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Encyclopedia > Shard London Bridge
Shard London Bridge
Information
Location 32 London Bridge Street
Status Proposed
Height
Antenna/Spire 305.78 metres (1,016 feet)
Roof 305.78 metres (1,016 feet)
Technical details
Floor count 75
Floor area 111,400 m²
Companies
Architect Renzo Piano
Developer Sellar Property Group

The Shard London Bridge, also known as London Bridge Tower, the Shard of Glass and 32 London Bridge is a supertall skyscraper approved for construction in London. Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... Southwark Towers, London Southwark Towers is a skyscraper near London Bridge station, in Southwark, London. ... Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 342 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2566 × 4500 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church in San Giovanni Rotondo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Design and planning

Initial proposals were drawn up by Broadway Malyan, but towards the end of 2000 the Italian architect Renzo Piano was brought in to rethink the scheme. It would replace Southwark Towers, a 24-storey office building which was completed in 1976. The tower would stand 310 metres (1,016 feet) tall and have 72 floors, plus further radiator floors in the roof, making it the tallest building in the country. After a lengthy public inquiry, it was granted full planning permission in November 2003. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church in San Giovanni Rotondo. ... Southwark Towers, London Southwark Towers is a skyscraper near London Bridge station, in Southwark, London. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... In the politics and government of Commonwealth countries such as Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, a public inquiry is an official review of events or actions ordered by the government. ... Main article: Town and Country Planning in the United Kingdom Planning permission or planning consent is the permission required in the United Kingdom in order to be allowed to build on land, or change the use of land or buildings. ...


The tower was announced with the hope that it would be the tallest building in Europe on completion, surpassing Frankfurt's Commerzbank Tower, which at 259 metres (849 ft) had been the tallest building in Europe since 1997. The Commerzbank has since been surpassed in height by two Moscow skyscrapers, Triumph-Palace and Naberezhnaya Tower, both of which the Shard would, in turn, surpass. However, since 2000, there have been three tall skyscrapers in Moscow to begin contruction that would rise higher than the Shard, including the 612-metre (2,009 ft) Russia Tower. Still, if completed on schedule, the Shard London Bridge may become the tallest building in the European Union. However, the Tour Generali, a 318-metre (1,043 ft) skyscraper in La Défense of the Paris region, has since been approved, and would receive the title of tallest building in the European Union should it be completed prior to the Shard. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...   (German: , English: American English: ) is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a mid-2007 population of 663,567. ... View of Commerzbank Tower from the top of Main Tower The Commerzbank Tower at night Commerzbank Tower is a skyscraper located in Frankfurt, Germany. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Triumph palace and the typical Soviet block of flats Triumph-Palace, view from Peschanaya Street Triumph-Palace is the name of an apartment building in Moscow. ... Naberezhnaya Tower Naberezhnaya Tower (Russian: ) is a class A office complex consisting of 3 individual office buildings underconnected to each other via their first basement floor totalling approximately 150,000 square meters of rentable area (measured according to BOMA) of office and retail space and located on plot 10 in... Russia Tower Russia Tower - skyscraper in the territory of Moscow, whose building they plan to complete in 2012. ... The tour Generali (Generali Tower) is a commercial skyscraper set to be constructed in the business quarter of La Défense in Courbevoie (Hauts-de-Seine, France). ... La Défense viewed across the Bois de Boulogne. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,012 km² Population (Ranked 1st)  - January 1, 2006 est. ...


Another London skyscraper, the Bishopsgate Tower, was submitted for planning permission in London and was originally proposed to exceed the height by one metre. However, the scheduled height of the Bishopsgate Tower has now been reduced, so Shard London Bridge could once again become London's tallest occupied building if construction goes ahead. By way of comparison, Britain's tallest free-standing structure is the Emley Moor tower at 330.4 metres, and the tallest man-made structure of any kind in Britain (and the EU) is the Belmont mast at 385 metres. Artists rendering of the Bishopsgate Tower, and some of the other towers planned for London Another rendering, showing the view from London Bridge. ... Map showing the location of Emley Moor within West Yorkshire. ... The Belmont transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility, situated next to the B1225, one mile west of the village of Donington on Bain, near Market Rasen and Louth in Lincolnshire, England (grid reference TF217837). ...


Piano, the project's architect, has compared his design to "a shard of glass" - he considers the slender, spire-like form of the tower a positive addition to the London skyline and believes that its presence will be far more delicate than opponents of the scheme allege. He proposes a sophisticated use of glazing, with expressive facades of angled panes intended to reflect light and the changing patterns of the sky, so that the form of the building will change according to the weather and seasons.[citation needed]


In addition to the tower, there would also be major improvements to the concourse and facilities of London Bridge station. These would include shops, offices and flats as well as a museum and a public piazza. A hotel, to be operated by Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts as their first European location, would be expected to take up around a fifth of the available space. A large pre-let for office space in the tower has been agreed in principle by Transport for London. London Bridge station is a National Rail and London Underground station in the London Borough of Southwark, which occupies a large area on two levels, immediately south-east of London Bridge and 1. ... A piazza is an open square in a city, often used as a marketplace, found in Italy. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Transport For London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system throughout Greater London in England. ...


Another notable feature of the building would be a public viewing gallery at the top. This would be expected to draw over 2 million visitors a year, around the same number as those visiting the London Eye. In addition, a shorter building known as London Bridge Place will be built nearby. This will replace the current London Bridge House and the combined sites will create what will be known as The London Bridge Quarter. The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel in London, England. ...


Construction

Work was expected to begin in 2005. However, PricewaterhouseCoopers, the firm who held a long-term lease on Southwark Towers, was not willing to vacate for some time and remained in the building until August 2007. As of early September 2007, preparations for the demolition of Southwark Towers[1] had begun, but later in the month, turbulence in the financial markets was reported to have put the construction phase of the project into jeopardy.[2] Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A former PwC office building (Southwark Towers) in London, England. ... Southwark Towers, London Southwark Towers is a skyscraper near London Bridge station, in Southwark, London. ... August 2007 is the eighth month of that year. ... September 2007 is the ninth month of that year. ... Southwark Towers, London Southwark Towers is a skyscraper near London Bridge station, in Southwark, London. ...


In late September 2007, it was reported that the Halabi Family Trust (one of the main backers of the project along with CLS and Sellar Property Group) was going to be forced to sell its stake.[3]


In November 2007, building contractor Mace won the deal to build the Shard at a fixed price of at least £350m. The deal was driven by the breakdown in relationships between the Halibi Trust and their partners.[citation needed]


In January 2008 it was announced that a consortium of Qatari investors had paid £75m to secure an 80% stake and take control of the project. The new owners have promised to provide the first tranche of finance, meaning construction of the tower can now begin. The consortium includes QInvest, Qatar National Bank, Quatari Islamic Bank and the developer Barwa Real Estate. The deal involves a buyout of the Halabi and CLS stakes, and part of the Sellar Property stake.[4]


Demolition of Southwark Towers is now well underway. Demolition will be completed by Mid 2008, with a topping out expected in 2010, and completion by the end of 2011.


The London Bridge Business Improvement District (BID) Company have established a construction support group to help and advise London Bridge based businesses during the construction of the Shard London Bridge and other buildings, including 7 More London. [1]


See also

Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... The Beetham Tower also known as Jumeirah Tower, is a skyscraper being planned for the South Bank, London. ... For other places with the same name, see Southwark (disambiguation). ... 30 St. ... A list of the tallest structures in Great Britain. ...

Notes

  1. ^ ‘Imagine that you are on level 80 and you want a sandwich. How long will that take you?’ - Building
  2. ^ London's tallest skyscraper grounded by global credit crunch - Telegraph
  3. ^ Shard bankers give Halabi 10 days to sell - Business News, Business - Independent.co.uk
  4. ^ FT.com / Companies / UK - Qataris back London's 'Shard'

References

  • Powell, Kenneth; "New London Architecture", (2001, Hugh Merell, London), pp. 218–219.

External links

Coordinates: 51°30′17″N, 0°05′12″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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