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Encyclopedia > Shayetet 13
Shayetet 13
Active 1948–Present
Branch Israeli Sea Corps
Type Naval Commando
Garrison/HQ Atlit
Nickname השייטת (HaShayetet, The Flotilla)

Shayetet 13 (Hebrew: שייטת 13‎, lit. Flotilla 13) is the Israel Defense Forces naval commando elite special forces (SF) unit. The unit (S-13) is considered one of the top-three SF units in Israel (along with Sayeret Matkal - the General Staff Reconnaissance Unit - and Shaldag Unit - the Air Force commando unit). S-13 is the unit that specializes in maritime hostage rescue and counter-terrorist missions[1]. Only a handful of Shayetet 13 missions have been publicized or otherwise missions publicly attributed to the unit. Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The naval ensign of Israel The Israeli Sea Corps (Hebrew: חיל הים הישראלי) is the naval arm of the Israel Defense Forces, operating primarily in the Mediterranean Sea in the west and to the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, and Gulf of Suez in the south. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... Atlit is a small sea side village in Israel near Haifa. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ... The Israeli General Staff (Hebrew: המטה הכללי של צהל), abbreviated Matkal (מטכל), is the supreme command of the Israel Defense Forces. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... A hostage crisis is a situation created by militants or terrorists wherein they take over a building full of people and then: (a) hold them till their demands or met, or (b) hold them until someone they respect tells them to stop or they decide to surrender, or (c) are... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ...

Contents

Founding

S-13 is one of the most veteran Israeli SF units. It was formed in 1949 by Yohai Ben-Nun and was based upon the Naval Brigade of the Haganah - the Jewish resistance movement during the British Mandate in Palestine. In the unit's early years, there was a debate in the IDF regarding the need for such a unit so S-13 was small and with low budget. In 1960, S-13 existence was first made public and its operators received their renowned bat-winged insignia rather than a general Israeli Navy insignia worn until then[1]. Yohai Ben-Nun Yohai Ben-Nun (17 December 1924 - 6 June 1994) was the sixth commander of the Israeli Sea Corps. ... The Haganah (Hebrew: Defense, ×”×’× ×”) was a Zionist para-military organization in Palestine during the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948. ... The Jewish resistance movement were several attempts of resistence of the Jewish people against Nazi Germany leading up to and through World War II. Due to the careful organization and overwhelming military might of the Nazi German State and its supporters, many Jews were unable to resist the killings. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ...


Combat history

The Six Day War

The breakout of the Israeli-Arab Six Day War in 1967 found the unit undertrained. Several of the unit's missions during the war failed, the most noticeable one was on May 6 1967, when six operators were captured and taken as POW during a covert mission. S-13 POWs were released more than six months later in January 1968[2]. The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ...


The War of Attrition

In 1969, the unit received another blow as three operators were killed and ten more were badly injured during the Green Island raid. In the 1970s the unit had undergone rebuilding with more focus placed on sea-to-land incursions and on effective training. More issues rose with other IDF SF units, which at the time suggested that that S-13 should only provide the transportation to the target and assistance in crossing water obstacles, while leaving the surface warfare to the other IDF SF units[2]. Operation Bulmus 6, also known as the Green Island Raid, was a military raid conducted by special operations units of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) against an Egyptian early warning radar and ELINT station located on a small island in the Gulf of Suez on the night of July 19...


Operation Spring of Youth

S-13 took part in Operation Spring of Youth of 1973 in which Israeli SF raided Beirut secretly overnight and killed some of the members of Black September, which had carried out the Munich Massacre of Israeli athletes in the Munich 1972 Summer Olympics[3][4]. Operation Spring of Youth took place on the night of April 9 and early morning of April 10, 1973. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... A Black September terrorist on a balcony in the Olympic Village in September 1972, during what became known as the Munich Massacre, in which 11 Israeli athletes were kidnapped and killed. ... The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization. ... The Games of the XX Olympiad were held in 1972 in Munich, West Germany. ...


Lebanon war

From the early 1980s, the unit became increasingly involved in the Lebanon conflict, demonstrating an excellent track record of dozens of successful operations each year, without casualties. Typical missions at the time were interdiction of terrorists' vessels, blowing up enemy headquarters and key facilities, conducting ambushes and planting explosives in terrorist routes[2]. On September 8, 1997, the unit suffered a major blow during a raid in Lebanon, when it was caught in a Hezbollah ambush and 11 of its soldiers were killed, including the unit commander[3]. Belligerents Hezbollah Israel South Lebanon Army Casualties and losses 1282 250 IDF, 1000 SLA During the 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict Hezbollah waged a guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces occupying Southern Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ...


The al-Aqsa Intifada

S-13 warriors during the Tyre raid.
S-13 warriors during the Tyre raid.

During the al-Aqsa Intifada, S-13 soldiers were not limited to naval operations and took part in ground counter terror operations deep within the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. S-13 has performed hundreds of operations, including the arrest and/or killing of many militants of the Hamas, Islamic Jihad and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, considered worldwide as terrorists due to their involvement in suicide bombings. S-13 still performs naval operations. It earned high acclaim due to the capture of three Palestinian ships which smuggled illegal weapons: Karin A, Santorini and Abu-Yusuf. The takeover of Karin A in particular was considered a highly difficult operation and it was conducted flawlessly. In 2002 and in 2003, S-13 won the Chief-of-Staff award for successful counter terror operations[5]. Combatants Israel Hezbollah Casualties 8 wounded (according to IDF) 7 dead (+1 Lebanese soldier) A nighttime Israeli Defense Forces frogmen, Shayetet 13 raid on Tyre, South Lebanon, on August 5, 2006 targeted the Hezbollah cell responsible for the rocket attack on Hadera the day before. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Ḥamas (; acronym: , or Ḥarakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement) is a democratically-elected Palestinian Sunni Islamist[1] militant organization and political party which currently holds a majority of seats in the legislative council of the Palestinian Authority. ... Islamic Jihad (Arabic: ‎, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) is a terrorist Islamist group based in the Syrian capital, Damascus. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... The Karin A (also Karine A) was a 4,000 ton freighter intercepted by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) on January 3, 2002 carrying a wide variety of weapons. ... The Santorini is or was a ship which was captured in 2002 by the Israeli Shayetet 13 (13th Flotilla (Naval Commando Unit)). See http://www. ...


The Second Lebanon War

During the 2006 Lebanon War, S-13 raided Tyre[6]. Belligerents Hezbollah Amal[1] LCP[2] PFLP-GC[3] Israel Commanders Hassan Nasrallah Imad Mughniyeh Dan Halutz Moshe Kaplinsky[4] Udi Adam Strength 600-1,000 active fighters 3,000-10,000 reservists[5] Up to 10,000 ground troops. ... Combatants Israel Hezbollah Casualties 8 wounded (according to IDF) 7 dead (+1 Lebanese soldier) A nighttime Israeli Defense Forces frogmen, Shayetet 13 raid on Tyre, South Lebanon, on August 5, 2006 targeted the Hezbollah cell responsible for the rocket attack on Hadera the day before. ...


Controversy

In recent years, it was discovered that S-13 veterans had high occurrence of cancer, probably due to training in the polluted Kishon River and Haifa Bay. A commission for investigating the matter did not find statistical evidence that the diving in the Kishon caused the cancer. However, Minister of Defence, Shaul Mofaz, decided to compensate the divers' families in spite of the commissions' findings[3]. Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Kishon River is a river in Israel that flows into the Mediterranean Sea at the city of Haifa. ... Haifa Bay Haifa Bay is a small bay along the Mediterranean coast of Northern Israel. ... Defense Ministers of Israel, 1948-present David Ben-Gurion 1948-1954 Pinhas Lavon 1954-1955 David Ben-Gurion 1955-1963 Levi Eshkol 1963-1967 Moshe Dayan 1967-1974 Shimon Peres 1974-1977 Ezer Weizman 1977-1980 Menachem Begin 1980-1981 Ariel Sharon 1981-1983 Moshe Arens 1983-1984 Yitzhak Rabin... Shaul Mofaz during a meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld on November 10, 2003. ...


References

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • mikeytwo (Contributor). Shayetet-13 assault on Tyre, Lebanon.. Retrieved on 2007-12-07. Event occurs at 99 seconds.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


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The S-13 (shorthand for "Shayetet 13") is considered one of the top-three SF units in Israel (along with Sayeret Matkal (the General Staff Special Unit) and Sayeret Shaldag (the air force special unit)).
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Shayetet 13 (שייטת 13) is the Israeli naval commando elite special forces unit.
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The Shayetet (13) is an elite infantry recon unit (Sayeret) which operate on land, air and sea.
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