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Encyclopedia > Shahadah
White flag featuring the Shahada text as used by the Taliban.
White flag featuring the Shahada text as used by the Taliban.
A flag, with the Shahada, frequently used by Hamas supporters
A flag, with the Shahada, frequently used by Hamas supporters

The shahadah (Arabic: الشهادة aš-šahādah, [1] from the verb šahida "to testify") is the Islamic creed. Image File history File links Flag_of_Taliban. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Taliban. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are an extremist, terrorist, and ethnic fundamentalist Sunni Muslim Pashtun movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1995 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the United States, Great Britain and the Northern Alliance. ... Image File history File links Hamas_flag2. ... Image File history File links Hamas_flag2. ... Hamas (Arabic: ; acronym: Arabic: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... State and military flag and ensign (obverse). ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... A creed is a statement or confession of belief — usually religious belief — or faith. ...

Flag, featuring the first Kalimah, the Shahada, used by Muslims' Army during early Islam [citation needed]
Flag, featuring the first Kalimah, the Shahada, used by Muslims' Army during early Islam [citation needed]

The shahadah is the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God and in Muhammad as his final prophet. Recitation of the Shahadah is one of the Five Pillars of Islam for Muslims and is said daily. Image File history File links Flag_of_jihad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_jihad. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets chosen by God. ... The Five Pillars of Islam (أركان الإسلام) is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. ...


It is the first of the Six Kalimas. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Part of a series on
Islam
For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...



Image File history File links Mosque02. ...

Beliefs
Aqidah (sometimes spelled as Aqeeda, Aqida or Aqeedah) (Arabic: عقيدة) is an Islamic term meaning creed. ...

Allah · Oneness of God
Muhammad · Prophets of Islam Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Allah. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets chosen by God. ...

Practices

Profession of Faith · Prayer
Fasting · Charity · Pilgrimage The Five Pillars of Islam (أركان الإسلام) is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. ... It has been suggested that Salat of Quran be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ... This article is about the Islamic tradition. ...

History & Leaders
Muslim history began in Arabia with Muhammads first recitations of the Quran in the 7th century. ... Islamic religious leaders have traditionally been persons who, as part of the clerisy, mosque, or government, performed a prominent role within their community or nation. ...

Timeline of Muslim history
Ahl al-Bayt · Sahaba
Rashidun Caliphs · Shi'a Imams There is much more to Muslim history than military and political history; this particular chronology is almost entirely of military and political history. ... Ahl al-Bayt (Arabic: ) is a phrase meaning People of the House, or family. ... In Islam, the SÌ£aḥābah (Arabic: ‎ companions) were the companions of Muhammad. ... The Rightly Guided Caliphs or The Righteous Caliphs ( transliteration: ) is a term used in Sunni Islam to refer to the rightly guided Caliphs. ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ...

Texts & Laws
// Quran Text Surahs Ayah Commentary/Exegesis Tafsir ibn Kathir (by Ibn Kathir) Tafsir al-Tabari (by Tabari) Al Kordobi Tafseer-e-kabir (by Imam Razi) Tafheem-al-Quran (by Maulana Maududi) Sunnah/Hadith Hadith (Traditions of The Prophet) The Siha-e-Sitta al-Bukhari (d. ... Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the dynamic body of Islamic religious law. ...

Qur'an · Sunnah · Hadith
Fiqh · Sharia
Kalam · Tasawwuf (Sufism) The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Sunnah(t) () literally means “trodden path”, and therefore, the sunnah of the prophet means “the way of the prophet”. Terminologically, the word ‘Sunnah’ in Sunni Islam means those religious actions that were instituted by Muhammad(PBUH) during the 23 years of his ministry and which Muslims initially received through consensus... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the dynamic body of Islamic religious law. ... Kalam (علم الكلم)is one of the religious sciences of Islam. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam which encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ...

Major branches
The religion of Islam has many divisions, sects, schools, traditions, and related faiths. ...

Sunni · Shi'a

Culture & Society
Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Muslim culture is a term primarily used in secular academia to describe all cultural practices common to historically Islamic peoples. ... Nations with a Muslim majority appear in green, while nations that are approximately 50% Muslim appear yellow. ...

Academics · Animals · Architecture · Art
Calendar · Children · Demographics
Festivals · Mosques · Philosophy
Politics · Science · Women · Dhimmi Islamic Studies is the academic discipline which focuses on Islamic issues. ... This article is about the attitudes of Islam regarding animals. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term Islamic art denotes the arts produced from the 7th century onwards by people (not necessarily Muslim) who lived within the territory that was inhabited by culturally Islamic populations. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: تقویم هجري قمری ‎ taqwÄ«m-e hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate... This article discusses childrens rights given by Islam, childrens duties towards their parents, parents treatment of their children, both males and females, biological and foster children, also discussed are some of the differences regarding rights with respect to different schools of thoughts. ... Muslim percentage of population by country Distribution of Islam per country. ... Muslim holidays generally celebrate the events of the life of Islams main prophet, Muhammad, especially the events surrounding the first hearing of the Kuran. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Islamic philosophy (الفلسفة الإسلامية) is a branch of Islamic studies, and is a longstanding attempt to create harmony between philosophy (reason) and the religious teachings of Islam (faith). ... - - - Islam as a political movement has a diverse character that has at different times incorporated elements of many other political movements, while simultaneously adapting the religious views of Islamic fundamentalism, particularly the view of Islam as a political religion. ... In the history of science, Islamic science refers to the science developed under the Islamic civilisation between the 8th and 15th centuries (the Islamic Golden Age). ... The complex relationship between women and Islam is defined by both Islamic texts and the history and culture of the Muslim world. ... This article is about dhimmi in the context of Islamic law. ...

Islam & other religions
This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Christianity · Jainism
Judaism · Sikhism

See also
This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jainism and Islam came in close contact with each other following the Islamic Conquest from Central Asia and Persia in the seventh to the twelfth centuries when much of north and central India came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate, and later the Mughal dynasty. ... This article is about the historical interaction between Islam and Judaism. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...

Criticism of Islam · Islamophobia
Glossary of Islamic terms Criticism of Islam has existed since Islams formative stages on philosophical, scientific, ethical, political and theological grounds. ... It has been suggested that Persecution of Muslims be merged into this article or section. ... The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islamic and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. ...

Islam Portal  v  d  e 

Contents

Rendering

  • أشهد أن] لا إله إلاَّ الله و [أشهد أن ] محمد رسول الله ]
  • [ʾašhadu ʾan] lā ilāha illā-llāh, wa [ʾašhadu ʾanna] muḥammadan rasūlu-llāh

god (ilah) but Allah, ] Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals: A desire to stay consistent with traditional usage... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Allah. ...


Another rendering current amongst some English-speaking Muslims, but without a historical tradition, is:

  • [ I testify that ] there is none worthy of worship except God, and [I testify that] Muhammad is the messenger of God.[2]

This version constitutes an interpretation rather than translation, as the words "worthy of worship" are not present in the Arabic.


A single honest recitation of the Shahadah in Arabic is all that is required for a person to become a Muslim according to most traditional schools. Religious conversion is the adoption of a new religious identity, or a change from one religious identity to another. ... Madhhab (Arabic مذهب pl. ...


In usage the two occurrences of 'ašhadu 'an (or similar) = "I testify that" are very often omitted.


Some Shia Muslims add Alīyun wali Allah (علي ولي الله("Ali is the friend of God") at the end of the Shahadah. This testifies that Ali is also the Leader of the Believers, along with Allah and Muhammad as seen in Qur'an 5:55. Though this form of the Shahadah is recited daily by Nizari Ismai'lis, many other Shi'a Muslims view it as [[Mustahab(recommended) , but not Wajib (obligatory).say lah ilaha ila lah to become muslms allah is one that is my sining out like saying lah ilaha ilawlah Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... Fard also farida (arabic فرض obligation, duty) is an Islamic term which denotes a religious duty. ...


History

One of the earliest surviving translations of the Shahadah into a foreign language is in Greek, from the reign of al-Walid I (86-96 AH, 705-715 CE): Οὐκ ἔστι[ν θεὸς εἰ μὴ ὁ θεὸς μόνος·] Μααμὲ[τ ἀπόστολος θεοῦ] (Ouk esti[n theos ei mē ho theos monos;] Maame[t apostolos theou]).[1] "There is no god except the single god; Muhammad is god's apostle", i.e. "Allah" is being translated as ὁ θεὸς μόνος "the single god". Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik (Arabic: ) or Al-Walid I (668 - 715) was an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 - 715. ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... Events August 11 - Germanus is translated from the bishopric of Cyzicus to the Patriarch of Constantinople Umayyad caliph al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik End of the reign of Empress Gemmei of Japan, she is succeeded by Empress Gensho. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


Conditions of the Shahadah

There are seven critical conditions of the Shahadah, without which it is considered to be meaningless:

  • Al-`Ilm: Knowledge of the meaning of the Shahadah, its negation and affirmation.
  • Al-Yaqeen: Certainty – perfect knowledge of it that counteracts suspicion and doubt.
  • Al-Ikhlaas: Sincerity which negates shirk.
  • Al-Sidq: Truthfulness that permits neither falsehood nor hypocrisy.
  • Al-Mahabbah: Love of the Shahadah and its meaning, and being happy with it.
  • Al-Inqiad: Submission to its rightful requirements, which are the duties that must be performed with sincerity to God (alone) seeking His pleasure.
  • Al-Qubool: Acceptance that contradicts rejection.

This does not cite its references or sources. ...

Flags

Several national flags display the Shahadah:

Also, since 2004, the new flag of al-Qaeda [2] State and military flag and ensign (obverse). ... For other territories formerly called Somaliland, see Somaliland (disambiguation). ... Flag of the Islamic Emirate Afghanistan (1997-2001). ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are an extremist, terrorist, and ethnic fundamentalist Sunni Muslim Pashtun movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1995 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the United States, Great Britain and the Northern Alliance. ... The flag of the Supreme Islamic Courts Council The Supreme Islamic Courts Council (or Conservative Council of Islamic Courts), as the Islamist militia called itself by July 2006, was called the Islamic Courts Union before 24 June 2006 (ICU, Somali: Midowga Maxkamadaha Islaamiga, Arabic: اتحاد المحاكم الإسلامية Ittihād al-mahākim al... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ...


Differences

It is considered correct to refer to previous figures such as prophets like Jesus (in Arabic, Isa) as Messengers (rasul), and a few groups (notably certain Sufi mystics) amend the declaration to mention prior prophets whose names are found in the Qur'an.[citation needed] Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets chosen by God. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Islam holds Jesus (Arabic: `Īsā) to have been a messenger and a prophet of God. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets chosen by God. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...


Sometimes اشهد ان 'ašhadu 'an = "I witness that" is prefixed to each half of the Shahadah.


Sometimes و wa = "and" is prefixed to the first word of the second half of the Shahada.


Some of the relatively small minority, labelled the "Quran Alone Muslims" or the "Quranis" consider the second part of the Shahadah incorrect and say it should not include Muhammad's name, because: In the Quran: Surah 3, verse 18[3] declares that the Shahada of Allah, the angels, and those who possess knowledge is: "There is no god but Allah". These Muslims also claim that adding the name of Muhammad or any messenger violates the repeated Quranic commandment to "make no distinction among any of the messengers" as in: Surah 2, verse 285[4]. One who does not believe in both parts of the Shahadah is considered to be outside of the fold of Islam[citation needed]. However, "Quran Alone Muslims" don't disagree with Muhammad being the Messenger of Allah, they just don't add it. Quran Alone Muslims are those Muslims who reject hadith, or recorded Islamic traditions, and claim to follow the Quran, Islams sacred text, without any further human additions. ... Quran Alone Muslims are those Muslims who reject hadith, or recorded Islamic traditions, and claim to follow the Quran, Islams sacred text, without any further human additions. ...


Some Indonesian Muslims pray "Allah il Allah" when appealing for God's help. This is an altered form of the first part of the Shahadah.


Some Shia Muslims add "and Ali is the beloved of Allah" (wa-Aliyun waliyu 'llah). Shias don't believe that this is obligatory, however, and that the standard Shahadah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger) is enough. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


See also

Profession, in Christian monasticism, is the act of embracing the religious state by the three vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience according to the rule of a canonically approved religious order; it involves then a triple vow made to God, and binding oneself to the rule of a certain order. ... Shema Yisrael (or Shma Yisroel or just Shema) (Hebrew: שמע ישראל; Hear, [O] Israel) are the first two words of a section of the Torah (Hebrew Bible) that is used as a centerpiece of all morning and evening Jewish prayer services and closely echoes the monotheistic message of Judaism. ... In Shia terminology, takfir also refers to the practice of crossing the arms when standing upright during salat (or takattuf, called qabd by Sunnis). ...

References

  1. ^ audio 
  2. ^ USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts. Retrieved on 2006-09-12.
  3. ^ Qur'an, Chapter 3, Verse 18
  4. ^ Qur'an, Chapter 2, Verse 285

Image File history File links Ar_shahadah. ... Image File history File links Ar_shahadah. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shahadah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (680 words)
The shahadah is the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God and in Muhammad as his final prophet.
Recitation of the shahadah is one of the Five Pillars of Islam for Muslims.
One of the earliest surviving translations of the Shahadah into a foreign language is in Greek, from the reign of al-Walid I (86-96 AH, 705-715 CE): Οὐκ ἔστι[ν θεὸς εἰ μὴ ὁ θεὸς μόνος·] Μααμὲ[τ ἀπόστολος θεοῦ] (Ouk esti[n theos ei mē ho theos monos;] Maame[t apostolos theou]).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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