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The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a A healer is someone who purports to aid recovery from ill health. Some practitioners of alternative health practices seek to restrict the term to themselves, claiming they work with the natural recuperative self-healing properties of the body, which they term vitalism. They assert that other approaches work against the... healer (' Medicine man is an English term used to describe Native American religious figures; such individuals are analogous to shamans. The term medicine man has been criticized by Native Americans, and various scholars. The primary function of these medicine men (who are not always male) is to secure the help of... medicine man'). The shaman provides See In J. R. R. Tolkiens world of Middle-earth, the Drúedain, also known as Drûg, Woses, Wild Men of the Woods and Púkel-men, were a strange race of Men which was counted amongst the Edain. The Drûg lived among the Second House of Men... medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via " The supernatural refers to conscious magical, religious or unknown forces that cannot ordinarily be perceived except through their effects. This word is often used interchangeably with preternatural or paranormal. Unlike natural forces, these putative supernatural forces can not be shown to exist by the scientific method. Supernatural claims assert phenomena... supernatural" means (means that people from a European cultural tradition might regard as Magic (also called magick to distinguish it from stage magic) is a supposed way of influencing the world through supernatural, mystical, or paranormal means. This article provides an overview of specific magical traditions and practices. It also discusses the use of magic as a plot device in various kinds of... magic, a concept which has its roots in the shamanism of the Middle-east, see Magi (Μάγοι) were Zoroastrian astrologer-priests from ancient Persia. The word magi is plural; the singular is magus (μάγος). It is derived from the Old Persian word, Magupati, in Modern Persian Mobed. Magus is also a word for a Shaman (magician, wizard... magi). The role of the shaman is to communicate with An entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. In particular, abstractions and legal fictions are usually regarded as entities. In general, there is also no presumption that an entity is animate. An entity could be viewed as a set containing... entities on the " The Spiritual Plane is a term used for the fraction of reality which is not readily visible by means of ordinary perception. Although many people do not believe in the Spiritual Plane and its existence has not (and some say can not) be proven, the concept can be traced back... spiritual plane", and to secure their aid to provide for the needs of their communities.


Specifically, shaman (saman) is a term in The Evenk language (Evenki language) (SIL: EVN, ISO 639-2: tut) is the largest of the northern group of the Manchu-Tungus languages, a group which also includes the Even and Negidal languages. It is spoken by Evenks in Russia, Mongolia and China. The basic vocabulary has much in common... Evenk, The Manchu (manju in Manchu; 滿族 (pinyin: mǎnzú) in Chinese, often shortened to 滿 (pinyin: mǎn) are an ethnic group who originated in northeastern Manchuria. During the Manchu conquest, they conquered the Ming Dynasty in the 17th century and founded the Qing Dynasty, which ruled... Manchu and other Tungusic languages (or Manchu-Tungus languages) are spoken in Eastern Siberia and Manchuria. Some linguists constitute them to be part of the Altaic family of languages, together with the Turkic and Mongolian, but this theory is not universally agreed. The Tungusic languages are divided into a northern and a southern... Manchu-Tungus languages, though the phenomenon of shamanism is widespread and cross-cultural. (Note that although the word ends with "-man," it is a The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Non-sexist language (gender-generic, gender-inclusive, gender-neutral, or sex-neutral language) is language that attempts to refer neither to males nor females when discussing an abstract or hypothetical person whose sex cannot... gender-neutral term: a man or woman may be a shaman, depending upon cultural tradition. The plural is also shaman, but pronounced differently.)


Generically, the word shaman refers to analogous functions in other cultures, such as the North American hunter-fishermen culture's " Medicine man is an English term used to describe Native American religious figures; such individuals are analogous to shamans. The term medicine man has been criticized by Native Americans, and various scholars. The primary function of these medicine men (who are not always male) is to secure the help of... medicine man" or the African agricultural's " A witch doctor often refers to healers in primitive regions of the world or highly developed ones that believe in the healing power of magic as opposed to science or developed medicine. The term witch doctor is generally used with negative connotations. It often is used to imply that the... Witch doctor", or A sangoma is a practitioner of herbal medicine, divination and counselling in traditional Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swazi) societies of Southern Africa (effectively an African shaman). The philosophy is based on a belief in ancestral spirits. Both men and women can be called by the ancestors (a consequence of... sangoma. Shamans have existed in most parts of the world, and the ancient shamans of Europe are more or less distantly remembered as Druidry or Druidism was the religion of the ancient druids, the priestly class in ancient Celtic and Gallic societies through much of Western Europe north of the Alps and in the British Isles. Druidic practices were part of the culture of all the tribal peoples called Keltoi and Galatai by... druids, Baal Shem in Hebrew translates as Master of the Name, and is almost always used in reference to Israel ben Eliezer, the Rabbi who founded Hasidic Judaism and was called the Baal Shem Tov, or Master of the Good Name. More general, it refers to a rabbi who, due to... ba'ale shem and völvas, and in fairy tales as For other uses, see Wizard (disambiguation). Albus Dumbledore, from the Harry Potter series, is a traditional wizard. A wizard (from wise) is a practitioner of magic, especially in folklore, fantasy fiction, and fantasy role-playing games. In popular use in sixteenth century England it was used to denonate a helpful... wizards and This article is in multiple, independent sections. The duplicate sections should be merged. Please see the talk page. This article is part of the Witchcraft series. African witchcraft Asian witchcraft European witchcraft Middle-eastern witchcraft North American witchcraft South American witchcraft European Christians in the medieval era, some conservative Christians... witches. Fairy tales and even the language of everyday life include frequent references to knowledge obtained because "a little bird told me," which is a remnant of the idea that shamans can communicate directly with animals. In the western world many of the roles of shamans have been replaced by (or evolved into those of) Roman Catholic priest A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. Priests have been known since the earliest times and in the simplest societies (see shaman and oracle). There are priests... priests, A scholar is either a student or someone who has achieved a mastery of some academic discipline. In British usage, a scholar is equally likely to be a schoolchild (usually a boy) or a learned person. In American usage, the schoolchild meaning is rare. Similar words: Intellectual Professor Schoolchild See... scholars and Doctor means teacher in Latin. It has been used continuously as an honored academic title for over a millennium in Europe, where it dates back to the rise of the university. This use spread to the Americas, former European colonies, and is now prevalent in most of the world. However... doctors.


Joseph Campbell (New York City, March 26, 1904 - Honolulu, October 30, 1987) was an American professor, writer, and orator best known for his work in the fields of mythology and comparative religion. Contents // 1 Life 2 Campbells Original Voice 3 Influence of his works 4 Works 4.1 Biography... Joseph Campbell described the essential difference between priest and shaman:

"The priest is the socially initiated, ceremonially inducted member of a recognized religious organization, where he holds a certain rank and functions as the tenant of an office that was held by others before him, while the shaman is one who, as a consequence of a personal psychological crisis, has gained a certain power of his own." (1969, p. 231)

The "Master of the Animals" represented in This time period is part of the Holocene epoch. Holocene Neolithic to modern times... 7,000s BC 8,000s BC Mesolithic or Epipaleolithic Pleistocene Paleolithic The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) is traditionally the last part of the stone age. The name was invented by... Neolithic cave paintings has The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. The Bronze Age is part of the Three-age system for prehistoric societies and follows the Neolithic in... Bronze Age counterparts in the natures of Orion, one of the Titans of Greek mythology, is the archetype of the hunter. Orion in Mythology Orion is born in Boeotia, the fertile heart of civilized Hellas, whose folk the Boeotian poet Hesiod described as farmers in the winter and sailors in the summer season. Were the Boeotians such... Orion in the Greece and the Aegean Sea The Aegean sea in Greece as seen from the island of Greek: Αιγαίον Πέλαγος, Aigaion Pelagos; Turkish: Ege denizi) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, located between the Greek peninsula and Anatolia... Aegean and Categories: Mythology stubs | Sumerian mythology ... Enkidu in the Sumerian/Babylonian The Deluge tablet of the Gilgamesh epic in Akkadian The Epic of Gilgamesh is from Babylonia, dating from long after the time that king Gilgamesh was supposed to have ruled. It was based on earlier Sumerian legends of Gilgamesh. The most complete version of the epic was preserved on eleven... Epic of Gilgamesh.


Some shamans encourage the belief that they possess supernatural qualities that transcend human nature. To wit, shamans are usually credited with the ability to speak to A spirit or spiritual being is a non-corporeal entity found in many religions and belief systems throughout the world. The word has many connections to the concept of the soul, with the difference that a spirit is not necessarily linked to a human or other corporeal being. As the... spirits and perform feats of Magic (also called magick to distinguish it from stage magic) is a supposed way of influencing the world through supernatural, mystical, or paranormal means. This article provides an overview of specific magical traditions and practices. It also discusses the use of magic as a plot device in various kinds of... magic such as For the psychic technique, see Astral projection For the music group, see Astral Projection (group) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix... astral projection and Healing is the process where the cells in the body regenerate and repair to reduce the size of a damaged or necrotic area. Healing incorporates both the removal of necrotic tissue (demolition), and the replacement of this tissue. The replacement can happen in two ways: by regeneration - this is when... healing. Shamans are usually found in tribal cultures with nature religions and beliefs in ancestor spirits, though some persons in modern For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture Western Culture refers to the culture that has developed in the Western world. This culture is arguably the dominant cultural form in the modern world; it can also be said that elements of this culture have come to play... Western cultures also consider themselves to be shamans. The shaman's office is frequently held to be hereditary and his ancestral spirits may act as his chief conduits for spiritual aid. However, the most powerful shamans are those who have a natural aptitude for the calling. These individuals easily enter into the The term a separate reality was first used by Carlos_Castenada in a book by that name, his second. Some people believe that the story of Jacobs ladder is a version of this widespread belief in a connection between Heaven and Earth. Usage in physics Main Article: Duality In physics... separate reality of the spirits, and do so without the need of drugs or other artificial support. Tradition also holds that a shaman is chosen by the spirits, not by the people. A shaman may be initiated via a serious Illness can be a synonym for disease or it can be a persons perception of having poor health. Disease is an actual physical, pathophysiological process which can cause an abnormal condition of the body or mind. Illness and disease are not necessarily the same. Most people who have a... illness, by being struck by lightning, or by a A near-death experience (NDE) is the perception reported by a person who nearly died or who was clinically dead and revived. They are somewhat common, especially since the development of cardiac resuscitation techniques, and are reported in approximately one-fifth of persons who revive from clinical death. The experience... near-death experience (e.g. the shaman Black Elk (Hehaka Sapa) (c. December 1863 _August 1950) available sources differ on his death date: either August 17th or 19th Black Elk was a famous Wichasha Wakan (Medicine Man or Holy Man) of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux). He participated at about the age of twelve in the Battle of... Black Elk), and there usually is a set of cultural imagery expected to be experienced during shamanic initiation regardless of method. According to Categories: 1907 births | 1986 deaths | 20th Century philosophers | Fantasy writers | Romanian philosophers | Romanian writers | People stubs ... Mircea Eliade, such imagery often includes being transported to the spirit world and interacting with beings inhabiting it, meeting a spiritual guide, being devoured by some being and emerging transformed, and/or being "dismantled" and "reassembled" again, often with implanted amulets such as magical crystals. The imagery generally speaks of transformation and granting powers, or of traveling the other world and making useful contacts with spirits there.


One of a shaman's main functions is to protect individuals from hostile The supernatural refers to conscious magical, religious or unknown forces that cannot ordinarily be perceived except through their effects. This word is often used interchangeably with preternatural or paranormal. Unlike natural forces, these putative supernatural forces can not be shown to exist by the scientific method. Supernatural claims assert phenomena... supernatural influences. He or she deals with a range of A spirit or spiritual being is a non-corporeal entity found in many religions and belief systems throughout the world. The word has many connections to the concept of the soul, with the difference that a spirit is not necessarily linked to a human or other corporeal being. As the... spirits, performs Sacrifice is the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship. The term is also used metaphorically to describe selfless good deeds for others. Contents // 1 Theologies of sacrifice 2 Sacrifice in Judaism 3 Animal sacrifice 4... sacrifices and procures For alternate usages of Oracle, see Oracle (disambiguation) An Oracle is a person or agency considered to be a source of wise counsel or prophetic opinion; an infallible authority, usually spiritual in nature. In the ancient world many sites gained a reputation for the dispensing of oracular wisdom: they too... oracles. The shaman may act as Many sets of religious beliefs have a particular spirit, deity, demon or angel whose responsibility is to escort newly-deceased souls to the afterlife, such as Heaven or Hell. These creatures are called psychopomps. They were often associated with horses, ravens, dogs, crows, sparrows, harts (that is, male deer), and... psychopomp, conducting the spirits of individuals who have just died to the proper refuge for dead spirits. Shamanistic traditions often include induction of Trance is an altered state of consciousness. To simulate a trance, one mentalist said that you should slump in your chair and act as though you have drunk a bottle of gin. For more information, see hypnosis and ecstasy. Trance is also a type of music. This is a disambiguation... trance through natural In J. R. R. Tolkiens world of Middle-earth, the Drúedain, also known as Drûg, Woses, Wild Men of the Woods and Púkel-men, were a strange race of Men which was counted amongst the Edain. The Drûg lived among the Second House of Men... drugs (often Hallucinogenic drug - drugs that can alter sensory perceptions. Hallucinogen (band) - the psychedelic trance project of Simon Posford. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back... hallucinogens), chanting, fasting, For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). A contemporary dancer rehearsing in a dance studio Dance generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. Dance is also used to describe methods of non-verbal communication between humans or... dancing and This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Music is a word whose accepted definitions vary with time, place and culture. It is said to be an art, a form of entertainment, and is also often defined by contrast with noise... music. The For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). Drum carried by John Unger, Company B, 40th Regiment New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry Mozart Regiment, December 20, 1863 A drum is a percussion musical instrument, consisting of a membrane called a drumhead that is usually stretched taut over a cylindrical tube... drum (tungur in Altaic is a putative language family which would include 60 languages spoken by about 250 million people, mostly in and around central Asia. The relationships among these languages remain a matter of debate among historical linguists, and the existence of Altaic as a family is rejected by many. Its proponents... Altaic) is an important instrument in shamanic ceremonies, as it is commonly used to induce autohypnotic phenomena. Researchers also suspect that in some cultures For other uses, see Schizophrenia (disambiguation). Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion. The term schizophrenia comes from the Greek words σχίζω (schizo, split or divide) and φρενός (phrenos, mind... schizophrenia or similar conditions may predispose an individual to the role of shaman. That view is a negative interpretation of the same insight that is enunciated by many shamanic cultures -- that the best shamans spontaneously perform their functions.


In Scandinavia shamans were forbidden to practice their religious functions (and many were even burned on the stake) during the 17th century, and many Russian shamans were shot during the beginning of the U.S.S.R. period.


For a categorisation of the Siberian shamans based on drum motif semantics, see The cermonial drum is a instrument used in the Siberian regions in ritual contexts. When it is used, it is often accompanied with some sort of singing. The drums have been classified from their traits such as knop and frame design, size, absence and presence of motifs on the membrane... ceremonial drums. This category of shamans have not the same function in their society today, besides some very few exceptions. This change occurred especially after the [edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:History_of_Russia&action=edit)] History of Russia Early East Slavs Khazars Kievan Rus Volga Bulgaria Mongol invasion Golden Horde Muscovy Crimean Khanate Imperial Russia Revolution of 1905 Revolution of 1917 Civil War Soviet Union Russian Federation The Russian Revolution... Russian revolution (1917).


See also

  • Shamanism is a range of traditional beliefs and practices that involve the ability to diagnose, cure, and sometimes cause human suffering because of a special relationship with, or control over, spirits. This tradition has existed all over the world since prehistoric times. Contents // 1 Foundation and History 2 Aspects of... shamanism
  • The Kalevala is an epic poem compiled by Elias Lönnrot in the 19th century from Finnish folk sources. It is commonly called the Finnish national epic and is one of the most significant works of Finnish-language literature. The Kalevala is credited with inspiring the nationalism that ultimately led... Kalevala

References

  • Categories: 1907 births | 1986 deaths | 20th Century philosophers | Fantasy writers | Romanian philosophers | Romanian writers | People stubs ... Mircea Eliade, Shamanism. The classic study of this phenomenon
  • Joseph Campbell (New York City, March 26, 1904 - Honolulu, October 30, 1987) was an American professor, writer, and orator best known for his work in the fields of mythology and comparative religion. Contents // 1 Life 2 Campbells Original Voice 3 Influence of his works 4 Works 4.1 Biography... Joseph Campbell, Primitive Mythology: the masks of God, 1969.
  • M. A. Czaplicka, (1914) 'Shamanism in Siberia' [1] (http://www.sacred-texts.com/sha/sis/)

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Peruvian painter and Shaman, Pablo Amaringo Shuna and the Colombian anthropologist Luis Eduardo Luna and his wife, Sirpa Rasanen.
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