FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Shamakhi
Map of Azerbaijan showing Samakhi rayon

Shamakhi or Shamakhy (Azerbaijani: Şamaxı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan, and a town in the rayon. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Azerbaijan is divided into: 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon - singular), 11 cities* (saharlar; sahar - singular), 1 autonomous republic** (muxtar respublika); All listed are rayons (with Rayonu after their name) unless otherwise noted. ...


The town is 70 miles west of Baku (40 38 N 48 40 E). It has some 20,000 inhabitants, among them Azerbaijanis (75%), Armenians and Russians. Shamakhy is famous for its traditional dance, the Dance of Shamakhy which bears some resemblance to traditional Persian dance. Coordinates: , Country Azerbaijan Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ...


Though Shamakhy has suffered from attack, earthquake and siege it remains rich in historical and cultural monuments, chief among them the Diri-Baba near the settlement of Maraza.


In its history eleven major earthquakes have rocked Shamakhi, but each time it was reconstructed by its inhabitants due to role as economic and administrative capital of Shirvan Khanate and one of the key towns on the way of the Silk Road. The only building to have survived eight of the eleven earthquakes is the landmark Djuma Mosque (10th century CE). In 1742 Shemakha was taken and destroyed by Nadir Shah of Persia, who relocated inhabitants into a new town under the same name about 16 miles to the west (Agsu) , at the foot of the main chain of the Caucasus. ... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Shamakhy was first mentioned as Kamachia by the ancient Greco-Roman Egyptian geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus in the 1st to 2nd century. This article is about the geographer and astronomer Ptolemy. ...


Shemakhy was an important town during the Middle Ages and served as a capital of Shirvanshah state in 8-15 century and the capital of independent Shirvan Khanate ), which was also known as khanate of Shemakha The Catholic friar, missionary and explorer William of Ruysbroeck passed there on his return journey from the Mongol Great Khan's court. // History The role of Shirvanshah (Shirvan) state in national development of Azerbaijan (especially of northern Azerbaijan) is hard to underestimate. ... In 1742 Shemakha was taken and destroyed by Nadir Shah of Persia, who relocated inhabitants into a new town under the same name about 16 miles to the west (Agsu) , at the foot of the main chain of the Caucasus. ... William of Rubruck (also William of Rubruk, Willem van Ruysbroeck, Guillaume de Rubrouck, Willielmus de Rubruquis, born c. ...


In the middle of the 16th century it was the seat of an English commercial factory, under the traveller Jenkinson, afterwards envoy extraordinary of the Persian Shah to Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible of Russia. Tsar Ioann IV the Terrible. ...


In 1742 Shemakhy was taken and destroyed by Nadir Shah of Persia, who punished the inhabitants for their disobedience and Sunnite creed by building a new town under the same name about 16 miles to the west, at the foot of the main chain of the Caucasus Mountains. The new Shemakha was at different times a residence of the Shirvan Khanate, but it was finally abandoned, and the old town rebuilt. The Russians first entered Shirvan in 1723, but soon retired leaving it to Ottomans who possessed it in 1723-35. Shirvan Khanate was not finally annexed by Russia until 1805. // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Turkic Afsharid... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... In 1742 Shemakha was taken and destroyed by Nadir Shah of Persia, who relocated inhabitants into a new town under the same name about 16 miles to the west (Agsu) , at the foot of the main chain of the Caucasus. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... In 1742 Shemakha was taken and destroyed by Nadir Shah of Persia, who relocated inhabitants into a new town under the same name about 16 miles to the west (Agsu) , at the foot of the main chain of the Caucasus. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Until the devastating earthquake of 1859, Shamakhy was the capital of the Province of Shamakhy. From 1859, when the capital of the province was transferred to Baku, the importance of the city declined. Coordinates: , Country Azerbaijan Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ...


Earthquakes

  • 1191 earthquake was so destructive that the capital of Shirvan was transferred to Baku.
  • 1667 earthquake is considered to be the worst with a death toll of 80,000 and one third of the city plunged according to the Persian merchants' reports;
  • December 2, 1859 earthquake caused the shifting of the same-named gubernia center to Baku.
  • 1902 devastating earthquake that destroyed the 10-century Juma Mosque.

// Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Guberniya (also gubernia, guberniia, and gubernya) (Russian: губе́рния) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as province or Governorate General. ... Coordinates: , Country Azerbaijan Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Iğdır (Իգդիր in Armenian) is a city in eastern Turkey, close to the border with Armenia. ...

Sources and References

  • Каталог землетрясений Российской Империи (The Catalogue of the Earthquakes in the Russian Empire).
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
.:: Musado Wild Nature ::. (170 words)
Shamakhy, one of the most ancient cities in Azerbaijan, has been the capital of Shirvan since the 6th century.
It was first mentioned by the Greek astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemy in the 2 nd century A.D. Located on the Silk Road at the junction of caravan routes which linked Asia with Europe, Shemaka was an important political, trade and cultural center with bustling bazaars trading in silk, carpets, gold cloth, wool, and arms.
A few kilometres above Shamakhy there a number of picturesque "highland" villages such as Chuxuryurd with magnificent views of the Caucasus Mountains.
National Information Communication Technologies Strategy Project (706 words)
On February 14, 2004 in Shamakhy was held the opening ceremony of the regional information center (RIC).
She underlined that, for more effective fulfillment of clauses of this Programme concerning Shamakhy high quality human potential is one of the nost necessary elements.
According to him, the Center in Shamakhy is ninth of eleven Centers to be established.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m