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Encyclopedia > Shaykh of Sufism

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Usul al-fiqh

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Murshid is the teacher and guide to his disciples (Mureedh). ... A Pir (Persian: پیر) meaning Old Man. ... Peer-E-Tariqat, (known as pir in the subcontinent) is a term to designate a leader/head of the Sufi order, this would be an Islamic Holy man or a fakir as known as in the subcontinent. ... Uṣūl al-fiqh (Arabic: ‎ ) is a term which literally translates to the roots of the law and refers to the study of the origins, sources, and practice of Islamic jurisprudence. ...

Fiqh
Ahkam
Scholarly titles
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A Shaykh of Sufism is a Sufi who is authorized to teach, initiate and guide aspiring dervishes. There are several types of such Shaykh. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Quran and Sunnah is an often quoted Islamic term regarding the sources of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Mujtahid is an Islamic scholar, competent independently to interpret divine law in practical situations using Ijtihad, or independent thought. ... Madhhab or Mazhab (Arabic مذهب pl. ... Minhaj is the Arabic word for methodology. ... In Sunni Islamic jurisprudence, Qiyas is the process of analogical reasoning from a known injunction (nass) to a new injunction. ... Urf العرف is an Arabic Islamic term referring to the custom, or knowledge, of a given society, leading to change in the fiqh فقه (Islamic jurisprudence). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ijmāʿ (إجماع) is an Arabic tern referring to the consensus of the ummah, the community of Muslims, those practicing Islam, or of the ulema, those learned in the relevant topic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... An ijazah is a certificate used primarily by Muslims to indicate that one has been authorized by a higher authority to transmit a certain subject or text of Islamic knowledge. ... Istihlal (Arabic: ) is a term used in Islamic jurisprudence, or fiqh, to refer to the act of regarding some action as permissible, or halaal; the implication is that such a regard is an erroneous and improper distortion of Islamic law. ... Istihsan is an Arabic term for juristic preference and is one of the methods of reasoning for understanding the sources of shariah and itjihad. ... For other uses, see Risala (disambiguation). ... In Islamic context, the Ahkam (أحكام) are rulings and orders of the Quran and Sunnah. ... Halaal (حلال, halāl, halal) is an Islamic Arabic term meaning permissible. In English it is most frequently used to refer to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Mubah is an Islamic Arabic term denoting an action as neither forbidden nor commended; neutral. ... Acts and substances which should be evaded by muslims. ... harām (Arabic: حرام Ḥarām, Turkish: Haram, Malay: Haram) is an Arabic word, used in Islam to refer to anything that is prohibited by the faith. ... Fard also farida (فرض obligation, duty) is an Islamic Arabic term which denotes a religious duty. ... Fard also farida (arabic فرض obligation, duty) is an Islamic term which denotes a religious duty. ... Batil is an Arabic word meaning falsehood, and can be used to describe a nullified or invalid act or contract according to the sharia. ... A term in Islam. ... A marja, or marja-e-taqleed (Arabic and persian مرجع تقليد), literally source of imitation or source of tradition, is the second highest authority on religion and law in Shia Islam after the prophet and (Shia) Imams. ... Ulema (, translit: , singular: , translit: , scholar) (Islamic clergy) refers to the educated class of Muslim scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studies. ... A Mufti (Arabic: مفتى ) is an Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia), capable of issuing fataawa (plural of fatwa). // Role of a Mufti in governments In theocracies like Saudi Arabia and Iran, and in some countries where the constitution is based on sharia law, such... Qadi (قاضى) is an Arabic term meaning judge. ... A Faqih is an expert in fiqh, or, Islamic jurisprudence. ... Muhaddith is an Islamic title, referring to one who profoundly knows and narrates hadiths, the chains of their narration (saneed), and the original and famous narrators. ... See also Akhoond, alternate title for such an individual Shaykh Categories: | | | | | ... Look up imam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Maulvi (also spelled: Moulvi, Mawlawi and Mawlvi Persian: مولوی) is an honorific Islamic religious title often, but not exclusively, given to Sunni Muslim religious scholars or Ulema preceding their names, similar to the titles Maulana, Mullah or Shaykh. ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... Shaikh (Arabic: شيخ ), meaning elder of a tribe, lord, revered old man, or Islamic scholar. ... Ayatollah redirects here. ... A Mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد), in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who, Muslims believe, is sent by god in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar. ... Maulana is a title of respect, technically reserved for Muslim scholars or Ulema (plural of Aalim) who are knowledgable about Islam and have studied under a scholar or at a religious institution, e. ... Shaikh (شيخ, also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh or Sheikh) is a word in the Arabic language meaning an elder or a revered old man. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • A Shaykh of barakah (blessing). This can, for example, be someone who inherits leadership of a group of Sufis, who although he does not have the spiritual standing of a genuine Shaykh of Tarbiyah (Instruction) nevertheless has a blessing in that by holding to him his followers have unity and community, as is in the Noble Hadith, "The hand of Allah is with the group (jama'ah)."
  • A Shaykh of Ahwal (states). This is a shaykh who has genuine tasting of the states of Sufism and can transmit them.
  • A Shaykh of Tarbiyah (instruction). This is properly the correct usage of the term Shaykh according to the Sufis. This is the realised gnostic ('arif) of Allah, who has been granted idhn (permission and authorisation) by Allah and the Prophet Muhammad, to lead the followers of the path of Sufism to knowledge of Allah. This idhn is not to be confused with ijazah (authorisation) granted by a Shaykh or a scholar to a student to teach. Even if all of the scholars and shaykhs granted their ijazah to a student, he would still not be a Shaykh of Instruction until he had the idhn of Allah and His Messenger.

The customary position with the people of Sufism, particularly in the Shadhili and the Darqawi tariqah, is that a person will not be a shaykh without having had a background in the basic disciplines of the Qur'an and Sunna. This is the position of Imam Junayd. However, in unusual circumstances there have been exceptions to this rule, among them the famous wali of Allah, Shaykh Abd al-Aziz ad-Dabbagh [1] of Fez, and in the Darqawi tariqah, the Shaykh Sidi al-'Arabi ibn al-Huwari from whom Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib took the tariqah, and most famously Shaykh Ahmad al-Alawi, a master of Sufism whom all accept without reservation. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Allah (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Allah (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... An ijazah is a certificate used primarily by Muslims to indicate that one has been authorized by a higher authority to transmit a certain subject or text of Islamic knowledge. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The difinition on Sunna is __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Did what__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. ... Look up imam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Junayd ibn Muhammad Abu al-Qasim al-Khazzaz al-Baghdadi (830-910) was one of the great early mystics, or Sufis, of Islam. ... Ahmad ibn Mustafa al-Alawi (1869–14 July 1934), (Arabic: أحمد بن مصطفى العلاوي), was the founder of one of the most important modern Sufi Muslim orders, the Darqawiyya Alawiyya, a branch of the Shadhiliyya. ...


Necessary qualifications of a Shaykh

The basic requirements for a person to be a Sufi Shaykh are as follows.

  1. He understands the primacy of the Qur'an and Sunna.
  2. He is a good muslim
  3. He is not satisfied with his spiritual station or state.
  4. He must be trained in the sufi path by another qualified shaykh and must have been with the latter for enough to time to absorb his state and attitude towards religion.
  5. He must be authorised and he must have an unbroken chain of masters linking him back to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
  6. He must have the Aqida of Ahlul Sunna wal Jama'ah.
  7. He must be a Faqih and be knowledgeable in one of the four Madhabs.
  8. He must know the stages of the Sufi path like fana, baqa, marifa experientially.

The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The difinition on Sunna is __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Did what__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. ... Aqidah is an Islamic creed. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Madhhab(مذهب) (Madhahib, pl) is an Islamic term that refers to a school of thought or religious jurisprudence (fiqh) within Sunni Islam. ...

External links

  • ourworld.compuserve.com
  • Introduction by Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib as presented to his Diwan
  • What does a Shaykh do in Tasawwuf and Tazkiyah A blog of a prominent Shaykh of Sufism, Tasawwuf and Tazkiyah
  • Shaykh Abdalqadir As-Sufi [2]

See also

Related topics on
Sufism


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Philosophy Practices Orders Famous medieval Sufis Famous modern Sufis See also
IhsanLataif
Cosmology
TajalliNoor
MaqaamHaal
ManzilYaqeen
FanaaBaqaa
Dhikr
Muraqaba
Sama
Qawwali
Sufi whirling
Hadhra
ChishtiJerrahi
Darqawi
NaqshbandiQadri
OveyssiGalibi
SuhrawardiyyaRifa'i
MevleviShadhili
Oveys Gharani • Hassan Basri
BayazidJazouliJunayd
Ghazali • Jilani • Ibn Arabi
Hallaj • Rumi • SaadiAttar
Suhrawardi • Data Gunj
Gharib NawazAmir Khusro
Rabia • Baba FaridKabir
Alf SaniShah WaliullahBhittai
Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha
Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu
Shaykh Abdalqadir As-Sufi[[3]]
Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha
Idries ShahOmar Ali Shah
Muhammad al-Maliki • Hisham Kabbani
Kabir HelminskiInayat Khan
Shamsuddin AzeemiReshad Feild
Akram AwanNuh Ha Mim Keller
History
Sufi texts
Sufi poetry
Sufi Music
Sufi studies
Shrines

 
 

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