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Encyclopedia > Shaw Air Force Base
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F-16CJ Fighting Falcon taking off from Shaw AFB as part of enforcing the northern "no fly" zone in Iraq.
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F-16CJ Fighting Falcon taking off from Shaw AFB as part of enforcing the northern "no fly" zone in Iraq.

Shaw Air Force Base is a United States Air Force facility in Sumter, South Carolina. Download high resolution version (1200x857, 138 KB)An F-16 C/J Fighting Falcon flown by a pilot from Shaw Air Force Base, S.C., takes off during an Operation Northern Watch mission here. ... Download high resolution version (1200x857, 138 KB)An F-16 C/J Fighting Falcon flown by a pilot from Shaw Air Force Base, S.C., takes off during an Operation Northern Watch mission here. ... Jump to: navigation, search F-16 Fighting Falcon over Iraq The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern multi-role jet fighter aircraft built in the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aviation branch of the United States armed forces. ... Sumter is a city located in Sumter County, South Carolina. ...


Shaw AFB is the headquarters of the Ninth Air Force and home of the 20th Fighter Wing, whose mission is to provide, project, and sustain combat-ready air forces. The wing operates the 55th, 77th, and 79th Fighter Squadrons. The 20th, as the host wing, also retains the responsibility for providing facilities, personnel, and material for the operation of Shaw. The wing staff includes: Inspector General, command post, judge advocate, safety, public affairs, historian, comptroller, manpower and organization, military equal opportunity office, and the chapel program. After beginning life in the United States as a numbered air support command, this establishment became the major tactical air force in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. Ninth Air Force first entered combat in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, then moved to R.A.F Burtonwood... Inspector General is a fact finding officer whose responsibility is to investigate charges of corruption, fraud, waste and abuse and other complaints regarding government officials. ... Judge Advocate Generals Corps, also known as JAG, is the judicial arm of the United States armed forces, consisting of autonomous departments in the Air Force, Army and Navy. ...


History

Construction began at Shaw Field on June 27, 1941. Lt. Col Burton M. Covey Jr. became the first base commander on August 30, 1941. The base was named in honor of 2d Lt. Erwin David Shaw, one of the first Americans to fly combat missions in World War I. Shaw, a Sumter County native, died after three enemy aircraft attacked his Bristol while he was returning from a reconnaissance mission. He downed one of his attackers before he perished. Jump to: navigation, search June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... Sumter County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Jump to: navigation, search Bristol is an English city and county and one of the three administrative centres of South West England (the others being Plymouth and Exeter). ...


As one of the largest flying fields in the United States, Shaw Field’s first task was to train cadets to fly. The first group of cadets entered training December 15, 1941, and the last basic class graduated March 9, 1945. The basic flying school at Shaw Field had trained more than 8,600 service members to fly in AT-6s and AT-10s. When the mission changed, P-47 Thunderbolts arrived to replace the basic trainers, and pilots began coming to Shaw for fighter transition training until the end of the war. Jump to: navigation, search December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The T-6 Texan was a single-engine, advanced trainer aircraft designed by North American Aviation and used to train fighter pilots of the USAAF, US Navy, Royal Air Force and other air forces of the British Commonwealth during World War II. The Texan is known by a variety of... The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, or Jug as it was known, was one of the main US Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters of World War II. The P-47 was a big, rugged, overbuilt aircraft that was effective in air combat but proved particularly useful as a fighter-bomber. ...


For a brief time, Shaw Field also served as a prisoner-of-war camp. The first group of German POWs arrived on March 1, 1945. Eventually, 175 of them lived in an encampment near Shaw Field’s main entrance and worked on local farms. They departed in the early months of 1946. Jump to: navigation, search March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Following World War II, the 20th Fighter-Bomber Group arrived at Shaw Field with its P-51 Mustang fighters. The unit later swapped its Mustangs for Shaw’s first jet aircraft, the P-84 Thunderjet. The name of the installation changed to Shaw Air Force Base on January 13, 1948. By that time, the 20th Fighter Wing was the host organization. Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... Jump to: navigation, search The North American P-51 Mustang was a successful long range fighter aircraft which entered service in the middle years of World War II. The definitive version of the single-seat fighter was powered by a single two-stage supercharged V-12 Merlin engine and armed... The F-84 Thunderjet was an American built fighter-bomber aircraft made by the Republic Aviation Company. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing transferred from Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, on April 1, 1951, and doubled the activity at Shaw AFB. By November, however, the 20th Fighter-Bomber Wing transferred to Langley AFB and the 363d became the parent wing at Shaw. Headquarters Ninth Air Force arrived at Shaw from Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina, September 1, 1954. Langley Air Force Base in Hampton, Virginia is home of Air Combat Command. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Senators John Warner (R) George Allen (R) Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... After beginning life in the United States as a numbered air support command, this establishment became the major tactical air force in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. Ninth Air Force first entered combat in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, then moved to R.A.F Burtonwood... Pope Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force Base in Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Tar Heel State; Old North State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley (D) Senators Elizabeth Dole (R) Richard Burr (R) Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Jump to: navigation, search September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1954(MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Along with the jet age came the opportunity for the pilots of the 363d to set a new world speed record. On November 27, 1957, four RF-101 Voodoos assigned to Shaw lifted off the runway from Ontario County Airport in California. The planes headed for New York and a place in history. The flight, known as Operation Sun Run, successfully broke the transcontinental flight record. The trip took three hours and seven minutes at a record speed of 781.74 mph. A jet is a stream of fluid produced by discharge through an orifice into free space. ... Jump to: navigation, search November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was a supersonic military aircraft flown by the USAF and the RCAF. Initially designed as a long-range bomber escort (known as a penetration fighter) for the Strategic Air Command, the Voodoo served in a variety of other rolls, including the fighter bomber, all-weather... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² or 54,556 square miles (27th)  - Land...


In the autumn of 1962, the pilots of the 363d played a major part in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Utilizing their RF-101s for low-altitude photoreconnaissance missions, they helped identify and track activities at Cuban missile sites, airfields, and port facilities. In awarding the wing the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its achievements, President John F. Kennedy said, "You gentlemen have contributed as much to the security of the United States as any group of men in our history." Jump to: navigation, search 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Cuban Missile Crisis was a tense confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States over the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. ... Jump to: navigation, search John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to as Jack Kennedy or JFK, was the 35th President of the United States (1961–1963). ...


Reference

This article includes content from Shaw AFB Website's history page.


External links

  • Shaw AFB, SC Public Website
  • Ninth Air Force web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shaw Air Force Base - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (650 words)
Shaw AFB is the headquarters of the Ninth Air Force and home of the 20th Fighter Wing, whose mission is to provide, project, and sustain combat-ready air forces.
The base was named in honor of 2d Lt. Erwin David Shaw, one of the first Americans to fly combat missions in World War I.
Shaw, a Sumter County native, died after three enemy aircraft attacked his Bristol while he was returning from a reconnaissance mission.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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