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Encyclopedia > Shaikh

Shaikh (Arabic: شيخ ),(also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh or Sheikh) is a word in the Arabic language meaning elder of tribe, lord or a revered old man. The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ...


The term linguistically means a man of old age, and is used in that sense in Qur'anic Arabic. Later it came to be a title meaning leader, elder or noble, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, where shaikh became a traditional title of a Bedouin tribal leader in recent centuries. For example, it was the term used to refer to the leaders of Kuwait's ruling al-Sabah dynasty until June 19, 1961, when Kuwait joined the Arab League, and the title Emir was adopted. The title is also used by Arab Christians for elder men of stature, showing that it is independent of religion. The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Bedouin resting at Mount Sinai Bedouin, derived from the Arabic badawi بدوي, a generic name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and... A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whose titles and ascent are often inherited, not earned, and who represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers. ... The Al Sabah have been the ruling family of Kuwait since about 1752. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Flag of the League of Arab States The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية), is an organization of Arab states - compare Arab world. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... Arab Christians are people who are ethnically Arab and who follow the religion of Christianity. ...


In Sufi tariqah (orders), it is an honorific for an elder sufi who has been authorized by the order to teach, initiate Dervishes (monks) and otherwise lead a sufi circle in a Dargah (monastery). In this sense, it is not restricted to sufi elders, but to any learned man in religion, such as Faqihs, Muftis, and Muhaddiths. Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... The word Dervish, especially in European languages, refers to members of Sufi Muslim ascetic religious fraternities, known for their extreme poverty and austerity, similar to mendicant friars. ... A tomb is a small building (or vault) for the remains of the dead, with walls, a roof, and (if it is to be used for more than one corpse) a door. ... A Faqih is an expert in fiqh, or, Islamic jurisprudence. ... A Mufti (Arabic: مفتى ) is an Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia), capable of issuing fataawa (plural of fatwa). // Role of a Mufti in governments In theocracies like Saudi Arabia and Iran, and in some countries where the constitution is based on sharia law, such...


In the Persian Gulf, the title is used for men of stature, whether they are managers in high posts, wealthy business owners, or local rulers. Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


The title is often more informally used to address learned men as a courtesy. As a general rule of thumb, one may call someone older than 60 years of age a shaikh.


Shaikh signifies Arab ancestory in South Asia. Shaikh is a multiethnic community in South Asia, found particularly in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and generally in India.


Other

Quraishi, Hashemi, Syed, Siddiqui, Farooqi, Osmani, Alavi are family names signifying Arab ancestory and belong to Shaikh community.
Sheik Yerbouti was an album by Frank Zappa

 
 

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