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Encyclopedia > Severo Ochoa
Severo Ochoa Statue outside the School of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM).

Severo Ochoa de Albornoz (September 24, 1905November 1, 1993) was a Spanish-American biochemist, and the recipient of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1354x2195, 620 KB) Severo Ochoa Statue, Complutense University File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Complutense University of Madrid Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1354x2195, 620 KB) Severo Ochoa Statue, Complutense University File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Complutense University of Madrid Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... The Complutense University of Madrid (Spanish: , UCM) is the most prestigious Spanish university and one of the oldest universities in the world. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ...


Life

he was gay Severo Ochoa was born in Luarca (Asturias), Spain. His father was Severo Manuel Ochoa, a lawyer and businessman, and his mother, Carmen de Albornoz. His father died when Ochoa was seven and he and his mother moved to Málaga, where he attended school through high school. His interest in biology was stimulated by the publications of the Spanish neurologist and Nobel awardee Santiago Ramón y Cajal. In 1923, he went to the University of Madrid Medical School, where he hoped to work with Cajal, but Cajal retired. In 1929, he obtained his MD degree with honors. In 1931, Ochoa married Carmen Garcia Cobian, but they had no children. Luarca (Asturian Ḷḷuarca, also spelled ) is the capital town of the Spanish municipality of Valdés. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ... Location of Málaga Municipality Málaga Government  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area  - City 385. ... Santiago Ramón y Cajal Santiago Ramón y Cajal (May 1, 1852 – October 17, 1934) was a famous Spanish histologist, physician, and Nobel laureate. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From then until 1938, he held many positions and worked with many people at many places. For example, Otto Meyerhof appointed him Guest Research Assistant at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg for one year. From 1938 until 1941 he was Demonstrator and Nuffield Research Assistant at the University of Oxford. He then went to America, where he again held many positions at many universities. In 1942 he was appointed Research Associate in Medicine at the New York University School of Medicine and there subsequently became Assistant Professor of Biochemistry (1945), Professor of Pharmacology (1946), Professor of Biochemistry (1954), and Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Max Planck Institut for Medical Research is a medical research institute located in Heidelberg, Germany. ... Heidelberg is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The New York University School of Medicine was founded in 1841, ten years after the New York Universitys founding, as the University Medical College. ...


In 1956, he became an American citizen. In working at all these places, he learned much, all of which led him to his discovery. In 1959, Ochoa was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on the synthesis of RNA. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Synthesis (from the ancient Greek σύν (with) and θεσις (placing), is commonly understood to be an integration of two or more pre-existing elements which results in a new creation. ... Ribonucleic acid or RNA is a nucleic acid polymer consisting of nucleotide monomers that plays several important roles in the processes that translate genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into protein products; RNA acts as a messenger between DNA and the protein synthesis complexes known as ribosomes, forms vital portions...


Ochoa continued research on protein synthesis and replication of RNA viruses until 1985, when he returned to Spain and gave advice to Spanish science policy authorities and scientists. Ochoa was also a recipient of U.S. National Medal of Science in 1979. Ochoa died in Madrid, and a new research center that was planned in the 1970s, was finally built and named after Ochoa. The asteroid 117435 Severochoa is also named in his honour. Protein synthesis is the creation of proteins using DNA and RNA. Biological and artificial methods for creation of proteins differ significantly. ... National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... 253 Mathilde, a C-type asteroid. ... 117435 Severochoa is an asteroid. ...


See also

Ribonucleic acid or RNA is a nucleic acid polymer consisting of nucleotide monomers that plays several important roles in the processes that translate genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into protein products; RNA acts as a messenger between DNA and the protein synthesis complexes known as ribosomes, forms vital portions...

External links

  • Biography at nobelprize.org
  • Remembering our teachers Arthur Kornberg J. Biol. Chem., Vol. 276, Issue 1, 3-11, January 5, 2001

  Results from FactBites:
 
Severo Ochoa (414 words)
Severo Ochoa de Albornoz (September 24, 1905 – November 1, 1993) was a Spanish-American biochemist, and the recipient of the 1959 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
Severo Ochoa was born in Luarca (Asturias), Spain.
Ochoa died in Madrid and a new research center that was planned in the 1970s, was finally built and named after Ochoa.
Severo Ochoa - MSN Encarta (154 words)
Severo Ochoa (1905-1993), Spanish-American biochemist and Nobel laureate, who in 1955 became the first person to synthesize a nucleic acid.
Ochoa was born in Luarca, Spain, and educated at the University of Madrid.
Ochoa joined the faculty of the College of Medicine of New York University in 1942; in 1954 he was named chairman of the department of biochemistry.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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