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Encyclopedia > Shaker Heights, Ohio
Location in Ohio

Shaker Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2000 Census, the city population was 29,405. It is an inner-ring streetcar suburb of Cleveland that abuts the city on its western side. Adapted from Wikipedias OH county maps by Catbar. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1887x1507, 60 KB) Shaker Heights, Ohio This map shows the communitys extent in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... Cuyahoga County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A streetcar suburb is a community whose growth was mostly shaped by the coming of the electric streetcar or tram. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ...

Contents

Geography

Shaker Heights is located at 41°28′35″N, 81°33′6″W (41.476502, -81.551620).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.4 km² (6.3 mi²). 16.3 km² (6.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.63%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 29,405 people, 12,220 households, and 8,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,807.9/km² (4,685.0/mi²). There were 12,982 housing units at an average density of 798.1/km² (2,068.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.94% White, 34.11% African American, 0.06% Native American, 3.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 12,220 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $63,983, and the median income for a family was $85,893. Males had a median income of $61,768 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $41,354. About 5.3% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

A Blue Line rapid transit car at the Lynnfield station
A Blue Line rapid transit car at the Lynnfield station

Shaker Heights, Ohio was incorporated as a village in 1912. The name "Shaker Heights" has origins in two local sources. The community was laid out on land formerly owned by the North Union Community of the United Society of Believers, more commonly known by the vernacular Shakers, so named for the appearance that the worshipers "shook" during religious dance. "Heights" refers to the plateau east of Cleveland that rises sharply in elevation from 582 feet above sea level at the base of the Cedar Glen Parkway rising to 950 feet above sea level in nearby Cleveland Heights; Shaker Heights' elevation is 1000 feet above sea level. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 760 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (968 × 764 pixel, file size: 251 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A PCC car on the Blue Line Rapid along Van Aken Boulevard at the Lynnfield station in Shaker Heights, Ohio File links The following pages on... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 760 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (968 × 764 pixel, file size: 251 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A PCC car on the Blue Line Rapid along Van Aken Boulevard at the Lynnfield station in Shaker Heights, Ohio File links The following pages on... Light rail vehicle on the Waterfront Line The Blue and Green Lines are the light rail component of the RTA Rapid Transit, a rail transit system in greater Cleveland, Ohio. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... // The word village has many meanings relating to local government in the United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... Cleveland Heights is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ...


The North Union Settlement was established in 1822 with just over 80 individuals. The colony peaked around 1850 with about 300 settlers. As the Shakers practiced celibacy, the colony faded away and was closed in 1889. The land was bought by brothers M.J. and O.P. Van Sweringen who envisioned the first garden styled suburb in Ohio for the site. Originally referred to as Shaker Village, the community was incorporated in 1912 and reached city status in the 1930s. Shaker Heights is known for its stringent building codes and zoning laws, which have helped to maintain the community's housing stock and identity throughout the years. Approximately seventy percent of the city of Shaker Heights is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sweringen brothers, Mantis (left) and Oris (right) Oris Paxton (24 April 1879–November 22, 1936, heart attack) and Mantis James (July 8, 1881–December 12, 1934) Van Sweringen were brothers who became railroad barons in order to develop Shaker Heights, Ohio. ... Ebenezer Howards 3 magnets diagram which addressed the question Where will the people go?, the choices being Town, Country or Town-Country The garden city movement is an approach to urban planning that was founded in 1898 by Ebenezer Howard in England. ... A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


The Van Sweringens acquired the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate Road) in order to secure the right of way needed to establish a rapid transit interurban streetcar system that would carry residents of Shaker Heights to and from downtown Cleveland. The resulting system was known as the Shaker Heights Rapid Transit. The Rapid Transit system was transferred into the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA) in the 1970s, which combined the operation of all bus systems in the county with the operation of the Shaker and Cleveland Transit System west side rapid lines. Shaker Heights and Greater Cleveland refer to the system and to the trains as "The Rapid Transit", "Rapid" or "Shaker Rapid". While originally envisioned to extend from downtown Cleveland fourteen miles to the community of Hunting Valley, Ohio (then called Shaker Estates), the system expansion ended at Green Road in eastern Shaker Heights following the collapse of the Van Sweringen rail empire during the Great Depression. The New York, Chicago and St. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... An interurban streetcar line or interurban, also called a radial railway in Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas. ... Panorama of Cleveland in 1909 Downtown Cleveland in 2006 Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of the City of Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. ... Waterfront Line of Cleveland Rapid Transit Cleveland Rapid Transit (generally known as The Rapid) is the name of the rail rapid-transit system in Cleveland, Ohio, owned by the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. ... The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (officially the GCRTA, but usually referred to as the RTA) is the metropolitan transportation agency in Cleveland, Ohio and its surrounding suburbs. ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... Hunting Valley is a wealthy, suburban village located east of Cleveland in Cuyahoga and Geauga counties in the Northeast Ohio Region, the 14th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Shaker Heights is nationally recognized for its school system, rated since the 1950s in the top ten nationally as well as its efforts to increase neighborhood integration beginning in the late 1950s with neighbors in the Ludlow Elementary School area working together to make integration successful. As a result, Shaker Heights avoided many of the problems created from practices such as blockbusting and white flight. The city actively encouraged whites to move into black neighborhoods and blacks to move into white neighborhoods with interest rate incentives to create multi ethnic neighborhoods. Today, the city maintains a housing assistance office that works with home buyers to achieve and maintain neighborhood integration. In August 2004, the story of early integration efforts in Shaker Heights was subject of The Reunion,[1] an ABC News special produced by Paul Mason. Mason, now a senior vice president of ABC News, was a student at Ludlow Elementary School when residents, including his parents, moved forward with their efforts to make neighborhood integration a community project. The Shaker Heights City School District is located in Shaker Heights, Ohio, immediately east of the city of Cleveland in northeast Ohio. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... This article needs to be expanded. ... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racially mixed inner-city neighborhoods to predominantly white suburbs and exurbs. ... ABC News Special Report ident, circa 2006 ABC News is a division of American television and radio network ABC, owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... Paul Mason is the business correspondent on BBC NewsNight. ...


Famous natives and residents

Image File history File links Information. ... Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... How I Met Your Mother (HIMYM) is a CBS sitcom that premiered on September 19, 2005. ... Åœ “Late Show” redirects here. ... David Mark Berger (June 24, 1944 – September 6, 1972) was an American Jewish weightlifter for the Israeli Olympic team in 1972. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... Autographed photo of Peter Bergman Peter Bergman as Jack Abbott Peter Bergman (born June 11, 1953) is a three time Emmy Award-winning American soap opera actor. ... Philip Proctor (often Phil) (born July 28, 1940 in Goshen, Indiana) is a member of The Firesign Theatre. ... The Firesign Theatre are a comedy troupe consisting of Phil Austin, Peter Bergman, David Ossman, and Philip Proctor. ... Interior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Exterior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum viewed from Raoul Wallenberg Place (15th St. ... The facade Mercer Elementary School, built in 1952-1953, is based upon the Georgian architectural model. ... Andy Borowitz (born January 4, 1958) is a comedian and satirist who won the first-ever National Press Club award for humor. ... The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is an Emmy, BAFTA, and RTS-award winning popular American television sitcom that aired on NBC from September 10, 1990, to May 20, 1996. ... Jim Brickman (born November 20, 1961) is a Jewish-American composer and contemporary pianist. ... Nathan D. Clements (born December 12, 1979 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is an American football player who currently plays cornerback for the San Francisco 49ers of the NFL. // Clements went to Shaker Heights High School. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cheri Dennis (born 1982 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American singer, signed to Bad Boy Records. ... American King Music is a hip hop and R&B record label founded by Shawn Mims and Corey Llewllyn. ... Stuart Goldman is highly controversial journalist, author and screenwriter. ... Michelle Federer puts finishing touches on her Nessarose makeup in Wicked. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia on one of the following topics: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Lifter Puller (sometimes spelled Lftr Pllr) was a Minnesota indie rock band from 1994 to 2000. ... Craig Finn, Guitar/Vocalist The Hold Steady are a Brooklyn-based musical group, although the members are from Minneapolis; something that is frequently reflected in the groups lyrics. ... “Minneapolis” redirects here. ... James Christopher Frey (born September 12, 1969 in Cleveland, Ohio USA) is an American writer. ... A Million Little Pieces is a partially-fabricated[1] memoir by James Frey. ... Maurice Goldman (1910-1984) Maurice Goldman is an internationally known composer and conductor. ... Thomas Tom Griswold (born April 22, 1953 in Cleveland, Ohio) hosts the radio show The Bob & Tom Show together with his partner, Bob Kevoian. ... The BOB & TOM Show is a syndicated US radio program established by Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold at radio station WFBQ in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1983, and syndicated nationally since 1995. ... A promo shot of Terrence Dashon Howard Terrence Dashon Howard (born March 11, 1969 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American, Academy Award-nominated actor. ... Caroline Minter Hoxby is a labor economist whose research focuses on issues in education. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bill Mason was an award winning author, commercial artist, painter, filmmaker, and environmentalist, noted primarily for his popular canoeing books, films, and artwork. ... Hundred is a town located in Wetzel County, West Virginia. ... Paul Leonard Newman (born January 26, 1925) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Cannes Award, and Emmy Award-winning American actor and film director. ... Susan Orlean (born October 31, 1955) is an American journalist whose feature writing drolly but affectionately considers softer subjects than some of those covered by her colleagues. ... Peter Ostrum, during an interview for the documentary Pure Imagination Peter Ostrum as Charlie Bucket in Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory Peter Gardner Ostrum [1] (born November 1, 1957) is a former American child actor who starred as Charlie Bucket in the 1971 motion picture Willy Wonka & the Chocolate... Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a musical film adaptation of Roald Dahls classic book for children Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. ... Paula Jai Parker (born August 19, 1969) is an African-American actress and comedian. ... Penske PC23 car Roger Penske (born February 20, 1937 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is the owner of a very successful automobile racing team Penske Racing, the Penske Corporation, and other automotive related businesses. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Rachel Ryan is a American porn actress that also went under the names Penny Morgan and Penny Moore. ... Scott Savol Scott Thomas Savol (born April 30, 1976) is an American singer and was the 5th place finalist on the fourth season of American Idol. ... AMERICAN IDOL HAS BEEN CANCELLED DUE TO DEATH OF SIMON ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... David Wain (born August 1, 1969 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is an American writer, director, actor and comedian. ... Wet Hot American Summer is a 2001 feature film. ... Janeane Garofalo (born September 28, 1964 in Newton, New Jersey), is an American stand-up comedian, actress, political activist, writer and former co-host on Air America Radios The Majority Report. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia on one of the following topics: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources. ... Robert J. White (born 1925) is a United States surgeon, best known for his successful head transplants on monkeys. ... Fred Willard (born September 18, 1939) is an American comedian and character actor, known for his improvisational comedy skills. ...

Media

Shaker Heights is the city of license for CBS affiliate WOIO, channel 19. Shaker Heights news appears in the Cleveland daily newspaper, The Plain Dealer. The Sun Press, a weekly, provides local coverage of Shaker Heights and its adjacent communities. In the United States (and potentially elswhere), each radio station or TV station is assigned a city of license by the Federal Communications Commission that they must serve. While this has become far less meaningful over the decades, stations are still required to post their public file somewhere within the... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... WOIO channel 19 is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Shaker Heights, Ohio and serving the Cleveland-Akron, Ohio television market. ... The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio. ... Sun Newspapers is a chain of 25 weekly newspapers serving 82 different communities in the Greater Cleveland and Akron, Ohio areas. ...


See also

The Nature Center at Shaker Lakes, Entrance What is the Nature Center at Shaker Lakes? The Nature Center at Shaker Lakes, a nonprofit organization that is dedicated to conserving a natural area, connecting people with nature, and inspiring environmental stewardship, was founded in 1966 as the result of a grassroots... Laurel School is an independent, college preparatory for girls in Shaker Heights, Ohio. ... University School is a private all-boys,day school located near the city of Cleveland, Ohio. ...

References

  1. ^ Norris, Michele. 'The Reunion:' The Integration of Shaker Heights, All Things Considered, 2004-08-18.

Michele Norris is an American radio journalist and current host of the National Public Radio evening news broadcast All Things Considered. ... All Things Considered (ATC), is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • City of Shaker Heights
  • 75 Years, An Informal History of Shaker Heights (1986), published by Shaker Heights Public Library
  • Maps and aerial photos for 41°28′35″N 81°33′06″W / 41.476502, -81.55162Coordinates: 41°28′35″N 81°33′06″W / 41.476502, -81.55162

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shaker Heights Ohio Resource Guide, City or community of Shaker Heights, Ohio Facts, Information, Relocation, Real ... (201 words)
The population of Shaker Heights is approximately 30831.
The distance from Shaker Heights to Washington DC is 305 miles.
Shaker Heights is positioned 41.47 degrees north of the equator and 81.54 degrees west of the prime meridian.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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