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Encyclopedia > Severinus of Noricum

Saint Severinus is known as the "apostle to Noricum," (died 482), though it was later claimed that he had been born either in Southern Italy or in the Roman province of Africa, after the death of Attila in 453. Severinus himself refused to discuss his personal history before his appearance along the Danube in Noricum. However, he did mention experiences with eastern desert monasticism, and his vita draws connections between Severinus and St. Anthony of Egypt. Noricum in ancient geography was a celtic kingdom in Austria and later a province of the Roman Empire. ... Events Qi Gao Di, ruler of the Chinese Qi Dynasty Byzantine emperor Zeno I issues the Henotikon, an attempt to reconcile the differences between the supporters of Orthodoxy and Monophysitism. ... Southern Italy, often referred to in Italian as the Mezzogiorno (a term first used in 19th century in comparison with French Midi ) encompasses six of the countrys 20 regions: Basilicata Campania Calabria Puglia Sicilia Sardinia Sicilia although it is geographically and administratively included in Insular Italy, it has a... The Roman Empire ca. ... For other uses, see Attila (disambiguation). ... Events Theodoric II succeeds his brother Thorismund as king of the Visigoths. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Vita or VITA can refer to any of a number of things: Vita (Latin for life) can also refer to a brief biography, often that of a saint (i. ... Saint Anthony the Great (251 - 356), also known as Saint Anthony of Egypt, Saint Anthony of the Desert, Saint Anthony the Anchorite, and The Father of All Monks, was an Egyptian Christian saint and the outstanding leader among the Desert Fathers, who were Christian monks in the Egyptian desert in...


The mysterious high-born Severinus is first recorded as travelling along the Danube in Noricum and Bavaria, preaching Christianity, procuring supplies for the starving, redeeming captives and establishing monasteries and hospices in the chaotic territories that were ravaged by the Great Migrations, sleeping on sackcloth and fasting severely. Eugippius credits him with the prediction that Odoacer would become king of Rome. However, he would rule not more than fourteen years. The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth and his life, death, resurrection, and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,500 km²  (580 sq mi...

The coat of arms of San Severo, Apulia, feature Saint Severinus
The coat of arms of San Severo, Apulia, feature Saint Severinus

He died at Favianae, Noricum (modern Austria) singing Psalm 150. Six years after his death, his monks were driven from their abbey, and his body was taken to Italy, where it was at first kept in the Castel dell'Ovo, Naples, then eventually interred at the Benedictine monastery rededicated to him, the Abbey of San Severino near Naples. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... San Severo is a city in Apulia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it 15 17 m. ... This article is about the Italian region. ... Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ... Castel dellOvo. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Monastery of St. ...


Paul the Deacon, in his eighth-century History of the Lombards,' mentions the monastery founded by Severinus at Eiferingen, at the foot of the Kahlenberg, not far from Vienna: Paul the Deacon (c. ... Kahlenberg with the tower, church, and scenic overlook Kahlenberg is a mountain (484 m, 1588 ft) located in Döbling, Vienna, Austria. ...

In these territories of the Noricans at that time was the monastery of the blessed Severinus, who, endowed with the sanctity of every abstinence, was already renowned for his many virtues, and though he dwelt in these places up to the end of his life: now however, Neapolis keeps his remains.

The Vita of Severinus was written by Eugippius. Beyond Eugippius’ work, the only other contemporary source that mentions Saint Severinus is the Vita beati Antonii by Magnus Felix Ennodius, bishop of Pavia. The Bay of Naples Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... The Castellum Lucullanum on an island off the promontory (Monte Echia) that creates two small bays within the Bay of Naples, the modern Castel dellOvo, had a history of occupation that epitomizes social developments of the Roman Empire: pleasure villa, fortified stronghold, Imperial retreat, monastery. ... Magnus Felix Ennodius (AD 474 - July 17, 521), bishop of Pavia, Latin rhetorician and poet. ...


But compare Saint Severinus of Septempeda, the brother of Saint Victorinus of Camerino, and a bishop of Naples, whose feast day is celebrated on the same day, January 8. The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with a saint, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon notes that the disciples of Saint Severinus were invited by a "Neapolitan lady" to bring his body to the villa in 488, "in the place of Augustulus, who was probably no more."[1] The villa was converted into a monastery before 500 to hold the saint's remains.[2] The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a major literary achievement of the Eighteenth Century, was written by the English historian, Edward Gibbon. ... Edward Gibbon (1737–1794). ... Romulus Augustus (460s/470s - after 511) was the last of the Western Roman Emperors. ...


Additional Reading

  • Brown, P. (1971), The World of Late Antiquity (New York: W. W. Norton & Co).
  • Eugippius und Severin: Der Autor, der Text und der Heilige (Vienna: Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften).
  • Ward-Perkins, B. (2005), The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

External links

  • Patron saints index:Severinus of Noricum
  • Eugippius, "The Life of St Severinus" (in English)

 
 

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