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Encyclopedia > Shepherd
Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania.
Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania.

A shepherd is one who takes care of sheep, usually in flocks in the fields. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 573 pixel Image in higher resolution (2049 × 1467 pixel, file size: 998 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania Date: 5 August, 2006 Camera: Canon PowerShot S2 IS Author: friend of Darwinek File links... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 573 pixel Image in higher resolution (2049 × 1467 pixel, file size: 998 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania Date: 5 August, 2006 Camera: Canon PowerShot S2 IS Author: friend of Darwinek File links... The Făgăraş Mountains viewed from the train Făgăraş Mountains are the highest mountains of the Southern Carpathians, in Romania. ... Species See text. ...

Contents

History

Shepherding is one of the oldest professions, beginning some 6,000 years ago in Asia Minor. Sheep were kept for their milk, meat, and especially their wool. Over the next millennia sheep and shepherding spread throughout Eurasia. Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... A glass of cows milk A goat kid feeding on its mothers milk Milk is the nutrient fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals (including monotremes). ... Mortal Kombat character, see Meat (Mortal Kombat). ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, alpacas, llamas and rabbits may also... Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is a landmass covering about 54,000,000 km² compared with the Americas (approximately 42,000,000 km²), Africa (approximately 30,000,000 km²), Antarctica (approximately 13,000,000 km²) and Oceania (9,000,000 km²). Eurasia is composed of the traditional continents...


Some sheep were integrated in the family farm along with other animals such as pigs and chickens. To maintain a large herd, however, the sheep must be able to move from pasture to pasture, this required the development of a profession separate from that of the farmer. The duty of shepherds was to keep their flock intact and protect it from wolves and other predators. The shepherd was also to supervise the migration of the flock and ensured they made it to market areas in time for shearing. In ancient times shepherds also often milked their sheep, and made cheese from this milk. This article is about the pig genus. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Medium fine Merino shearing Lismore, Victoria Sheep shearing, typically just called shearing, is the process by which the woolen fleece of a sheep is removed. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... A glass of cows milk A goat kid feeding on its mothers milk Milk is the nutrient fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals (including monotremes). ...


In many societies shepherds were an important part of the economy. Unlike farmers, shepherds were often wage earners, being paid to watch the sheep of others. Shepherds also lived apart from society, being largely nomadic. It was mainly a job of solitary males without children, and new shepherds thus needed to be recruited externally. Shepherds were most often the younger sons of farming peasants who did not inherit any land. Still in other societies, each family would have a family member to shepherd its flock, often a child, youth or an elderly who couldn't help much with a harder work; these shepherds were fully integrated in society. A society is a group of people living or working together. ... “Children” redirects here. ... Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ...


Shepherds would normally work in groups either looking after one large flock, or each bringing their own and merging their responsibilities. They would live in small cabins, often shared with their sheep and would buy food from local communities. Less often shepherds lived in covered wagons that traveled with their flocks.


Shepherding developed only in certain areas. In the lowlands and river valleys, it was far more efficient to grow grains and cereals than to allow sheep to graze, thus the raising of sheep was confined to rugged and mountainous areas. In the pre-modern times shepherding was thus centred on regions such as the Land of Israel, Greece, the Pyrenees, and Scotland. Kingdom of Israel: Early ancient historical Israel — land in pink is the approximate area under direct central royal administration during the United Monarchy. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees The Pyrenees (Spanish: Pirineos; French: Pyrénées; Catalan: Pirineus; Occitan: Pirenèus; Aragonese: Perinés; Basque: Pirinioak) are a range of mountains in southwest Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I...


The shepherd's work in modern times

Shepherd with his horse and dog on Gravelly Range Madison County, Montana, August 1942.
Shepherd with his horse and dog on Gravelly Range Madison County, Montana, August 1942.

In modern times shepherding has changed dramatically. The abolition of common lands in Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth century moved shepherding from independent nomads to employees of massive estates. European expansion spread sheep around the world, and shepherding became especially important in Australia and New Zealand where flocks of 4000, or more, are tended by one person. While originally shepherding in those countries was done on the wide and open frontiers, in modern times it has become dominated by agribusiness. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (640x843, 126 KB) Shepherd with his horse and dog on Gravelly Range, Madison County, Montana, August 1942. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (640x843, 126 KB) Shepherd with his horse and dog on Gravelly Range, Madison County, Montana, August 1942. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Common land, or just common, is frequently used to describe a parcel of land, usually near the centre of towns and villages, which is thought to be owned in common by all the members of the community. ... In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in the food production chain, including farming, seed, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesaling, processing, distribution, and retail sales. ...


Wages are higher than was the case in the past. Keeping a shepherd in constant attendance can be costly. Also, the eradication of sheep predators in parts of the world have lessened the need for shepherds. In countries like Britain hardy breeds of sheep are frequently left alone without a shepherd for long periods of time. More productive breeds of sheep can be left in fields and moved periodically to fresh pasture when necessary. Hardier breeds of sheep can be left on hillsides. The sheep farmer will attend to the sheep when necessary at times like lambing or shearing.

Further information: Sheep husbandry

Australian Sheep Sheep husbandry is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep. ...

Shepherds in religion

The 5th-century Ravenna mosaic illustrates the concept of The Good Shepherd.
The 5th-century Ravenna mosaic illustrates the concept of The Good Shepherd.
Detail from The Worship of the Shepherds window at Trinity Church, Boston, designed by Edward Burne-Jones and executed by William Morris, 1882
Detail from The Worship of the Shepherds window at Trinity Church, Boston, designed by Edward Burne-Jones and executed by William Morris, 1882

Metaphorically, the term is used for God, especially in the Judeo-Christian tradition (e.g. Psalm 23), and in Christianity especially Jesus, who is called Good Shepherd. The Ancient Israelites were a pastoral people and there were many shepherds among them. It may also be worth noting that many Biblical heroes were shepherds, among them the Old Testament prophet Amos, who was a shepherd in the rugged area around Tekoa, as well as King David, and Moses. In the New Testament angels announced the birth of Jesus to shepherds. Incidentally it is uncertain if shepherds would have been "in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night" (Luke 2:8, ESV) during the winter (see Chronology of Jesus), although the traditional date for the birth of Jesus on December 25th is disputed. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1319, 368 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Shepherd Mausoleum of Galla Placidia Parable of the Good Shepherd ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1319, 368 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Shepherd Mausoleum of Galla Placidia Parable of the Good Shepherd ... Ravenna is a city and commune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... The 5th-century Ravenna mosaic illustrating the parable. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Trinity Church in Boston. ... Love Among the Ruins, by Edward Burne-Jones. ... William Morris, socialist and innovator in the Arts and Crafts movement William Morris (March 24, 1834 – October 3, 1896) was an English artist, writer, socialist and activist. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Judeo-Christian (or Judaeo-Christian) is a term used to describe the body of concepts and values which are thought to be held in common by Judaism and Christianity, and typically considered (sometimes along with classical Greco-Roman civilization) a fundamental basis for Western legal codes and moral values. ... The Lord is My Shepherd by Eastman Johnson Wikisource has original text related to this article: Psalm 23 Psalm 23 (Greek numbering: Psalm 22), sometimes known as the Shepherd Psalm because of its opening line, The Lord is my shepherd, is perhaps the best-known psalm, and perhaps the best... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The 5th-century Ravenna mosaic illustrating the parable. ... An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28 The Israelites were a group of Hebrews, as described in the Bible. ... A herder is a worker who lives a semi-nomadic life, caring for various domestic animals, especially in places where these animals wander unfenced pasture lands. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh. ... In religion, a prophet (or prophetess) is a person who has directly encountered the divine and serves as an intermediary with humanity. ... Amos was a Biblical prophet (see Amos (prophet)) and putative author of the Book of Amos. ... Tekoa (or Tekoah; Hebrew: - pitching of tents, fastening down) was a Biblical town of Judah, about 12 miles south of Jerusalem, and visible from the city. ... This page is about the Biblical king David. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Bible. ... The chronology of Jesus depicts the traditional chronology established for the events of the life of Jesus by the four canonical gospels (which allude to various dates for several events). ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ...


The same metaphor is also applied to priests, with Roman Catholic and Church of England bishops having the shepherd's crook among their insignia (see also Lycidas). In both cases, the implication is that the faithful are the "flock" who have to be tended and would have difficulty managing on their own. . ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... Crook can refer to the following: Crooking is a verb to refer to the action of creating a bend or curve; for example, crooking a finger. ... Lycidas is a major poem by John Milton, written in 1637 as a pastoral elegy, first appearing in a 1638 collection of elegies entitled Justa Edouardo King Naufrago dedicated to the memory of Edward King, a collegemate of Miltons at Cambridge who had been drowned when his ship sank...


The Great Shepherd is one of the thrusts of Biblical scripture. This illustration incompasses many ideas, including God's care for his people, His discipline to correct the wandering sheep, as well as the tendency of humans to put themselves into danger's way and their inability to guide and take care of themselves apart from the direct power and leading of God. [1]


Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, prided himself in being part of a rich tradition of prophets who found their means of livelihood as being shepherds. For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...


Lord Krishna was also a Shepherd.


See also Pashupati, Dhangar. Pashupati(Sanskrit: lord of animals) is a god associated with animals and nature. ... The Dhangar caste is primarily located in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ...


Atheists, agnostics and other freethinkers may feel that believers are expected to follow religious dogma like sheep rather than to question and reason like humans. [2] However, such an argument may not take into account other Biblical themes, such as God's invitation to man "Come, let us reason together..." (Isaiah 1:18) For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Agnosticism is the philosophical and theological view that the existence of God, gods or deities is either unknown or inherently unknowable. ... Freethought is a characteristic of individuals whose opinions are formed on the basis of an understanding and rejection of tradition, authority or established belief. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (the great apes). ...


Shepherd in popular culture

The shepherd, with other such figures as the goatherd, is the inhabitant of idealized Arcadia, which is an idyllic and natural countryside. These works are, indeed, called pastoral, after the term for herding. Shepherd Boys have been frequently imortalised in art and sculpture, among the best known being the neoclassical Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen's Shepherd Boy with Dog Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William-Adolphe Bouguereau, self-portrait (1886). ... Arcadia is a poetical name for fantasy land (having more or less the same notation as Utopia ), named after the Greek land. ... Titians The Pastoral Concert Pastoral refers to the lifestyle of shepherds and pastoralists, moving livestock around larger areas of land according to seasons and availability of water and feed. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Bertel Thorvaldsen, portrait by Karl Begas, ca. ...


The shepherd, in such works, appears as a virtuous soul because of his living close to nature, uncorrupted by the temptations of the city. So Edmund Spenser writes in his Colin Clouts Come home againe of a shepherd who went to the city, saw its wickedness, and returned home wiser, and in The Faerie Queen makes the shepherds the only people to whom the Blatant Beast is unknown. Edmund Spenser Spenser redirects here. ... Una and the Lion by Briton Rivière The Faerie Queene is a poem by Edmund Spenser, first published in 1590 (the first half) with the more or less complete version being published in 1596. ...


Many tales involving foundlings portray them being rescued by shepherds: Oedipus, Romulus and Remus, the title characters of Longus's Daphnis and Chloe, and The Winter's Tale by William Shakespeare. Child abandonment is the practice of abandoning offspring outside of legal adoption. ... Oedipus with the Sphinx, from an Attic red-figure cylix from the Vatican Museum, ca. ... This page describes the ancient heroes that founded the city of Rome. ... Daphnis and Chloe by Jean-Pierre Cortot Longus (Greek: Λόγγος) was a Greek novelist and romancer, and author of Daphnis and Chloe. ... Autolycus (1836) by Charles Robert Leslie This article is about the play by Shakespeare. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The Shepherd by Frederick Forsyth is the story of a flight from Germany to England undertaken by a young Vampire pilot one Christmas Eve. Frederick Forsyth. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ...


Actually, Shepherds didn't exist!


See also

A Sheep dog is a type of domestic dog whose original purpose was to herd or guard sheep. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... A goatherd is a person who herds goats for a living. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camelus gigas Camelus hesternus Camelus sivalensis Camels are even-toed ungulates in the genus Camelus. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Bos grunniens Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Bos grunniens grunniens Bos grunniens mutus The yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired humped domestic bovine found in Tibet and throughout the Himalayan region of south central Asia, as well as in Mongolia. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) Reindeer map The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shepherd University (121 words)
Shepherd stakeholders survey results to be announced December 6
Shepherd Stakeholders Survey Breakfast Meeting, Erma Ora Byrd Hall.
The Shepherd Rams lost to California University (PA) 58-38 on Saturday, December 1 in the quarterfinals of the NCAA Division II Play-offs.
Daily Bible Study - The Shepherd (579 words)
Shepherds were, and are, those who tend, feed, and guard flocks of sheep.
David is perhaps the best-known shepherd of Bible History (see King David and David And Goliath), however numerous other prominent Biblical people had that occupation.
He who is a hireling and not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf snatches them and scatters them.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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