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Encyclopedia > Sharing
Look up Sharing in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Sharing is the joint use of a resource. In its narrow sense, it refers to joint or alternating use of an inherently finite good, such as a common pasture or a timeshared residence. In a broader sense, it can also include the free granting of use rights to a good that is capable of being treated as a nonrival good, such as information. Still more loosely, "sharing" can actually mean giving something as an outright gift: for example, to "share" one's food really means to give some of it as a gift. Look up share on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A timeshare is a form of vacation property ownership. ... A nonrival good in economics is one where one partys use of the good does not diminish anothers access to it or benefit from it. ...


Sharing figures prominently in gift economies, but also can play a significant role in market economies, for example in car sharing. A gift economy is an economic system in which goods and services are given without any explicit agreement for immediate or future quid pro quo. ... A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system. ... Car sharing is a system where a fleet of cars (or other vehicles) is owned by a company or cooperative, which are available for use by members of the car share. ...


The issue of handling shared resources figures prominently in computer science: for example time-sharing is an approach to interactive computing in which a single computer is used to provide apparently simultaneous interactive general-purpose computing to multiple users by sharing processor time. Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Alternate uses: see Timesharing Time-sharing is an approach to interactive computing in which a single computer is used to provide apparently simultaneous interactive general-purpose computing to multiple users by sharing processor time. ... This article is about the machine. ...


Sharing is a key feature in the developing field of free software and open source software, with implications for economics. This is leading to a need to review licensing, patents and copyright, and to controversy in these areas, as well as new approaches like Creative Commons and the GPL. Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project, the Linux kernel mascot Tux, and the BSD Daemon Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only... ... How to obtain a amature radio licence differs from country to country. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a government to an inventor or applicant for a limited amount of time (normally maximum 20 years from the filing date, depending on extension). ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ... The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ...


References

  • Yochai Benkler, Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production, Yale Law Journal, Vol. 114, 273-358 (PDF)
  • Bruce Perens (2005). "The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source". Retrieved October 25, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Share (697 words)
Share is an audience measurement term that identifies the percentage of television households with sets in use which are viewing a particular program during a given time period.
Share is a comparative tool; it allows station and network executives to determine how well their programs are doing when compared with competing programs on other broadcast or cable channels.
Share measures the percentage of TV viewers who are actually watching a particular program, while the rating for a program calculates the percentage of all television households--both those using TV and those not using TV.
Share - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (150 words)
Share (finance), a stock or other security such as a mutual fund.
Share International, a new religious movement founded by the British painter Benjamin Creme.
Network share, a file storage area that is available over a computer network.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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