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Encyclopedia > Shellfish
Cooked mussels
Cooked mussels

Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. Shelled molluscs include the clam, mussel, oyster, winkle and scallop; some crustaceans are the shrimp, prawn, lobster, crayfish, and crab. Squid, octopus and terrestrial snails, though edible and biologically similar to mollusc shellfish, are generally not considered to be shellfish. Some other marine animals, such as sea urchins, are also considered to be shellfish, but they are less commonly eaten. Crustacean shellfish usually "taste like chicken" with a hint of fishiness. Molluscs are rather slimy when raw, and taste more earthy or fishy. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2055x1485, 320 KB) Cooked mussels Photo taken by myself Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Mussel ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2055x1485, 320 KB) Cooked mussels Photo taken by myself Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Mussel ... Subclasses Heterodonta Palaeoheterodonta A mussel is a bivalve mollusk that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. ... Classes Caudofoveata Aplacophora Polyplacophora - Chitons Monoplacophora Bivalvia - Bivalves Scaphopoda - Tusk shells Gastropoda - Snails and Slugs Cephalopoda - Squids, Octopuses, etc. ... Classes & Subclasses Branchiopoda Phyllopoda Sarsostraca Remipedia Cephalocarida Maxillopoda Thecostraca Tantulocarida Branchiura Pentastomida Mystacocarida Copepoda Ostracoda Myodocopa Podocopa Malacostraca Phyllocarida Hoplocarida Eumalacostraca The crustaceans (Crustacea) are a large group of arthropods (55,000 species), usually treated as a subphylum [1]. They include organisms such as lobsters, crabs, shrimp and barnacles. ... Maxima clam (Tridacna maxima) Clams are shelled marine or freshwater mollusks belonging to the class Bivalvia. ... Subclasses Heterodonta Palaeoheterodonta A mussel is a bivalve mollusk that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. ... Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron, opened The name oyster is used for a number of different groups of molluscs which grow for the most part in marine or brackish water. ... A mollusk ... Genera See text. ... Superfamilies and families Alpheoidea Alpheidae - snapping shrimps Barbouriidae Hippolytidae Ogyrididae Atyoidea Atyidae Bresilioidea Agostocarididae Alvinocarididae Bresiliidae Disciadidae Mirocarididae Campylonotoidea Bathypalaemonellidae Campylonotoidae Crangonoidea Crangonidae Glyphocrangonidea Galatheacaridoidea Galatheacarididae Nematocarcinoidea Eugonatonotidae Nematocarcinidae Rhynchocinetidae Xiphocarididae Oplophoroidea Oplophoridae Palaemonoidea Anchistioididae Desmocarididae Euryrhynchidae Gnathophyllidae Hymenoceridae Kakaducarididae Palaemonidae Typhlocarididae Pandaloidea Pandalidae Thalassocarididae Pasiphaeoidea Pasiphaeidae Procaridoidea Procarididae Processoidea... Superfamilies Penaeoidea Aristeidae Benthesicymidae Penaeidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Sergestoidea Luciferidae Sergestidae Prawns are edible, shrimp-like crustaceans, belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata [1]. They are distinguished from the superficially similar shrimp by the gill structure which is branching in prawns (hence the name, dendro=tree; branchia=gill), but is lamellar... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... Families Astacoidea   Astacidae   Cambaridae Parastacoidea   Parastacidae Crayfish, sometimes called crawfish, or crawdads are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. ... Sections The term crab is often applied to several different groups of short (nose to tail) decapod crustaceans with thick exoskeletons, but only members of the Brachyura are true crabs. ... Suborders Myopsina Oegopsina Squids are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... Families 14 in two suborders, see text. ... The name snail applies to most members of the molluscan class Gastropoda that have coiled shells. ... Slate pencil urchin (cidaroid) Group of black, long-spined Caribbean sea urchins, Diadema antillarum (Philippi) Sea urchin roe. ...


Lobster in particular is a great delicacy in the United States, where families in the northeast region make them into the centerpiece of a clam bake, usually for a special occasion. Lobsters are eaten on much of the East Coast; the American lobster ranges from Nova Scotia down to about the Carolinas, but is most often associated with Maine. A typical meal involves boiling the lobster with some slight seasoning and then serving with drawn butter, baked potato, and corn on the cob. New England Clam Bake is a traditional outdoor cooking method used for festive occasions along the coastal regions of New England. ... Binomial name Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 The American lobster is a species of lobster (scientific name Homarus americanus), also known as the northern lobster, or the Maine lobster. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... The Carolinas is a collective term used in the United States to refer to the states of North and South Carolina together. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... A baked potato, also known as jacket potato, is the edible result of baking a potato. ... Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea mays ssp. ...


Clamming is done both commercially and recreationally along the Northeast coastline of America. Various type of clams are incorporated into the cuisine of New England. Notable is the soft-shelled clam, which is eaten fried or steamed, where they are called 'steamers.' Many types of clams can be used for clam chowder, but quahogs, a hard shelled clam also know as a chowder clam, are often used because the long cooking time softens its tougher meat. Clam digging is a common means by which to harvest clams from below the surface of the tidal mud flats where they live. ... The lobster, a favorite ingredient in New England cuisine. ... The fried clam was invented in Essex, Massachusetts by Lawrence Dexter Chubby Woodman on July 3, 1916 in his small village restaurant. ... This traditional New England meal is a simpler substitute for the New England clam bake. ... Soft-shell Clams, mya arenaria, popularly called steamers, softshells or longnecks, are clams that live buried in tidal mudflats most famously on the coast of New England but their range extends much farther north to Canada and to the Southern states. ... New England clam chowder. ... Quahogs (pronounced KO-hog, IPA , kwag, or kwa-HOG, IPA ), mercenaria mercenaria or venus mercenaria, are also called hard-shell clams, and by terms referring to different sizes from smallest to largest, littlenecks, cherrystones, quahogs, and chowders. The Quahog takes its name from the Narragansett Indian word poquauhock (the word...


The Chesapeake Bay and Maryland region has generally been associated more with crabs, but in recent years the area has been trying to reduce its catch of blue crabs as wild populations have been depleted. This has not, however, stemmed the demand: Maryland style crabcakes are still a well known treat in crabhouses all over the bay, though the catch now comes from points farther south. Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Binomial name Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 The blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) is a crustacean found in the waters off the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. ... A crab cake (or crabcake) is a patty made from crab meat and bread crumbs, held together with eggs and/or mayonnaise, similar to meatloaf. ...


In the Southeast, and particularly the gulf states, shrimping is an important industry. Copious amounts of shrimp are harvested each year in the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean to satisfy a national demand for shrimp. Locally, prawns and shrimp are often deep fried; in the Cajun and Creole kitchens of Louisiana, shrimp and prawns are a common addition to traditional recipes like jambalaya and certain stews. Crawdads are a well known and much eaten delicacy here, often boiled in huge pots and heavily spiced. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Shrimping is the act of fishing for shrimp. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33... Improvised looking bowl of jambalaya This article is about the food. ... Families Astacoidea   Astacidae   Cambaridae Parastacoidea   Parastacidae Crayfish, sometimes called crawfish, or crawdads are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. ...


In many major cities with active fishing ports, raw oyster bars are also a feature of shellfish consumption. When served freshly shucked (opened) and iced, one may find a liquid inside the shell, called the liqueur. This is a primary feature of the raw bar, and should be sampled, if not enjoyed. Some believe that oysters have the properties of an aphrodisiac. "Rocky mountain oysters" is a euphemism for bull testicles, as their appearance and preparation is similar. An aphrodisiac is an agent which acts on the mind and causes the arousal of the mood of sexual desire. ... Rocky Mountain oysters is a name given to a calf or bull testicles when they are served as food. ...


Jewish Kosher Law traditions forbid the eating of shellfish. A rational basis taken up by some nonreligious people is the tendency of some shellfish to feed on waste or accumulate heavy metals or toxins in their tissues. Another is that some of these dishes are consumed raw (oysters, mussels, clams and shrimp, most notably) and can make a person very ill from food poisoning. This article describes the Jewish religion; for a consideration of ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity refer to the article Jew. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Foodborne illness or food poisoning is caused by consuming food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. ...


In Japan, chefs often use shellfish in sushi and other seafood dishes, and as well as roe. In sushi, shellfish is popular both cooked and raw. In Japanese cuisine, sushi (Japanese: is a food made of vinegared rice combined with various toppings or fillings. ... Salmon roe at the Shiogama seafood market in Japan Look up Roe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Roe is the fully ripe egg masses of fish and certain marine invertebrates, such as sea urchins and shrimp. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Living with a Shellfish Allergy on MedicineNet.com (211 words)
If you suffer from a shellfish allergy, strictly avoiding shellfish and food containing shellfish is the only way to prevent a reaction.
If your doctor is able to identify exactly which type of shellfish causes your allergies, then you only need to eliminate that type of shellfish from your diet.
For the majority of shellfish allergy sufferers, however, this is not an option and all shellfish must be avoided.
US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Various Shellfish-Associated Toxins (1153 words)
Shellfish poisoning is caused by a group of toxins elaborated by planktonic algae (dinoflagellates, in most cases) upon which the shellfish feed.
The 20 toxins responsible for paralytic shellfish poisonings (PSP) are all derivatives of saxitoxin.
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is a foodborne illness caused by consumption of shellfish or broth from cooked shellfish that contain either concentrated saxitoxin, an alkaloid neurotoxin, or related compounds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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