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Encyclopedia > Shad
Shads
Fossil range: Eocene to Present[1]

Twaite shad, Alosa fallax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Alosa
Linck, 1790
Species

About 15-20, see text. A Canadian Hip-Hop and rap artist, Shadrach Kabango is a native of London, Ontario. ... Shad Chad Javier Jesus Roman Chittick Gaspard[3] (born January 13, 1981)[3] is an American professional wrestler of Haitian and Curaçaon descent. ... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2500x1875, 1368 KB) Alosa fallax. ... Binomial name Lacépède, 1800 The twait shad or twaite shad (Alosa fallax) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name Lacépède, 1800 The twait shad or twaite shad (Alosa fallax) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders See text The Actinopterygii are the ray-finned fish. ... Families Denticipitidae (denticle herring) Engraulidae (anchovies) Pristigasteridae (pristigasterids) Chirocentridae (wolf herring) Clupeidae (herrings) Clupeiformes is the order of ray-finned fish that includes the herring family, Clupeidae, and the anchovy family, Engraulidae. ... Genera See text. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Synonyms

Caspialosa
Pomolobus In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ...

1990 shadbake at Chester, Connecticut.

The shads or river herrings comprise the genus Alosa, fishes related to herring in the family Clupeidae. They are distinct from others in that family by having a deeper body and spawning in rivers. The several species frequent different areas on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea. The shad fry live for a year or two in fresh water. Image File history File links Shadbake_at_Chester,_Connecticut_1990. ... Image File history File links Shadbake_at_Chester,_Connecticut_1990. ... Chester is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Species Clupea alba Clupea bentincki Clupea caspiopontica Clupea chrysotaenia Clupea elongata Clupea halec Clupea harengus Clupea inermis Clupea leachii Clupea lineolata Clupea minima Clupea mirabilis Clupea pallasii Clupea sardinacaroli Clupea sulcata Herrings are small, oily fish of the genus Clupea found in the shallow, temperate waters of the North Atlantic... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Genera See text. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ...


The American or Atlantic shad (A. sapidissima) is a valued food fish. It was especially important in the 1700s; however, many of the rivers where it was common now suffer from pollution. Traditionally it was caught along with salmon in set nets which were suspended from poles driven into the river bed reasonably close to shore in tidal water. It weighs between 3 and 8 pounds and has a delicate flavour when cooked. Though bony, it is worth the effort, and indeed many esteem it above the famous Atlantic salmon. It is considered flavourful enough to not require sauces, herbs or spices. It can be boiled, filleted and fried in butter or baked. Traditionally a little vinegar is sprinkled over it on the plate. In the eastern United States roe shad (females) are prized because the eggs are considered a delicacy. Binomial name Alosa sapidissima (Wilson, 1811) The American shad or Atlantic Shad (Alosa sapidissima) is a species of anadromous fish in family Clupeidae of order Clupeiformes. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... This article is about tides in the ocean. ... Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantic salmon, known scientifically as Salmo salar, is a species of fish in the family Salmonidae, which is found in the northern Atlantic Ocean and in rivers that flow into the Atlantic. ... A fillet, also filet (pronounced or ), is a boneless cut of meat or fish. ... Vinegar is sometimes infused with spices or herbs—as here, with oregano. ... This article is about fish eggs. ...


Shad serve a peculiar symbolic role in Virginia state politics. On the year of every gubernatorial election, would-be candidates, lobbyists, campaign workers, and reporters gather in the town of Wakefield, Virginia for Shad Planking. American shad served as the focal point of John McPhee's book The Founding Fish. This article is about the U.S. state. ... Wakefield is a town located in Sussex County, Virginia. ... Shad planking is a political event that takes place in Wakefield, Virginia once every four years where would-be candidates, reporters, campaign workers, and locals gather to eat shad, drink beer, and kick off the states electoral season with lighthearted speeches by politicians in attendance. ... John McPhee John Angus McPhee (born March 8, 1931) is a writer widely considered one of the pioneers of creative nonfiction. ...

Contents

Biology

Shads are unique among the fishes in having evolved an ability to detect ultrasound (sound at frequencies above 20 kHz, which is the limit of human hearing). This was first discovered by fisheries biologists studying blueback herring, and was later verified in laboratory studies of hearing in American shad. This ability is thought to help them avoid dolphins that find prey using echolocation. For other uses, see Ultrasound (disambiguation). ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ...


Systematics

Systematics of shads are extremely complex. The genus inhabits a wide range of habitats, and many taxa are migratory. There are also a few land-locked forms, one from Killarney in Ireland and two from lakes in northern Italy. There are species native to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea, as well as the Persian Gulf. Look up habitat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A taxon (plural taxa) is an element of a taxonomy, e. ... Many types of fish undertake migrations on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annual, and with distances ranging from a few meters to thousands of kilometers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


Morphology is notoriously liable to adapt to changing food availability in these fish. Several taxa seem to have evolved quite recently, making molecular analyses difficult. In addition, it appears as if hybridization is a factor to be reckoned when researching shad phylogeny.(Faria et al. 2006) The term morphology in biology refers to the outward appearance (shape, structure, colour, pattern) of an organism or taxon and its component parts. ... The eye is an adaptation. ... This article is about biological evolution. ... This article is about a biological term. ... In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: phylon = tribe, race and genetikos = relative to birth, from genesis = birth) is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms (e. ...


Nonetheless, some trends are emerging. The North American species except the Atlantic shad can probably be separated in a subgenus (or even genus) Pomolobus. On the other hand, the proposed genus (or subgenus) Caspialosa for the Caspian Sea forms is rejected due to paraphyly.(Faria et al. 2006) In biology, a subgenus is a taxonomic grade intermediate between genus and species. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... In phylogenetics, a grouping of organisms is said to be paraphyletic (Greek para = near and phyle = race) if all the members of the group have a common ancestor, but the group does not include all the descendants of the most recent common ancestor of all group members. ...

  • Blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis
  • Agone, Alosa agone
  • Alabama shad, Alosa alabamae
  • Allis shad, Alosa alosa
  • Caspian marine shad, Alosa brashnikovi
  • Alosa caspia
    • Caspian shad, Alosa caspia caspia
    • Enzeli shad, Alosa caspia knipowitschi
    • Astrabad shad, Alosa caspia persica
  • Skipjack shad, Alosa chrysochloris
  • Twaite shad, Alosa fallax
    • Mediterranean shad, Alosa fallax nilotica
  • Pontic shad, Alosa immaculata - sometimes A. pontica
    • Caspian anadromous shad, Alosa (immaculata) kessleri
  • Macedonian shad, Alosa macedonica
  • Black Sea shad, Alosa maeotica
  • Hickory shad, Alosa mediocris
  • Alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus
  • American or Atlantic shad, Alosa sapidissima
  • Saposhnikovi shad, Alosa saposchnikowii
  • Agrakhan shad, Alosa sphaerocephala
  • Azov shad, Alosa tanaica
  • Alosa tenualosa
    • Persian Gulf shad, Alosa tenualosa ilisha
  • Greek shad, Alosa vistonica

Binomial name Jordan & Evermann, 1896 The Alabama shad (Alosa alabamae) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name Jordan & Evermann, 1896 The Alabama shad (Alosa alabamae) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The allis shad (Alosa alosa) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The allis shad (Alosa alosa) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1820) A migratory species, the skipjacks shad (Alosa chrysochloris) is one of the typical North American shads of the subgenus Pomolobus (Faria 2006). ... Binomial name Lacépède, 1800 The twait shad or twaite shad (Alosa fallax) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name Lacépède, 1800 The twait shad or twaite shad (Alosa fallax) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Vinciguerra, 1921) The liparia or macedonian shad (Alosa macedonica) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Vinciguerra, 1921) The liparia or macedonian shad (Alosa macedonica) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Grimm, 1901) Alosa maeotica is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ... Binomial name (Wilson, 1811) The alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) is a species of small shad. ... Binomial name Economidis & Sinis, 1986 Alosa vistonica is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family. ...

References

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved on 12/31/07. 
  • Faria, R.; Weiss, S. & Alexandrino, P. (2006): A molecular phylogenetic perspective on the evolutionary history of Alosa spp. (Clupeidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1): 298–304. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.02.008 (HTML abstract)
  • The Founding Fish (2002) ISBN 0-374-10444-1

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

External links

  • Tastes of the Region: Shad An article celebrating shad's cultural importance to the Hudson Valley
  • Lambertville NJ Shad Festival
  • Science Cheerleader - Shad: Our Pollution vs. Their Resolution.

Nick Taylor & Chris Longmire are two of the most famous shad fishers, both residing in the Annapolis county of Nova Scotia


 
 

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