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Encyclopedia > Seven Samurai
Seven Samurai

Japanese poster
Directed by Akira Kurosawa
Produced by Sojiro Motoki
Written by Akira Kurosawa
Shinobu Hashimoto
Hideo Oguni
Starring Takashi Shimura
Toshiro Mifune
Music by Fumio Hayasaka
Cinematography Asakaru Nakai
Editing by Akira Kurosawa
Distributed by Toho
Release date(s) Japan:
April 26, 1954
United States:
November 19, 1956
Running time 207 min.
Country Japan
Language Japanese
Budget US$500 000
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Seven Samurai (七人の侍 Shichinin no samurai?) is a 1954 Japanese film co-written, edited and directed by Akira Kurosawa. The film takes place in Warring States Period Japan (around 1587/1588). It follows the story of a village of farmers that hire seven masterless samurai (ronin) to combat bandits who will return after the harvest to steal their crops. Kurosawa redirects here. ... Shinobu Hashimoto (橋本 忍助手 Hashimoto Shinobu) (April 18, 1918-) was a Japanese screenwriter, director, producer, and frequent collaborator with Akira Kurosawa. ... Takashi Shimura as the doomed bureaucrat Watanabe in Ikiru. ... Toshiro Mifune in the film Drunken Angel. ... Fumio Hayasaka (早坂文雄 Hayasaka Fumio August 19, 1914 - October 15, 1955) was a Japanese composer of classical music and film scores. ... The English-language version of Tohos famous logo, used from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ... Seven Samurai may refer to: Seven Samurai, the 1954 film directed by Akira Kurosawa. ... The year 1954 in film involved some significant events. ... Japanese cinema (映画; Eiga) has a history in Japan that spans more than 100 years. ... Kurosawa redirects here. ... “Sengoku” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... Graves of the forty-seven Ronin at Sengaku-ji Ronin robbing a merchants house in Japan around 1860 (1) For other uses, see Ronin (disambiguation). ...

Seven Samurai is frequently described as one of the greatest and most influential films ever made, and is one of a select few Japanese films to become widely known in the West for an extended period of time. It is the subject of both popular and critical acclaim; it was voted onto Sight & Sound's list of the ten greatest films of all time in 1982 and 1992, and remains on the director's top ten films in the 2002 poll. While there is no agreement upon the greatest film of all time, it is possible to list films considered the greatest ever by a sizeable populace of the film-watching community in the English-speaking world. ... Sight & Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ...



A gang of marauding bandits approaches a mountain village. The bandit chief recognizes they have ransacked this village before, and decides it is best that they spare it until the barley is harvested in several weeks. One of the villagers happens to overhear the discussion. When he returns home with the ominous news, the villagers are divided about whether to surrender their harvest or fight back against the bandits. In turmoil, they go to the village elder, who declares that they should fight, by hiring samurai to help defend the village. Some of the villagers are troubled by this suggestion, knowing that samurai are expensive to enlist and known to lust after young farm women, but realize they have no choice. Recognizing that the impoverished villagers have nothing to offer any prospective samurai except food, the village elder tells them to find "hungry samurai." Bandits is a 2001 comedy/crime/drama/romance movie directed by Barry Levinson. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... Lust is any intense desire or craving for self gratification. ...

The men go into the city, but initially are unsuccessful, being turned away by every samurai they ask — sometimes very rudely — because they cannot offer any pay other than three meals a day. Just as all seems lost, they happen to witness an aging samurai (Kambei) execute a cunning and dramatic rescue of a young boy taken hostage by a thief. In awe, they ask him to help defend their village; to their great joy, he accepts. Kambei then recruits five more masterless samurai (ronin) from the city, one by one, each with distinctive skills and personality traits. Although Kambei had initially decided that seven samurai would be necessary, he leaves for the village with only five companions because time is running short. A clownish ersatz samurai named Kikuchiyo, whom Kambei had rejected for the mission, follows them to the village at a distance, ignoring their protestations and attempts to drive him away. Graves of the forty-seven Ronin at Sengaku-ji Ronin robbing a merchants house in Japan around 1860 (1) For other uses, see Ronin (disambiguation). ...

The Seven Samurai.

When the samurai arrive at the village, the villagers cower in their homes in fear, hoping to protect their daughters and themselves from these supposedly dangerous warriors. The samurai are insulted not to be greeted warmly, considering that they have offered to defend the village for almost no reward, and seek an explanation from the village elder. Suddenly, an alarm is raised; the villagers, fearing that the bandits have returned, rush from their hiding places begging to be defended by the newly-arrived samurai. It turns out that Kikuchiyo, until this point merely a tag-along, has raised a false alarm. He rebukes the panicked villagers for running to the samurai for aid after first failing to welcome them to the village. It is here that Kikuchiyo demonstrates that there exists a certain intelligence behind his boorish demeanour. The six samurai symbolically accept him as belonging with them, truly completing the group of wanderers as the "seven samurai." Image File history File links Sevensamurai. ... Image File history File links Sevensamurai. ...

As they prepare for the siege, the villagers and their hired warriors slowly come to trust each other. However, when the samurai discover that the villagers have murdered and robbed fleeing samurai in the past, they are shocked and angry, and Kyūzō, the most professional and calm of the samurai, even comments that he would like to kill everyone in the village. The always clownish Kikuchiyo passionately castigates the other samurai for ignoring the hardships that the farmers face in order to survive and make a living despite the intimidation and harassment from the warrior class (and in the process, also reveals his own roots as a farmer's son). "But who made them like this?" he asks. "You did!" The anger the samurai had felt turns to shame, and when the village elder, alerted by the clamour that this revelation instigates, asks if anything is the matter, Kambei humbly responds that there is not. The samurai continue their preparations without any animosity, and soon afterwards show compassion toward the farmers when they share their rice with an old woman who, her family having been killed by bandits, cries out that she merely wants to die. Murder is both a legal and a moral term, that are not always coincident. ... A Kshatriya is a member of the military or reigning order, according to the law-code of Manu the second ranking caste of the Indian varna system of four castes, the first being the Brahmin or priestly caste, the third the Vaishya or mercantile caste and the lowest the Shudra. ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shame (disambiguation). ... For the medieval saint of the same name, see Saint Humility. ...

The preparations for the defense of the village continue apace, including the construction of fortifications and the training of the farmers for battle. Katsushirō, the youngest samurai, begins a love affair with the daughter of one of the villagers who had been forced to masquerade as a boy by her father, hoping to protect her from the supposedly lustful samurai warriors. Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...

As the time for the raid approaches, three bandit scouts are captured, and one divulges the location of the bandit stronghold. Three of the samurai, along with a guide from the village, decide to carry out a pre-emptive strike. Many bandits are killed, but one of the samurai, Heihachi, is struck down by gunfire. When the bandits arrive in force soon after this raid, they are confounded by the fortifications put in place by the samurai, and several are killed attempting to scale the barricades or cross moats. However, the bandits have a superior number of trained fighters, and possess three muskets, and are thus able to hold their own. Kyūzō decides to conduct a raid on his own to retrieve one of the muskets and returns with one several hours later. Kikuchiyo, jealous of the praise and respect Kyūzō earns, particularly from Katsushirō, later abandons his post to retrieve another musket, leaving his contigent of farmers in charge. Although he succeeds, the bandits attack the post, overwhelming and killing many of the farmers. Kambei is forced to provide reinforcements from the main post to drive the bandits out, leaving it undermanned when the bandit leader charges this position. Although they are driven off, Gorobei is shot and killed. The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats were deep and wide trenches, usually filled with water, to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... Japanese arquebus of the Edo era (teppō) Example of an arquebus The arquebus (sometimes spelled harquebus, harkbus[1] or hackbut; from Dutch haakbus, meaning hook gun[2]) was a primitive firearm used in the 15th to 17th centuries. ...

During the night, Katsushirō's affair is revealed, and after an initial uproar, his amorous adventures provide comic relief to the embattled militia.

Apart from defense, the initial strategy of the samurai is to allow the bandits to enter a gap in the fortifications one at a time through the use of a closing "wall" of spears, and to then kill the lone enemy. This is repeated several times with success, although more than one bandit manages to enter the village several times. On the second night, Kambei decides that the villagers will soon become too exhausted to fight and instructs them to prepare for a final, decisive battle. When morning breaks and the bandits make their attack, Kambei orders his forces to allow all 13 remaining bandits in at once. In the ensuing confrontation, most of the bandits are easily killed, but the leader takes refuge in a hut unseen. In an act of extreme dishonor, he shoots Kyūzō in the back from the safety of the hut, killing him. A despondent Katsushirō seeks to avenge his hero, but an enraged Kikuchiyo bravely (and blindly) charges ahead of him, only to be shot in the belly himself. Although mortally wounded, Kikuchiyo ensures he kills the bandit chief, finally proving his worth as a samurai, before dying. Dazed and exhausted, Kambei and Shichirōji sadly observe "we've survived once again," while Katsushirō wails over his fallen comrades. The battle is ultimately won for the villagers. A spear is an ancient weapon, used for hunting and war. ...

The three surviving samurai, Kambei, Katsushirō, and Shichirōji, are left to observe the villagers happily planting the next rice crop. The farmers now ignore the samurai, as they no longer have any use for them. The samurai reflect on the relationship between the warrior and farming classes: though they have won the battle for the farmers, they have lost their friends with little to show for it. "This victory belongs to the peasants," Kambei muses. "Not to us." This melancholic observation sheds new light on Kambei's statement at the beginning of the film that he had "never won a battle." This contrasts with the singing and joy of the villagers, whose figuratively life-sustaining work has prevailed over war and left all warriors as the defeated party. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Manual labour (or manual labor) is physical work done with the hands, especially in an unskilled job such as fruit and vegetable picking, road building, or any other field where the work may be considered physically arduous, and which has as a profitable objective, usually the production of goods. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ...

Cast of characters

The Seven Samurai

  • Kambei Shimada (島田勘兵衛 Shimada Kanbei?) (Takashi Shimura) — The leader of the group and the first "recruited" by the villagers, he is a wise but war-weary samurai.
  • Gorōbei Katayama (片山五郎兵衛 Katayama Gorōbei?) (Yoshio Inaba) — The second samurai, recruited by Kambei. He acts as the second in command and helps create the master plan for the village's defense.
  • Shichirōji (七郎次) (Daisuke Katō) — The third samurai. A skilled archer who was once Kambei's deputy. Kambei meets him by chance in the town and he resumes this role.
  • Heihachi Hayashida (林田平八 Hayashida Heihachi?) (Minoru Chiaki) — The fourth samurai, recruited by Gorōbei. An amiable though less-skilled samurai whose charm and wit maintain his comrades' good cheer in the face of adversity.
  • Katsushirō Okamoto (岡本勝四郎 Okamoto Katsushirō?) (Isao Kimura) — The fifth samurai. A young unblooded samurai from an aristocratic family who wants to be Kambei's disciple.
  • Kyūzō (久蔵) (Seiji Miyaguchi) — The sixth samurai, who initially declined an offer by Kambei to join the group, though he later changes his mind. A serious, stone-faced samurai and a supremely skilled swordsman; Katsushirō is in awe of him.
  • Kikuchiyo (菊千代) (Toshirō Mifune) — The seventh member of the group and the only one who is not actually a samurai. A would-be samurai (right down to the false noble birth certificate) who eventually proves his worth. He is mercurial and temperamental. Of all the samurai, he most closely identifies with the villagers and their plight. Always the show-off, his sword is considerably larger than everyone else's.

Takashi Shimura as the doomed bureaucrat Watanabe in Ikiru. ... Yoshio Inaba (稲葉 義男 Inaba Yoshio, July 15, 1920 - 20 April 1998) was a Japanese actor best known for his role as one of the title characters (the good-natured, second-in-command Gorobei) in Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai. ... Daisuke Katō , February 18, 1910–July 31, 1975) was a Japanese actor who appeared in over 150 films, including Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai (as the loyal comrade Shichiroji) and Rashomon (film), Yojimbo (as the wild pig Inokichi), and Ikiru, and Hiroshi Inagakis Samurai Trilogy and Chushingura. ... Minoru Chiaki (30 July [some sources say 28 April] 1917 - 1 November 1999) was a Japanese actor who appeared in such films as Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai (as the good-natured samurai Heihachi) and The Hidden Fortress. ... Isao Kimura (木村 功 Kimura Isao, 22 June 1923 - 4 July 1981), also known as Ko Kimura, was a Japanese actor who appeared in such films as Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai (as the young samurai Katsushiro) and Stray Dog (as Yusa the criminal). ... Seiji Miyaguchi (15 November 1913 - 12 April 1985) was a Japanese actor who appeared in such films as Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai (as Kyuzo, the master swordsman) and Ikiru, and Masaki Kobayashis Kwaidan. ... Toshiro Mifune in Yojimbo. ...

The villagers

  • Gisaku 儀作 (Kuninori Takadō) — The village patriarch, who tells the villagers to hire samurai to protect themselves.
  • Yohei 与平 (Bokuzen Hidari) — A very timid old man who shares some memorable comic scenes with Kikuchiyo.
  • Manzō 万造 (Kamatari Fujiwara) — He fears for his daughter's safety with all these attractive samurai around.
  • Shino 志乃 (Keiko Tsushima) — Manzō's daughter, who falls in love with Katsushirō.
  • Rikichi 利吉 (Yoshio Tsuchiya) — Hotheaded and relatively young, he has a painful secret concerning his wife.
  • Rikichi's Wife (Yukiko Shimazaki) - Unseen in the early part of the film, the secret of her whereabouts will lead to tragedy.
  • Mosuke 茂助 (Yoshio Osugi) — His house is one of the three outlying buildings that will have to be abandoned in order to save the twenty in the main hamlet.

Bokuzen Hidari in a screenshot from Seven Samurai Bokuzen Hidari (20 February 1894 - 26 May 1971) was a Japanese actor and comedian who appeared in such films as Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai, The Lower Depths and Ikiru. ... Kamatari Fujiwara (藤原釜足 Fujiwara Kamatari) (January 1, 1905 - January 1, 1985) was a Japanese actor. ... Yoshio Tsuchiya (born 18 May 1927) is a Japanese actor who has appeared in such films as Akira Kurosawas Seven Samurai (as the firebrand farmer Rikichi) and Red Beard, and Kihachi Okamotos Kill!. External links Yoshio Tsuchiya at the Internet Movie Database Categories: ...

The bandits

  • The Bandit Chief (Shinpei Takagi) The leader of the 40 bandits.
  • Bandit Second-In-Command (Shin Ōtomo)
  • Musket Bandit (Toshio Takahara)
  • Roof Bandit (Masanobu Ōkubo)

Cast notes

  • The actors playing the three surviving Samurai were the first to die in real life: Daisuke Katō (Shichirōji) died in 1975, Isao Kimura (Katsushirō) died in 1981 and Takashi Shimura (Kambei) died in 1982.
  • Minoru Chiaki (Heihachi Hayashida), whose samurai character was the first to die, was the last surviving star (he died in 1999).
  • In the commentary provided in the Criterion Collection DVD it is pointed out that Tatsuya Nakadai, an actor who would become a feature player in Kurosawa's later films, has a brief, uncredited, appearance as one of the samurai the villagers see when they arrive at the city and that Seiji Miyaguchi, whose character was a master swordsman, had never handled a sword before this picture.

Japanese leading actor Tatsuya Nakadai (仲代達矢 Nakadai Tatsuya) became a star after he was discovered working as a shop clerk by filmmaker Masaki Kobayashi during the 1950s. ...

Structural innovations

According to Michael Jeck's DVD commentary, Seven Samurai was among the first films to use the now-common plot element of the recruiting and gathering of heroes into a team to accomplish a specific goal, a device used in later films such as The Guns of Navarone, Ocean's Eleven, The Dirty Dozen, and the western remake The Magnificent Seven (also a common plot device in role-playing game adventures). Film critic Roger Ebert wonders in his review that the sequence introducing the leader Kambei (in which the samurai shaves off his topknot, a sign of honor among samurai, in order to pose as a priest to rescue a boy from a kidnapper) could be the origin of the practice, now common in action movies, of introducing the main hero with an undertaking unrelated to the main plot.[1] Other plot devices such as the reluctant hero, romance between a local girl and the youngest hero, and the nervousness of the common citizenry had appeared in other films before this but were combined together in this film. A major selling point of DVD video is that its storage capacity allows for a wide variety of extra features in addition to the feature film itself. ... In literature, a plot is all the events in a story particularly rendered towards the achievement of some particular artistic or emotional effect. ... The Guns of Navarone is a 1957 novel about World War II by British thriller writer Alistair MacLean that was made into a film in 1961. ... Oceans Eleven is a 1960 heist film directed by Lewis Milestone and starring five Rat Packers: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr. ... For the rap group, see D12. ... The Magnificent Seven is a 1960 western film directed by John Sturges about a group of hired gunmen tasked with protecting a Mexican village from bandits. ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ...


The single largest undertaking by a Japanese filmmaker at the time, Seven Samurai was a technical and creative watershed that became Japan's highest-grossing movie and set a new standard for the industry. Its influence can be most strongly felt in the western The Magnificent Seven, a film specifically adapted from Seven Samurai. Director John Sturges took Seven Samurai and updated it to the Old West, with the Samurai replaced by gunslingers. Many of The Magnificent Seven's scenes mirror those of Seven Samurai in some details, and the final line of dialogue is nearly identical: "The old man was right. Only the farmers won. We lost. We always lose." The film spawned several sequels and there was also a short-lived 1998 television series. The Magnificent Seven is a 1960 western film directed by John Sturges about a group of hired gunmen tasked with protecting a Mexican village from bandits. ... John Eliot Sturges (3 January 1911 – 18 August 1982) Known as The dean of big_budget action movies made during the 1950s and 1960. Sturges movies include The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Ice Station Zebra and Marooned (movie). ...

The Indian film Sholay (1975) borrowed its basic premise from Seven Samurai and The Magnificent Seven. The film was declared BBC India's "Film of the Millennium" and is the highest-grossing Indian film of all time. Sholay (Hindi: शोले, Urdu: شعلے) (advertised in English as Embers or Flames) is the biggest blockbuster in the history of Bollywood, Indias Hindi film industry. ...

A sci-fi reworking is found in the Roger Corman release Battle Beyond the Stars (1980) which not only pays homage to the plot of Seven Samurai, it also employs one of the actors from the American remake The Magnificent Seven, Robert Vaughn. Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926), sometimes nicknamed King of the Bs for his output of B-movies (though he himself rejects this appellation as inaccurate), is a prolific American producer and director of low-budget exploitation movies, many of which are some of the most influential movies made. ... Battle Beyond the Stars is a Roger Corman-produced science fiction film, directed by Jimmy T. Murakami and released in 1980. ... Robert Francis Vaughn (born November 22, 1932) is an American actor noted for stage, film and television work. ...

George Lucas states in the DVD commentary for Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, that Yoda's running his hand over his head (like Kambei) is a nod to Kurosawa and this movie. Also the line about the farmers' lot in life is to suffer is quoted in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope but as droids. George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... Yoda is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in all of the franchises films except for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological...

In 2004, Kurosawa's estate approved the production of an anime remake of the film, called Samurai 7, produced by GONZO, which provided an alternate steampunk-themed retelling of the classic story. Animé redirects here. ... Samurai 7 ) is a 2004 Japanese anime series, produced by GONZO and based on Akira Kurosawas classic 1954 movie Seven Samurai. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Gonzo journalism. ... For the comic book, see Steampunk (comics). ...

A sixth season episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine entitled "The Magnificent Ferengi" also spoofs the film. Even the 1986 comedy ¡Three Amigos! borrows several themes from Kurosawa. Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ... The Magnificent Ferengi is a sixth season episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. ... ¡Three Amigos! is a 1986 comedy western film, produced by George Folsey, Jr. ...

The game Throne of Darkness gives you control of seven samurai (four at a time) who all closely resemble Kurosawa's characters in role, style of combat and appearance. Throne of Darkness is a Japanese-themed action-oriented roleplaying game released by Vivendi Universal (VU) Games. ...

Edited versions and DVD releases

While the initial Japanese release of the film ran 207 minutes long, edited versions were shown in international markets. An edited version of 160 minutes was shown in many countries except the UK and U.S. which originally showed 150 minute and 141 minute versions respectively. A re-release version of 190 minutes was shown in the UK in 1991 and a near-complete 203 minute version was re-released in the U.S. in 2002. A Criterion DVD version of the film is currently available containing the complete original version of the film (207 minutes) on one disc, and a second, more expansive Criterion DVD released in 2006 also contains the digitally-remastered, complete film on two discs, as well as an additional disc of extra material. The Criterion Collection logo The Criterion Collection is a privately held company that distributes authoritative consumer versions of important classic and contemporary films on DVD. It was established in 1984 as a joint venture between Janus Films and the Voyager Company. ...

In addition, a region 4 DVD of the full 207 minute cut was released in 2004 by Madman Entertainment under its Eastern Eye label. Region 1–8 redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Madmans Logo Madman Entertainment is an Australian company that specialises in the distribution of Japanese anime and manga in Australia and New Zealand. ... Eastern Eye is a DVD and video distribution label of Australian company Madman Entertainment that specialises in Asian films, specifically live action genre films (action, horror etc. ...

Academy Awards

Award Person
Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Black-and-White So Matsuyama
Best Costume Design, Black-and-White Kôhei Ezaki

The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Japanese cinema (映画; Eiga) has a history in Japan that spans more than 100 years. ... Cinema of Japan This is chronological list of films produced in Japan in order. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... . ... . ... . ...

  Results from FactBites:
The Seven Samurai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1665 words)
Later, when the samurai find out what the villagers are really like and think of rebelling against their clients, the clownish samurai Kikuchiyo turns around and shows his real intelligence by convincing his fellow warriors of their need to fight for their clients.
This sequence is something of a personal apology from Akira Kurosawa, speaking as one of samurai lineage, to the descendents of the farmers and civilians of Japan for the centuries of suffering they endured at the hands of the samurai class.
The Magnificent Seven and its many unrelated "sequels," Battle Beyond the Stars, and The Wild East are all remakes of The Seven Samurai set in Mexico, space, and the post-Soviet countries, respectively.
  More results at FactBites »



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