Sherlock Holmes stories. ...


Museums

During the 1951 Festival of Britain, Sherlock Holmes' sitting-room was reconstructed as the masterpiece of a Sherlock Holmes Exhibition, displaying a unique collection of original material. After the 1951 exhibition closed, items were transferred to the Sherlock Holmes Pub, in London, and to the Conan Doyle Collection in Lucens (Switzerland). Both exhibitions, each including its own very good Baker Street Sitting-Room reconstruction, are still to be seen today. In 1990 The Sherlock Holmes Museum was opened in Baker Street London and the following year in Meiringen Switzerland another Museum was also opened, but naturally they include less historical material about Conan Doyle than about Sherlock Holmes himself. The Sherlock Holmes Museum at 221b Baker Street London was the first Museum in the world to be dedicated to a fictional character. The Festival of Britain emblem, designed by Abram Games, from the cover of the South Bank Exhibition Guide, 1951 The Festival of Britain was a national exhibition which opened in London and around Britain in May 1951. ... The Sherlock Holmes Museum is a privately-run museum and popular tourist attraction dedicated to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. ...


The Great Hiatus

Statue of Holmes outside the English Church, Meiringen
Statue of Holmes outside the English Church, Meiringen

Holmes fans refer to the period from 1891 to 1894 — the time between Holmes' disappearance and presumed death in "The Adventure of the Final Problem" and his reappearance in "The Adventure of the Empty House" — as "the Great Hiatus".[11] It is notable, though, that one later story ("The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge") is described as taking place in 1892. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 60 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Meiringen User:RHaworth/gallery ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 60 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Meiringen User:RHaworth/gallery ...


Conan Doyle wrote the stories over the course of a decade. Wanting to devote more time to his historical novels, he killed off Holmes in "The Final Problem", which appeared in print in 1893. After resisting public pressure for eight years, the author wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles, which appeared in 1901, implicitly setting it before Holmes' "death" (some theorise that it actually took place after "The Return" but with Watson planting clues to an earlier date).[12][13] The public, while pleased with the story, was not satisfied with a posthumous Holmes, and so Conan Doyle resuscitated Holmes two years later. Many have speculated on his motives for bringing Holmes back to life, notably writer-director Nicholas Meyer, who wrote an essay on the subject in the 1970s[citation needed], but the actual reasons are not known, other than the obvious: Publishers offered to pay generously. For whatever reason, Conan Doyle continued to write Holmes stories for a quarter-century longer. Nicholas Meyer at the Paramount Pictures lot in 2002. ...


Some writers have come up with alternate explanations for the hiatus. In Meyer's novel The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, the Hiatus is depicted as a secret sabbatical following Holmes' treatment for cocaine addiction at the hands of Sigmund Freud, and presents Holmes making the light-hearted suggestion that Watson write a fictitious account claiming he'd been killed by Moriarty, saying of the public: "They'll never believe you in any case." The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976) is a Sherlock Holmes pastiche by Nicholas Meyer. ... Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ...


In his memoirs, Conan Doyle quotes a reader, who judged the later stories inferior to the earlier ones, to the effect that when Holmes went over the Reichenbach Falls, he may not have been killed, but he was never quite the same man after.


The differences in the pre- and post-Hiatus Holmes have in fact created speculation among those who play "The Great Game" (making believe Sherlock Holmes was a historical person). One theory[citation needed] holds that the later Holmes was in fact an impostor (perhaps even Professor Moriarty), the later stories were fictions created to fill other writers' pockets (this is often used to deal with the stories which supposedly are written by Holmes himself), and Holmes and Professor Moriarty were in fact a variation of Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Among the more fanciful theories, the story The Case of the Detective's Smile by Mark Bourne, published in the anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, posits that one of the places Holmes visited during his hiatus was Alice's Wonderland. While there, he solved the case of the stolen tarts, and his experiences there contributed to his kicking the cocaine addiction. Robert Louis (Balfour) Stevenson (November 13, 1850–December 3, 1894), was a Scottish novelist, poet and travel writer, and a representative of neo-romanticism in English literature. ... For other uses, see Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (disambiguation). ...


Adaptations

Canonical adaptations

Vasily Livanov was awarded the OBE for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes in the Soviet TV series.
Vasily Livanov was awarded the OBE for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes in the Soviet TV series.

As Sherlock Holmes is such a popular character, there have been many theatrical stage and cinematic adaptations of Conan Doyle's work — much in the same way that Hamlet or Dracula are often revised and adapted. The stories of Sherlock Holmes were very popular as adaptations for the stage, and later film, and still later television. ... Image File history File links Livanov. ... Image File history File links Livanov. ... The photograph of Livanov as Sherlock Holmes is said to be the largest of those gracing the walls of the Sherlock Holmes Museum in Baker Street. ... Obe can mean: Obe, in Afghanistan Ebenezer Obe, a Nigerian musician. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... This article is about the novel. ...


The Guinness World Records has consistently listed him as the "most portrayed movie character" with over 70 actors playing the part in over 200 films. Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...


Basil Rathbone starred as Sherlock Holmes, alongside Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson, in fourteen films (two for 20th Century Fox and a dozen for Universal Pictures) from 1939-1946. Jeremy Brett is generally considered the definitive Holmes of recent times, having played the role in four series ("The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes") created by John Hawkesworth for Britain's Granada Television from 1984 though to 1994 as well as depicting Holmes on stage. Brett's Dr. Watson was played by David Burke and Edward Hardwicke in the television series. Basil Rathbone (13 June 1892 – 21 July 1967), Military Cross, was a British actor most famous for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes and of suave villains in such swashbuckler films as The Mark of Zorro, Captain Blood, and The Adventures of Robin Hood. ... Nigel Bruce (left) with Basil Rathbone in a promotional photo for their Sherlock Holmes film series William Nigel Ernle Bruce (September 4, 1895 – October 8, 1953), usually credited as Nigel Bruce, was a British character actor, best known as Dr. Watson in a series of films and a radioseries starring... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Peter Jeremy William Huggins (November 3, 1933 – September 12, 1995), better known as Jeremy Brett, was an English actor famous for his portrayal of the detective Sherlock Holmes in the British television series The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is the name given to the series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations produced by British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994, although only the first two series bore that title on screen. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is the name given to the series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations produced by British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994, although only the first two series bore that title on screen. ... John Hawkesworth (7 December 1920–30 September 2003) was a television and film producer and writer best known for his work on the period drama Upstairs, Downstairs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... David Burke (born May 25, 1934) is a British actor, known for playing Watson in Granada Televisions 1980s Sherlock Holmes series The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, which starred Jeremy Brett in the title role. ... Edward Hardwicke (born August 7, 1932; sometimes credited as Edward Hardwick) is a British actor, the son of Sir Cedric Hardwicke and actress Helena Pickard. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is the name given to the series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations produced by British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994, although only the first two series bore that title on screen. ...


Related and derivative works (non-canonical)

Main article: Non-canonical works related and derived from Sherlock Holmes

In addition to the canonical Sherlock Holmes stories, Conan Doyle's "The Lost Special" (1908) features an unnamed "amateur reasoner" clearly intended to be identified as Holmes by his readers. His explanation for a baffling disappearance, argued in Holmes' characteristic style, turns out to be quite wrong — evidently Conan Doyle was not above poking fun at his own hero. A short story by Conan Doyle using the same idea is "The Man with the Watches". Another example of Conan Doyle's humour is "How Watson Learned the Trick" (1924), a parody of the frequent Watson-Holmes breakfast table scenes. A further parody by Conan Doyle is "The Field Bazaar". He also wrote other material, especially plays, featuring Holmes. Many of these writings are collected in the books Sherlock Holmes: the Published Apocrypha edited by Jack Tracy, The Final Adventures of Sherlock Holmes edited by Peter Haining and The Uncollected Sherlock Holmes compiled by Roger Lancelyn Green. Sherlock Holmes has long been a popular character for authors and creatives other than Arthur Conan Doyle. ... How Watson Learned the Trick is a Sherlock Holmes parody written by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1922. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Peter Haining is a well-known journalist and author who lives and works in London. ... Roger (Gilbert) Lancelyn Green (2 November 1918 – 8 October 1987) was a British biographer and childrens writer. ...


Sherlock Holmes' abilities as both a good fighter and as an excellent logician have been a boon to other authors who have lifted his name, or details of his exploits, for their plots. These range from Holmes as a cocaine addict, whose drug-fuelled fantasies lead him to cast an innocent Professor Moriarty as a super villain (The Seven-Per-Cent Solution), to science-fiction plots involving him being re-animated after death to fight crime in the future (Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century). A logician is a philosopher, mathematician, or other whose topic of scholarly study is logic. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976) is a Sherlock Holmes pastiche by Nicholas Meyer. ... The revived Sherlock Holmes stands in the abundant shadows of the 22nd Century. ...


Some authors have supplied stories to fit the tantalising references in the canon to unpublished cases (e.g. "The giant rat of Sumatra, a story for which the world is not yet prepared" in "The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire"), notably The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes by Conan Doyle's son Adrian Conan Doyle with John Dickson Carr; others have used different characters from the stories as their own detective, e.g. Mycroft Holmes in Enter the Lion by Michael P. Hodel and Sean M. Wright (1979) or Dr. James Mortimer (from The Hound of the Baskervilles) in books by Gerard Williams. For the genus of giant rat, see Kunsia. ... The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes (ISBN 0157203383) is a short story collection written by Adrian Conan Doyle and John Dickson Carr, first published in 1954. ... Adrian Conan Doyle (1910-1970) was the youngest son of Arthur Conan Doyle, and his fathers literary executor. ... The Four False Weapons (1948), 1961 Pan paperback edition. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On the TV series Star Trek: The Next Generation Lt. Cmdr. Data is depicted as a fan of Holmes, and portrays him in a holodeck recreation in the episode "Elementary, My Dear Data." The estate of Arthur Conan Doyle objected, claiming a copyright on the character, but allowed the performance to be reprised in the episode "Ship In A Bottle," with attribution in the closing credits.[14] Data[1] is a character, portrayed by Brent Spiner, in the Star Trek fictional universe. ...


The main character in the TV series House, M.D., a medical doctor with a Holmesian approach to diagnosing diseases, is named as a pun on the near-homophone "Homes" for "Holmes" as Dr. Gregory House. The show draws heavily upon Holmes' archetypes, including a drug addiction (in the show, Vicodin instead of cocaine), a quirky sense of humour and complete disregard for social mores, personal talents (piano and guitar, like Holmes' violin), as well as Holmes' characteristic ability to judge a situation correctly with almost no effort. House's apartment number is 221B. Dr. House's confidant and sounding board is Dr. James Wilson, whose initials coincide with Dr. John Watson. House, also known as House, M.D., is an American medical drama television series created by David Shore and executive produced by Shore and film director Bryan Singer. ... House, M.D. (commonly promoted as just House) is an American television series produced by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Two variations of Vicodin, with different amounts of hydrocodone / paracetamol (acetaminophen) in each Vicodin is a trademarked brand of narcotic analgesics (painkillers) containing hydrocodone and paracetamol (acetaminophen). ...


One obvious spoof of Sherlock Holmes is (briefly) seen in name & nature of one "Shamrock Jolnes" (with Watson appearing as "Whatsup") in 'Sixes and Sevens' by O. Henry (gutenberg.org).


Sherlock Holmes in reality

Whenever Arthur Conan Doyle was asked if there was a real Sherlock Holmes, his answer never changed. Holmes was inspired, Doyle said, by Dr. Joseph Bell, for whom Doyle had worked as a clerk at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. Like Sherlock Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing large conclusions from the smallest observations. Dr. Bell was also interested in crime and assisted the police in solving a few cases.[15] Joseph Bell, JP, DL, FRCS Ed. ... The Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, also known as the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland. ...


Bibliography

Novels

A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... The Valley of Fear is a Sherlock Holmes novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...

Short stories

For more detail see List of Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes short stories. // The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Contains stories published 1891-1892 with original illustrations by Sidney Paget. ...


The short stories were originally published in periodicals; they were later gathered into five anthologies:

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring his famous detective and illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1894, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Return of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1903-1904, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... His Last Bow is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, as well as the title of one of the stories in that collection. ... The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes is the final collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ...

Lists of favourite stories

There are two famous lists of favourite stories: that of Conan Doyle himself---in The Strand in 1927, and that of the Baker Street Journal in 1959. The Baker Street Irregulars are several different groups, all named after the original, from various Sherlock Holmes stories. ...

Conan Doyle's list:

  1. The Adventure of the Speckled Band
  2. The Red-Headed League
  3. The Adventure of the Dancing Men
  4. The Adventure of the Final Problem
  5. A Scandal in Bohemia
  6. The Adventure of the Empty House
  7. The Five Orange Pips
  8. The Adventure of the Second Stain
  9. The Adventure of the Devil's Foot
  10. The Adventure of the Priory School
  11. The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual
  12. The Adventure of the Reigate Squire

The Baker Street Journal's list: The Adventure of the Speckled Band is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Red-Headed League is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Dancing Men, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... Holmes and Moriarty fighting over the Reichenbach Falls. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Five Orange Pips, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the fifth of the twelve stories in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Second Stain, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Devils Foot, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... The Adventure of the Priory School, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... Reginald Musgrave, by Sidney Paget in Strand. ... The Adventure of the Reigate Squire, also known as The Adventure of the Reigate Squires and The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle, was one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ...

  1. The Adventure of the Speckled Band
  2. The Red-Headed League
  3. The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle
  4. The Adventure of Silver Blaze
  5. A Scandal in Bohemia
  6. The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual
  7. The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans
  8. The Adventure of the Six Napoleons
  9. The Adventure of the Dancing Men
  10. The Adventure of the Empty House

The Adventure of the Speckled Band is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Red-Headed League is one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the seventh story of twelve in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... Silver Blaze, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 12 stories in the cycle collected as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. ... A Scandal in Bohemia was the first of Arthur Conan Doyles 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories to be published in The Strand Magazine and the first Sherlock Holmes story illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... Reginald Musgrave, by Sidney Paget in Strand. ... The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of eight stories in the cycle collected as His Last Bow. ... The Adventure of the Six Napoleons, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Dancing Men, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... The Adventure of the Empty House, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...

Works by other authors

  • Baring-Gould, William S. (1967). The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., New York & John Murray Publishers, London.  ISBN 0-517-50291-7
  • Dexter, Colin (1989). 'A Case of Mis-Identity'. Published in Morse's Greatest Mystery and Other Stories. Pan Books, London. Pp. 133–164. ISBN 0-330-34025-5
  • King, Laurie R. (1994–) Mary Russell Novels:
  • Jô Soares (1995) O Xangô de Baker Street released in English as A Samba for Sherlock.
  • Klinger, Leslie S. (2004-5). The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York & London.  ISBN 0-393-05916-2

Norman Colin Dexter, OBE, (born 29 September 1930 in Stamford, Lincolnshire) is the English author of the Inspector Morse novels. ... Laurie R. King is an American author best known for her detective fiction. ... Mary Russell is a supportedly factual character in a book series by Laurie R. King. ... A Monstrous Regiment of Women is the second book in the Mary Russell series of mystery novels by Laurie R. King. ... A Letter of Mary is the third book in The Beekeepers Apprentice series by Laurie R. King. ... The Moor is the fourth book in Mary Russell series by Laurie R. King. ... O Jerusalem is the fifth book in the Mary Russell series by Laurie R. King. ... Locked Rooms is the eighth book in the Mary Russell series by Laurie R. King. ... José Eugênio Soares, best known as Jô Soares (January 16, 1938) is a Brazilian comedian, talk show host, author and musician. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

Solar Pons is a fictional detective created by August Derleth as a pastiche of Arthur Conan Doyles Sherlock Holmes. ... Harry Dickson is a fictional detective also known as The American Sherlock Holmes who has appeared in almost 200 pulp magazines published in Germany, Holland, Belgium and France. ... Arsène Lupin is the name of a fictional gentleman thief who appears in a book series of detective fiction / crime fiction novels written by French writer Maurice Leblanc, as well as a number of non-canonical sequels and numerous film, television, stage play and comic book adaptations. ... List of people who have played Sherlock Holmes in film, television, stage, or radio include: Vasili Livanov Jeremy Brett Hans Albers Joaquim de Almeida James DArcy Tom Baker John Barrymore Clive Brook Michael Caine Peter Cook Peter Cushing Vincent DOnofrio Rupert Everett Matt Frewer John Gielgud Stewart Granger... The following is a list of authors, other than Sherlock Holmes creator Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who have authored Holmes stories: Jamyang Norbu: The Mandala of Sherlock Holmes Boris Akunin: Jade Rosary Beads (crossover with Erast Fandorin) Val Andrews Isaac Asimov Poul Anderson: Time Patrol, where the main character meets... In the United Kingdom, HOLMES2, the successor to HOLMES (Home Office Large Major Enquiry System), is an IT system used by the Police to assist with the investigation of serious crimes including murder, fraud and disasters. ... Professor Moriarty, illustration by Sidney Paget which accompanied the original publication of The Final Problem. Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character who is the best known antagonist (and archenemy) of the detective Sherlock Holmes. ... Professor Challenger (sitting) as illustrated by Harry Rountree in Conan Arthur Doyles short story The Poison Belt in Strand Magazine. ... Statue of Holmes outside the English Church Street sign outside Holmes museum Meiringen is a municipality in the district of Oberhasli in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. ... The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time is a novel by Mark Haddon that won the 2003 Whitbread Book of the Year, the West Australian Young Readers Book award in 2005 and the 2004 Commonwealth Writers Prize for Best First Book. ... William Gillette as Sherlock Holmes William Hooker Gillette ( July 24, 1853, Hartford, Connecticut; April 29, 1937, Hartford, Connecticut) was an American actor, playwright and stage-manager; recognized as one of the greatest actors in the history of the United States. ... Serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday Weekly Comic 漫畫周刊 Neoz Original run 1994 – Volumes 59, 630 chapters (as of November 26, 2007) TV anime Director Kenji Kodama, Yasuichiro Yamamoto Studio Tokyo Movie Shinsha (TMS) Network NTV, Yomiuri TV, Animax Original run 8 January 1996 – ongoing Episodes 488 (as of November 11... Title The title comes from lines in William Congreves The Double Dealer, 1694. ... For the film starring Stan Laurel, see The Sleuth (1925 film). ... House, M.D. (commonly promoted as just House) is an American television series produced by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry to law enforcement or the failure of products or processes. ... Forensics redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ In the "The Adventure of the Missing Three-quarter" it is twice mentioned that Holmes had used drugs in the past.
  2. ^ Dalby JT. (1991). "Sherlock Holmes' Cocaine Habit". Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine 8: 73-74. 
  3. ^ "The Adventure of the Norwood Builder"
  4. ^ LASSUS
  5. ^ This news article mentions Holmes's honour at the bottom of the page.
  6. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23392707-details/Can+Sherlock+Holmes+restore+the+reputation+of+our+bungling+spies/article.do "Can Sherlock Holmes restore the reputation of our bungling spies?" accessed 26th June 2007 at 21:07
  7. ^ Radford, J. (1999). The intelligence of Sherlock Holmes and other three-pipe problems. Sigma Forlag. 
  8. ^ Snyder LJ (2004). "Sherlock Holmes: Scientific detective". Endeavour 28: 104-108. doi:10.1016/j.endeavour.2004.07.007. 
  9. ^ Kempster PA (2006). "Looking for clues". Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 13: 178-180. doi:10.1016/j.jocn.2005.03.021. 
  10. ^ Didierjean, A & Gobet, F (2008). "Sherlock Holmes – An expert’s view of expertise". British Journal of Psychology 99: 109-125. 
  11. ^ Bookreporter.com - Author Profile: Laurie R. King
  12. ^ Dakin, D. Martin (1972). A Sherlock Holmes Commentary. David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  ISBN 0-7153-5493-0
  13. ^ McQueen, Ian (1974). Sherlock Holmes Detected. David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  ISBN 0-7153-6453-7
  14. ^ "Star Trek: The Next Generation" Elementary, Dear Data (1988) - Trivia
  15. ^ 1992 Reader's Digest (Australia) PTY LTD (A.C.N. 000565471)

The Adventure of the Norwood Builder, one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the second tale from The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. ... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... The Valley of Fear is a Sherlock Holmes novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Image File history File links Paget_holmes. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring his famous detective and illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1894, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Return of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1903-1904, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... His Last Bow is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, as well as the title of one of the stories in that collection. ... The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes is the final collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Irene Adler is a fictional character featured in the Sherlock Holmes story A Scandal in Bohemia by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published in July, 1891. ... Inspector Bradstreet is a fictional Scotland Yard detective from Sir Arthur Conan Doyles Sherlock Holmes series. ... Tobias Gregson, a Scotland Yard inspector, is a fictional character who has appeared in a number of the Sherlock Holmes novels and short stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Mycroft Holmes as depicted by Sidney Edward Paget in Strand Magazine Mycroft Holmes is a fictional character in the stories written by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Inspector Stanley Hopkins is a Scotland Yard detective in the Sherlock Holmes stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Mrs. ... Inspector Lestrade arresting a suspect, by Sidney Paget Inspector Lestrade in the Granada television series Inspector Lestrade is a Scotland Yard detective appearing in several of the Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Colonel Sebastian Moran is the villain of the Sherlock Holmes short story The Adventure of the Empty House. ... Professor Moriarty, illustration by Sidney Paget which accompanied the original publication of The Final Problem. Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character who is the best known antagonist (and archenemy) of the detective Sherlock Holmes. ... beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie man beware pie... Dr Watson (left) and Sherlock Holmes, by Sidney Paget. ... Traditionally, the canon of Sherlock Holmes consists of the 56 short stories and 4 novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... 221B Baker Street is the fictional London residence of the detective Sherlock Holmes, created by author Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The stories of Sherlock Holmes were very popular as adaptations for the stage, and later film, and still later television. ... Sherlockiana compasses: Memorabilia, such as statuettes, drawings, and movie posters, that concern the fictional character Sherlock Holmes, his associates such as Dr. Watson and Inspector Lestrade, and his dwellings at 221B Baker Street; Non-canonical fiction, not written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, that relates to these characters and their... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and published in 1887. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring his famous detective and illustrated by Sidney Paget. ... The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1894, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Hound of the Baskervilles is a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, originally serialized in the Strand Magazine in 1901 and 1902, which is set largely on Dartmoor in 1889. ... The Return of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1903-1904, by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Valley of Fear is a Sherlock Holmes novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... His Last Bow is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, as well as the title of one of the stories in that collection. ... The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes is the final collection of Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle. ... PD image from http://www. ... Professor Challenger (sitting) as illustrated by Harry Rountree in Conan Arthur Doyles short story The Poison Belt in Strand Magazine. ... The Lost World is the name of: the Lost World (genre) literary genre. ... The Poison Belt was the second novel Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote about Professor Challenger. ... The Land of Mist is a novel written by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1926. ... The Disintegration Machine is a very short story written by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1927. ... When the World Screamed was the last story written about Professor Challenger by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Micah Clarke by Arthur Conan Doyle is an historical adventure novel set during the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 in England. ... The White Company by Arthur Conan Doyle is a historical adventure set during the Hundred Years War. ... Sir Nigel is a historical novel by the British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... J. Habakuk Jephsons Statement is an 1884 story by a then-young Arthur Conan Doyle, loosly based on the real mystery of the abandonment of the Mary Celeste, published anonymously in the respected Cornhill Magazine. ... The Mystery of Cloomber is a novel by English author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Firm of Girdlestone is a novel by English author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Brigadier Gerard is the hero of a series of comic short stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... The Maracot Deep is a 1929 novel by Arthur Conan Doyle about the discovery of a sunken city of Atlantis by a team of explorers led by Professor Maracot. ... Charles Altamont Doyle, (1888) Charles Altamont Doyle (1832-1893) was a Victorian artist. ... Richard Dickie Doyle (September 1824 - December 11, 1883) was a notable Victorian illustrator. ... John Doyle (1797 Dublin - 1868-01-02) was an artist and notable[1][2] Victorian illustrator, producing political caricatures for The Times between 1829 and 1851. ... , Great Wyrley is a parish and village in South Staffordshire, in the county of Staffordshire, England. ... This article is about the religion. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Sherlock Holmes (7095 words)
Sherlock Holmes described himself as a "consulting detective," an expert brought into cases too difficult for other (typically official) investigators; we are told that he can often solve a problem without leaving his home.
Holmes is generally depicted in various media as wearing a deerstalker hat and cloak, smoking a pipe and clutching a magnifying glass.
Sherlock Holmes' abilities as both a good fighter and as an excellent logician have been a boon to other authors who have lifted his name, or details of his exploits, for their plots.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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