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Encyclopedia > Shanghai
Shànghǎi Shì
上海市
A view of Pudong skyline, October 2007.
Location within the People's Republic of China
Location within the People's Republic of China
Coordinates: 31°13′49.5″N 121°28′13.21″E / 31.230417, 121.4703361
Country People's Republic of China
County-level divisions 18 districts, 1 county
Township-level divisions 220 towns and villages
Settled (Huating County) AD 751
Incorporated (Shanghai Town) AD 991
Incorporated (Shanghai County) 1292
Government
 - Type Municipality
 - CPC Municipal Secretary Yu Zhengsheng (俞正声)
 - Mayor Han Zheng (韩正)
Area [1][2]
 - City 7,037.50 km² (2,717.2 sq mi)
 - Land 6,340.50 km² (2,448.1 sq mi)
 - Water 697 km² (269.1 sq mi)
 - Urban 5,299.29 km² (2,046.1 sq mi)
 - Chongming 1,041.21 km² (402 sq mi)
Elevation [3] m (13 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 18,670,000
 - Density 2,945/km² (7,627.5/sq mi)
 - Urban 13,447,000
  City & density 2006
Time zone Beijing Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 200000 – 2021000
Area code(s) +86/21
GDP (2006)
 - Total ¥1,029.7 billion
 - Per capita ¥56,733
HDI (2005) 0.909
Regional dialect Wu: Shanghainese
License plate prefixes 沪A, B, D, E
沪C (outer suburbs)
City flower Yulan magnolia
(Magnolia denudata)
Website: www.shanghai.gov.cn
This article contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Shanghai (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Shànghǎi; Shanghainese: /zɑ̃'he/; abbreviation: ; nickname: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the People's Republic of China and the eighth largest in the world.[4] Widely regarded as the citadel of China's modern economy, the city also serves as one of the nation's most important cultural, commercial, financial, industrial and communications centers. Administratively, Shanghai is a municipality of the People's Republic of China that has province-level status. Also, Shanghai is one of the world's busiest ports, and became the largest cargo port in the world in 2005.[5] Shanghai can mean: Shanghai - the city 2197 Shanghai - Asteroid 1965 YN named after the city Shanghai (verb) Shanghai (song) - a 1951 popular song recorded by Doris Day Shanghai solitaire Slingshot Shanghai, West Virginia, United States A Shanghai is also the nickname for a 120 checkout (treble 20, single 20, double... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: PÇ”dōng XÄ«n QÅ«), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Made by uploader. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Events Pippin the Short is elected as king of the Franks by the Frankish nobility, marking the end of the Merovingian and beginning of the Carolingian dynasty. ... Events Battle of Maldon Sweyn I of Denmark recovers his throne Births Deaths Theophanu, empress, mother of Otto III Emperor Enyu of Japan Categories: 991 ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Yu Zhengsheng (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: born 1945) is the current CPC party chief in Shanghai, China, a post which makes him first-in-charge of Chinas largest city. ... Han Zheng (韩正) (born April 1954) is the current mayor of Shanghai. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Chongming County (崇明县, pinyin: Chóngmíng Xiàn) is the only county under the jurisdication of Shanghai, China. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... China Standard Time or Beijing Time is the time zone observed in Mainland China. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... ISO 4217 Code CNY User(s) Mainland of the Peoples Republic of China Inflation 1. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, in order of their Human Development Index (HDI). ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Binomial name Magnolia denudata Yulan magnolia, Magnolia denudata, is native to central and eastern China. ... Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Hán tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, sometimes Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... Yangtze River Delta The Yangtze River Delta (Chinese 长江三角洲/長江三角洲 chángjiāng sānjiÇŽozhōu) or Yangtze Delta, generally comprises the triangular-shaped territory of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province. ... East China Charter Township is a charter township located in St. ... This page lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas of the world, ranked by population. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ...


Originally a fishing town, Shanghai became China's most important city by the twentieth century and was the center of popular culture, intellectual discourse and political intrigue during the Republic of China era. After the communist takeover in 1949, Shanghai languished due to heavy central government taxation and cessation of foreign investment, and had many of its supposedly "bourgeois" elements purged. Following the central government's authorization of market-economic redevelopment of Shanghai in 1992, Shanghai has now surpassed early-starters Shenzhen and Guangzhou, and has since led China's economic growth. Some challenges remain for Shanghai at the beginning of the 21st century, as the city struggles to cope with increased worker migration, a huge wealth gap, and environmental degradation. Despite these challenges, Shanghai's skyscrapers and modern lifestyle are often seen as representing China's recent economic development. Popular culture (or pop culture) is the widespread cultural elements in any given society that are perpetuated through that societys vernacular language or lingua franca. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Combatants Kuomintang of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War (traditional... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets (though completley useless to some dumbasses) guided by a free price system. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 20XX redirects here. ... Chinas peaceful rise (Chinese: 中国和平崛起; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo hépíng juéqǐ) is a foreign policy doctrine mentioned increasingly by the Peoples Republic of China in the early 21st century. ...

Contents

Origin of name

Shanghai
Chinese:

The two Chinese characters in the name "Shanghai" (see left) literally mean "up, on, or above" and "sea". The local Shanghainese pronunciation of Shanghai is /zɑ̃.'he/, while the Standard Mandarin pronunciation in Hanyu Pinyin is Shànghǎi. The earliest occurrence of this name dates from the Song Dynasty (11th century), at which time there was already a river confluence and a town with this name in the area. There are disputes as to how the name should be interpreted, but official local histories have consistently said that it means "the upper reaches of the sea" (). However, another reading, especially in Mandarin, also suggests the sense of "go onto the sea," which is consistent with the seaport status of the city. The more poetic name for Shanghai switches the order of the two characters, i.e., Haishang (), and is often used for terms related to Shanghainese art and culture. In the West, Shanghai has also been spelled Schanghai (in German), Sjanghai (in Dutch), Xangai (in Portuguese) and Changhaï (in French), but since the 1990s the Hanyu Pinyin spelling of "Shanghai" has become universal in the West. Image File history File links Shanghaikanji. ... Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Image File history File links Zh-Shanghai. ... Wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... Northern Wu Romanization Scheme. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Hán tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, sometimes Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... This article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of...


Shanghai's abbreviations in Chinese are (沪) and Shēn (). The former is derived from the ancient name Hu Du () of the river now known as Suzhou Creek. The latter is derived from the name of Chunshen Jun (), a nobleman of the Chu Kingdom () in the 3rd century BC whose territory included the Shanghai area and has locally been revered as a hero. Sports teams and newspapers in Shanghai often use the character Shēn (申) in their names. Shanghai is also commonly called Shēnchéng (, "City of Shēn"). Suzhou Creek (Chinese: 苏州河; Pinyin: SÅ«zhōu Hé; Wade-Giles: Su-chou-ho; literally Suzhou River) is a river in China that passes through the Shanghai city centre. ... State of Chu (small seal script, 220 BC) Chu (楚) was a kingdom in what is now southern China during the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BCE) and Warring States Period (481-212 BCE). ... The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ...


The city has had various nicknames in English, including "Paris of the East", "Queen of the Orient", and even "The Whore of Asia", a reference to the widespread corruption, vice, drugs, and prostitution in the 1920s and 1930s.


History

Main article: History of Shanghai

1888 German map of Shanghai History of Shanghai // Shanghai was founded in the 10th century. ...

Pre-nineteenth century

Before the formation of Shanghai city, Shanghai was part of Songjiang county (), governed by Suzhou prefecture (). From the time of the Song Dynasty (AD 960–1279), Shanghai gradually became a busy seaport, outgrowing its original political jurisdictions. For instance, Songjiang () today is one of 18 districts within Shanghai. This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... The zhōu (州) was a historical political division of China. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Songjiang (松江; pinyin: Sōngjiāng; Wade-Giles: Sungkiang) can refer to: Songjiang District, a county-level division of Shanghai, China Before the forming of Shanghai city, Shanghai was called Songjiang county, a part of Suzhou city Songjiang, a former province of China, with capital at Harbin. ...

German map of Shanghai from 1888
German map of Shanghai from 1888

A city wall was built in AD 1553, which is generally accepted as the start of the city of Shanghai. However, before the nineteenth century, Shanghai was not considered a major city of China. Therefore, compared to most other major Chinese cities today, there are few ancient Chinese landmarks to be found in the city. The few cultural landmarks to be found are very ancient and typically date to the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. This is mostly due to the fact that present-day Shanghai is within the historic cultural center of the Wu Kingdom (AD 222–280). Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Shanghai ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Shanghai ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... // Events June 26 - Christs Hospital in London gets a Royal Charter July 6 - Edward VI of England dies July 10 - Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England - for the next nine days July 18 - Lord Mayor of London proclaims Queen Mary as the rightful Queen - Lady Jane Grey... The history of China is told in traditional historical records that refer as far back as the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors about 5,000 years ago, supplemented by archaeological records dating to the 16th century BC. China is one of the worlds oldest continuous civilizations. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... The Kingdom of Wu (Chinese: 吳, pinyin: wú) refers to a nation and several states throughout Chinese history of around the same region in China. ...


During the Qianlong era of the Qing Dynasty, Shanghai became an important regional port for the Yangtze and Huangpu rivers. It also became a major seaport for the nearby Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, although overseas commerce was still forbidden at that time. A historically important area of this era is Wujiaochang (场) (now in the Yangpu District), the foundation of the city center. Around the end of the Qianlong era, Shiliupu () (now in the Huangpu District) became the largest port in East Asia. The Qianlong Emperor (September 25, 1711–February 7, 1799) was the fifth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ...   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal map spelling: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yangpu District (杨浦区), meaning Willow Bank, is one of the 19 districts in Shanghai. ... Huangpu (黄浦), or sometimes also called New Huangpu, is one of Shanghais 18 districts. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ...


Nineteenth to early twentieth century

The importance of Shanghai grew radically in the 19th century, as the city's strategic position at the mouth of the Yangtze River made it an ideal location for trade with the West. The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...


During the First Opium War in the early 19th century, British forces temporarily held Shanghai. The war ended with the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing, which saw the treaty ports, Shanghai included, opened for international trade. The Treaty of the Bogue signed in 1843, and the Sino-American Treaty of Wangsia signed in 1844 together saw foreign nations achieve extraterritoriality on Chinese soil, which officially lasted until 1943 but was essentially defunct by the late 1930s. From the twenties to the late 30s Shanghai was a so-called 'sin city'. Gangsters wielded a great deal of power and ran casinos and brothels. Combatants Qing China British East India Company Commanders Daoguang Emperor Charles Elliot, Anthony Blaxland Stransham The First Opium War or the First Anglo-Chinese War was fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing Empire in China from 1839 to 1842 with the aim of forcing China to import British... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Signing of the Treaty of Nanjing The Treaty of Nanking (Chinese: 南京條約, Nánjīng Tiáoyuē) is the treaty which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and Empire of China. ... Treaty ports were port cities in China, Japan and Korea opened to foreign trade by the so-called Unequal Treaties, i. ... The Treaty of the Bogue is an additional agreement between the United Kingdom and China that came one year after the earlier Treaty of Nanjing settlement. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Sino-American Treaty of Wanghia (Traditional Chinese: 中美望廈條約; Simplified Chinese: 中美望厦条约; Pinyin: ) is the first diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history, signed on July 3, 1844. ... Jan. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ... Twenties- commonly understood to be the years of a persons life between turning twenty and, then, thrity. ... For other uses, see Sin City (disambiguation). ... Gangsters are members of a professional crime organization, i. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ...


The Taiping Rebellion broke out in 1850, and in 1853 Shanghai was occupied by a triad offshoot of the rebels, called the Small Swords Society. The fighting destroyed the countryside but left the foreigners' settlements untouched, and Chinese arrived seeking refuge. Although previously Chinese were forbidden to live in foreign settlements, 1854 saw new regulations drawn up making land available to Chinese. Land prices rose substantially. Combatants Qing Empire United Kingdom France (United Kingdom and France join the war later) Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Commanders Xianfeng Emperor Tongzhi Emperor Empress Dowager Cixi Charles George Gordon Frederick Townsend Ward Hong Xiuquan Yang Xiuqing Xiao Chaogui Feng Yunshan Wei Changhui Shi Dakai Li Xiucheng Strength 2,000,000-5... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Triad (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Triad Society) or (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Black Society, a general term for criminal organizations) is a term that describes many branches of Chinese underground society and/or organizations based in Hong Kong and Macau and also operating in Taiwan, mainland... Small Swords Society, or Xiao Dao Hui was a political and military organisation active in Shanghai, China and neighbouring areas during the Taiping Rebellion (commonly known in the West as the Boxer Rebellion). ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Jiujiang Road, Shanghai, 1920s
Jiujiang Road, Shanghai, 1920s

1854 also saw the first annual meeting of the Shanghai Municipal Council, created in order to manage the foreign settlements. In 1863, the British settlement, located along the western bank of the Huangpu river to the south of Suzhou creek (Huangpu district), and American settlement, located on the western bank of the Huangpu river and to the north of Suzhou creek (Hankou district) joined in order to form the International Settlement. The French opted out of the Shanghai Municipal Council, and instead maintained its own French Concession, located to the south of the International Settlement. Citizens of many countries and all continents came to Shanghai to live and work during the ensuing decades; those who stayed for long periods — some for generations — called themselves "Shanghighlanders". In the 1920s and 1930s, almost 20,000 so-called White Russians and Russian Jews fled the newly-established Soviet Union and took up residence in Shanghai. Shanghai Russians then constituted the second-largest foreign community in Shanghai (after the Japanese) and played an important role in the economic and cultural life of the city. Image File history File links Shanghai1920s. ... Image File history File links Shanghai1920s. ... Established in 1863, the Shanghai Municipal Council was the governing body which administered the combined British and American concessions in Shanghai, known as the International Settlement. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The European and American elite of the International Settlement in Shanghai called themselves the Shanghighlanders. ... The White movement, whose military arm is known as the White Army (Белая Армия) or White Guard (Белая Гвардия, белогвардейц&#1099... The Russian consulate by Suzhou Creek. ...

This terrified baby was the only person left alive in Shanghai's South Station after a Japanese bombing run during the Battle of Shanghai in August 1937.[6]

The Sino-Japanese War fought 189495 over control of Korea concluded with the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which saw Japan emerge as an additional foreign power in Shanghai. Japan built the first factories in Shanghai, which were soon copied by other foreign powers to effect the emergence of Shanghai industry. Shanghai was then the most important financial center in the Far East. Under the Republic of China, Shanghai was made a special city in 1927, and a municipality in May 1930. The Japanese Navy bombed Shanghai on January 28, 1932, nominally in an effort to crush down Chinese student protests of the Manchurian Incident and the subsequent Japanese occupation of northeast China. The Chinese fought back in what was known as the January 28 Incident. The two sides fought to a standstill and a ceasefire was brokered in May. The Battle of Shanghai in 1937 resulted in the occupation of the Chinese administered parts of Shanghai outside of the International Settlement and the French Concession. The International Settlement was occupied by the Japanese on 8 December 1941 and remained occupied until Japan's surrender in 1945. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Shanghai South Railway Station (上海南站) is a railway and metro station in the city of Shanghai. ... Combatants National Revolutionary Army, Republic of China Imperial Japanese Army, Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng Heisuke Yanagawa, Iwane Matsui, Hasegawa Kiyoshi Strength 600,000 troops in 75 divisions and 9 brigades, 200 airplanes 300,000 troops in 8 divisions and 6 brigades, 500 airplanes, 300 tanks... Japan and Qing China fought the First Sino-Japanese War (or the Qing-Japanese War) during 1894 and 1895, primarily over control of Korea. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... The Shunpanrō hall where the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed The Treaty of Shimonoseki (Japanese: 下関条約, Shimonoseki Jōyaku), known as the Treaty of Maguan (T. Chinese: 馬關條約, S. Chinese: 马关条约;) in China, was signed at the Shunpanrō hall on April 17, 1895 between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Special city refers to Special cities of Korea Former name for municipalities of China This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... One aspect of the Manchurian Incident (January 1931) was an engagement of the Imperial Japanese Army with Chinese forces. ... Combatants Republic of China, 19th Route Army, 5th Army Empire of Japan, Imperial Japanese Army, 2nd Independent Tank Company, Shanghai Expeditionary Force Commanders 19th Route Army: Jiang Guangnai (Chinese: 蔣光鼐), 5th Army: Zhang Zhizhong (Chinese: 張治中) Commander: Yoshinori Shirakawa (Japanese: 白川義則), Chief of staff: Kanichiro Tashiro (Japanese: 田代皖一郎) Strength 50,000 90,000 Casualties... Combatants National Revolutionary Army, Republic of China Imperial Japanese Army, Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng Heisuke Yanagawa, Iwane Matsui, Hasegawa Kiyoshi Strength 600,000 troops in 75 divisions and 9 brigades, 200 airplanes 300,000 troops in 8 divisions and 6 brigades, 500 airplanes, 300 tanks... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Jewish asylum during World War II

In the 1930s and early 1940s, over 20,000 European Jews fleeing Nazi persecution found refuge in Shanghai, one of the few places in the world that allowed their entry at that time. The Sephardic Jewish community, which was well-established in Shanghai, helped these new immigrants to find jobs and shelter in the foreign settlements of Shanghai. However, under pressure from their Nazi allies, the Japanese required the European Jewish refugees to move to a section in the northeast part of the city that became known as the Shanghai ghetto in Shanghai's Hongkou District. As in the internment camps where other foreigners were interned in Shanghai during the war, conditions were poor; hunger, disease and abuse by the Japanese occupiers took the lives of many. Language(s) Yiddish, Hebrew, Russian, English Religion(s) Judaism Related ethnic groups Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, and other Jewish ethnic divisions Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (Standard Hebrew: sing. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... The Shanghai ghetto was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkou District of Japanese-occupied Shanghai, where about 20,000 Jewish refugees[1] lived during World War II, having fled from Nazi Germany, Austria, Poland and Lithuania. ... Hongkou (Chinese:虹口; pinyin:hóngkÇ’u) is a northern district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Communist rule

On May 27, 1949, Communist Party of China controlled People's Liberation Army took control of Shanghai. It was one of the only two former Republic of China (ROC) municipalities not merged into neighbouring provinces over the next decade (the other being Beijing). It underwent a series of changes in the boundaries of its subdivisions, especially in the next decade. is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Peking redirects here. ...


In 1949, most foreign firms moved their offices from Shanghai to Hong Kong. Specifically North Point is where the largest concentration of emigrants would be found. One of the first actions taken by the communist party was to clean up the portion of the population that were considered counter-revolutionaries. Mass executions took place with thousands slaughtered in the hands of the communist party. Places such as the Canidrome would transform from a greyhound racetrack/ballroom to a mass execution facilities[7][8]. North Point is a mixed-use urban area on the north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong, between Causeway Bay and Quarry Bay. ... Outside of the Canidrome 1930s The Shanghai Cultural Plaza precinct (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is an area in Shanghais Luwan District, in the former French Concession of Shanghai, China. ...


During the 1950s and 1960s, Shanghai became an industrial center and center for revolutionary leftism. Yet, even during the most tumultuous times of the Cultural Revolution, Shanghai was able to maintain high economic productivity and relative social stability. In most of the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC), Shanghai has been the largest contributor of tax revenue to the central government compared with other Chinese provinces and municipalities. This came at the cost of severely crippling Shanghai's infrastructure and capital development. Its importance to China's fiscal well-being also denied it economic liberalizations that were started in the far southern provinces such as Guangdong during the mid-1980s. At that time Guangdong province paid nearly no taxes to the central government, and thus was perceived as fiscally expendable for experimental economic reforms. Shanghai was not permitted to initiate economic reforms until 1991. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Left wing redirects here. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Political power in Shanghai has traditionally been seen as a stepping stone to higher positions within the PRC central government. In the 1990s, there was what was often described as the politically right-of-center "Shanghai clique," which included the president of the PRC Jiang Zemin and the premier of the PRC Zhu Rongji. Starting in 1992, the central government under Jiang Zemin, a former Mayor of Shanghai, began reducing the tax burden on Shanghai and encouraging both foreign and domestic investment in order to promote it as the economic hub of East Asia and to encourage its role as gateway of investment to the Chinese interior. Since then it has experienced continuous economic growth of between 9–15%. In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ... The Shanghai clique is an informal name for officials in Chinese Communist Party especially central government of the Peoples Republic of China or CCP centre who rose to prominence in the Shanghai city administration under Jiang Zemin or used to be subordinates of Jiang. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... The Premier (Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of government. ... ZhÅ« RóngjÄ« (born October 1, 1928, Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ) is a prominent Chinese politician who served as the Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai between 1987 and 1991, before serving as Vice-Premier and then Premier of the Peoples Republic of China from March 1998 to March... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Mayor of Shanghai (上海市长) is the highest ranking official in the Peoples Government of Shanghai. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ...


Politics and Administration

Politics

Main article: Politics of Shanghai
Shanghai municipal government building.
Shanghai municipal government building.

Shanghai has been a political hub of China since the 20th Century. Many of China's top government officials in Beijing are known to have risen in Shanghai in the 1980s on a platform that was critical of the extreme leftism of the Cultural Revolution, giving them the tag "Shanghai Clique" during the 1990s. Many observers of Chinese politics view the more right-leaning Shanghai Clique as an opposing and competing faction of the current Chinese administration under President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao. Shanghai's top jobs, the Party Chief and the position of Mayor, have always been prominent on a national scale. Four Shanghai mayors eventually went on to take prominent Central Government positions, including former President Jiang Zemin and former Premier Zhu Rongji. The top administrative jobs are always appointed directly by the Central Government. The Politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 399 KB) Shanghai Municipal Govt building. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 399 KB) Shanghai Municipal Govt building. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Shanghai clique is an informal name for officials in Chinese Communist Party especially central government of the Peoples Republic of China or CCP centre who rose to prominence in the Shanghai city administration under Jiang Zemin or used to be subordinates of Jiang. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... ZhÅ« RóngjÄ« (born October 1, 1928, Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ) is a prominent Chinese politician who served as the Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai between 1987 and 1991, before serving as Vice-Premier and then Premier of the Peoples Republic of China from March 1998 to March...


The current Shanghai government under Mayor Han Zheng has openly advocated transparency in the city's government. However, in previous years a complicated system of relationships between Shanghai's government, banks, and other civil institutions has been under scrutiny for corruption, motivated by faction politics in Beijing; these allegations from Beijing did not go anywhere until late 2006. Since Jiang's departure from office there has been a significant amount of clash between the local government in Shanghai and the Central People's Government, an evolving example of de facto Chinese federalism. The Shanghai government looks after almost all of the city's economic interests without interference from Beijing. Han Zheng (韩正) (born April 1954) is the current mayor of Shanghai. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Chinese federalism refers to political theories which argue that the Peoples Republic of China central government does or should devolve large amounts of power to local entities. ...


By 2006, Shanghai's actual level of autonomy has arguably surpassed that of any autonomous regions, raising alarm bells in Beijing. In September 2006, the Shanghai Communist Party Secretary Chen Liangyu, Shanghainese in origin and often clashing with central government officials, along with a number of his followers, were removed from their positions after a probe into the city's pension fund. Over a hundred investigators, sent by the Central Government, reportedly uncovered clues of money diversion from the city's pension fund to unapproved loans and investments. Chen's abrupt removal is viewed by many Chinese as a political manoeuvre by President Hu Jintao to further secure his power in the country, and retain administrative centralism. In March 2007 the central government appointed Xi Jinping, who is not a Shanghai native, to become the Party Secretary, the most powerful office in the city. An autonomous region or autonomous district is a subnational region with special powers of self-rule. ... September 2006 is the ninth month of 2006 and has begun on a Friday. ... Official photo of Chen This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... March 2007 is the third month of the year. ... Xi Jinping Xi Jinping, Member of 16th CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee, Chairman of the Standing Committee of Zhejiang Provincial Peoples Congress Born: 1953, Shaanxi Province, Fuping Xi Jinping, male, Han nationality, is a native of Fuping, Shaanxi Province. ...


Subdivisions

Puxi (literally Huangpu River west) side of Shanghai with The Bund in the right foreground. Shanghai's new financial district (not pictured) is on the east side of the Huangpu River.
Shanghai's districts and county
Shanghai's districts and county

Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai, the urban core is scattered across several districts. Prominent central business areas include Lujiazui on the east bank of the Huangpu River, and The Bund and Hongqiao areas in the west bank of the Huangpu River. The city hall and major administration units are located in Huangpu District, which also serve as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road. Other major commercial areas include the classy Xintiandi and Huaihai Road in Luwan district and Xujiahui in Xuhui District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas of Yangpu District and Putuo District. Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 209 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 535 pixel, file size: 781 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Click photo to zoom. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... An overview of The Bund in Shanghai The Bund (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is an area of Huangpu District in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Shanghai_administrative. ... Image File history File links Shanghai_administrative. ... For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Lujiazui (陆家嘴) is a metro station in the city of Shanghai. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... An overview of The Bund in Shanghai The Bund (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is an area of Huangpu District in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Hongqiao Airport (Chinese: 虹桥机场 pinyin: Hóngqiáo Jīcháng) is one of the two airports in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Huangpu (黄浦), or sometimes also called New Huangpu, is one of Shanghais 18 districts. ... Nanjing Road is one of the worlds busiest shopping streets. ... Xintiandi is a carfree area of Shanghai. ... Luwan (卢湾) is a district located in Central Shanghai, China. ... Xujiahui is an area in the Xuhui District of Shanghai, China and the name of a metro station in this area. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Xuhui Xuhui District (徐汇区; pinyin: Xúhuì QÅ«) is a district of Shanghai. ... Yangpu District (杨浦区), meaning Willow Bank, is one of the 19 districts in Shanghai. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Putuo Putuo District (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) of Shanghai has a land area of 54. ...


Nine of the districts govern Puxi (literally Huangpu River west), or the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. These nine districts are collectively referred to as Shanghai Proper (上海市区) or the core city (市中心): Puxi side of Shanghai. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ...

Pudong (literally Huangpu River east), or the newer part of urban and suburban Shanghai on the east bank of the Huangpu River, is governed by: Huangpu (黄浦), or sometimes also called New Huangpu, is one of Shanghais 18 districts. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Luwan (卢湾) is a district located in Central Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Xuhui Xuhui District (徐汇区; pinyin: Xúhuì QÅ«) is a district of Shanghai. ... Categories: China geography stubs ... Jingan (静安) is one of the central districts of Shanghai. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Putuo Putuo District (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) of Shanghai has a land area of 54. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Zhabei Zhabei District of Shanghai has a land area of 29. ... Hongkou (Chinese:虹口; pinyin:hóngkÇ’u) is a northern district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Yangpu District (杨浦区), meaning Willow Bank, is one of the 19 districts in Shanghai. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: PÇ”dōng XÄ«n QÅ«), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ...

Pudong side of Shanghai with skyscrapers
Pudong side of Shanghai with skyscrapers
  • Pudong New District (浦东新区 Pǔdōng Xīn Qū) — Chuansha County until 1992

Eight of the districts govern suburbs, satellite towns, and rural areas further away from the urban core: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 5. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: Pǔdōng Xīn Qū), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...

Chongming Island, an island at the mouth of the Yangtze, is governed by: The Baoshan district of Shanghai has a land area of 424. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Shanghai district map highlighting Minghang The Minhang (Chinese: 闵行, Hanyu Pinyin: min3hang2) district of Shanghai has a land area of 371. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Jiading is one of the 18 districts of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Jinshan district of Shanghai has a land area of 586. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Categories: China geography stubs | Districts of Shanghai ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Qingpu District (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the districts of Shanghai, China, located to the west of Shanghai city. ... This article is about the year. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Nanhui Image:No11subway. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Fengxian district of Shanghai has a land area of 687. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Chongming County (崇明县, pinyin: Chóngmíng Xiàn) is the only county under the jurisdication of Shanghai, China. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...

  • Chongming County (崇明县 Chóngmíng Xiàn)

As of 2003, these county-level divisions are further divided into the following 220 township-level divisions: 114 towns, 3 townships, 103 subdistricts. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,393 neighborhood committees and 2,037 village committees. Chongming County (崇明县, pinyin: Chóngmíng Xiàn) is the only county under the jurisdication of Shanghai, China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


List of towns:

This article is about a place. ... Jiading is one of the 18 districts of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: Pǔdōng Xīn Qū), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Zhabei Zhabei District of Shanghai has a land area of 29. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: Pǔdōng Xīn Qū), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Minghang The Minhang (Chinese: 闵行, Hanyu Pinyin: min3hang2) district of Shanghai has a land area of 371. ... Categories: China geography stubs | Districts of Shanghai ... Categories: China geography stubs | Districts of Shanghai ... Fengxian district of Shanghai has a land area of 687. ... Xinzhuang, formerly the county town of Shanghai county (not to be confused with the city itself), is now an outlying suburb of Shanghai, China in the extreme south west of the city. ... Shanghai district map highlighting Minghang The Minhang (Chinese: 闵行, Hanyu Pinyin: min3hang2) district of Shanghai has a land area of 371. ... Yangpu District (杨浦区), meaning Willow Bank, is one of the 19 districts in Shanghai. ...

Economy and demographics

The Bund at night, the location of several major banking branches.
The Bund at night, the location of several major banking branches.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange at Shanghai's Lujiazui financial district.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange at Shanghai's Lujiazui financial district.
New skyscrapers amidst old residential shikumen buildings. Huangpu District.
New skyscrapers amidst old residential shikumen buildings. Huangpu District.
Garden Bridge and Broadway Mansion Hotel Shanghai. Waibaidu Bridge
Garden Bridge and Broadway Mansion Hotel Shanghai. Waibaidu Bridge

Shanghai is often regarded as the center of finance and trade in mainland China. Modern development began with economic reforms in 1992, a decade later than many of the Southern Chinese provinces, but since then Shanghai quickly overtook those provinces and maintained its role as the business center in mainland China. Shanghai also hosts the largest share market in mainland China. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 350 KB) Summary The Bund at night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 350 KB) Summary The Bund at night. ... An overview of The Bund in Shanghai The Bund (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is an area of Huangpu District in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese stock exchange based in the city of Shanghai, with a market capitalization of nearly US$2. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: PÇ”dōng XÄ«n QÅ«), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x574, 396 KB) Photo by Montrasio Media Taken with a Nikon D50. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x574, 396 KB) Photo by Montrasio Media Taken with a Nikon D50. ... Shikumen (Simplified Chinese: 石库门), or literally stone gate is a style of housing in Shanghai, China, which blended features of east and west. ... Huangpu can refer to two unrelated places in China: Huangpu District, a district of Shanghai municipality Huangpu Town, a town and port of Guangdong province This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,256 × 1,496 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,256 × 1,496 pixels, file size: 1. ... View to the Bund Waibaidu Bridge (Chinese: 外白渡桥; Pinyin: Wàibáidù Qiáo), called Garden Bridge in English, is a steel bridge on Suzhou Creek in central Shanghai, connecting the Huangpu and Hongkou districts where the Suzhou River flows into the Huang Pu. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Shanghai is one of the world's busiest ports. In 2005, Shanghai ranked first of the world's busiest ports in terms of cargo throughout, handling a total of 443 million tons of cargo. In terms of container traffic, it is the third busiest port in the world, following Singapore and Hong Kong.[citation needed]


The 2000 census put the population of Shanghai Municipality to 16.738 million, including the floating population, which made up 3.871 million. Since the 1990 census the total population has increased by 3.396 million, or 25.5%. Males accounted for 51.4%, females for 48.6% of the population. 12.2% were in the age group of 0–14, 76.3% between 15 and 64 and 11.5% were older than 65. 5.4% of the inhabitants were illiterate. As of 2003, the official registered population is 13.42 million; however, more than 5 million more people work and live in Shanghai undocumented, and of the 5 million, some 4 million belong to the floating population of temporary migrant workers, a large proportion of whom are from Anhui Province as well as Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces. The average life expectancy in 2003 was 79.80 years, 77.78 for men and 81.81 for women.[citation needed] Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; pinyin: Ānhuī; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; pinyin: Jiāngsū; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; pinyin: Zhèjiāng; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is a eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Shanghai and Hong Kong have had a recent rivalry over which city is to be the economic center of China. The city had a GDP per capita of ¥56,732 (ca. US$ 7,189) in 2006, ranked first among all 659 Chinese cities. Hong Kong on the other hand, possessed an unparalleled GDP per capita of ¥310,021 (ca. US$ 37,400). Hong Kong has the advantage of a stronger legal system, international market integration, superior economic freedom, greater banking and service expertise. Shanghai has stronger links to both the Chinese interior and the central government, in addition to a stronger base in manufacturing and technology. Shanghai has increased its role in finance, banking, and as a major destination for corporate headquarters, fuelling demand for a highly educated and modernized workforce. Shanghai has recorded a double-digit growth for 14 consecutive years since 1992. In 2006, Shanghai's nominal GDP posted a 12% growth to 1.0297 trillion yuan (US$128.8 billion).[9] Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... This article needs cleanup. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses, and organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ...


As in many other areas in China, Shanghai is undergoing a building boom. In Shanghai the modern architecture is notable for its unique style, especially in the highest floors, with several top floor restaurants which resemble flying saucers. For a gallery of these unique architecture designs, see Shanghai (architecture images). This article is about building architecture. ... In support of the Shanghai article (Shanghai#Architecture): A skyscraper that is nearing completion An example of novel architecture A much more formal approach A unique Flower Crown - with tourist mascot An example of retro-futuristic designs A dissonant stack of different styles The Shanghai Museum Categories: Shanghai ...


The bulk of Shanghai buildings being constructed today are high-rise apartments of various height, color and design. There is now a strong focus by city planners to develop more "green areas" (public parks) among the apartment complexes in order to increase the quality of life for Shanghai's residents, quite in accordance to the "Better City - Better Life" theme of Shanghai's Expo 2010. Expo 2010 logo Expo 2010 will be held in Shanghai, China and is a scheduled Worlds Fair in the grand tradition of international fairs and expositions. ...


Historically very Western in lifestyle, Shanghai is increasingly a critical center of communication with the Western world. Examples include the opening of the Pac-Med Medical Exchange in June of 2004, a clearinghouse of medical data and a link between the Chinese and westernised medical infrastructures. In medicine and other humanitarian fields, China is actively seeking input of first world nations to improve living conditions and trade status. Arguments for and against modern Chinese leadership question the genuine influence the influx of western culture and technology will have on vast Chinese interior, outside of the densely populated, often visited urban centers. The Pudong district of Shanghai contains contemporary architecture and "modern"-feeling districts, in close proximity to major international trade and hospitality zones. Visitors to Shanghai find free public parks manicured to startling perfection; in distinct contrast to the massive industrial installations which reveal China's emerging environmental concerns. Shanghai's international diversity is perhaps the world's foremost window into the rich, historic and complex society of today's China. Beijing air on a day after rain (L) and a rainless day (R) One of the serious negative consequences of the Peoples Republic of Chinas rapid industrial development has been increased pollution and degradation of natural resources. ...


Geography and climate

Average temperatures (lines) and precipitation (boxes) in Shanghai
Average temperatures (lines) and precipitation (boxes) in Shanghai

Shanghai faces the East China Sea (part of the Pacific Ocean), and is bisected by the Huangpu River. Puxi contains the city proper on the western side of Huangpu River, while an entirely new financial district has been erected on the eastern bank of the Huangpu in Pudong. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... Puxi side of Shanghai. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: PÇ”dōng XÄ«n QÅ«), is a district of Shanghai, China. ...

Geographical coordinates: 31°13′N, 121°28′E

Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa). Shanghai experiences all four seasons, with freezing temperatures during the winter season and a 32°C (90°F) average high during the hottest months of July and August. Temperatures extremes of –10°C (14°F) and +41°C (105°F) have been recorded. Heavy rain is frequent in early summer. Spring starts in March, summer in June, autumn in September and winter in December. The weather in spring, although considered the most beautiful season, is highly variable, with frequent rain and alternating spells of warmth and cold. Summer is the peak tourist season, but is hot and oppressive, as the humidity makes it almost impossible for people not used to the environment to breathe properly. Clothes tend to get fairly wet after minutes of walking. Autumn is generally sunny and dry, and the foliage season is in November. Winters are typically grey and dreary, with little or no snowfall. The city has a few Typhoon spells during the year, none of which in recent years have caused considerable damage. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ...


Astronomical phenomena

The previous total solar eclipse to be seen from the center of Shanghai (31°13.9′N, 121°28.2′E) occurred on May 10, 1575. Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... Traffic around Peoples Square. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1575 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


The next total solar eclipse that will be seen from Shanghai will be solar eclipse of 2009-Jul-22. Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... Solar eclipse of 2009-Jul-22 A total solar eclipse to be visible on July 22, 2009. ...


Transportation

See also: Shanghai Metro
Inside a Shanghai subway car
Inside a Shanghai subway car
Nanpu cable suspension bridge, connecting Puxi and Pudong.
Nanpu cable suspension bridge, connecting Puxi and Pudong.
Donghai (East Sea) Bridge, the longest cross sea bridge in the world.
Donghai (East Sea) Bridge, the longest cross sea bridge in the world.

Shanghai has an extensive public transportation system, largely based on buses, and a rapidly expanding metro system. For a city of Shanghai's size, road traffic is still fairly smooth and convenient but getting more congested as the number of cars increases rapidly. The Shanghai Metro (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an urban rapid transit system that serves the city of Shanghai by transporting around 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 316 KB) Summary The inside of a Shanghai Metro train. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 316 KB) Summary The inside of a Shanghai Metro train. ... The Shanghai Metro (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an urban rapid transit system that serves the city of Shanghai by transporting around 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1234x506, 77 KB) Shanghai Nanpu Bridge http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1234x506, 77 KB) Shanghai Nanpu Bridge http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x764, 335 KB) From Zhang This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Zhang 2008. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x764, 335 KB) From Zhang This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Zhang 2008. ... It has been suggested that East china sea bridge be merged into this article or section. ...


Shanghai has the world's most extensive bus system with nearly one thousand bus lines.[10] The Shanghai Metro (subway and elevated light rail) has five lines (numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) at present. According to the development schedule of the municipal government, by the year 2010, another 8 lines will be built in Shanghai. Bus and metro fares run from ¥1 to ¥4 depending on distance (between 12 to 50 US cents). Autobus redirects here. ... The Shanghai Metro (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an urban rapid transit system that serves the city of Shanghai by transporting around 1. ...

See also: Shanghai Bus

Taxis in Shanghai are plentiful and market competition has driven taxi fare down to affordable prices for the average resident (¥11 (¥14 after 11pm) or a little over one US dollar for 3 km). Before the 1990s, bicycling was the most ubiquitous form of transportation in Shanghai, but the city has since banned bicycles on many of the city's main roads to ease congestion. However, many streets have bicycle lanes and intersections are monitored by "Traffic Assistants" who help provide for safe crossing. Further, most motorists in China were raised riding bikes and so are fairly careful of them. Further, the city government has pledged to add 180 km of cycling lanes over the next few years. With rising disposable incomes, private car ownership in Shanghai has also been rapidly increasing in recent years. The number of cars is limited, however, by the number of available number plates available at public auction. // Introduction Shanghai has more than 1000 formal bus line(include downtown and suburb line), and about 20 bus company(Bashi,Dazhong,Guanzhong and Qiangsheng are the famous and biggest 4 in these). ... A taxis (plural taxes, pronounced ) is an innate behavioural response by an organism to a directional stimulus. ...


In cooperation with the Shanghai municipality and the Shanghai Maglev Transportation Development Co. (SMT), German Transrapid constructed the first commercial Maglev railway in the world in 2002, from Shanghai's Longyang Road subway station in Pudong to Pudong International Airport. Commercial operation started in 2003. The 30 km trip takes 7 minutes and 21 seconds and reaches a maximum speed of 431 km/h (267.8 miles per hour). Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid is a German monorail system using magnetic levitation. ... Shanghai Maglev Train Maglev train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Shanghai Maglev Train (Shanghai Transrapid) (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Shanghai Magnetic Levitation Demonstration Operation Line) is the first commercial high-speed maglev line in the world. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Two railways intersect in Shanghai: Jinghu Railway (Beijing-Shanghai) Railway passing through Nanjing, and Shanghai-Hangzhou Railway (沪杭线 Hu Hang Line). Shanghai has two main railway stations, Shanghai Railway Station and Shanghai South Railway Station. A Maglev train route to Hangzhou (Shanghai-Hangzhou Maglev Train) might begin construction in 2007. A high-speed railroad to Beijing is also in the works. Image File history File linksMetadata Maglev_june2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Maglev_june2005. ... Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid is a German monorail system using magnetic levitation. ... Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles (especially trains) using electromagnetic force. ... The Jinghu Railway is a train line running between Beijing and Shanghai in China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Shanghai Railway Station (上海火车站) is a metro station in the city of Shanghai. ... Shanghai South Railway Station (上海南站) is a railway and metro station in the city of Shanghai. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Shanghai-Hangzhou Maglev Train is a proposed maglev train line from Shanghai to Hangzhou, in eastern China. ...


More than six national expressways (prefixed with "G") from Beijing and from the region around Shanghai connect to the city. Shanghai itself has six toll-free elevated expressways (skyways) in the urban core and 18 municipal expressways (prefixed with "A"). There are ambitious plans to build expressways connecting Shanghai's Chongming Island with the urban core. Peking redirects here. ... Chongming County (崇明县, pinyin: Chóngmíng Xiàn) is the only county under the jurisdication of Shanghai, China. ...

See also: Expressways of Shanghai

Within Shanghai itself, there are elevated roads, which appear expressway-like in road conditions (direction-separated lanes). Tunnels and bridges are used to link Puxi to Pudong. // Introduction Now, shanghai has 6 city elevated road(include 2 ring road) and 18 expressways(including 2 ring expressways) City elevated road City elevated road is most in downtown of Shanghai, and most of them are elevated road. ...


Shanghai has two airports: Hongqiao International and Pudong International, the latter of which has the third highest traffic in China, following Beijing Capital International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. Pudong International handles more international traffic than Beijing Capital however, with over 17.15 million international passengers handled in 2006 compared to the latter's 12.6 million passengers.[11] Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) (Simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥国际机场, Traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋國際機場, Pinyin: ShànghÇŽi Hóngqiáo Guójì JÄ«cháng, Translation: Rainbow Bridge International Airport) is one of the two airports in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) (SSE: 600009) (Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场, Traditional Chinese 上海浦東國際機場, pinyin ShànghÇŽi PÇ”dōng Guójì JÄ«cháng) is an airport located in the eastern part of Pudong district of Shanghai, China. ... Beijing Capital International Airport (SEHK: 694),(simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ...


As of December 2005, Shanghai's port, including the newly opened Yangshan deep water port (洋山深水港), is the largest in the world. The Donghai Bridge with a total length 32.5 km, is the longest cross-sea bridge in the world[12]. It links Shanghai on the mainland to the Yangshan islands. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → 31 December 2005 (Saturday) 25-year-old Scottish human rights worker Kate Burton and her parents are freed unharmed in the Gaza Strip by the Palestinian gunmen who kidnapped them two days earlier. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... Donghai Bridge The Yangshan deep-water port (洋山深水港) is a new port in Hangzhou Bay south of Shanghai, at . ... It has been suggested that East china sea bridge be merged into this article or section. ... Donghai Bridge The Yangshan deep-water port (洋山深水港) is a new port in Hangzhou Bay south of Shanghai, at . ...


Culture

Language

The vernacular language is Shanghainese, a dialect of Wu Chinese; while the official language is Standard Mandarin. The local dialect is mutually unintelligible with Mandarin, and is an inseparable part of the Shanghainese identity. The Shanghainese dialect today is a mixture of standard Wu Chinese as spoken in Suzhou, with the dialects of Ningbo and other nearby regions whose peoples have migrated to Shanghai in large numbers since the 20th Century. Look up Vernacular in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... Wu (吳方言 pinyin wú fāng yán; 吳語 pinyin wú yǔ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... Ningbo (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 1,219,900 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Nearly all Shanghainese under the age of 40 can speak Mandarin fluently. Fluency in foreign languages is unevenly distributed. Most senior residents who received a university education before the revolution, and those who worked in foreign enterprises, can speak English. Those under the age of 26 have had contact with English since primary school, as English is taught as a mandatory course starting at Grade 1. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


Art

No. 4 of Hundred Thousand Scenes (十萬圖之四). Painting by Ren Xiong, a pioneer of the Shanghai School of Chinese art; ca. 1850.
No. 4 of Hundred Thousand Scenes (十萬圖之四). Painting by Ren Xiong, a pioneer of the Shanghai School of Chinese art; ca. 1850.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x767, 379 KB) Summary Ten Thousand Scenes of Taihu River by Ren Xiong, ca. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x767, 379 KB) Summary Ten Thousand Scenes of Taihu River by Ren Xiong, ca. ...

Songjiang School and Huating School

Songjiang School (淞江派) is a small painting school during the Ming Dynasty. It is commonly considered as a further development of the Wu School, or Wumen School (吴门画派), in the then cultural center of the region, Suzhou. Huating School (华亭派) was another important art school during the middle to late Ming Dynasty. Its main achievements were in traditional Chinese painting, calligraphy and poetry, and especially famous for its Renwen painting (人文画). Dong Qichang (董其昌) is one of the masters from this school. For other uses, see Ming. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... DÇ’ng Qíchāng(1555-1636) was a painter, scholar, calligrapher, and art theorist of the later period of the Ming. ...


Shanghai School

The Shanghai School (海上画派 Haishang Huapai or 海派 Haipai) is a very important Chinese school of traditional arts during the Qing Dynasty and the whole of the twentieth century. Under efforts of masters from this school, traditional Chinese art reached another climax and continued to the present in forms of the "Chinese painting" (中国画) or guohua (国画) for short. The Shanghai School challenged and broke the literati tradition of Chinese art, while also paying technical homage to the ancient masters and improving on existing traditional techniques. Members of this school were themselves educated literati who had come to question their very status and the purpose of art, and had anticipated the impending modernization of Chinese society. In an era of rapid social change, works from the Shanghai School were widely innovative and diverse, and often contained thoughtful yet subtle social commentary. The most well-known figures from this school are Ren Xiong (任熊), Ren Yi (任伯年), Zhao Zhiqian (赵之谦), Wu Changshuo (吴昌硕), Sha Menghai (沙孟海, calligraphist), Pan Tianshou (潘天寿), Fu Baoshi (傅抱石) and Wang Zhen (Wang Yiting) (王震). Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Wall scroll painted by Ma Lin in 1246. ... Self portrait by Ren Xiong Ren Xiong (任熊, 1823-57) China painter from Xiaoshan, active during during the late Qing dynasty. ... Rèn Yí (1840-1896) was a painter and son of a rice merchant who supplemented his income by doing portraits. ... Wú Chāngshuò(1844-1927) is the name for which Wu Junqing is best known. ... Sha Menghai (11th Jun. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Flowers 1931, Private Collection Japan Tang Poem Calligraphy, Private Collection Japan Wang Zhen (王震) was a celebrated modern Chinese artist of the Shanghai School. ...


In literature, the term was used in the 1930s by some May Fourth Movement intellectuals, notably Zhou Zuoren and Shen Congwen, as a derogatory label for the literature produced in Shanghai at the time. They argued that so-called Shanghai School literature was merely commercial and therefore did not advance social progress. This became known as the Jingpai (Beijing School) versus Haipai (Shanghai School) debate. Students in Beijing rallied during the May Fourth Movement. ... Zhou Zuoren (Chinese: 周作人, Wade Giles: Chou Tso-jen) (1885-1967), political figure and well-known Chinese writer and brother of influential writer Lu Xun. ... Shen Congwen (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Shěn Cóngwén; Wade-Giles: Shen Tsung-wen, December 28, 1902—May 10, 1988) was the pen name of a Chinese writer from the May Fourth Movement. ...


Modern China

Because of Shanghai's status as the cultural and economic center of East Asia for the first half of the twentieth century, it is popularly seen as the birthplace of everything considered modern in China. It was in Shanghai, for example, that the first motor car was driven and the first train tracks and modern sewers were laid. It was also the intellectual battleground between socialist writers who concentrated on critical realism (pioneered by Lu Xun and Mao Dun) and the more "bourgeois", more romantic and aesthetically inclined writers (such as Shi Zhecun, Shao Xunmei, Ye Lingfeng, Eileen Chang). East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... In the philosophy of perception, critical realism is the theory that some of our sense-data (for example, those of primary qualities) can and do accurately represent external objects, properties, and events, while other of our sense-data (for example, those of secondary qualities and perceptual illusions) do not accurately... Lu Xun (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) or Lu Hsün (Wade-Giles), pen name of Zhou Shuren (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōu Shùrén; Wade-Giles: Chou Shu-jen) (September 25, 1881 – October 19, 1936) is one of the major Chinese writers of the 20th... Mao Dun (July 4, 1896–March 27, 1981) was the pen name of Shen Dehong, a 20th century Chinese novelist, cultural critic, and journalist. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... Shi Zhecun (Traditional Chinese: 施蟄存; Simplified Chinese: 施蛰存; Hanyu pinyin: Shī Zhécūn or Shī Zhīcūn) (1905 - 2003) was a Chinese author and journal editor in Shanghai during the 1930s. ... 74-year-old Eileen Chang holding a newspaper which reports the death of Kim Il-sung Eileen Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張愛玲; Simplified Chinese: 张爱玲; pinyin: Zhāng Àilíng) (September 30, 1920 – found dead September 8, 1995) was a Chinese writer. ...

Two women wear Shanghai-styled qipao while playing golf in this 1930s Shanghai advertisement.

Besides literature, Shanghai was also the birthplace of Chinese cinema & theater. China’s first short film, The Difficult Couple (Nanfu Nanqi, 1913), and the country’s first fictional feature film, Orphan Rescues Grandfather (Gu'er jiu zuji, 1923) were both produced in Shanghai. These two films were very influential, and established Shanghai as the center of Chinese film-making. Shanghai’s film industry went on to blossom during the early Thirties, generating Marilyn Monroe-like stars such as Zhou Xuan. Another film star, Jiang Qing, went on to become Madame Mao Zedong. The talent and passion of Shanghainese filmmakers following World War II and the Communist revolution in China contributed enormously to the development of the Hong Kong film industry. Download high resolution version (511x770, 175 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (511x770, 175 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the sport. ... The history of Chinese language cinema has three separate threads of development: Cinema of Hong Kong, Cinema of China, and Cinema of Taiwan. ... Zhou Xuan Zhou Xuan (周璇, Wades-Giles: Zhou Hsuan) (1 August 1918 - 22 September 1957, Shanghai) was a popular Chinese singer and film actress. ... Madame Mao This is a Chinese name; the family name is Jiang Jiang Qing (Chinese: ), real name Lǐ ShÅ«méng, known under various other names, including the stage name Lan Ping (Chinese: 蓝苹), and commonly referred to as Madame Mao, (March 1914 – May 14, 1991), was the fourth wife of... Mao redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism (state or worker ownership over the means of production) as an intermediate stage. ... The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan. ...


Many aspects of Shanghainese popular culture ("Shanghainese Pops") were transferred to Hong Kong by the numerous Shanghainese emigrants and refugees after the Communist Revolution. The movie In the Mood for Love (Huayang nianhua) directed by Wong Kar-wai (a native Shanghainese himself) depicts one slice of the displaced Shanghainese community in Hong Kong and the nostalgia for that era, featuring 1940s music by Zhou Xuan. In the Mood for Love is a 2000 Hong Kong art film directed by Wong Kar-wai, starring Maggie Cheung and Tony Leung Chiu Wai. ... Wong Kar-wai (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Cantonese Yale: Wòhng Gà Waih; Shanghainese Latin method: Wan Kawe; born July 17, 1958) is a Hong Kong film director known for his visually unique, highly stylized art films. ...


People of other provinces

Only very few residents are descended from original inhabitants of the old walled city. Nearly all registered Shanghainese residents are descendants of immigrants from the two adjacent provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang who moved to Shanghai in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. These are regions that generally speak the same family of dialects as Shanghainese - Wu Chinese. Much of pre-modern Shanghainese culture is an integration of cultural elements from these two regions. The Shanghainese dialect reflects this as well.   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal map spelling: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ...


Despite this somewhat heterogeneous origin to the Shanghainese population, there has been a strong sense of Shanghainese identity, founded upon cultural and economical superiority up to the Revolution and to the present day. The Revolution was a humbling experience for Shanghai as a whole, as it was brought into line by the Communist, whose ideology favoured grass-root agriculture and industry, and opposed bourgeois excesses, which Shanghai stood for in the eyes of many. While most in China viewed the Shanghainese as bourgeois and arrogant, the Shanghainese reciprocally eyed the rest of the country as "provincials" (乡下人; xiangwunin in Shanghainese). After the nationwide chaos of the Cultural Revolution and towards the 1980s, perception of Shanghai was greatly improved among other Chinese. The Chinese Revolution may refer to: The Xinhai Revolution of 1911-1912, which led to the founding of the Republic of China, also known as the Republican Revolution. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Tensions have been refueled in the past decade by migrants from all over China who do not speak the local dialect and therefore use Mandarin as a lingua franca. Rising crime rates, littering, harassive panhandling, and an overloading of the basic infrastructure (mainly public transportation and public schools) associated with the rise of these migrant populations (over 3 million new migrants in 2003 alone) have been generating some ill will from the Shanghainese. The new migrants are easy to spot by the Shanghainese, and are often targets of both intentional and unintentional discrimination. Efforts have been made by the local Shanghai municipal government to provide adequate welfare for the migrant populations in Shanghai, while also being cautious not to further increase the burdens of the native-born population. Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...


Shikumen

Main article: Shikumen
Renovated shikumen lanes in Xintiandi, this tribute to old Shanghai is now a high end restaurant and shopping center.
Renovated shikumen lanes in Xintiandi, this tribute to old Shanghai is now a high end restaurant and shopping center.

One uniquely Shanghainese cultural element is the shikumen (石库门) residences, which are two or three-story townhouses, with the front yard protected by a high brick wall. Each residence is connected and arranged in straight alleys, known as a lòngtang (弄堂), pronounced longdang in Shanghainese. The entrance to each alley is usually surmounted by a stylistic stone arch. The whole resembles terrace houses or townhouses commonly seen in Anglo-American countries, but distinguished by the tall, heavy brick wall in front of each house. The name "shikumen" literally means "stone storage door", referring to the strong gateway to each house. Shikumen (Simplified Chinese: 石库门), or literally stone gate is a style of housing in Shanghai, China, which blended features of east and west. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Xintiandi_gem. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Xintiandi_gem. ... Shikumen (Simplified Chinese: 石库门), or literally stone gate is a style of housing in Shanghai, China, which blended features of east and west. ... Xintiandi is a carfree area of Shanghai. ... Shikumen (Simplified Chinese: 石库门), or literally stone gate is a style of housing in Shanghai, China, which blended features of east and west. ... Leinster House Henrietta Street In the United Kingdom, Ireland and in some other countries, a townhouse was a residence of a peer or member of the aristocracy in the capital or major city. ... A street of British terraced housing In architecture and city planning, a terrace, rowhouse, or townhouse (United States) is a style of housing since the late 18th century where identical individual houses are cojoined into rows. ... Leinster House, 18th century Dublin townhouse of the Duke of Leinster. ...


The shikumen is a cultural blend of elements found in Western architecture with traditional Lower Yangtze (Jiangnan) Chinese architecture and social behavior. All traditional Chinese dwellings had a courtyard, and the shikumen was no exception. Yet, to compromise with its urban nature, it was much smaller and provided an "interior haven" to the commotions in the streets, allowing for raindrops to fall and vegetation to grow freely within a residence. The courtyard also allowed sunlight and adequate ventilation into the rooms. Village in Jiangnan Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jiāngnán; Wade-Giles: Chiang nan; sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area referring to lands immediately to the south of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ...


This style of housing originally developed when local developers adapted terrace houses to Chinese conditions. The wall was added to protect against fighting and looting during the Taiping rebellion, and later burglars and vandals during the social upheavals of the early twentieth century. By World War II, more than 80% of the population in the city lived in these kinds of dwellings. Many of these were hastily built and were akin to slums, while others were of sturdier construction and featured all modern amenities such as the flush toilet. Combatants Qing Empire United Kingdom France (United Kingdom and France join the war later) Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Commanders Xianfeng Emperor Tongzhi Emperor Empress Dowager Cixi Charles George Gordon Frederick Townsend Ward Hong Xiuquan Yang Xiuqing Xiao Chaogui Feng Yunshan Wei Changhui Shi Dakai Li Xiucheng Strength 2,000,000-5... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Close coupled cistern type flushing toilet. ...


During and after World War II, massive population increases in Shanghai led many shikumen houses to be heavily subdivided. For example, the spacious living room is often divided into three or four rooms, each lent out to a family. These cramped conditions continue to exist in many of the shikumen districts that have survived recent development. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The landlords who leased (subletted) the shikumen out to other families were called "erfangdong"(二房东), or "second landlord" as many of them acquired the shikumen buildings from its original owner ("dafangdong"大房东). These landlords families usually share the same shikumen building with the tenants.


Fashion

Modernity meets tradition at Jing'an Temple in downtown Shanghai.
Modernity meets tradition at Jing'an Temple in downtown Shanghai.

Other Shanghainese cultural artifacts include the cheongsam (Shanghainese: zansae), a modernization of the traditional Chinese/Manchurian qipao (Chinese: 旗袍; fitting. This contrasts sharply with the traditional qipao which was designed to conceal the figure and be worn regardless of age. The cheongsam went along well with the western overcoat and the scarf, and portrayed a unique East Asian modernity, epitomizing the Shanghainese population in general. As Western fashions changed, the basic cheongsam design changed, too, introducing high-necked sleeveless dresses, bell-like sleeves and, the black lace frothing at the hem of a ball gown. By the 1940s, cheongsams came in transparent black, beaded bodices, matching capes and even velvet. And later, checked fabrics became also quite common. The 1949 Communist Revolution ended the cheongsam and other fashions in Shanghai. However, the Shanghainese styles have seen a recent revival as stylish party dresses. The fashion industry has been rapidly revitalizing in the past decade, there is on average one fashion show per day in Shanghai today. Like Shanghai's architecture, local fashion designers strive to create a fusion of western and traditional designs, often with innovative if not controversial results. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 278 KB) Summary Photo by 3water. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 278 KB) Summary Photo by 3water. ... Jingan Temple (靜安寺, lit. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Religion

A shopping center in Chenghuang Miao contains many traditional Chinese style buildings.
A shopping center in Chenghuang Miao contains many traditional Chinese style buildings.

Due to its cosmopolitan history, Shanghai has a rich blend of religious heritage as shown by the religious buildings and institutions still scattered around the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Shanghai_(Chenghuang_Miao)_027. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Shanghai_(Chenghuang_Miao)_027. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 181 KB) St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 181 KB) St. ... Xujiahui Cathedral (徐家汇天主教堂),with a full name of the cathedral of St. ...


Taoism has a presence in Shanghai in the form of several temples. The largest temple administered by the Shanghai Taoist Association is the City God Temple, at the heart of the old city, which is dedicated to three historical figures who are seen as protectors of the city. Other traditional temples include the Wenmiao dedicated to Confucius, and a temple dedicated to the Three Kingdoms general Guan Yu. Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... Restaurants and tea houses behind the City God Temple. ... Location: Wen miao Lu 文庙路 Open Time: Sunday morning since 7:00 Have you ever seen the kinds of ancient Chinese books with a blue cover and traditional chinese characters? It must be interesting to put this kind of book on your shelf. ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu), lit. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Guan (關) Guan Yu (關羽) (160–219) was a general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China. ...


Buddhism has had a presence in Shanghai since ancient times. The Longhua temple is the largest temple in Shanghai, and was founded in the Three Kingdoms period. Jing'an Temple, located in downtown Shanghai, was also first built during the Three Kingdoms period. Another important temple is the Jade Buddha Temple, which is named after a large statue of Buddha carved out of jade in the temple. A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... The Longhua Temple (Chinese: ; pinyin: Lónghúa Sì, literally Lustre of the Dragon Temple) is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai Municipality, China. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... Jingan Temple (靜安寺, lit. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... Jade Buddha Temples main courtyard and Grand Hall. ... Media:Example. ... A selection of antique, hand-crafted Chinese jade (jadeite) buttons Unworked Jade Jade is used as an ornamental stone, the term jade is applied to two different rocks that are made up of different silicate minerals. ...


There has been a sizeable Muslim population in Shanghai for centuries. They are served by a number of mosques, such as the Xiaotaoyuan Mosque in the old city, and Songjiang Mosque in Songjiang District. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Categories: China geography stubs | Districts of Shanghai ...


Shanghai is also an important centre of Christianity in China. Churches belonging to various denominations are still found throughout Shanghai and maintain significant congregations. Among Catholic churches, St Ignatius Cathedral in Xujiahui is the largest, while She Shan Cathedral is the only active pilgrimage site in China. Other notable churches include the Dongjiadu Cathedral. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... St. ... Xujiahui is an area in the Xuhui District of Shanghai, China and the name of a metro station in this area. ... She Shan Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Shanghai, China. ...


There were once sizeable Jewish and Eastern Orthodox populations in Shanghai. Various synagogues, such as the Ohel Rachel Synagogue, and Orthodox-style church buildings attest to this part of Shanghai's history. Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ...


Architecture

Although often viewed as a modern metropolis, Shanghai still contains some picturesque rural suburban areas
Although often viewed as a modern metropolis, Shanghai still contains some picturesque rural suburban areas

Shanghai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. The Bund, located by the bank of the Huangpu River, contains a rich collection of early 20th century architecture, ranging in style from neo-classical HSBC Building to the art deco Sassoon House. A number of areas in the former foreign concessions are also well preserved. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Architectural style is a way of classifying architecture largely by morphological characteristics - in terms of form, techniques, materials, etc. ... Look up Bund in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Huangpu river (黃浦江) is a 97km long river in China flowing through Shanghai. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... HSBC Building is a 6 floor Neo-Classical building in the Bund area of Shanghai and was built from 1921 to 1923 and topped off with a dome structure. ... Asheville City Hall. ... The North Building of the Peace Hotel The Peace Hotel (Chinese: 和平饭店) is a world famous hotel on The Bund in Shanghai, China in the former International Settlement and overlooking the Huangpu River. ...


Despite rampant redevelopment, the old city still retains some buildings of a traditional style, including Yuyuan Garden, a traditional garden in the Jiangnan style. Pavilion in the Yuyuan Gardens. ... Village in Jiangnan Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jiāngnán; Wade-Giles: Chiang nan; sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area referring to lands immediately to the south of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ...


In recent years, a large number of architectually distinctive, even eccentric, skyscrapers have sprung up throughout Shanghai. Notable examples of contemporary architecture include the Shanghai Museum and Shanghai Grand Theatre in the People's Square precinct. Shanghai Museum The Shanghai Museum (Chinese:上海博物館) is a museum of ancient Chinese art, situated on the Peoples Square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai Grand Theatre is located at the intersection of Central Boulevard and Huangpi Road South in northern part of the Peoples Square in Huangpu District, Shanghai, China. ... Peoples Square (人民广场) is a metro station in the city of Shanghai. ...


The tallest tower in Asia, the distinctive Oriental Pearl Tower, is located in Shanghai. Its lower sphere is now available for living quarters, starting at very high prices. The Jin Mao tower located nearby is mainland China's tallest skyscraper, and ranks fifth in the world. The Oriental Pearl Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... Jin Mao Building as seen from the Bund The Jin Mao Building is a high-rise building in the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the worlds current tallest freestanding structure on land, rising 585. ...


Colleges and universities

Shanghai is home to many of China's top and oldest universities.


National

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated Jiao Da (交大) or SJTU), located in Shanghai, is one of the oldest and most influential universities in China. ... Fudan University (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest leading and most selective universities in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Tongji University (同济大学) is one of the leading universities directly under the State Ministry of Education in China. ... Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (上海财经大学) is a national-level university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai University (University of Shanghai, SHU, 上海大学, 上大) is a public, comprehensive university located in Shanghai, China. ... East China Normal University (华东师范大学) (ECNU) was founded in October 1951 in western Shanghai, in place of Great China University (Daxia University) and Guanghua University. ... China Academy of Art is an art school in mainland China. ... Categories: Chinese universities | Stub ... Shanghai Theater Academy (上海戏剧学院) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... East China University of Science and Technology (Chinese: 华东理工大学; Pinyin: Huādōng Lǐgōng Dàxué) is a state key university of the Peoples Republic of China, and one which is regard as the cradle of chemical engineering. ... East China University of Politics and Law (华东政法学院) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Donghua University (东华大学) is a national-level university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai International Studies University (上海外国语大学) is a national-level university in Shanghai, China. ...

Military

Second Military Medical University (第二军医大学) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ...

Public

Shanghai University of Engineering Sciences (上海工程技术大学) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai Teachers University (上海师范大学) is a public university in Shanghai, China which was founded in 1954. ... Shanghai Maritime University (上海海运学院) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai University of Electric Power (Chinese: 上海电力学院; Pinyin: ShànghÇŽi Diànlì Xuéyuàn) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... University of Shanghai for Science and Technology (上海理工大学, USST), abbr. ... Shanghai Fisheries University (上海水产大学) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade (上海对外贸易学院, SIFT) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai Institute of Physical Education (上海体育学院) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai Teachers University (上海师范大学) is a public university in Shanghai, China which was founded in 1954. ...

Private

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed. The Shanghai Institute of Technology (上海应用技术学院) is a public university in Shanghai, China. ... China Europe International Business School is an international business school located in Shanghai, China. ...


Media portrayals

Literature

  • Han Bangqing (韓邦慶), The Sing-song Girls of Shanghai (simplified Chinese: 海上花列传; traditional Chinese: 海上花列傳; pinyin: Hǎishàng Huā Lièzhuàn), a novel following the lives of Shanghainese sing-song girls (courtesans who sing, dance and may provide sexual services) and the timeless decadence surrounding them. The novel was first published in 1892 during the last two decades of the Qing Dynasty, with the dialogue completely in vernacular Wu Chinese (Shanghainese). The highly popular novel set a precedent for modern Chinese literature and was later translated into Mandarin and English by Eileen Chang. In 2005, Eileen Chang's translation was revised by Eva Hung and published in English by Columbia University Press. The novel is also sometimes called Flowers of Shanghai after the 1998 film adaptation.
  • Eileen Chang was a famous Shanghainese writer during World War II. Nearly all her works of bourgeois romanticism are set in Shanghai, and many have been made into arthouse films (see Eighteen Springs).
  • Besides Eileen Chang, other Shanghainese "petit bourgeois" writers in the first half of twentieth century: Shi Zhecun, Liu Na'ou and Mu Shiying, Shao Xunmei and Ye Lingfeng.
  • Mao Dun, a socialist writer and playwright, is famous for his Ziye, set in Shanghai.
  • Ba Jin, one of the most renowned Chinese writers of the last century, lived and worked in Shanghai, and set some of his works in the city.
  • Lu Xun, regarded as the leading leftist voice in pre-1949 Shanghai, lived and worked in Shanghai.
  • One of the great Chinese novels of the twentieth century, Qian Zhongshu's Fortress Besieged is partially set in Shanghai and has mostly Shanghainese characters.
  • Noel Coward wrote his novel Private Lives while staying at Shanghai's Cathay Hotel.
  • André Malraux, La Condition Humaine, 1933 (Man's Fate, 1934), a novel about the failed communist revolution that took place in Shanghai in 1927 and the existential choices the losers have to face. Malraux won the 1933 Prix Goncourt of literature for the novel.
  • Tom Bradby's 2002 historical detective novel The Master of Rain is set in the Shanghai of 1926.
  • Neal Stephenson's science fiction novel The Diamond Age is set in an ultra-capitalist Shanghai of the future.
  • The first part of Kazuo Ishiguro's novel When We Were Orphans is set in Shanghai.
  • Yokomitsu Riichi's novel "Shanghai" was set in 1920s Shanghai.
  • Nien Cheng wrote about her experiences during the Cultural Revolution in Life and Death in Shanghai.
  • Qiu Xiaolong's Chief Inspector Chen Cao detective novels such as Death of a Red Heroine and A Loyal Character Dancer mostly take place in Shanghai.

Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Sing Song Girls is an English term derived from westerners in China during the early 19th century. ... A courtesan is a person paid and/or supported for the giving of social companionship and intimate liaisons to one or more partners. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... This article is on all of the Northern and Southwestern Chinese dialects. ... 74-year-old Eileen Chang holding a newspaper which reports the death of Kim Il-sung Eileen Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張愛玲; Simplified Chinese: 张爱玲; pinyin: Zhāng Àilíng) (September 30, 1920 – found dead September 8, 1995) was a Chinese writer. ... Flowers of Shanghai (海上花, pinyin: hāi shàng huā) is a 1998 film directed by Hou Hsiao-hsien starring Fang Shuan, Hada Michiko, Annie Shizuka Inoh, Jack Kao, Carina Lau, Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Rebecca Pan, Michelle Reis and Zhao Wei. ... 74-year-old Eileen Chang holding a newspaper which reports the death of Kim Il-sung Eileen Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張愛玲; Simplified Chinese: 张爱玲; pinyin: Zhāng Àilíng) (September 30, 1920 – found dead September 8, 1995) was a Chinese writer. ... Petit-bourgeois or Anglicised petty bourgeois is a French term that reffered to the members of the lower middle social-classes. ... Shi Zhecun (Traditional Chinese: 施蟄存; Simplified Chinese: 施蛰存; Hanyu pinyin: ShÄ« ZhécÅ«n or ShÄ« ZhÄ«cÅ«n) (1905 - 2003) was a Chinese author and journal editor in Shanghai during the 1930s. ... Mu Shiying (Traditional Chinese: 穆時英) (1912 - 1940) was a Chinese writer who is now best known for his modernist short stories. ... Mao Dun (July 4, 1896–March 27, 1981) was the pen name of Shen Dehong, a 20th century Chinese novelist, cultural critic, and journalist. ... Li Yaotang (Simplified Chinese: , Styled Feigan; ) (November 25, 1904 – October 17, 2005) is considered to be one of the most important and widely-read Chinese writers of the twentieth century. ... Lu Xun (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) or Lu Hsün (Wade-Giles), pen name of Zhou Shuren (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōu Shùrén; Wade-Giles: Chou Shu-jen) (September 25, 1881 – October 19, 1936) is one of the major Chinese writers of the 20th... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Qian Zhongshu (November 21, 1910 – December 19, 1998) was a Chinese literary scholar, writer and polyglot, famous for his burning wit and formiddable erudition. ... Fortress Besieged (Simplified Chinese: 围城; Traditional Chinese: 圍城; Pinyin: wéi chéng) is a comedy of manners written by Qian Zhongshu, published in 1947. ... Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Academy Award winning English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... Private Lives is a play written by Noel Coward in 1930. ... The Peace Hotel The Peace Hotel, formerly the Cathay Hotel, is a famous hotel on The Bund in Shanghai, China. ... André Malraux, French author, adventurer, and statesman André Malraux (November 3, 1901 – November 23, 1976) was a French author, adventurer and statesman, and a dominant figure in French politics and culture. ... Written by Andre Malraux in 1933, Mans Fate La Condition Humane is about a group of communist revolutionaries in China. ... The Prix Goncourt is the most prestigious prize in French literature, given to the author of the best and most imaginative prose work of the year. Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the Académie Goncourt. ... Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer, known primarily for his science fiction works in the postcyberpunk genre with a penchant for explorations of society, mathematics, currency, and the history of science. ... The Diamond Age or, A Young Ladys Illustrated Primer is a postcyberpunk novel by Neal Stephenson. ... Kazuo Ishiguro (カズオ・イシグロ Kazuo Ishiguro, originally 石黒一雄 Ishiguro Kazuo, born November 8, 1954) is a British author of Japanese origin. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yokomitsu Riichi (横光 利一 Yokomitsu Riichi, 17 March 1898 - 30 December 1947) was a Japanese writer. ... Nien Cheng (Chinese: 鄭念; Hanyu Pinyin: ), born in Beijing, 1915, is a Chinese-American author who recounted her harrowing experiences of the Cultural Revolution in her memoir Life and Death in Shanghai. ... Life and Death in Shanghai is an autobiography written by Nien Cheng from exile in the United States, in November 1987. ... Born in 1953, Qiu Xiaolong 裘小龙 is a Shanghai native and English language author currently living in St. ... Death of a Red Heroine is a mystery novel written by Qiu Xiaolong and published in English in the year 2000. ... A Loyal Character Dancer is a book by Qiu Xiaolong. ...

Films

For other films with this name, see Armageddon (disambiguation). ... Code 46 is a 2003 British film directed by Michael Winterbottom, screenplay by Frank Cottrell Boyce. ... Michael Winterbottom (b. ... Tim Robbins at Cannes, 2001 Height: 6 ft 4 in / 1. ... Georg Wilhelm Pabst (August 25, 1885 - May 29, 1967) was a film director. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Ann Hui On-Wah (許鞍華, pinyin: Xǔ Ānhuá, born May 23, 1947) is a Hong Kong film director, one of the most critically acclaimed amongst the Hong Kong New Wave. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Everlasting Regret (Chinese title: 長恨歌; Changhen ge) is a 2005 film directed by Stanley Kwan. ... Stanley Kwan (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born October 9, 1957) is a Hong Kong film director and producer. ... The Oriental Pearl Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... Doctor Doom (Victor von Doom) is a fictional Marvel Comics supervillain created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. ... “Fearless (movie)” redirects here. ... Ronny Yu (Chinese: ) (born 1950) is a Chinese director, producer, and movie writer. ... Jet Li (born April 26, 1963) is a Chinese martial artist, actor, Wushu champion, and international film star. ... Fist of Legend (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally Hero of Jing Wu) is a 1994 Hong Kong martial arts film starring the martial artist Jet Li. ... Jet Li (born April 26, 1963) is a Chinese martial artist, actor, Wushu champion, and international film star. ... Jing Wu Men redirects here. ... Flowers of Shanghai (海上花, pinyin: hāi shàng huā) is a 1998 film directed by Hou Hsiao-hsien starring Fang Shuan, Hada Michiko, Annie Shizuka Inoh, Jack Kao, Carina Lau, Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Rebecca Pan, Michelle Reis and Zhao Wei. ... Hou Hsiao-Hsien (Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hou2 Hsiao4-hsien2) (born April 8, 1947) is an award-winning film director and a leading figure of Taiwans New Wave cinema movement. ... Godzilla: Final Wars (2004) is the 50th anniversary film in the Godzilla series of films. ... Anguirus ) is the second daikaijÅ« (big monster), who appeared only a year after Godzilla in the 1955 Toho film Godzilla Raids Again. ... The Oriental Pearl Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is an 1984 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Kung Fu Hustle (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a 2004 Hong Kong martial arts film co-written, co-produced and directed by Stephen Chow, who also stars in the film. ... For the novella by Eileen Chang, see Lust, Caution. ... Ang Lee (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born October 23, 1954) is an Academy-Award winning film director from the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... 74-year-old Eileen Chang holding a newspaper which reports the death of Kim Il-sung Eileen Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張愛玲; Simplified Chinese: 张爱玲; pinyin: Zhāng Àilíng) (September 30, 1920 – found dead September 8, 1995) was a Chinese writer. ... Mission: Impossible III (abbreviated M:I-III) is the upcoming third film based on the television series Mission: Impossible. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... For other uses, see The Painted Veil. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... Naomi Ellen Watts (born September 28, 1968) is a British actress known for her roles in Mulholland Drive, the film remakes of The Ring and King Kong, as well as her Academy Award-nominated role in the film 21 Grams. ... Perhaps Love (Chinese: 如果·愛; Pinyin: ) is a 2005 film directed by Peter Chan, written by Oi Wah Lam and Raymond To, and choreographed by Farah Khan. ... Peter Chan, or Chan Ho-sun (陳可辛; born in 1962 in Hong Kong) is a film director and producer. ... Theatrical poster for Purple Butterflys American release Purple Butterfly (紫蝴蝶, zǐ húdié) is a 2003 Chinese film, directed by You Le. ... Lou Ye (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lou2 Yeh4) (born 1965) is a Chinese film director who is commonly grouped with the Sixth Generation directors of Chinese cinema. ... Zhang Ziyi (章子怡; pinyin: Zhāng Zǐyí) (born February 9, 1979 in Beijing, China) is one of the most well-known Chinese film actresses working today, with a string of Chinese and international hits to her name. ... A Romance in Shanghai (新上海假期) is a modern television serial jointly produced by MediaCorp (Media Corporation of Singapore) and a China television production company. ... Fann Woon Fong (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born January 27, 1971), better known by her stage name Fann Wong,[1][2] is a Singaporean actress, singer and model. ... VHS cover of Shanghai Express Shanghai Express is a 1932 movie of the Pre-Code era starring Marlene Dietrich, Clive Brook, Anna May Wong and Warner Oland. ... Marlene Dietrich IPA: ; (December 27, 1901 – May 6, 1992) was a German-born American actress, singer, and entertainer. ... 1941 film noir directed by Josef von Sternberg. ... Josef von Sternberg (29 May 1894 – 22 December 1969) was an Austrian-American film director. ... Shanghai Grand (新上海灘) also known as Shanghai Grand 1996 to differentiate this film from its more illustrious TVB series of the same name (上海灘) The Bund is a 1996 film starring Leslie Cheung, Andy Lau and Ning Jing. ... Leslie Cheung Kwok-Wing (September 12, 1956 – April 1, 2003) (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: zoeng1 gwok3 wing4; Mandarin Pinyin: Zhāng Guóróng, Wade-Giles: Chang Kuo-jung; nickname Gor-gor (哥哥, Elder Brother in Cantonese), was an actor and musician from Hong Kong. ... Andy Lau Tak-Wah (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Liú Déhuá; Cantonese Yale: Lau Dak-Wa; born September 27, 1961 in Hong Kong as 劉福榮 Lau Fuk-Wing) is a Hong Kong Cantopop star, movie actor and producer. ... Ning Jing Name: Ninh Tinh (VN), 宁静 (CN) DOB: 04. ... Shanghai Kiss is a 2007 direct-to-DVD romantic drama comedy. ... Ken Leung (born January 21, 1970) is an American actor. ... Hayden Leslie Panettiere (born August 21, 1989[1]) is an American actress, singer, and Grammy Award nominee. ... Shanghai Triad (摇呀摇, 摇到外婆桥) is a 1994 Chinese film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... Zhang Yimou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ;  ) (born November 14, 1951) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese filmmaker and one-time cinematographer. ... The French poster for Suzhou River - River of Love Suzhou River 苏州河 (2000) is a film noir by Lou Ye about a tragic love story set in contemporary Shanghai. ... Lou Ye (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lou2 Yeh4) (born 1965) is a Chinese film director who is commonly grouped with the Sixth Generation directors of Chinese cinema. ... Temptress Moon (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a 1996 Chinese film directed by Chen Kaige, and was jointly produced by the Shanghai Film Studio and the Taipei-based Tomson Films. ... Chen Kaige (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chen Kai-ko) (born August 12, 1952) is a Chinese film director. ... For other uses, see Ultraviolet (disambiguation). ... Milla Jovovich (Serbian: Милица Јововић/Milica Jovović, Ukrainian: Мілла Йовович/MÑ–lla Jovovič; born Milica NataÅ¡a Jovović on December 17, 1975) is an American supermodel, actress, musician, singer, and fashion designer. ... The White Countess is a 2005 Merchant/Ivory film set in Shanghai in the 1930s. ... Shanghai Noon is a 2000 movie starring Jackie Chan and Owen Wilson as Chans western sidekick. ... Shanghai Knights is an American action-comedy movie released on February 3, 2003. ... Shanghai Surprise is a 1986 film starring Madonna and Sean Penn. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) // Penn was born in Santa Monica, California, the son of Leo Penn, an actor and director, and Eileen Ryan (née Annucci), an actress. ... Jing Wu Men redirects here. ... Bruce Lee (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Lǐ XiÇŽolóng; Cantonese Yale: Léih Síulùhng; November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973) was a Chinese-American martial artist, philosopher, instructor, and martial arts actor widely regarded as the most influential martial artist of the 20th century and a...

Sister cities

Shanghai has city partnerships with the following cities and/or regions: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 ÅŒsaka-fu) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Oranda-zaka (Dutch Slope) in Nagasaki Castle in Shimabara The island of Hirado boasts a fine castle Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県; Nagasaki-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Pūsan is also a Vedic Hindu god. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ... Port Vila (population 29,356, coordinates ) is the capital city of Vanuatu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew Arabic حَيْفَا Founded in 3rd century CE Government City District Haifa Population 267,000 1,039,000 (metropolitan area) Jurisdiction 63,666 dunams (63. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Tashkent (Uzbek: , Russian: ) is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of the Tashkent Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Oporto redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Port of Aden (around 1910). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... --193. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (869 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Maputo is the capital of Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Chiang Mai is both a city and a Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... KwaZulu-Natal, often referred to as KZN, is a province of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Valparaiso is the name of at least three cities and a village: Valparaíso, Chile Valparaiso, Florida Valparaiso, Indiana Valparaiso, Nebraska This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County ConstanÅ£a Mayor Radu Åžtefan Mazăre Area 124. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Aarhus Amt (English Aarhus County) is a county in central Denmark, on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava Region (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Hauraki District Council is a municipality in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... This article is about the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία) or Lefkosa (Turkish: Lefkoşa), population 177,410 (1992), is the capital of Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Youre Something Special in Winston-Salem Location in North Carolina Coordinates: , Country State Counties Forsyth County Founded Consolidated 1766 Salem 1849 Winston 1913 Government  - Mayor Allen Joines (D) Area  - City  132. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...

International events

Logo of Shanghai Expo 2010

Shanghai will be the host of the Expo 2010 World's Fair between May to October 2010. The city also hosted the first Formula One Chinese Grand Prix at the Shanghai International Circuit on September 26, 2004. Image File history File links Shanghai_World_Expo. ... Image File history File links Shanghai_World_Expo. ... Expo 2010 logo Expo 2010 will be held in Shanghai, China and is a scheduled Worlds Fair in the grand tradition of international fairs and expositions. ... Expo 2010 logo Expo 2010 will be held in Shanghai, China and is a scheduled Worlds Fair in the grand tradition of international fairs and expositions. ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... F1 redirects here. ... The first Chinese Grand Prix took place on September 26, 2004, where Rubens Barrichello drove to first place. ... Main straight and pitlane area The Shanghai International Circuit (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a brand new motor racing venue, situated in the district of Jiading near Shanghai in the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It was also one of the nine places across seven continents to hold a Live Earth concert in its Oriental Pearl TV Tower, held on July 7, 2007, to promote the fight against global warming. However, despite the high attendance of the event in Shanghai, it remains doubtful if it will influence Chinese awareness of global warming. [13] Live Earth was a series of worldwide concerts held on 7 July 2007, that initiated a three-year campaign to combat climate change. ... Oriental Pearl Tower as seen from the Bund The Oriental Pearl Tower (东方明珠塔 pinyin: Dōngfāng Míngzhūtǎ) is located in the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the Earths near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation. ...


Sports teams

Professional sports teams in Shanghai include:

The Chinese Football Association Super League (中国足球协会超级联赛 or 超级联赛 or 中超) or Chinese Super League or China Super League, known as the CSL, is the premier league of Chinese football (soccer), under the auspices of the Chinese... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... old crest Shanghai Shenhua (Simplified Chinese: 上海申花) is a Chinese Super League football club. ... old crest Shanghai Shenhua (Simplified Chinese: 上海申花) is a Chinese Super League football club. ... The Chinese Basketball Association (CBA; Chinese 中国男子篮球职业联赛) is the premier professional basketball league in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Shanghai Sharks (Chinese: 上海大鲨鱼; Hanyu Pinyin: ), are a Chinese Basketball Association team based in Shanghai, China. ... The China Baseball League or Chinese Baseball League (Chinese: ) or CBL is a fledgling professional baseball league under the administration of Chinese Baseball Association, founded in 2002. ... Shanghai Eagles Shanghai Golden Eagles (上海金鹰) is a baseball team based in Shanghai and a member of the China Baseball League. ... This article is about Chinese Table Tennis League. ...

See also

Shanghainese (上海言话 [] in Shanghainese), sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai. ... Thames Town is the proposed name in English for a new town in China, near Shanghai. ... Shanghai cuisine (上海菜), also known as Hu cai (滬菜, pinyin: hù cài) is a style of Chinese cuisine, and is a popular and celebrated cuisine among the Chinese in China. ... The 19th century clipper ships in the China trade required a great deal of labor to operate. ... The Portland Underground, or The Shanghai Tunnels as they are more commonly known, are a group of passages running underneath Old Town/Chinatown down to the central downtown section of Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... Membership 6 member states 4 observer states Headquarters Secretariat RATS - Beijing - Tashkent Working languages Chinese, Russian Secretary General Zhang Deguang Formation 14 June 2001 Official website http://www. ... This list ranks cities in the Peoples Republic of China by population. ... Novels set in Shanghai, China Shanghai by Christopher New Empire of the Sun by J. G. Ballard When We Were Orphans by Kazuo Ishiguro The Sing-song Girls of Shanghai by Han Bangqing (tranlsated by Eileen Chang) Shanghai: a novel by Yokomitsu Riichi (Translated with a postscript by Dennis Washburn... This page lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas of the world, ranked by population. ... London New York City Paris Tokyo A global city (also known as a world city or world-class city) is a city with a somewhat subjective set of traits, some of which are listed below. ...

References

  1. ^ Land Area. Basic Facts. Shanghai Municipal Government. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  2. ^ Water Resources. Basic Facts. Shanghai Municipal Government. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  3. ^ Topographic Features. Basic Facts. Shanghai Municipal Government. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  4. ^ World Urbanization Prospects, table A12. United Nations (2005). Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  5. ^ "Shanghai now the world's largest cargo port" (HTML), China Business, Asia Times, 2006-01-07. Retrieved on 2007-09-13. 
  6. ^ This terrified baby was almost the only human being left alive in Shanghai's South Station after brutal Japanese bombing. China, August 28, 1937., 1942–1945. U.S. National Archives. Retrieved on 2007-08-27.
  7. ^ Time magazine. "[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,859181,00.html Time magazine]." Kill nice! Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
  8. ^ Bellucci, Lucille. [2005] (2005). Journey from Shanghai. iUniverse Publishing. ISBN 0595343732
  9. ^ "Shanghai records double-digit GDP growth for 14th year in a row", Xinhua News Agency, 2006-01-31. Retrieved on 2006-08-08. 
  10. ^ "Personal Cars and China (2003)". 
  11. ^ Pudong airport has most passengers from abroad (The Business Times: January 9, 2007)
  12. ^ World's longest cross-sea bridge
  13. ^ Collier, Robert. "Warming strikes a note in China", SFGate.com, 2007-07-08, pp. A4. Retrieved on 2007-07-08. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Asia Times Online is an Internet-only publication that reports and examines geopolitical, political, economic and business issues, looking at these from an Asian perspective. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Front gate of the main building of Xinhua News Agency in Beijing For other uses, see Xinhua (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Donghai Bridge, longest cross-sea bridge This is a list of the worlds bridges longer than 1 km (3281 ft) sorted by their full length above land or water. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Country Profile:Shanghai Municipality--People's Daily Online (189 words)
The City of Shanghai lies on the western coast of the Pacific Ocean and at the central section of the north-south coastline of China.
The suburban area of Shanghai is located at the southern end of northern subtropical zone.The soil is fertile and there are 333,000 hectares of arable land.
Shanghai's large and highly skilled work force, broadly based scientific establishment, tradition of producer cooperation, and excellent transportation and communications facilities have all contributed to the city's stature as the leading industrial centre in China.
Shanghai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6245 words)
Shanghai once became the third largest financial centre in the world, ranking after New York City and London, and the largest commercial city in the Far East in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county.
Shanghai faces the East China Sea (part of the Pacific Ocean), and is bisected by the Huangpu River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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