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Encyclopedia > Sewing
Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan
Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan
Using a modern sewing machine
Using a modern sewing machine


Sewing is an ancient art involving the stitching of cloth, leather, furs, bark or other materials, using needle and thread. Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). Sewing predates the weaving of cloth. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Seam allowance is the area between the edge and the stitching line on two (or more) pieces of material being stitched together. ... Sewn is the first single proper by British rock group The Feeling, following the 7 only single Fill My Little World (which would become a full single release itself). ... Seam carving is an image resizing algorithm developed by Shai Avidan and Ariel Shamir. ... Vanessa Olivarez is an American singer best known as the first finalist to be eliminated on the second season of the television series American Idol Vanessa was the only finalist of the group not invited to participate in the group musical tour following the end of the series. ... Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan CREDIT: Richmond & Backus Co. ... Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan CREDIT: Richmond & Backus Co. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 62 KB) I made this photo myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 62 KB) I made this photo myself. ... Sewing machines can make a great variety of plain or patterned stitches. ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... For other meanings of bark, see Bark (disambiguation). ... Needles used for sewing A sewing needle is a long slender object with a pointed tip. ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ...


Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, banners and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather. Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... For religious use, see Veil. ... Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers. ... For other meanings of the term banner, see banner (disambiguation). ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ...


Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. Pieces of a garment are often first tacked together. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread. This article is about devices that perform tasks. ... In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. ...


Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress or seamster (from seamsmistress or seamsmaster), dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker. For other uses see Dressmaker (disambiguation) A dressmaker is a person who makes custom clothing for women, such as dresses, blouses, and evening gowns. ... A tailor attending to a customer in Hong Kong. ...


"Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, smocking, embroidery, or quilting. Look up Decoration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Smocking is a centuries-old embroidery technique where decorative, colored stitching is embroidered in patterns, pictures, or other designs over pleats in fabric. ... Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. ... Quilter and Quilters redirect here. ...


Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork. Quilt block in applique and reverse applique Applique or appliqué (from French, applied) is an ancient needlework technique in which pieces of fabric, embroidery, or other materials are sewn onto a foundation fabric to create designs. ... Modern canvas work done in wool using petit point stitch Canvas work is embroidery on canvas. ... Example of patchwork Patchwork or pieced work is a form of needlework that involves sewing together pieces of fabric into a larger design. ...


While sewing is often seen as a low-skill job, the task of designing good-looking three-dimensional shapes from non-stretching two-dimensional fabric generally requires extensive hands-on knowledge of the design and principles of mathematical manifolds. Flat sheets of fabric with holes and slits cut into the fabric can curve and fold in 3D space in extensively complex ways that require a high level of skill and experience to manipulate into a smooth, ripple-free design. Aligning and orienting patterns printed or woven into the fabric further complicates the design process. But once a clothing designer with these skills has created the initial product, the fabric can then be cut using templates and sewn by manual laborers or machines. On a sphere, the sum of the angles of a triangle is not equal to 180° (see spherical trigonometry). ...

Contents

General sewing methods

A girl hand-sewing in a 1898 painting by William-Adolphe Bouguereau.
  • Hand-sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Serger prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine.
  • Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches.
  • Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. Electric machines are by far more common.
  • Overlock Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. Also used for creating artistic effects. Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Virtually all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers.

Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a French knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger. Download high resolution version (1391x2291, 631 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1391x2291, 631 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William-Adolphe Bouguereau, self-portrait (1886). ... An Overlock-Sewing Machine also known as a Serger sews and hems seams and cuts off the leftover cloth. ...


Seam allowance

Seam allowance is the area between the edge and the stitching line on two (or more) pieces of material being stitched together. Seam allowances can range from 1/4 inch wide (6.35 mm) to as much as several inches. Commercial patterns for home sewers have seam allowances ranging from 1/4 inch to 5/8 inch.


Sewing industry seam allowances range from 1/4 inch for curved areas (e.g. neck line, armscye) or hidden seams (e.g. facing seams), to one inch or more for areas that require extra fabric for final fitting to the wearer (e.g. center back).

  • Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects.
  • Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles.
  • Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand.
  • Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. The term "serging" is a lot used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces.

Cashmere darn, a fine darning technique for twill fabric, from The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885. ... Quilter and Quilters redirect here. ... Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. ... Commercial machine embroidery in chain stitch on a voile curtain, China, early 21st century. ...

Occupations requiring sewing

Old book binding and cover Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of folded or unfolded sheets of paper or other material. ... Cobbler may mean: a person who makes and repairs shoes and boots for a living. ... Hourglass corset from around 1880. ... Draper is the now largely obsolete term for a merchant in cloth or dry goods, though often used specifically for one who owns or works in a drapers shop or store. ... For other uses see Dressmaker (disambiguation) A dressmaker is a person who makes custom clothing for women, such as dresses, blouses, and evening gowns. ... Glover can have several meanings: Glover is a town in Orleans County, Vermont. ... A hatter is a maker or seller of hats. ... Quilter and Quilters redirect here. ... The USS Monongahela (1862), an exemplar of the 19th century sailmakers craft A sailmaker is a person who makes and repairs sails for sailboats, typically working on shore in a sail loft. ... A tailor attending to a customer in Hong Kong. ... Taxidermy (Greek for the arrangement of the skin) is the art of mounting or reproducing animals for display or study. ... Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers. ... A milliner is a person who designs, makes, or sells womens hats. ... A parachute rigger is a person who is licenced to pack, maintain or repair parachutes. ... This article is about the medical specialty. ...

Sewing tools and accessories

Sewing box (~1955) with sewing notions

Image File history File linksMetadata Nähkästchen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nähkästchen. ... A stitching awl is a simple tool with which holes can be punctured in a variety of materials, or existing holes can be enlarged. ... A bobbin is a spindle or cylinder, with or without flanges, on which wire, yarn, thread or film is wound. ... Bodkin point arrows were invented in the Middle Ages, as an improvement of the earlier broadhead arrow. ... Self-retracting pocket tape measure A tape measure or measuring tape is a ribbon of cloth, plastic, or metal with linear-measure markings, often in both imperial and metric units. ... Needles used for sewing A sewing needle is a long slender object with a pointed tip. ... In sewing and fashion design, a pattern is an original garment from which other garments of a similar style are copied, or the paper or cardboard templates from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting out and assembling (sometimes called paper patterns). ... A pin is a device used for fastening objects or material together. ... A pincushion (or less commonly pin cushion) is a small cushion, typically 3-5 cm across, which is used in sewing to store pins with their heads protruding so as to take hold of them easily. ... Different types of scissors - sewing, kitchen, paper Scissors are a tool used for cutting thin material which requires little force. ... A seam ripper is a small tool used for unpicking stitches. ... The Needles, situated on the Isle Of Wight, are part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation. ... A thimble A thimble is a protective shield worn on the finger or thumb. ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... Tracing Paper is a type of paper, which is translucent so the light can go through, is made by immersing unsized and unloaded paper of good quality in sulphuric acid for a few seconds. ... A tracing wheel is a sewing tool that is used to transfer markings from patterns onto fabric using tracing paper. ... candle wax This page is about the substance. ... For the rock song by Nirvana, see Beeswax (song). ...

Notions (objects sewn into garments or soft goods)

Closures

Finishing and embellishment

Archeological bronze buckles from southern Sweden A buckle (from Latin buccula) is a clasp used for fastening two things together, such as the ends of a belt, or for retaining the end of a strap. ... For other uses, see Button (disambiguation). ... Buttons with shanks. ... Look up Toggle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chinese frogs (or frogs) are knotted and looped buttons, closures, or embellisments usually made from cording or skinny tubes of fabric. ... Look up Hook in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Velcro: hooks (left) and loops (right). ... Snap fastener (male and female discs) A snap fastener is a pair of interlocking discs commonly used in place of buttons to fasten clothing. ... Zipper slider brings together the two sides A zipper (British English: zip fastener or zip) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. ... Look up elastic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An eyelet is a small hole in material, the edge of which is protected by a ring of metal (eyelet), through which a piece of string, a shoelace, etc. ... Some rubber grommets. ... Interfacing is a common term for a variety of materials used on the unseen or wrong side of fabrics in sewing. ... A rivetted buffer beam on a steam locomotive A rivet is a mechanical fastener consisting of a smooth cylindrical shaft with heads on either end, the second one formed in position. ... Trim or trimming in clothing and home decorating is applied ornament such as gimp, passementerie, ribbon, ruffles, or, as a verb, to apply such ornament. ...

List of stitches

The two main stitches of which the others are derivatives are Cross Stitch and Butterfly

A 1-D stitch. ... In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Buttonhole stitch in embroidery Detached buttonhole stitch Buttonhole stitch and the related blanket stitch are hand-sewing stitches used in tailoring, embroidery, and needle lace-making. ... In sewing and embroidery, a chain stitch is a series of looped stitches that form a chain. ... A sample cross-stitch of a Welsh dresser Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. ... Cashmere darn, a fine darning technique for twill fabric, from The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885. ... In everyday language, a stitch in the context of embroidery or hand-sewing is defined as the movement of the embroidery needle from the backside of the fabric to the front side and back to the back side. ... Drawing of Cretan embroidery in closed Cretan stitch from Embroidery and Tapestry Weaving, 1912 Featherstitch Featherstitch or feather stitch and Cretan stitch or faggoting stitch are embroidery techniques made of open, looped stitches worked alternately to the right and left of a central rib. ... The lockstitch is the mechanical stitch most commonly made by a sewing machine. ... The purl stitch (2007) An overlock stitch sews over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. ... A running stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. ... Seed stitches (small, detached running stitches) are used on the center ribs of these flower petals. ... Topstitching is a sewing technique. ... Look up zigzag in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

References

  • Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0-86573-308-2

See also

Sewing machines can make a great variety of plain or patterned stitches. ...

External links

  • NowSewing.net - Discover what's new in sewing on NowSewing.net with Behind the Seams online videos with your host Sara Boungher, plus tips, techniques, and so much more. It's a sewing community for sewers of all levels and interests.
  • sewing.com - The ultimate sewing site - huge sewing dictionary (sewing dictionary), free sewing projects (sewing projects), sewing forum (sewing forum), photo gallery (sewing gallery), sewing tips (sewing tips), RSS feeds (rss feeds).
  • Vintage Sewing Reference Library (free online access to public domain sewing books)
  • Public domain sewing books
  • sewing machines embroidery machines and info
  • Sewing basic clothes
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sewing

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Sewing Dictionary, Feed Types Glossary

sewing dictionary Huge dictionary of 300+ sewing terms


Descriptions of feed terms like Drop Feed, Compound Feed, Unison Feed etc.


Groups and Guilds

  • American Sewing Guild (ASG) A national non-profit organization for hobby sewists of all levels and interests in the United States of America

Pattern Drafting Software

en:Sewing In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. ... Cut in clothing, sewing and tailoring, is the style or shape of a garment as opposed to its fabric or trimmings. ... Cashmere darn, a fine darning technique for twill fabric, from The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885. ... For other uses see Dressmaker (disambiguation) A dressmaker is a person who makes custom clothing for women, such as dresses, blouses, and evening gowns. ... Embellishment is a term used in sewing and crafts. ... Paul Revere in a shirt gathered at shoulder and cuffs, 1776. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skirt with narrow knife pleats at the hip line, 1929. ... Portrait of a woman wearing a heavily ruffled cap, 1789 . In sewing and dressmaking, a ruffle or frill is a strip of fabric, lace or ribbon tightly gathered or pleated on one edge and applied to a garment, bedding, curtain or other textile as a form of trimming. ... A style line is a line (or curve) in a garment that has a visual effect, e. ... A tailor attending to a customer in Hong Kong. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A 1-D stitch. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Buttonhole stitch in embroidery Detached buttonhole stitch Buttonhole stitch and the related blanket stitch are hand-sewing stitches used in tailoring, embroidery, and needle lace-making. ... In sewing and embroidery, a chain stitch is a series of looped stitches that form a chain. ... A sample cross-stitch of a Welsh dresser Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. ... In everyday language, a stitch in the context of embroidery or hand-sewing is defined as the movement of the embroidery needle from the backside of the fabric to the front side and back to the back side. ... The lockstitch is the mechanical stitch most commonly made by a sewing machine. ... The purl stitch (2007) An overlock stitch sews over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. ... A running stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. ... Sashiko literally little stabs) is a form of decorative reinforcement stitching (or functional embroidery) from Japan. ... In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. ... Bias tape or bias binding is a narrow strip of fabric, cut on the bias (UK cross-grain). ... Interfacing is a common term for a variety of materials used on the unseen or wrong side of fabrics in sewing. ... Passementerie of applied gold cord and embroidery worn by Henry VIII of England (detail of a portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger, c. ... In sewing and fashion design, a pattern is an original garment from which other garments of a similar style are copied, or the paper or cardboard templates from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting out and assembling (sometimes called paper patterns). ... The Simplicity Pattern Company is the maker of the Simplicity Pattern, Its So Easy and New Look brands of sewing pattern guides. ... Trim or trimming in clothing and home decorating is applied ornament such as gimp, passementerie, ribbon, ruffles, or, as a verb, to apply such ornament. ... Twill tape is a flat twill-woven ribbon of cotton, linen, polyester, or wool. ... For other uses, see Button (disambiguation). ... A small flat button Metal, plastic and leather shank buttons. ... A Frog is an ornamental braiding for fastening the front of a garment that consists of a button and a loop through which it passes. ... Buttons with shanks. ... Snap fastener (male and female discs) A snap fastener is a pair of interlocking discs commonly used in place of buttons to fasten clothing. ... Velcro: hooks (left) and loops (right). ... Zipper slider brings together the two sides A zipper (British English: zip fastener or zip) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. ... The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as the bias, is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... The Selvage of a piece of curtain fabric. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... A bobbin is a spindle or cylinder, with or without flanges, on which wire, yarn, thread or film is wound. ... A pin is a device used for fastening objects or material together. ... A pincushion (or less commonly pin cushion) is a small cushion, typically 3-5 cm across, which is used in sewing to store pins with their heads protruding so as to take hold of them easily. ... Pinking shears Pinking shears are scissors, the blades of which are sawtoothed instead of straight. ... A pincushion (or less commonly pin cushion) is a small cushion, typically 3-5 cm across, which is used in sewing to store pins with their heads protruding so as to take hold of them easily. ... Pinking shears Pinking shears are scissors, the blades of which are sawtoothed instead of straight. ... Different types of scissors - sewing, kitchen, paper Scissors are a tool used for cutting thin material which requires little force. ... A seam ripper is a small tool used for unpicking stitches. ... Needles used for sewing A sewing needle is a long slender object with a pointed tip. ... A stitching awl is a simple tool with which holes can be punctured in a variety of materials, or existing holes can be enlarged. ... Self-retracting pocket tape measure plastic tape measure A tape measure or measuring tape is a ribbon of cloth, plastic, or metal with linear-measure markings, often in both imperial and metric units. ... A thimble A thimble is a protective shield worn on the finger or thumb. ... Tracing Paper is a type of paper, which is translucent so the light can go through, is made by immersing unsized and unloaded paper of good quality in sulphuric acid for a few seconds. ... A tracing wheel is a sewing tool that is used to transfer markings from patterns onto fabric using tracing paper. ... Categories: Stub ... In a sewing machine, feed dogs are the feeder mechanism which is typically used to pull fabric through a sewing mechanism. ... Sewing machines can make a great variety of plain or patterned stitches. ... A needle guard is a piece of a sewing machine that prevents you from sewing your finger. ... Pfaff is a manufacturer of sewing machines and is now owned by the VSM Group AB [1]. [edit] External link Pfaff Website Category: ... A Singer treadle sewing machine Singer Corporation is a United States of America manufacturer of sewing machines, first established as I.M. Singer & Co. ... A type of sewing machine used in the finishing process in the bedding industy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
sewing community website - homepage (634 words)
If you are planning on putting a sewing machine on your list, but you don't know which one to get, let me help guide you with some pointers on sewing machine buying in the next Sew and Tell issue.
What better way to be ready for a party than to have a gorgeous home sewn bag to throw a bottle of sparkling cider or wine into for the hostess of the next Christmas or New Year's party that you're going to.
The placemats that I made in the October issue of Sew 'n Tell were of a Fall print and the colors were in burnt oranges, and browns.
Sewing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (704 words)
Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens.
A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress (or seamster), dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker.
Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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