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Encyclopedia > Shemya
Landsat image of Shemya Island.
Landsat image of Shemya Island.

Shemya or Simiya is a small island in the Semichi Islands southwest of Alaska, at 52°42′44.19″N, 174°06′49.03″E. It has a land area of 15.289 km² (5.903 sq mi). It is about 1,900 km (1,200 miles) southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Semichi Islands are three small islands in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands southwest of Alaska. ... Official language(s) none Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: Motto: Live a Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - City 5,079. ...


The Russian vessel Saint Peter and Paul wrecked at Shemya in 1762. Most of the crew survived. 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


A United States Air Force radar, surveillance and weather station and aircraft refueling station, including a 3 km (10,000 foot) long runway, opened on Shemya in 1943 and is still in operation. The station, originally Shemya Air Force Base or Shemya Station, had 1,500 workers at its peak in the 1960s. The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll. ... Weather is a term that encompasses phenomena in the atmosphere of a planet. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...


The United States Air Force airborne intelligence platform "Cobra Ball" flew Intercontinental ballistic missile tracking flights from this island near the Soviet Union, especially the Kamchatka Peninsula, during the height of the Cold War. A Minuteman III ICBM test launch from Vandenberg AFB, California, United States. ... Kamchatka is home to many volcanoes, including Avachinsky shown here. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


The station was renamed the Eareckson Air Station in 1993 to honor USAF Colonel William O. Eareckson, who had commanded bomber operations during the Aleutian Campaign of World War II. Eareckson is the name of a rocket launch site on the Aleutian Islands. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Colonel William Eric Olmstead Eareckson (1900-October 26, 1966) was an American Army Air Forces combat commander during the Battle of the Aleutian Islands. ... Combatants United States Canada Empire of Japan Commanders Thomas C. Kinkaid (navy), Francis W. Rockwell (landings), Albert E. Brown (army), Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

5 - Shemya Island
5 - Shemya Island

The station still operates as a radar station and aircraft refueling station with a staff of about 180 people. The 2000 census reported an official resident population of 27 persons on the island. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (826x478, 6 KB) Map of the Western Aleutian Islands. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (826x478, 6 KB) Map of the Western Aleutian Islands. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


One of the most recognizable features of the island is the COBRA DANE radar system (AN/FPS-108). This radar system was built in 1976 and brought on-line in 1977 for the primary mission of intelligence gathering in support of verification of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treat (SALT) II agreement. The Cobra Dane Radar is a radar installation in Shemya, Alaska initially designed to monitor for Soviet ICBMs. ...


Shemya was an important outpost during the cold war. As part of Project Bluegrass, the White Alice Communications System, provided a vital tropospheric scatter communications link to the mainland during the late-60s to late-70s. Its two 120 ft parabolic reflectors and 50 kW transmitter output bridged the nearly 400 mile gap to Adak, Alaska. Boswell Bay, Alaska White Alice Site, Tropospheric Antenna and feeder. ... Tropospheric scatter (or troposcatter) is the scattering of distant TV and FM radio stations by the troposphere so that they travel farther than the line of sight. ... Adak (IPA pronunciation: ), formerly Adak Station, is a city in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. ...


External links

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Results from Form 1 of Page Shemya/html/shemya-guestbook.htm (10798 words)
I was a linguist on Shemya from NOV 58 to NOV 59.
As Shemya was supposed to be on the other end of the "range" and everyone on top of the "Hill" knew about the "Rock" I wanted to finally see a picture of it and was it as bad as it was supposed to have been.
Was on Shemya Oct. 1968 to Oct. 1969.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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