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Encyclopedia > Severians
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The Severians or Severyans or Siverians were a tribe or tribal union of Early East Slavs occupying areas to the east of the middle Dnieper river around the rivers Desna, Sejm and Sula on the territory of the archaelogical Romny culture. The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples. ... Length 2,290 km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge 1670  m³/s Area watershed 516,300  km² Origin  Russia Mouth  Black Sea Basin countries Russia, Belarus, Ukraine The Dnieper River (also: Dnepr, Dnyapro or Dnipro) is a river (2,290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus... Desna (Десна́) is a river in Russia and Ukraine, left tributary of Dnepr. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Sula is: The municipality Sula in Norway. ...


Etimology

The etimology of the name of Severians is controversial. Though it is similar to the Russian word for "north" (sěver), the severians never were the northiest tribe of Slavs. More probable is that the name is of iranian (sarmathian tribe of "Seuer", from Iranian "seu" = black) or Turkic origin (a part of Huns). Alternatively, the name may be derived from a Proto-Slavic word for "family member". This article or section should include material from Common Slavonic Proto-Slavic is a reconstructed language which is a common ancestor of all Slavic languages. ...


The modern names are Сiверяни in Ukrainian and Северяне in Russian.


Geography

Their neighbours were the tribes of Viatich and Radimich in the north, and the Derevlian and Polian tribes in the west. The eastern and southern borders of the tribe's habitat were never permanent and would sometimes reach the upper reaches of the Seversky Donets. The Vyatichs (Вятичи in Russian) were a tribe of Early East Slavs, which inhabited a part of the Oka basin. ... The Radimichs (Радимичи in Russian; Радимичі in Ukrainian), were a tribe of Early East Slavs of the last few centuries of the 1st millennium, which inhabited upper east parts of the Dnieper down the Sozh River and its tributaries. ... The Drevlians (Древляне, Drevlyane in Russian; Деревляни, Derevliany in Ukrainian) were a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 6th and the 10th century, which inhabited the territories of Polesie, Right-bank Ukraine west of Polans, down the stream of the rivers Teteriv, Uzh, Ubort, and Stviga. ... In the Early Middle Ages there were two separate Slavic tribes bearing the name of Polans: Polans, an Eastern Slavic tribe living in the area of Dnieper river Polans, an Western Slavic tribe living in the area of Warta. ... Length 1,050 km Elevation of the source - m Average discharge - m³/s Area watershed - km² Origin Russia Mouth Don River Basin countries Russia, Ukraine Donets (Донец), is a tributary of Don River, Russia. ...


History

Their existence as a political unit can be proven for the 8th to 11th century. They had to pay tribute to the Khazars in the 8th and 9th century, were annexed by Oleg of Novgorod to the Kiev state together with the Polans in the late 9th century, and participated in Oleg's campaign of the Rus' to Constantinople in 907. Finally they became part of the Chernigov Principality. The last reference to them stems from 1024. For subsequent history of the region, see Severia (whose name is derived from "Severians"). As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Jump to: navigation, search The site of the Khazar fortress at Sarkel. ... This earthenware dish was made in 9th century Iraq. ... Prince Oleg (Old Norse name Helgi, Khazarian form: Helgu) was the Varangian ruler who moved the capital of Rus from Novgorod the Great to Kiev. ... The Polans (Поляне-Polyane in Russian; Поляни-Polyany in Ukrainian), were a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 6th and the 9th century, which inhabited both sides of the Dnieper river from Liubech to Rodnia and also down the lower streams of the rivers Ros, Sula, Stuhna, Teteriv, Irpin, Desna and... The origins of the Rus (or Rus , Русь) are controversial. ... Jump to: navigation, search Map of Constantinople. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Chernihiv (Ukrainian: ), often called by the Russian name Chernigov (Чернигов) is an ancient city in northern Ukraine, the capital of Chernihiv Oblast (province). ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year. ... Severia (Сіверщина in Ukrainian, Сиверщина in Russian, and Sewerien in German) is a historical region in northern Ukraine and southwestern Russia, centered around the Ukrainian city of Novhorod-Siverskyj. ...


They are mentioned especially by Geographus Bavarus (9th century, "Zeriuani"), by Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, by the khazar khagan Joseph (c. 960) and by the Primary Chronicle. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos (the Purple-born) (905 – November 9, 959) was the son of Byzantine emperor Leo VI and nephew of Alexander III. He earned his nickname as the legitimate (or more accurately legitimized) son of Leo, as opposed to the others who claimed the throne during his lifetime. ... Jump to: navigation, search The site of the Khazar fortress at Sarkel. ... Jump to: navigation, search Khagan, alternatively spelled Chagan, Qaqan etc. ... The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let, which is often translated in English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the early East Slavic state, Kievan Rus, from around 850 to 1110. ...


The principal cities of the Severians were Chernigov, Kursk, Novhorod-Siversky and others. Archaeologists also found numerous rural settlements of the 8th - 10th centuries, inhabited by the Severians, and burial mounds with cremated bodies. The Severians were mostly engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and different handicrafts. Chernihiv (Чернігів in Ukrainian) is an ancient city in northern Ukraine, the central city of Chernihivska oblast. Some common historical spellings of the name are Polish: Czernichów, and Russian: Чернигов, Chernigov. ... The Christian Orthodox monastery on the Red Square Kursk (Russian: Курск; pronunciation: koorsk) is a city in Central Russia, an administrative center of Kursk Oblast. ... Novhorod-Siversky or Novhorod-Siverskyj (Новгород-Сіверський in Ukrainian, Nowogród Siewierski in Polish ) is a historic town in the Chernihiv region of Ukraine, on the bank of the Desna River, 200 km from the capital Kyiv and 45 km south from the Russian border. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Alternate meanings of barrow: see Barrow_in_Furness for the town of Barrow in Cumbria, England; also Barrow, Alaska in the U.S.; also River Barrow in Ireland. ... The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... Handicraft, also known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. ...


Severians did not occupy areas of the west Pannonian plain or the Carpathians. Jump to: navigation, search The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Severians: Information from Answers.com (492 words)
The Severians or Severyans or Siverians were a tribe or tribal union of Early East Slavs occupying areas to the east of the middle Dnieper river around the rivers Desna, Sejm and Sula on the territory of the archaelogical Romny culture.
The Severians were mostly engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and different handicrafts.
Part of the Severians also migrated to the south-west and settled in the areas of the southern Pannonian plain (the Banat region) and southern Carpathians.
Severia at AllExperts (480 words)
According to the Primary Chronicle, the Severians, having paid tribute to the the Khazars, along with the neighboring Polans, were conquered by Oleg of Novgorod (also referred to as Oleh), who incorporated their lands into the new principality of Kievan Rus'.
By the time of Yaroslav the Wise (1019-1054), the Severian peoples had lost most of their distinctness, and the areas of Severia along the upper course of the Desna River came to be controlled from Chernihiv.
Following the Bolshevik Revolution, the Severian lands, full of Ukrainian architecture, and populated by a mixture of Ukrainians and Russians, were divided between the Ukrainian and Russian Soviet republics, finally breaking up the land of the former Severians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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