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Encyclopedia > Sexual fetishism
Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism
Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism
Wikinews has related news:
Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy

Sexual fetishism is the sexual attraction for material and terrestrial objects while in reality the essence of the object is inanimate and sexless. Body parts may also be subject to sexual fetishes (also known as partialism) in which the preferred body part for the fetishist takes a sexual precedent over the owner. Sexual Fetishism may be regarded as a disorder of sexual preference, or as an enhancing element to a relationship.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1371x2000, 599 KB) Description: Photomodels Jassi and Dana wearing rubber-miniskirts and -tops Source: own photography Date: 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1371x2000, 599 KB) Description: Photomodels Jassi and Dana wearing rubber-miniskirts and -tops Source: own photography Date: 1. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops Latex fetishism is the fetishistic attraction to people wearing latex clothing, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...


The concept has its origins in the 18th century with Charles de Brosses' theory of fetishism as a primary stage in the evolution of a religion[2], and from the advent of psychosexual/psychodynamic theories of society and individuals in 19th century Europe by (amongst others) psychologist Alfred Binet, German philosopher Max Dessoir, [3]and Sigmund Freud.[4] This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... A fetish (from French fétiche; from Portuguese feitiço; from Latin facticius, artificial and facere, to make) is an object believed to have supernatural powers, or in particular a man-made object that has power over others. ... Alfred Binet Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of todays IQ test. ... Max Dessoir (born February 8, 1867, Berlin – died July 19, 1947, Königstein im Taunus) was a German philosopher and theorist of aesthetics. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ...

Contents

History

Fetishism was introduced as a psychological scientific term in 1887 by Alfred Binet and meant sexual admiration of an inanimate object. At that time, fetishism was considered pathological[5]. In time, the term's meaning was extended, e. g. in 1912 Richard von Krafft-Ebing referred to fetishism as the admiration of body parts[6]. In 1927 Sigmund Freud published his psychoanalytic view of fetishism[4] which was responsible for introducing the term to common usage. Alfred Binet Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of todays IQ test. ... Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (August 4, 1840–December 22, 1902), German psychiatrist, wrote Psychopathia Sexualis (1886), a famous study of sexual perversity, and remains well-known for his coinage of the term sadism. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ...


With the Kinsey report and the sexual revolution, scientists began to part from the idea of fetishism being an illness or a maladjusted form of sexual behaviour. As a consequence, the diagnostic criteria for paraphilia and fetishism developed its exclusivity. During that process, the two major diagnostic manuals ICD and DSM diverged in their interpretation: While today ICD has returned to its original focus on inanimate objects, DSM includes both objects and body parts. Today, the scientific term fetishism still is subject to discussions about scientific relevance and political correctness. The Kinsey Reports are two controversial books on human sexual behaviour, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), by Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey, Wardell Pomeroy and others. ... For the Macy Gray song, see Sexual Revolution (song). ...


In some cases, "fetishism" has been used to include the predominant ideals of beauty within a particular society, e.g. the preference for small feet in old China, or the modern Western preference for perfect breasts. A formal social scientific concept of fetishism has never been introduced and it has not been shown that a change in the ideal of beauty goes together with a change in number or type of fetishists. However, it must be noted that all features which do not form the greater parts of an authoritative group's predominant fashion may be called fetishes. For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ...


"Sexual Fetishism" must not be confused with the concept of Karl Marx's "commodity fetishism". Here, fetishism names the god-like admiration of objects. Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... In Marxist theory, commodity fetishism is a state of social relations, said to arise in complex capitalist market systems, in which social relationships center around the values placed on commodities. ...


Sometimes a society can absorb a fetish into its culture so that it is no longer perceived as a fetish, but merely as a normal sexual desire; for example the commonplace desire for lingerie, or women removing body hair. Assorted lingerie styles. ... Hair is also a musical: see Hair (musical) and Hair (movie) Hair is the filamentous outgrowth of the epidermis found in mammals. ...


Sometimes what a culture covers up eroticizes the boundaries of what remains exposed. For example, a woman's ankle was considered erotic in late-Victorian England;[7] in many European countries, women are free to be topless, while in the United States, this is both a taboo and illegal in most states. For a review of anatomical terms, see Anatomical position and Anatomical terms of location. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In this regard, there can be said to be a degree of fetishistic arousal in the average person who responds to particular bodily features as sign of attractiveness. However, fetishistic arousal is generally considered to be a problem only when it interferes with normal sexual or social functioning. Sometimes the term "fetishism" is used only for those cases where non-fetishist sexual arousal is impossible. In a species that reproduces sexually, sexual attraction is an attraction to other members of the same species for sexual or erotic activity. ...


Types

In 1886 the French psychologist Alfred Binet proposed a dualism of "spiritual love" and "plastic love" in which to categorise the fetishes. "Spiritual love" occupied the devotion for specific mental phenomena, for example; attitudes, social class, or occupational roles; while "plastic love" referred to the devotion exhibited towards material objects such as body parts, textures or shoes.[8][9] Alfred Binet Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of todays IQ test. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The following list covers some of the material objects subject to "plastic love", and the body parts subject to the similar fetishistic interest (or partialism):

Garment fetishes are fetishes that revolve around, or fixate on, a particular type of garment. ... A pair of mens briefs Undergarments, also called underwear or sometimes intimate clothing, are clothes worn next to the skin, usually under other clothes. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Suit and tie fetishism or a suit fetish describes a fetishistic attraction towards men wearing business and/ or formalwear (or photos or video of men in such clothing, or the objects of clothing themselves), and also men who get aroused when they themselves are in such clothing. ... Cathie Jung, wearing a sterling silver corset, holds the Guinness World Record for the smallest waist, at 38 centimeters. ... Jeans fetishism is a sexual fetish relating to jeans or denim, particularly worn by women but also by men. ... Jock sniffing. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Stocking fetishists find the sheer fabric of stockings highly enticing Black stockings Stocking fetishism is a sexual fetish relating to womens stockings. ... The nylon snorkel parka with blue outer and orange lining and the MA1 bomber jacket are popular items for jacket fetishists Jacket fetishism in its pure form is most usually associated with padded nylon jackets though can be associated with leather jackets, particularly in association with Bondage (BDSM). ... A zentai suit. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mask fetishism is a desire to see a subject wearing a mask. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Glasses fetishism is the name used to describe a fetishistic attraction to people wearing prescription glasses or sunglasses, or in certain cases, to the act of wearing glasses or the glasses themselves. ... Long satin gloves Glove fetishism is a sexual fetish where an individual is obsessed and fixated by another or oneself wearing gloves on their hands. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Contortionist performing, Sept. ... Corduroy is a fabric composed of twisted fibers that when woven lie parallel (similar to twill) to one another to form the cloths distinct pattern, a cord. ... Fur fetishism is the name popularly used to describe a fetishistic attraction to people wearing fur, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Silk/satin fetishism is a sexual fetish relating to garments or other articles made of silk or satin fabric — primarily womens clothing and lingerie. ... Rubber fetishism is the fetishistic attraction to people wearing rubber, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops Latex fetishism is the fetishistic attraction to people wearing latex clothing, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Leather fetishism is the name popularly used to describe a fetishistic attraction to people wearing leather, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ... Smoking fetishism (capnolagnia) is a sexual fetish consisting of the smoking of tobacco and/or marijuana. ... A blood fetish is the sexual fetish for blood (also known as vampire fetish, hematolagnia and haematophilia), and is an anthropological term used to describe the belief within a society or culture that blood in itself (as a material substance) possesses powerful and magical properties. ... Look up coprophilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Emetophilia is a sexual fetish in which an individual is aroused by vomiting or observing others vomit. ... Erotic lactation means breastfeeding of an adult partner or re-lactation for primarily erotic reasons. ... Fat fetishism is a sexual fetish in which sexual pleasure is derived from oneself or ones partner being overweight or obese. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Look up urolagnia (Golden Shower) in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Medical fetishism is a paraphilia where the activities and paraphernalia of medicine are eroticised. ... Anesthesia fetishism is a very specialized sub-category of medical fetishism in which sexual arousal is induced by the idea of general anesthesia, and the various equipment and paraphernalia related to its use. ... A wet and messy fetish (WAM) is a form of sexual fetishism whereby a person becomes aroused when substances are deliberately and generously applied to the naked skin, or to the clothes people are wearing. ... Look up butt, Butt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Foot fetishism is a pronounced fetishistic sexual interest in human feet. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Fringe fetish, I doubt there are any reliable sources about this out there. ... Navel fetishism is typically a sexual fetish where an individual is strongly attracted to the human navel (also known as, and is referred to by most navel fetishists as the belly button). ... Elisha Cuthberts upturned nose tip Avril Lavignes wide nose tip Sarah-Michelle Gellars nose Nose fetishism (nose fetish or nasophilia) is a paraphilia in which an individual is sexually aroused by the sight, touch, or often the erotic sucking of human noses. ... Breast fetishism[1] is the attribution of powerful or supernatural qualities to the concept of perceiving breasts as signs of human sexuality. ... Muscle worship is a form of body worship in which a participant, the worshiper, touches the muscles of another participant, the dominator, in sexually arousing ways, which can include rubbing, massaging, kissing, and even licking. ...

Psychological origins and development

Modern psychology assumes that fetishism either is being conditioned or imprinted or the result of a traumatic experience. But also physical factors like brain construction and heredity are considered possible explanations. In the following, the most important theories are presented in chronological order: It has been suggested that eye blink conditioning be merged into this article or section. ... Imprinting is the term used in psychology and ethology to describe any kind of phase-sensitive learning (learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage) that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior. ... See Heredity (disambiguation) for other meanings. ...


In 1887, psychologist Alfred Binet introduced the term fetishism, suspecting that it was the pathological result of associations. Accidentally simultaneous presentation of a sexual stimulus and an inanimate object, thus his argument, led to the object being permanently connected to sexual arousal. About 1900, sexual psychologist Havelock Ellis brought up the revolutionary idea that already in early childhood erotic feelings emerged and that it was the first experience with its own body that determined a child's sexual orientation. Psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing consented to Binet's theory in 1912, recognizing that it predicted the observed wide variety of fetishes but unsure why these particular associations persisted over the whole of a lifetime while other associations changed or faded. In his eyes, the only possible explanation was that fetishists suffered from pathological sexual degeneration and hypersensitivity. [6] Henry Havelock Ellis (February 2, 1859 - July 8, 1939), known as Havelock Ellis, was a British doctor, sexual psychologist and social reformer. ... Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (August 4, 1840–December 22, 1902), German psychiatrist, wrote Psychopathia Sexualis (1886), a famous study of sexual perversity, and remains well-known for his coinage of the term sadism. ...


Sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld followed another line of thought when he proposed his theory of partial attractiveness in 1920. According to his argumentation, sexual attractiveness never originated in a person as a whole but always was the product of the interaction of individual features. He stated that nearly everyone had special interests and thus suffered from a healthy kind of fetishism, while only detaching and overvaluing of a single feature resulted in pathological fetishism. Today, Hirschfeld's theory is often mentioned in the context of gender role specific behavior: females present sexual stimuli by highlighting body parts, clothes or accessories, males react to them. Magnus Hirschfeld in 1933 Magnus Hirschfeld (Kolberg, May 14, 1868 - Nice, May 14, 1935) was a prominent German-Jewish physician, sexologist, and gay rights advocate. ...


Havelock Ellis' theory of erotic symbolism, according to which unusual sexual practice symbolically replaced normal sexual intercourse, and his thoughts about erotic thoughts in children, had laid the foundations for psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. In 1927, Freud stated that fetishism was the result of a psychological trauma. A boy, longing to see his mother's penis, averts his eyes in horror when he discovers that she has none. To overcome the resulting castration anxiety he clings to the fetish as a substitute for the missing genital. Freud never commented on the idea of female fetishists. [4] Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Castration anxiety is an idea put forth by Sigmund Freud in his writings on the Oedipus complex; it posits a deep-seated fear or anxiety in boys and men said to originate during the genital stage of sexual development. ...


In 1951, Donald Winnicott presented his theory of transitional objects and phenomena, according to which childish actions like thumb sucking and objects like cuddly toys are the source of manifold adult behavior, amongst many others fetishism. [10] Donald Woods Winnicott (7 April 1896 - January 28, 1971) was a pediatrician and psychoanalyst. ...


Behaviorism traced fetishism back to classical conditioning and came up with numerous specialized theories. The common theme running through all of them is that sexual stimulus and the fetish object are presented simultaneously causing them to be connected in the learning process. This is similar to Binet's early theory, though it differs in that it specifies association to classical conditioning and leaves out any judgment about pathogeneity. The super stimulus theory stressed that fetishes could be the result of generalization. For example, it may only be shiny skin that arouses a person at first, but in time more common stimuli, such as shiny latex, may have the same effect. The problem with such a theory was that classical conditioning normally needs many repetitions, but this form would require only one. To account for this the preparedness theory was put forward; it stated that reacting to an object with sexual arousal could be the result of an evolutionary process, because such a reaction could prove to be useful for survival. In pointing to how conditioned sexual behavior can persist over time, one may cite how, in 2004, when quails were trained to copulate with a piece of terry cloth, their conditioning was sustained through ongoing repetition. [11] Behaviorism (also called learning perspective) is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. ...


Because classical conditioning seemed to be unable to explain how the conditioned behavior is kept alive over many years, without any repetition, some behaviorists came up with the theory that fetishism was the result of a special form of conditioning, called imprinting. Such conditioning happens during a specific time in early childhood in which sexual orientation is imprinted into the child's mind and remains there for the rest of his or her life. Imprinting is the term used in psychology and ethology to describe any kind of phase-sensitive learning (learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage) that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior. ...


Various neurologists pointed out that fetishism could be the result of neuronal cross links between neighboring regions in the human brain. For example, in 2002 Vilaynur S. Ramachandran stated that the region processing sensory input from the feet lies immediately next to the region processing sexual stimulation.


Today, psychodynamics has parted with the idea of proposing one explanation for all fetishes at the same time. Instead, it focuses on one form of fetishism at a time and the patients' individual problems. Over the past decades, various case studies have been published in which fetishism could successfully be linked to emotional problems. Some argue that a lack of parental love leads to a child projecting its affection to inanimate objects, others state in consent with Freud's model of psychosexual development that premature suppression of sexuality could lead to a child getting stuck in a transitory phase. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Modern theory

Most of the sexual orientations popularly called fetishism are regarded as normal variations of human sexuality by psychologists and medical doctors. Even those orientations that are potential forms of fetishism are usually considered unobjectionable as long as all involved persons feel comfortable. Only if the diagnostic criteria presented in detail below are met, the medical diagnosis of fetishism is justified. The leading thought is that a fetishist is not ill because of his or her addiction but because he or she suffers from it.


Diagnosis

According to the ICD-10-GM, version 2005, fetishism is the use of inanimate objects as a stimulus to achieve sexual arousal and satisfaction. The corresponding ICD code for fetishism is F65.0. The diagnostic criteria for fetishism are as follows: The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ...

  • Unusual sexual fantasies, drives or behavior occur over a time span of at least six months. Sometimes unusual sexual fantasies occur and vanish by themselves; in this case any medical treatment is not necessary.
  • The affected person, her object or another person experience impairment or distress in multiple functional areas. Functional area refers to different aspects of life such as private social contacts, job, etc. It is sufficient for the diagnosis if one of the participants is being hurt or mistreated in any other way.

It must be noted that a correct diagnosis in terms of the ICD manual stipulates hierarchical proceeding. That is, first the criteria for F65 must be fulfilled, then those for F65.0. As criteria are not repeated in substages this can be mistakable to laymen or medics that have not been educated in the use of this manual. Furthermore, it must be noted that according to the ICD, an addiction to specific parts or features of the human body and even "inanimate" parts of corpses, under no circumstances are fetishism, even though some of them may be forms of paraphilia. Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


According to the DSM-IV, fetishism is the use of inanimate objects or parts of the human body as a stimulus to achieve sexual arousal and satisfaction. The corresponding DSM-code for fetishism is 302.81, the diagnostic criteria are the same as those of the ICD. That means that ICD and DSM diverge in their interpretation of fetishism with respect to body parts. This can lead to misunderstandings when evaluating publications that come from different countries and use different diagnostic manuals. In the DSM manual, all diagnostic criteria are given in the corresponding section of the text book, i. e. here no hierarchical processing is needed.


Both definitions are the result of longsome discussions and multiple revisions. Still today, arguments go on whether a specific diagnosis fetishism is needed at all or if paraphilia as such is sufficient. Some demand that the diagnosis be abolished completely to no longer stigmatize fetishists, e. g. project ReviseF65. Others demand that it be specified even more to prevent scientists from confusing it with the popular use of the term fetishism. And then again, ever and anon researchers argue that it should be expanded to cover other sexual orientations, such as an addiction to words or fire. ReviseF65 is a committee that is working to get sexual sadism, masochism, fetishism and transvestism abolished from the World Health Organizations list of psychiatric diagnoses, ICD. The committee is also involved in general work against discrimination and harassment of sadomasochists. ...


Treatment

There are two possible treatments for fetishism: cognitive therapy and psychoanalysis. Both may be complemented by additional treatments. This article is about Becks Cognitive Therapy. ... pychoanalysis today comprises several interlocking theories concerning the functioning of the mind; the term also refers to a specific type of treatment where the analyst, upon hearing the thoughts of the analysand (analytic patient), formulates and then explains the unconscious bases for the patients symptoms and character problems. ...


Cognitive therapy

Cognitive therapy seeks to change the patient's behavior without analyzing how and why it shows up. It is based on the idea that fetishism is the result of conditioning or imprinting.


One possible therapy is aversive conditioning: the patient is being confronted with his fetish and as soon as sexual arousal starts, exposed to a displeasing stimulus. It is reported that in earlier times painful stimuli such as electric shocks have been used as aversive stimulus. Today a common aversive stimulus are photographs that show unpleasing scenes such as penned in genitals. In a variant called assisted aversive conditioning, an assistant releases abominable odors as aversive stimulus.


Another possible therapy is a technique called thought stop: the therapist asks the patient to think of his fetish and suddenly cries out "stop!". The patient will be irritated, his line of thought broken. After analyzing the effects of the sudden break together, the therapist will teach the patient to use this technique by himself to interrupt thoughts about his fetish and thus prevent undesired behavior.


Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis tries to spot the traumatic unconscious experience that caused the fetishism in first instance. Bringing this unconscious knowledge to consciousness and thus enabling the patient to work up his trauma rationally and emotionally shall relieve him from his problems. As opposed to cognitive therapy, psychoanalysis tackles the cause itself.


There are versatile attempts at this analyzing process, including talk therapy, dream analysis and play therapy. Which method will be chosen depends upon the problem itself, the patient's attitude and reactions to certain methods and the therapist's education and preference. Look up Psychotherapy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dreaming is the subjective experience of imaginary images, sounds/voices, thoughts or sensations during sleep, usually involuntarily. ... Play therapy is generally employed with children ages 3 to 11, play provides a way forchildrento express their experiences and feelings through a natural, self-guided, self-healing process. ...


Strictly speaking, in psychoanalysis a fetish is the last thing a small boy sees before discovering that women do not have a penis. The erotic excitement of a boy's first observation of a girl or woman undressing becomes traumatic when he discovers that castration is a real threat after all. What had become increasing arousal is suddenly turned to horror. The child then fixates on the moment of heightened arousal just before the trauma. This is usually an undergarment or feet, but it could be anything.


In the strictest definition, secondary sexual displays—such as breasts and buttocks—cannot be considered fetishes.


Medication

Pharmaceutical treatment consists of various forms of drugs that inhibit the production of sex steroids, above all male testosterone and female estrogen. By cutting down the level of sex steroids, sexual desire is diminished. Thus, in theory, a patient might gain the ability to control his fetish and reasonably process his own thoughts without being distracted by sexual arousal. Also, the application may give the patient relief in everyday life, enabling him to ignore his fetish and get back to daily routine. Other research has assumed that fetishes may be like obsessive-compulsive disorders, and has looked into the use of psychiatric drugs (serotonin uptake inhibitors and dopamine blockers) for controlling paraphilias that interfere with a person's ability to function. Sex steroids, also known as gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones which interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors. ... Testosterone is a steroid hormone from the androgen group. ... Estriol. ...


Although ongoing research has shown positive results in single case studies with some drugs, e. g. with topiramate[12], there is not yet any medicament that tackles fetishism itself. Because of that, physical treatment is only suitable to support one of the psychological methods. Topiramate (brand name Topamax) is an anticonvulsant drug produced by Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, a division of Johnson & Johnson. ...


Surgery

In few cases, brain surgery has turned out to be a remedy for fetishism[13]. It must be noted, however, that these surgical engagements were always due to other diagnosis like epilepsy and the relief of fetishism was a mere side effect. Though some consider brain construction a possible cause for fetishism, surgery is never considered a possible treatment.


Gender

Most of the material on fetishism is in reference to heterosexual men, with most of the objects fetishized being high-femme items such as lingerie, hosiery, and heels. Until recently there was little mention of women ever having fetishes.[citation needed]


However, the visual map of fetishes linked below flags several clusters as having a number of women admirers, such as corsetry and some of the medical-related fetishes. The preferences of women fetishists are not necessarily a mirror image of those of male fetishists; just because many men are attracted to women in high heels does not necessarily mean there are many women attracted to men in construction boots.


The book Female Perversions, which also discussed corsetry and self-cutting, in part discusses "female transvestism". It gave examples both of women who became excited by dressing in a "butch" way, i.e. the mirror image of male transvestite fetishism, and of women who became aroused by dressing in a very "femme" way, or parallel to male transvestite fetishism. Self-harm (SH) is deliberate injury to ones own body. ...


See also

Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
  2. ^ Jacob Obafẹmi Kẹhinde Olupọna, Inc NetLibrary. 2004. Beyond Primitivism Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity. Routledge. ISBN 041527320X
  3. ^ Richard Von Krafft-Ebing. 1886. Phychopathia Sexualis.
  4. ^ a b c S. Freud: Fetischismus. Essay, 1927
  5. ^ A. Binet: Le Fétichisme dans l'amour. In: Revue Philosophique Vol. XXIV (1887), pp. 252–274.
  6. ^ a b R. v. Krafft-Ebing: Psychopathia Sexualis. 1912
  7. ^ JURIST: Forum: Rape, Porn and Criminality: Political Truth on Trial - refers to Victorian eroticization of the ankle
  8. ^ Alfred Binet. 1887. Le Fétichisme dans l'amour.
  9. ^ Richard Von Krafft-Ebing. 1886. Phychopathia Sexualis.
  10. ^ D. W. Winnicott: Übergangsobjekte und Übergangsphänomene. Eine Studie über den ersten, nicht zum Selbst gehörenden Besitz. (German) Presentation 1951, 1953. In: Psyche 23, 1969.
  11. ^ F. Koksal, M. Domjan, A. Kurt, O. Sertel, S. Orung, R. Bowers, G. Kumru: An animal model of fetishism. In: Behavior Research and Therapy. 2004 Dec;42(12):1421–34.
  12. ^ I. S. Shiah, C. Y. Chao, W. C. Mao, Y. J. Chuang. Treatment of paraphilic sexual disorder: the use of topiramate in fetishism. In: International Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2006 Jul;21(4):241–3.
  13. ^ W. Mitchell, M. Falconer, D. Hill. Epilepsy with fetishism relieved by temporal lobectomy. In: Lancet. 1954 Sep 25;267(6839):626–30.

Further reading

  • Steele, Valerie (1995). Fetish: Fashion, Sex, and Power. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509044-6. 
  • Utley, Larry; Carey-Adamme, Autumn (2002). Fetish Fashion: Undressing the Corset. Green Candy Press. ISBN 1-931160-06-6. 
  • Gates, Katharine. Deviant Desires: Incredibly Strange Sex. Juno Books. ISBN 1-890451-03-7. 
  • Love, Brenda (1994). The Encyclopedia of Unusual Sex Practices. Barricade Books. ISBN 1-56980-011-1. 
  • Kaplan, Louise J. (1991). Female Perversions: the temptations of Emma Bovary. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26233-7. 

External links

  • Most Common Fetishes - an analysis of the AOL search data gives some idea of which fetishes are most common.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sexual Fetishism Cause, Symptoms, Treatment, Medication. (0 words)
Sexual fetishism, first described as such by Sigmund Freud though the concept and certainly the activity is quite ancient, is a form of paraphilia where the object of affection is a specific inanimate object or part of a person's body.
Fetishism, in ancient religions, meant the belief that inanimate objects such as icons or trees, clouds, etc., possess human properties; in Marxism, the belief that commodities possess human properties.
The focus of attention is exclusively on the fetish, whereas non-fetishists may at various times make a particular body part or an object part of their general sexual arousal and expression with another person, but not be fixated on it.
Article about "Sexual fetishism" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004 (719 words)
Sexual fetishism, first described as such by Sigmund Freud though the concept and certainly the activity is quite ancient, is a form of paraphilia where the object of affection is a specific inanimate object or part of a person's body.
As Freud described it in 1887, sexual fetishes in men are the result of childhood trauma regarding castration anxiety.
Although Freud's theory on fetishes may seem peculiar and was based on anecdotal evidence rather than empirical, he had discovered a critical aspect of human sexuality: the relationship between human orgasms and conditioning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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