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Encyclopedia > Sharpshooter (professional wrestling)
Bret Hart applying the Sharpshooter on Shawn Michaels.

The Sharpshooter, originally named Sasori-gatame and in english Scorpion Hold, is a professional wrestling submission hold. The move is also known by the names reverse figure four, cloverleaf leg-lace crab, grapevine boston crab, Grapevine crab, Scorpion Deathlock, and despite its original scorpion hold name, the move is still commonly known by its Bret Hart-given nickname The Sharpshooter, The hold was invented by Riki Chōshū. Image File history File links Sharpshooter. ... Image File history File links Sharpshooter. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965) is an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring name Shawn Michaels. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Boston crab The Boston crab is a professional wrestling hold that typically starts with the opponent laying back-first on the mat, with the wrestler standing and facing them. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Mitsuo Yoshida(吉田光雄), better known by his stage name Riki Choshu(長州力), is a Korean Japanese professional wrestler who is most known for his longtime work in New Japan Pro Wrestling as a wrestler and a booker. ...


The hold begins with the opponent supine on the mat with the applying wrestler stepping between the opponent's legs with his/her left leg and wraps the opponent's legs at shin level around that leg. Holding the opponent's legs in place, the wrestler then steps over the opponent, flipping him over into a prone position before leaning back to compress the legs.


The main objective of the Sharpshooter is to put pressure on the lower back. However, most users of the submission hold often attack their opponent's legs rather than the lower back, to prevent the opponent from blocking the hold.

Contents

Variations

Through the many methods of performing the Sharpshooter (other than the usual method), it has been demonstrated that the Sharpshooter can be performed from virtually anywhere.


While Bret Hart is the wrestler with whom the Sharpshooter is synonymous, it was actually Sting who first popularized the move in the United States while working for WCW. Called the "Scorpion Deathlock", Sting used the move as his submission finisher throughout his career, particularly during the era when Hart was still a tag team wrestler (with the Hart Foundation) and not using the Sharpshooter in any of his matches. The one notable difference between both wrestlers' use of the move is that Sting would cross his opponent's legs over his own right leg, while Hart would use his left leg. Sting Sting (real name Steve Borden; born March 20, 1959 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a professional wrestler who has wrestled with several wrestling leagues, such as NWA, WCW, and NWA:TNA since the early 1980s. ... The Hart Foundation was a collective name used by various stables in the World Wrestling Federation. ...


The move's most popular name in North America, Sharpshooter, was made popular by the World Wrestling Federation star Bret "The Hitman" Hart. Konnan originally taught him the Sharpshooter.[1] Hart originally referred to the move as the Scorpion Deathlock.[1] World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Charles Ashenoff (sometimes seen Hispanicized as Carlos Ashenoff), (born June 6, 1964 in Santiago de Cuba) better known by his ring name, Konnan, is a semi-retired American professional wrestler and rapper of Cuban and Puerto Rican descent. ...


The Rock's version of The Sharpshooter sees him hooking an opponents legs at the ankles instead of at shin-level (as most users do). Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ...


Edge uses an inverted version of the Sharpshooter dubbed the Edgecator. This variation sees the wrestler starting off the move as a normal Sharpshooter, but after crossing the opponent’s legs over their own, the wrestler does not mount the opponent, instead remaining to the side of the opponent with the opponent’s legs hooked around the wrestler's own leg. Adam Joseph Copeland (born October 30, 1973), is a Canadian professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment, under the ring name Edge, wrestling on its SmackDown! brand where he is the current World Heavyweight Champion. ...


Bret Hart alone has demonstrated various methods of performing the Sharpshooter - most notably when an attacking wrestler performs a leg drop to the chest which Bret will block, cross their legs and flips them onto their stomach while he stands up, thus completing the move. Hart first used this block/reversal in his now-classic encounter with Curt Hennig at Summerslam 1991. Sean Waltman performs a leg drop on Shark Boy A Leg drop or Legdrop refers to an attack used in professional wrestling in which an attacking wrestler will jump and land his leg across a fallen opponents chest, throat or face. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ...


At SummerSlam 1997 during the main event for the WWF Championship, Bret Hart performed an altered version of the Sharpshooter in which utilized the corner ringpost (tying his opponent The Undertaker's legs around the ring post and proceeding to compress his legs). Variation was actually a figure-four leglock in which the user (Bret Hart) entrapped The Undertaker's legs around a ringpost. SummerSlam 1997 was the tenth annual SummerSlam professional wrestling pay-per-view event from the World Wrestling Federation. ... The World Wrestling Entertainment Championship or WWE Championship or WWE Heavyweight Championship, formerly known as the WWF Championship and WWWF Championship as the company name changed, is the top prize in the WWE, though exclusive to its Smackdown! brand since August 26, 2002 while the World Heavyweight Championship is exclusive... For the Combichrist song, see Everybody Hates You Mark Calaway (born March 24, 1965[2][3]) is an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring name The Undertaker. ...


Reversals

There are four main ways to counter or escape the Sharpshooter:

  • Breaking out of the Sharpshooter: The opponent proceeds to "regain" strength within his body and uses it to "break free" from the Sharpshooter.
  • Reversal: Performed by Bret Hart on many occasions, the opponent trapped in the Sharpshooter would grab his opponents foot/leg and proceed to pull him off balance. Once off balance and on the mat, they would then cross the wrestler's legs and create a Sharpshooter of their own.
  • Blockage: A simple and most common method of reversing the Sharpshooter - the opponent would block the wrestler's foot when trying to perform the sharpshooter.
  • Flip: If the wrestler who is applying the maneuver is not too close to the ground, the victim can flip under the wrestler, thus going back into the second stage of the sharpshooter. There the wrestler who has reversed the maneuver can kick his adversary off.

Users

This hold was first popularized by New Japan Pro Wrestling star Riki Chōshū, who invented the hold and called it the Sasori-gatame (Scorpion hold), so named because the move bends the wrestler's legs over his back in a shape that resembles a scorpion's tail. New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ... Mitsuo Yoshida(吉田光雄), better known by his stage name Riki Choshu(長州力), is a Korean Japanese professional wrestler who is most known for his longtime work in New Japan Pro Wrestling as a wrestler and a booker. ... Superfamilies Pseudochactoidea Buthoidea Chaeriloidea Chactoidea Iuroidea Scorpionoidea See classification for families. ...


In North America, Ted DiBiase was actually the first to use it, as his finisher in the WWF/WWE before the Million Dollar Dream. It was first popularized by Sting in the National Wrestling Alliance and later World Championship Wrestling, under the name Scorpion Deathlock. Steve Borden (born March 20, 1959), better known as Sting, is an American professional wrestler, currently wrestling for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). ... National Wrestling Alliance logo The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is the largest governing body for a group of independent professional wrestling promotions and sanctions various NWA championships. ... World Championship Wrestling (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion which existed from 1988 to 2001. ...

  • Other wrestlers to use the Sharpshooter:

Christopher Adams (also known as Christopher Loofboro) (February 10, 1955 – October 7, 2001) was a professional wrestler, wrestling promoter, trainer and judoka. ... Christopher Michael Benoit (IPA: ) (May 21, 1967 – June 24, 2007) was a Canadian professional wrestler who performed in Extreme Championship Wrestling, World Championship Wrestling, and World Wrestling Entertainment. ... Owen James Hart (May 7, 1965 – May 23, 1999) was a Canadian professional wrestler who was most known for his time in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). ... Scott Antol (born March 1, 1969 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American professional wrestler, best known for his appearances with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) as Scotty Riggs and with Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) as Scotty Anton. ... Petey Williams (born August 26, 1981) is a Canadian professional wrestler. ... Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965) is an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring name Shawn Michaels. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Lance Timothy Evers (born April 3, 1969), known professionally by his ring name Lance Storm, is a semi-retired Canadian professional wrestler. ... Categories: American professional wrestlers | Professional wrestling stubs ... Mick McManus (born January 11, 1928) is a former English professional wrestler. ... Wildcat Chris Harris is a professional wrestler currently working for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. ... Steven James Williams (born Steven Anderson on December 18, 1964)[2] better known by his ring name Stone Cold Steve Austin, is an American actor and former professional wrestler. ... Ron Garvin Roger Barnes (better known as Ron Garvin) was a professional wrestler and referee. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Bret Hart. WWE - Bret "Hitman" Hart: The Best There Is, The Best There Was, The Best There Ever Will Be [DVD]. World Wrestling Entertainment.

See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  • Bret Hart. WWE - Bret "Hitman" Hart: The Best There Is, The Best There Was, The Best There Ever Will Be [DVD]. World Wrestling Entertainment.

 
 

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