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Encyclopedia > Shenzhen
Shenzhen City
深圳市
Shenzhen skyline
Location of Shenzhen within Guangdong in China
Country Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
County-level divisions 6
Township-level divisions Special Economic Zone
Settled
Area
 - Total 2,020 km² (780 sq mi)
Population (2005 end)
 - Total 8.27 million (Muncip) / 4 million (city, est)
 - Major nationalities Han
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC)
Area code(s) 755
License plate prefixes 粤B
Shenzhen
Chinese: 深圳
Cantonese Jyutping: sam1 zan3
Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn
Literal meaning: deep drains

Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern People's Republic of China, situated north of Hong Kong. Shenzhen is a center of foreign investment and since the late 1970s has been one of the fastest growing cities in the world.[1] It is also the busiest port in the PRC after Shanghai. In the past two decades, outsiders have invested more than $30 billion in Shenzhen for building factories and forming joint ventures. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Certain regions of eastern Asia, including Greater China, observe a time zone eight hours ahead of UTC (UTC+8), and currently do not observe daylight saving time. ... ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... This article is about all of the Cantonese (Yue) dialects. ... Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Hakka (Simplified Chinese: 客家话, Traditional Chinese: 客家話, Pronunciation in Hakka: Hak-ka-fa/-va, Pinyin: Kèjiāhuà) is a spoken variation of the Chinese language spoken predominantly in southern China by the Hakka ethnic group and descendants in diaspora throughout East and Southeast Asia and around the world. ... Guangdong Romanization refers to the four romanization schemes published by the Guangdong Provincial Education Department in 1960 for transliterating the Standard Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka, and Hainanese spoken varieties of Chinese. ... Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Min (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; POJ: Bân hong-giân; BUC: Mìng huŏng-ngiòng) is a general term for a group of dialects of the Chinese language spoken in the southeastern Chinese province of Fujian as well as by migrants from this province in Guangdong (around Chaozhou-Swatou... The Teochew dialect (Diō-jiu-oē, Chinese:潮州话, Hanyu Pinyin: Cháozhōuhuà, Teochiu or Tiuchiu), is a Chinese language and dialect of Minnan spoken in a region of eastern Guangdong refered to as Chaoshan. ... Guangdong Romanization refers to the four romanization schemes published by the Guangdong Provincial Education Department in 1960 for transliterating the Standard Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka, and Hainanese spoken varieties of Chinese. ... This article is about all of the Cantonese (Yue) dialects. ... Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... The Yale romanizations are four systems created during World War II for use by United States military personnel. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... Investment is a term with several closely-related meanings in finance and economics. ... This is a list of the worlds busiest container seaports. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... A joint venture (often abbreviated JV) is an entity formed between two or more parties to undertake economic activity together. ...

Contents

History

The one-time fishing village of Shenzhen, singled out by late Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping, to be the first of the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in China. It was originally established in 1979 due to its proximity to Hong Kong, then a prosperous British colony. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground of capitalism in "socialism with Chinese characteristics". Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Paramount leader (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , literally the highest leader of the country), in modern Chinese political science, unofficially refers to the political leader of the Peoples Republic of China who controls the three branches of the Chinese political system (Communist Party of China, Peoples Republic of China and... Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term itself and its relationships. ...


The location was chosen to attract industrial investments from Hong Kong since the two places are nearby each other and share the same culture. The concept proved to be a great success, propelling the further opening up of China and continuous economic reform. Shenzhen eventually became one of the largest cities in the Pearl River Delta region, which has become one of the economic powerhouses of China as well as the largest manufacturing base in the world. For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... Map of Pearl River Delta (details) The Pearl River Delta Region (PRD) in China occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl river flows into the South China Sea. ...


Shenzhen, formerly known as 'Bao'an County ' (宝安县), was promoted to prefecture level, directly governed by Guangdong province, in November 1979. In May 1980, Shenzhen was formally nominated as a "special economic zone", the first one of its kind in China. It was given the right of provincial-level economic administration in November 1988. The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ...


Shenzhen is the earliest of the five special economic zones in China. Deng Xiaoping is usually credited with the opening up of economic revival in China, often epitomized with the city of Shenzhen, which profited the most from the first legacies of Deng.


Administrative divisions

Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city. It has direct jurisdiction over six districts. A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...

Name Chinese characters (Hanzi) Hanyu Pinyin
Districts
Luohu 罗湖区 Luóhú Qū
Futian 福田区 Fútián Qū
Nanshan 南山区 Nánshān Qū
Yantian 盐田区 Yántián Qū
Bao'an 宝安区 Bǎo'ān Qū
Longgang 龙岗区 Lónggǎng Qū

Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Hán tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, rarely Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Luohu (simplified Chinese: ç½—æ¹–; traditional Chinese: ç¾…æ¹–; pinyin: luóhú; Cantonese: lÉ”4wu4) is one of the 6 districts of the Shenzhen City in Guangdong province of China. ... One of six districts in the city of Shenzhen. ... Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳; Pinyin: ShÄ“nzhèn; Hakka:cim1 zun4; Cantonese Jyutping: sam1 zan3; Yale: sām jan; Sham Chun or Shamchun in old or Hong Kong documents; lit. ...

Bao'an
Nanshan
Longgang

The Special Economic Zone comprises Luohu, Futian, Nanshan, and Yantian but not Bao'an and Longgang. Luohu (simplified Chinese: 罗湖; traditional Chinese: 羅湖; pinyin: luóhú; Cantonese: lɔ4wu4) is one of the 6 districts of the Shenzhen City in Guangdong province of China. ... Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳; Pinyin: Shēnzhèn; Hakka:cim1 zun4; Cantonese Jyutping: sam1 zan3; Yale: sām jan; Sham Chun or Shamchun in old or Hong Kong documents; lit. ... One of six districts in the city of Shenzhen. ...


Located in the centre of the SEZ and adjacent to Hong Kong, Luohu is the financial and trading centre. It covers an area of 78.89 km². Futian, where the Municipal Government is situated, is at the heart of the SEZ and covers an area of 78.04 km². Covering an area of 164.29 km², Nanshan is the centre for high-tech industries and it is situated in the west of the SEZ. Outside the SEZ, Bao'an (712.92 km²) and Longgang (844.07 km²) are located to the north-west and north-east of Shenzhen respectively. Yantian (75.68 km²) is known for logistics. Yantian Port is the second largest deepwater container terminal in China and 4th largest in the world. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Which Deepwater Are You Looking For? If you are looking for the German Heavy Rock band Deepwater, visit Deepwater Band OR If you are looking for the Integrated Deepwater System Program, the U.S. Coast Guard/Department of Homeland Security initative, commonly known as Deepwater, visit Integrated Deepwater System Program... A container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are loaded or unloaded from ships to land vehicles, for further transport. ...


Geography

The boomtown of Shenzhen is located in the Pearl River Delta. The municipality covers an area of 2,020 km² (780 sq. miles) including urban and rural areas, with a nighttime population (not including commuters) of 8,277,500, at the end of 2005. Among those, 1,819,300 had legal residence. Shenzhen is a sub-tropical maritime region, with frequent tropical cyclones in summer and early autumn, with an average temperature of 22.4°C year-round (72°F) although daytime temperatures can exceed 35°C. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Map of Pearl River Delta (details) The Pearl River Delta Region (PRD) in China occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl river flows into the South China Sea. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ...


Shenzhen was originally a mountainous area, with fertile agrarian land. However, after the introduction of special economic zone in 1979, Shenzhen underwent tremendous change in landscape. The once hilly fishing village is now replaced by mostly flat ground in downtown area, with only Lian Hua hill (Lotus Hill), Bi Jia Hill (Mount Bi Jia) and Mount WuTong the only three places that have some kind of elevation viewed from satellites. With the influx of emigrants from inland China, Shenzhen is experiencing a second stage booming, and it is now expanding peripherally and the hills in surrounding areas such as Mission Hills are now being toppled over to make land for more development. However, many areas in <Incomplete>


Shenzhen is located on the border with the Hong Kong SAR across the Sham Chun River and Sha Tau Kok River, 100 km southeast of the provincial capital of Guangzhou, and 60 km south of the industrial city of Dongguan. To the southwest, the resort city of Zhuhai is a 60 km away. Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... Sham Chun River (also Shenzhen River, Shenzhen He) (Chinese: 深圳河; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ho4; Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Hé), together with the Sha Tau Kok River, serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and mainland China. ... Sha Tau Kok River (Chinese: 沙頭角河; Hanyu Pinyin: ShātóujiÇŽo Hé), along with Sham Chun River, serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and mainland China. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhuhai waterfront Zhuhai Campus of Zhongshan University Zhuhai (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; lit. ...


Demographics

Shenzhen has seen its population and activity develop rapidly since the establishment of the SEZ. Its official population listed at around nine million (including floating residents), Shenzhen has been the fastest growing city in China for the past 30 years. However, many people think there are far more residents, mostly because they are commuters from Dongguan. However, one problem with such a rampant growth of population is the accompanied problem of people without hukou (with 70% of that number being residents without a permanent hukou), most "old" Shenzhen locals felt that the practice of freeing the city to the inland is making it less competitive with other Chinese cities. Among the reasons for this development is the cost of labour, which is substantially lower than in neighbouring Hong Kong. Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... A hùkǒu (Chinese: ) or hùjí (Chinese: ) refers to residency permits (household registration) issued in mainland China (by the Peoples Republic of China) and Taiwan (by the Republic of China). ...


There had been migration into southern Guangdong and what is now Shenzhen since the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) but the numbers increased dramatically since Shenzhen was established in the 1980s. In Guangdong, it is the only city where Mandarin is mostly spoken, with migrants from all over China. At present, the average age in Shenzhen is less than 30. Among the total, 8.49 percent are between the age of 0 and 14, 88.41 percent between the age of 15 and 59, one-fifth between 20 and 24 and 1.22 percent are aged 65 or above. Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ...

Wikipedia:Diagram needed

A diagram is needed in this article Image File history File links Diagram_Needed. ...

The population structure polarizes into two opposing extremes: intellectuals with a high level of education, and migrant workers with poor education.[2] It was reported in June 2007 that over 20 percent of China's PhD's worked in Shenzhen.[3]


According to the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce, in 2002, 7,200 Hong Kong residents commuted daily to Shenzhen for work, and 2,200 students from Shenzhen commuted to school in Hong Kong. Though neighbouring each other, daily commuters still need to pass through customs and immigration checkpoints, as travel between the SEZ and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) is restricted. Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


In late July 2003, China relaxed travel restrictions to allow individuals from the southern cities of Guangzhou and Shenzhen, as well as Beijing and Shanghai, to visit Hong Kong. Previously, mainland travelers could only visit the city as part of tour groups. (See Individual Visit Scheme) CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... ... The Individual Visit Scheme (Chinese: 自由行 (Mandarin Pinyin: zì yóu xíng; Cantonese IPA: ) in Hong Kong and Macau; 个人游 (Pinyin: gè rén yóu) in Mainland China) was begun on July 28, 2003, to allow travelers from Mainland China to visit Hong Kong and Macau on an individual basis. ...


Immigration into Shenzhen from the Chinese interior is heavily restricted by the hukou system. One consequence is that just outside of Shenzhen there are large towns consisting of a large number of migrants from the Chinese interior who attempt to enter the city.


Climate

Shenzhen is situated in the subtropical part of China, located at about the Tropic of Cancer. The weather is generally pleasant in Shenzhen, temperate and mild in the autumn; there is a bit of cool breeze in the winter, but it is just warm enough to do anything, as the South China Sea buffers its climate, so cold snaps are not common. In the spring Shenzhen is relatively dry, and then it has a hot and wet summer, occasionally hit by typhoons from the east, but the temperature rarely reaches over 35 degrees Celsius. For the novel by Henry Miller, see Tropic of Cancer (novel). ... Filipino name Tagalog: Timog Dagat Tsina (Dagat Luzon for the portion within Philippine waters) Malay name Malay: Laut China Selatan Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


Economy

Shenzhen reflection showing Shun Hing Square in center
Shenzhen reflection showing Shun Hing Square in center

In 2001, the working population reached 3.3 million. Though the secondary sector of industry had the largest share (1.85 million in 2001, increased by 5.5%), the tertiary sector of industry is growing fast (1.44 million in 2001, increased by 11.6%). Shenzhen's GDP totaled CNY 676.54 billion in 2007, up by 14.7 percent over the previous year. Its economy grew by 16.3 percent yearly from 2001 to 2005 on average. The proportion of the three industries to the aggregate of GDP was 0.3:51.6:48.1 in 2004 and 0.2:52.4:47.4 in 2005. The proportion of the tertiary industry to GDP was down by 0.7 percent.[4] Shenzhen is in the top ranks among mainland Chinese cities in terms of comprehensive economic power. It ranked fourth in GDP among mainland Chinese cities in 2001, while it ranked the top in GDP per capita during the same period. Its import and export volumes have been first for the last nine consecutive years. It is the second in terms of industrial output. For five consecutive years, its internal revenue within local budget ranks third. It also ranks third in the actual use of foreign capital.[5] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1088 KB) Photo taken by Author (David). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1088 KB) Photo taken by Author (David). ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ...


Shenzhen is a major manufacturing centre in China. One highrise a day and one boulevard every three days is one famous line referring to Shenzhen in the 1990s. With 13 buildings at over 200 metres tall, including the Shun Hing Square (the 9th tallest building in the world), Shenzhen is a marvel of lights after sunset.[6] Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ...


Shenzhen is home to some of China's most successful high-tech companies, such as Huawei, Tencent and ZTE. A number of foreign IT companies also have facilities in the city. Foxconn has a manufacturing plant based in Shenzhen where they make most of the iPods, iPhones and notebooks for Apple, Inc. It appears to be shipping a large majority of the new Intel-based machines at this stage. Lenovo, the Chinese conglomerate that bought the personal computing division of IBM in 2005, manufactures its line of ThinkPad notebook computers in Shenzhen. IBM still has a joint venture in Shenzhen manufacturing server products. Many of these foreign high-tech companies have their operations in the Science and Technology park in Nanshan District or outside the core districts where labor and land are much cheaper. In the financial sector, China Merchants' Bank, one of the largest banks in China, has its headquarters in Shenzhen. Shenzhen City Commercial Bank is also based in the city. It is expected that more foreign financial institutions will invest in Shenzhen. Huawei Technologies Co. ... QQ2006 Main User Interface QQ.coms old logo QQ.coms logo Tencent QQ, generally referred to as QQ, is the most popular free instant messaging computer program in Asia, and the world’s third most popular IM service [1]. The program is maintained by Tencent Holdings Limited (HKSE... ZTE Corporation (Chinese: 中兴通讯)(Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company Limited) SEHK: 0763, a state-owned corporation launched in 1985, is one of the largest telecommunications (GSM, 3G, WCDMA, CDMA, SDH, ADSL, IPTV, PSTN) manufacturers and wireless solutions providers in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Foxconn (富士康) is the trade name of the Taiwanese firm Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... For the Internet appliance line, see Linksys iPhone. ... Apple Inc. ... Intel redirects here. ... Lenovo Group Limited, formerly known as Legend Group Limited, is the largest personal computer manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, and as of 2004 is the eighth largest in the world. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Shenzhen City Commercial Bank (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shēnzhènshì Shāngyè Yínháng) is a commercial bank based in Shenzhen in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


In 2006, the GDP reached a record high of 568.4 billion RMB, an increase of 15% over 2005. Shenzhen's economic output is ranked fourth in mainland China, and it is comparable to that of a medium sized province in China. In 2006, Shenzhen's GDP per capita was 86190 yuan, making it the highest among Chinese mainland cities.[7] In 2007 Shenzhen was the first mainland city to break the per capita GDP of US$10,000 [8]


Shenzhen Stock Exchange

The Shenzhen Stock Exchange (the SZSE) is a mutualized national stock exchange under the China Securities Regulatory Commission (the CSRC) that provides a venue for securities trading. A broad spectrum of market participants, including 540 listed companies, 35 million registered investors and 177 exchange members, create the market. Here buying and selling orders are designed to be matched in a fair, open and orderly market, through an automated system to create the best possible prices based on price-time priority. Trading volumes have been robust. Shenzhen Stock Exchange building Shenzhen Stock Exchange building Shenzhen Stock Exchange (深圳交易所) is one of the Peoples Republic of Chinas three stock exchanges. ... The China Securities Regulatory Commission (zh: 中国证券监督管理委员会) is an institution of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... For security (collateral), the legal right given to a creditor by a borrower, see security interest A security is a fungible, negotiable instrument representing financial value. ... A stock market is a market for the trading of publicly held company stock and associated financial instruments (including stock options, convertibles and stock index futures). ...


Since its creation in 1990, the SSE has blossomed into a market of great competitive edges in the country, with a market capitalization around RMB 1 trillion (US$ 122 billion). On a daily basis, around 600,000 deals, valued US$ 807 million, trade on the SSE. Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the stock price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ...


China's securities market is undergoing fundamental changes. The implementation of the new securities law, company law, self-innovation strategy as well as the development of non-tradable share reform embodies enormous opportunities to the market. Adhering to the principle of "Regulation, Innovation, Cultivation and Service", the SSE will continue to maintain its focus on developing the Small and Medium Enterprises Board, while seeking for a loose tier market.[9] There are seven federal statutes that regulate federal securities transactions: Securities Act of 1933 Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 Trust Indenture Act of 1939 Investment Company Act of 1940 Investment Advisers Act of 1940 Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970 Categories: Stub | United... Company law refers to the law of a separate legal entities known as the company and governs the most prevalent legal models for firms, for instance limited companies (Ltd or Pty Ltd), publicly limited companies (plc) or incorporated businesses (Inc. ...


The initial public offering (IPO) activity in Shenzhen stock exchange was suspended from September 2000 as the Chinese government pondered merging its bourses into a single exchange in Shanghai and launched a Nasdaq-style second board in Shenzhen aimed at private and technology companies. IPO redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ...


Shopping in Shenzhen

Shenzhen boasts large shopping malls, including Coco Park, MixC, and Kingglory, which carry luxury retailers such as Seibu, Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Armani. For everyday purchases, citizens go to Dongmen and SEG Plaza. Seibu may refer to: Seibu Railway Seibu Department Stores This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Guccio Gucci and Gucci, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Louis vuitton was a great man he was born on fh 12 3845. ... This article is about the fashion company. ... SEG Plaza is a skyscraper located in Shenzhen, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Cityscape

The highest in Shenzhen city - Shun Hing Square
The highest in Shenzhen city - Shun Hing Square

Shenzhen is home to the world's ninth tallest building, the Shun Hing Square (Diwang Building). As people start to congest the downtown area, Shenzhen has built 23 buildings over 200 metres, mostly in the Luohu and Futian districts. The second tallest building in Shenzhen is SEG Plaza at a height of 356 meters (292 meters to roof-top). It is located in the commercial and shopping district of Hua Qiang Bei (华强北). According to Emporis, Shenzhen is ranked ninth in the world in terms of highrise buildings, and fifth best city skyline in the world. Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Luohu (simplified Chinese: ç½—æ¹–; traditional Chinese: ç¾…æ¹–; pinyin: luóhú; Cantonese: lÉ”4wu4) is one of the 6 districts of the Shenzhen City in Guangdong province of China. ... One of six districts in the city of Shenzhen. ... SEG Plaza is a skyscraper located in Shenzhen, Peoples Republic of China. ... Emporis is a real estate data company with headquarters in Darmstadt, Germany. ... For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ...


Shenzhen has some of the most audacious projects that China has ever seen, and it has been a site for China to showcase its wonder. The International Trade Center (国贸), built in 1985, was the tallest building in China when built, and the Shun Hing building was also the tallest in Asia when it was built (still the tallest steel building in the world). The International Trade Centre (ITC) is the technical cooperation agency of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). ...


Shenzhen is also the site for many tall building projects. Some of the supertalls that have been either proposed or approved are well over 400 meters. The current tallest building under construction is the 439 metre tall Kingkey Finance Tower, which will be finished in 2010. However, there are many renders of supertalls that will surpass the Kingkey Finance Tower height by 2015. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Integration with Hong Kong

Hong Kong and Shenzhen have very close business, trade and social linkages as demonstrated by the statistics presented below. Except where noted the statistics are taken from sections of the Hong Kong Government (HKG) website.[10]


As of December 2007, there are six land crossing points of the boundary between Shenzhen and Hong Kong. From west to east these are Shenzhen Bay Port road crossing (opened 1st July 2007); Huanggang to Lok Ma Chau rail connection linking SZ Metro Line 4 to KCR Lok Ma Chau Extension (opened 15th August 2007); Huanggang to Lok Ma Chau road connection; Futian to Man Kam To road connection; Luohu to Lo Wu rail connection linking KCR East Rail to SZ Metro Line 1, Shenzhen Rail Station and Luohu in general; and the Shatoujiao to Sha Tau Kok road connection.[11] Both of the rail connections require the passengers to cross the Shenzhen River on foot as there is no direct rail connection between the two cities, although the Guangzhou to Hong Kong trains pass through Shenzhen without stopping. Sham Chun River (also Shenzhen River, Shenzhen He) (Chinese: 深圳河; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ho4; Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Hé), together with the Sha Tau Kok River, serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and mainland China. ...


In 2006, there were around 20,500 daily vehicular crossings of the boundary in each direction. Of these 65 percent were goods vehicles, 27 percent cars and the remainder buses and coaches. The Huanggang crossing was most heavily used at 76 percent of the total, followed by the Futian crossing at 18 percent and Shatoujiao at 6 percent.[12] Of the goods vehicles, 12,000 per day were container carrying and, using a rate of 1.44 teus/vehicle, this results in 17,000 teus/day across the boundary,[13] while Hong Kong port handled 23,000 teus/day during 2006, excluding transshipment trade.[14]


In terms of value Hong Kong’s trade in 2006 consisted of US$333 billion of imports of which US$298 billion were re-exported. Of these figures 94 percent were associated with China.[15] Considering that 34.5 percent of the value of Hong Kong trade is associated with air freight (only 1.3 percent by weight), a very large proportion of this must be associated with China as well.[16]


Also in 2006 the average daily passenger flow through the four connections open at that time was over 200,000 in each direction of which 63 percent used the Luohu rail connection and 33 percent the Huanggang road connection.[17] Naturally, such high volumes require special handling, and the largest group of people crossing the boundary, Hong Kong residents with Chinese ethnicity, use only a biometric ID Card and a thumb print reader. As a point of comparison, Hong Kong’s Chek Lap Kok Airport, the 5th busiest international airport in the World, handled 59,000 passengers per day in each direction.[18]


Hong Kong conducts regular surveys of cross-boundary passenger movements, with the most recent being in 2003, although the 2007 survey will be reported on soon. In 2003 the boundary crossings for Hong Kong Residents living in Hong Kong made 78 percent of the trips, up by 33 percent from 1999, whereas Hong Kong and Chinese residents of China made up 20 percent in 2006, an increase of 140 percent above the 1999 figure. Since that time movement has been made much easier for China residents, and so that group have probably increased further yet. Other nationalities made up 2 percent of boundary crossings. Of these trips 67 percent were associated with Shenzhen and 42 percent were for business or work purposes. Of the non-business trips about one third were to visit friends and relatives and the remainder for leisure.[19]


Apart from the business and family trips, many Hong Kong and overseas visitors to Shenzhen go for the shopping, where goods and services are supposedly far cheaper than those in Hong Kong. However, without coming prepared knowing the prices of specific items the goods may end up being far more expensive than in Hong Kong while others are only marginally cheaper, even after a long phase of negotiating. Haggling is the process of negotiating the price of something (eg, an piece of merchandise or a service) with the intent of getting a better deal than the stated price. ...


The shopping mall most visited by day-tourists is Lo Wu Commercial City, situated close Luohu border crossing. This contains an overwhelming array of beauty parlours and stores selling clothes, handbags (usually fake-designer), fabric, jewellery and electrical goods as well as many vendors of pirated software, DVDs, counterfeit goods and mobile phones. With the number of tourists, it is also a popular location for prostitution, drugs, pickpockets and begging. However, riding two stops on the Shenzhen Metro would bring them to Lao Jie Station for the Dongmen shopping area, and four stops to Hua Qiang Bei, which are the shopping areas most favoured by locals. Luohu Commercial City (simplified Chinese: 罗湖商业城; traditional Chinese: 羅湖商業成; pinyin: luóhúshāngyèchéng) is an enclosed shopping mall located on the Shenzhen side of the Shenzhen River, right outside the entrance/exit to Luohu Immigration Control Point. ... The copyright infringement of software is often called software piracy by those seeking to reduce its incidence. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Whore redirects here. ... Hard and soft drugs are loose categories of psychoactive drugs. ... Pickpocketing is a crime, a form of larceny which involves the stealing of money and valuables off the person of a victim without them noticing. ... Beggars in Samarkand, 1905 Begging is the practice whereby a person obtains money, food, shelter or other things from people they encounter by request. ... The Shenzhen Metro (SZM, Chinese: 深圳地铁) is the underground railway in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. ...


The other reasons for Hong Kong tourists to visit Shenzhen are the restaurants from many provinces, usually at a cost of one quarter that of Hong Kong and often of superior quality, and the genuine massage and beauty parlours at about one tenth the cost of Hong Kong. However, reading and/or speaking Chinese is needed.


Future integration plans

In Section 114(1) of the policy address on 10 October 2007,[20] Donald Tsang, Hong Kong Chief Executive, stated:


“Jointly developing a world-class metropolis with Shenzhen: In my Election Platform, I have put forward the vision of developing the Hong Kong-Shenzhen metropolis and undertaken to strengthen our co-operation. My proposals met with positive responses from the Shenzhen authorities. We share a common goal and have had some preliminary exchange of views. Currently, we are discussing airport collaboration and the development of the Lok Ma Chau Loop.”


On 21 November 2007, the Shenzhen Government officially endorsed this policy and included it in the Shenzhen planning blueprint for the period up to 2020. It was announced that Shenzhen Mayor, Xu Zongheng, would visit Hong Kong in December 2007 to sign a metropolis agreement with the SAR Government.[21]


The plans were originally detailed by the Hong Kong non-governmental think tank, Bauhinia Research Foundation in August 2007, and covered such matters as financial services, hi-tech and high-end research and development, transport, environmental matters and ecology. It was claimed that Shenzhen-Hong Kong could be the third largest metropolis in GDP terms by 2020, only behind New York and Tokyo. The plan was also endorsed by the China Development Institute, a Shenzhen-based non-government think tank.[22]


Port

Situated in the Pearl River Delta in China’s Guangdong Province, Shenzhen Port is adjacent to HK. The city’s 260 km coastline is divided by the Kowloon Peninsula into two halves, the eastern and the western. Shenzhen’s western port area lies to the east of Lingdingyang in the Pearl River Estuary and possesses a deep water harbour with superb natural shelters. It is about 20 sea miles from Hong Kong to the south and 60 sea miles from Guangzhou to the north. By passing Pearl River system, the western port area is connected with the cities and counties in Pearl River Delta networks; by passing On See Dun waterway, it extends all ports both at home and abroad. The eastern port area lies north of Dapeng Bay where the harbour is wide and calm and is regarded as the best natural harbour in South China. Map of Pearl River Delta (details) The Pearl River Delta Region (PRD) in China occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl river flows into the South China Sea. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... Map of Pearl River Delta The Pearl River Delta (PRD, 珠江三角洲 pinyin: Zhū Jiāng Sānjiǎozhōu, Cantonese IPA: dzy1 gɔŋ1 sɑm1gɔk3dzɐʊ1), China, occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the river flows into the South China Sea. ...


Shenzhen handled a record number of containers in 2005, ranking as the world's fourth-busiest port, after rising trade increased cargo shipments through the southern Chinese city. Hutchison Whampoa Ltd, China Merchants Holdings (International) Co and other operators of the port handled 16.2 million standard 20-foot boxes last year, a 19 per cent increase. Hutchison Whampoa Limited (HWL, 和記黃埔有限公司), (HKSE: 0013) , of Hong Kong, is one of the largest companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. ... China Merchants Holdings (International) Company Limited is a major conglomerate involved in the manufature of paint, containers and shipping business. ...


Investors in Shenzhen are expanding to take advantage of rising volume. Hong Kong-based Hutchison, the world's biggest port operator, and its mainland Chinese partner plan to add six berths at Yantian by 2010, bringing the total to 15. The company also plans to pay its parent company HK$2.07 billion (US$265 million) for land at Shekou to expand its cargo business. Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳; Pinyin: Shēnzhèn; Hakka:cim1 zun4; Cantonese Jyutping: sam1 zan3; Yale: sām jan; Sham Chun or Shamchun in old or Hong Kong documents; lit. ... Shekou (蛇口) is an area at the tip of Nantau Peninsula in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, south of Nantau and facing Lau Fau Shan of Hong Kong across the Deep Bay. ...


Yantian International Container Terminals, Chiwan Container terminals, Shekou Container Terminals, China Merchants Port and Shenzhen Haixing (Mawan port) are the major port terminals in Shenzhen. A container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are loaded or unloaded from ships to land vehicles, for further transport. ... Shekou (蛇口) is an area at the tip of Nantau Peninsula in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, south of Nantau and facing Lau Fau Shan of Hong Kong across the Deep Bay. ...


Transportation

Shenzhen can be reached by air, train, sea, or road.


Air

Shenzhen Airport is 35 km from central Shenzhen and connects the city with many other parts of China, as well as some international destinations. It is normally cheaper for people based in Hong Kong to fly to Mainland Chinese destinations from Shenzhen than from Hong Kong, and it is usually cheaper for those based in southern Mainland China to fly out of Hong Kong to international destinations. Shenzhen airport is conveniently connected by coach directly to Hong Kong airport for a fee of ¥200 or HK$200. The airport is connected to the city by an airport bus route 330 which terminates at Hualian Dasha in Shennan Zhong Lu. Other city buses also connect with the airport, but some only turn round at the roundabout outside leaving passengers with a long walk. Shenzhen Baoan International Airport or Huangtian Airport (ICAO:ZGSZ / IATA:SZX) is located in Huangtian Village, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Train

Shenzhen Railway Station is located at the junction of Jianshe Lu, Heping Lu and Renmin Nan Lu and provides links to different parts of China. There are frequent high speed trains to Guangzhou, plus long-distance trains to Beijing, Jiujiang, Maoming, Shantou and other destinations. The train from Hong Kong's East Tsim Sha Tsui MTR station to the Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau border crossings take 43 minutes and 45 minutes respectively. Trains depart East Tsim Sha Tsui for Lo Wu every 6-8 minutes from 5:36am to 11:13pm. The border crossing at Lo Wu is open daily from 6:30am to midnight. The Lok Ma Chau border crossing closes around 10:30. Returning trains from Lo Wu to East Tsim Sha Tsui depart every 6-8 minutes from 6:38am to 12:30am. The Lok Ma Chau Trains run at 10 minute intervals. Shenzhen Railway Station (Chinese: 深圳站; Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Zhàn) is located across from Luo Hu Commercial City in the Luohu district of Shenzhen city. ... This article mainly focus on the high-speed trains, relatively, High-speed rail in China focus on the high-speed railways. ... The Clock Tower in Tsim Sha Tsui is a famous landmark of Hong Kong. ... This article is about the metro system in Hong Kong. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Lok Ma Chau or Lokmachau (落馬洲) is a place at the border of Hong Kong and Shenzhen in the northwest New Territories of Hong Kong. ...


There is another railway station located in Nanshan District, Shenzhen Xi, which is used for a small number of long distance trains, such as the one to Hefei.


The Shenzhen Metro system opened on 27 December 2004. It has two lines, one from Luohu (Lo Wu & Shenzhen railway stations) to Window of the World, and the other from Huanggang to Shaonian gong (youth palace). The Shenzhen Metro (SZM, Chinese: 深圳地铁) is the underground railway in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Window of the World entrance sign Window of the World entrance The Window of the World (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a theme park located in the western part of the city of Shenzhen in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Sea

Shenzhen is also connected by fast ferries linking Shekou, on the west edge of the SEZ with Zhuhai, Macau, Hong Kong International Airport, Kowloon, and Hong Kong Island. Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽngdÇŽo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory...


Shenzhen has sealines in its southwest and southeast, and the city is home to some of the most popular and best beaches in China. Beaches like Dameisha and Xiaomeisha are often crowded with locals and tourists. The second best beach in China[citation needed], the Xichong beach, is just one hour drive from downtown Shenzhen, and it till retains its age old natural beauties.


Road

Shennan Road
Shennan Road

Since February 2003, the road border crossing at Huanggang and Lok Ma Chau in Hong Kong has been open 24 hours a day. The journey can be made by private vehicle or by bus. On 15 August 2007, the Lok Ma Chau-Huanggang pedestrian border crossing opened, linking Lok Ma Chau Station with Huanggang. With the opening of the crossing, shuttle buses between Lok Ma Chau transport interchange and Huanggang were terminated. Huanggang (黃崗) is an area in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, opposite Lok Ma Chau of Hong Kong across the Sham Chun River. ... Lok Ma Chau or Lokmachau (落馬洲) is a place at the border of Hong Kong and Shenzhen in the northwest New Territories of Hong Kong. ... Lok Ma Chau Station Platform Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lok Ma Chau (KCR) Lok Ma Chau is the northwestern terminus in Lok Ma Chau on the Lok Ma Chau Spur Line, a branch line of the East Rail Line built to alleviate the overcrowded checkpoint between Hong Kong...


Taxis are metered and come in three colors. Red taxis may travel anywhere; green ones are restricted to outside the SEZ, and yellow ones are restricted to inside the SEZ.


There are also frequent bus and van services from Hong Kong International Airport to Huanggang and most major hotels in Shenzhen.


Tourist attractions

Although Shenzhen enjoys a good reputation for shopping and travel, some Hong Kong citizens are concerned about the relatively high crime rate in Shenzhen[citation needed]. Reports of businessmen and tourists being robbed and kidnapped in Shenzhen are not uncommon in Hong Kong newspapers.[citation needed] This graph shows the rate of non-fatal firearm-related crime in the United States from 1993 to 2003. ... Kidnapper redirects here. ... The newspapers of Hong Kong can be categorized by language: English newspapers South China Morning Post The Standard (formerly, the iMail) Eastern Express (now defunct) The three English publications are regarded as neutral towards the government and are mostly serious newspapers. ...


Shenzhen's major tourist attractions include the Chinese Folk Culture Villages, the Window of the World, Happy Valley, Splendid China, the Safari Park in Nanshan district, the Dameisha Promenade, Xiaomeisha Beach Resort in Yantian district, Zhongying Street, Xianhu Lake Botanical Garden, and Minsk World. The city also offers free admission to a number of public parks including the Lianhuashan Park, Lizhi Park, Zhongshan Park and Wutongshan Park. Shenzhen is famous for the great variety of cuisines that its numerous restaurants provide. Window of the World entrance sign Window of the World entrance The Window of the World (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a theme park located in the western part of the city of Shenzhen in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Happy Valley, Shenzhen is a sightseeing spot in Shenzhen Province, China, it consists several parts like Cartoon City, Mt. ... Splendid China is the name of two different theme parks. ... Minsk World is a military theme park located in Dapeng Bay, Shatoujiao, Shenzhen, China. ...


Most tourists, however, choose to stay in a largely expatriate and exotic residential community called Shekou, home to a large French cruise liner cemented into the ground, confiscated on drug smuggling charges. Shekou was expanded and renovated in recent years, including claiming additional land from the sea. Shekou (蛇口) is an area at the tip of Nantau Peninsula in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, south of Nantau and facing Lau Fau Shan of Hong Kong across the Deep Bay. ... Shekou (蛇口) is an area at the tip of Nantau Peninsula in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, south of Nantau and facing Lau Fau Shan of Hong Kong across the Deep Bay. ...


Colleges and universities

Shenzhen will be the host city of the 2011 Summer Universiade. Shenzhen University (SZU, 深圳大学) is a university authorized and established in 1983 by Chinese State Council and the Shenzhen Goverment. ... Shenzhen Polytechnic is an educational institute in Shenzhen. ... Peking University (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, Běidà), was established in 1898. ... {{Universiade infobox | Name = XXVI Summer Universiade | Logo = Logo 2011 su candidature shenzhen. ... The Universiade is an International multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Houston redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image:Brisbane flag. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Lomé, estimated population 700,000 (1998), is the capital of Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Nürnberg redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Tsukuba (Japanese: つくば市; -shi; from Han character 筑波) is a planned city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Gwangyang (Gwangyang-si) is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Location Position of Perm in Russia Government Country Federal district Federal subject Russia Volga Federal District Perm Krai Mayor Igor Nikolayevich Shubin Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 799. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... For other uses of TimiÅŸ, see TimiÅŸ (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... There is also a Rotherham, New Zealand , Rotherham is a town in South Yorkshire, England. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Places Reno, Nevada Reno, Pennsylvania Reno, Lamar County, Texas Reno, Parker County, Texas A valley in Italy Other Uses Reno, a Turk from the popular videogame and CG movie by Square-Enix, Final Fantasy VII. Reno a 1939 film A band named Reno Reno is a drug Reno 911! - A...

Overseas Representative Offices

The Shenzhen City Government and the Shenzhen Bureau of Trade and Industry maintain offices overseas to promote trade and investment in Shenzhen. This uniquely aggressive effort has served to attract major investment projects and helped Shenzhen-based companies expand their markets by providing free assistance and government support.

  • North American Representative Office of Shenzhen (Los Angeles)
  • Europe Representative Office of Shenzhen (based in Nuremberg)
  • Shenzhen Economic and Trade Representative Office in Japan (based in Tokyo)
  • Shenzhen Economic and Trade Representative Office in Australia (based in Sydney)
  • Additional office planned for New York.

Nürnberg redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the state. ...

References

  1. ^ Shenzhen (English). U.S. Commercial Service (2007). Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  2. ^ Shenzhen Government Online, Citizens' Life (Recovered from the Wayback Machine)
  3. ^ Shenzhen Daily 13 June 2007
  4. ^ tmcnet.com
  5. ^ sz.gov.cn
  6. ^ diserio.com top skylines
  7. ^ ShenZhen Government Online
  8. ^ SZDaily - 2007 a bumper year for Shenzhen
  9. ^ szse.cn main
  10. ^ www.gov.hk
  11. ^ HKG Monthly Digest of Statistics
  12. ^ HKG Traffic and Transport Digest
  13. ^ HKG Cross Boundary Survey 2004
  14. ^ HKG Shipping Statistics
  15. ^ HKG Trade and Industry Statistics
  16. ^ www.hongkongairport.com
  17. ^ HKG Monthly Digest of Statistics
  18. ^ www.hongkongairport.com
  19. ^ HKG Cross Boundary Survey 1999 & 2003
  20. ^ 2007-08 Policy Address - Policy Address
  21. ^ SZ-HK metropolis on agenda
  22. ^ Shenzhen 'worthy' partner for HK - china.org.cn

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Internet Archive headquarters is in the Presidio, a former US military base in San Francisco. ...

See also

All text and figures relate to mainland China only, unless stated. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Sham Chun River (also Shenzhen River, Shenzhen He) (Chinese: 深圳河; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ho4; Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Hé), together with the Sha Tau Kok River, serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and mainland China. ... Categories: Football (soccer) stubs | Chinese football clubs ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Shenzhen
  • Shenzhen Government Online
  • Shenzhen News Net
  • Shenzhen Daily - daily English printed newspaper
  • Shenzhen Wikitravel


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Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the economic and cultural centres of Germany and western Europe. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Shenzhen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3242 words)
Shenzhen is a mecca of capitalism and since the late 1970s it has been one of the fastest growing cities in China or anywhere in the world.
Shenzhen eventually became one of the largest cities in the Pearl River Delta region which is one of the economic powerhouses of China and is the largest maufacturing base in the world.
Shenzhen is a sub-tropical maritime region, with frequent typhoons in late spring and early summer, but otherwise, this city has a pleasant climate, often blessed with cool breeze at night, with an average temperature of 22.4 degrees Celsius year-round (72 degrees Fahrenheit).
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