A sherrifdom is a judicial district in Scotland. There are currently 6 sherrifdoms - those of Glasgow and Strathkelvin, Grampian, Highland and Islands, Lothian and Borders, North Strathclyde, South Strathclyde, Dumfries and Galloway and Tayside, Central and Fife. Each sherrifdom has a Sheriff Principal. ... Lothian and Borders is an area in Scotland consisting of East Lothian, City of Edinburgh, Midlothian, West Lothian (collectively known as Lothian) areas along with the Scottish Borders. ... The office of sheriff principal is unique within the judicial structure of the United Kingdom, and it cannot therefore readily be compared with any other judicial office. ...
Originally sherrifdoms with coincided (and were the origin of) the counties of Scotland. In the 19th century, the sherrifdoms were grouped, and the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica reports that there were only 15 sheriffs of Scotland.  The administrative counties of Scotland in 1974 The term Counties of Scotland can variously refer to the Traditional counties of Scotland The former administrative counties of Scotland, which were abolished in 1975. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...
Over the years there was a gradual amalgamation of sheriffdoms, with a consequential diminution in the number of sheriffs principal.
An appeal lies from the sheriff principal to the Inner House of the Court of Session and thereafter to the House of Lords.
By virtue of an Order of Precedence established by King Edward VII a sheriff principal, in his own sheriffdom, ranks in precedence immediately after the Royal family and the Lord Lieutenant of the County.
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