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Encyclopedia > Sevastopol'
Sevastopol’ city
місто Севастополь
population

   total
   density
   urban In the most common sense of the word, a population is the collection of people—or organisms of a particular species—living in a given geographic area. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ...


328,600 (2004)
420/km²
94.2%

area 900 km²
raions
cities
city districts
urban-type
localities
villages
-
2
4

1
29
includes town of Inkerman,
Kacha urban-type locality,
and rural councils

Sevastopol (Севастополь, Sevastopol’ in Russian and Ukrainian; Aqyar in Crimean Tatar), formerly known as Sebastopol, is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula. It has a population of 328,600 (2004). Home of the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet, the city is still a Russian naval base. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Russian (русский язык  listen?) is the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages. ... Ukrainian is an East Slavic language, one of three members of this language group, the other two being Russian and Belarusian. ... The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in the antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ... The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian transliteration: Avtonomna Respublika Krym, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, pronounced cry-MEE-ah in English) is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... A peninsula is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body that is surrounded by water on three sides. ... Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ...


The unique geographic location and navigation conditions of the city's harbours make Sevastopol an ever-important naval point. Physical map of the Earth (Medium) (Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ...


It is also a popular seaside resort and tourist destination, mainly for visitors from the CIS countries. The seafront of Torquay, a seaside resort in Devon, England. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ) - Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv) is a confederation or alliance consisting of 12 of the 15 former Soviet Republics, the exceptions being the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ...


The trade and shipbuilding importance of Sevastopol's port is growing since the fall of the Soviet Union despite the difficulties that occur from the joint military control over harbours and piers. Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A military or miltary force (n. ... A pier in Lillebælt, Denmark A pier was originally a raised walkway over water that is supported by piles or pillars, as opposed to a quay or wharf. ...


Also, Sevastopol is an important center of marine biology. In particular, studying and training of dolphins has been developing in the city since the end of the World War II, initially as a secret naval program of using these animals in underwater special operations. France Marines is the name of a commune in the département of Val dOise, France. ... Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = reasoned account). ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Secrecy is the condition of hiding information from others. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... For other uses of the word underwater, see Underwater (disambiguation) An underwater scene just beneath the surface Underwater, sometimes shortened as U/W, is a term describing the realm below the surface of water where the water exists in a natural feature (called a body of water) such as an... Special forces or special operations forces is a term used to describe relatively small military units raised and trained for reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and special operations. ...

Contents

Political status and subdivision

Administratively, Sevastopol is a municipality independent from surrounding Crimean autonomy (see Subdivisions of Ukraine for more details). It is further subdivided into 4 raions. Some of the raions include dependent towns and village (rural) communities that were subsumed by Sevastopol earlier, the most notable among those being Balaklava, Inkerman and Kacha. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast), 1 autonomous republic (Ukrainian автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and 2 cities with special status (Ukrainian singular місто зі спеціальним статусом, misto zi spetsialnym statusom). ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. ... For the mask/harsh weather hood named for the city, see balaclava. ...


History

Sevastopol is probably the most famous naval citadel in the world.


Sevastopol was founded in 1783, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula. It became an important naval base and later a commercial port. It was besieged by the British and French during the Crimean War, falling after 11 months. A panorama created by Franz Roubaud, and restored after its destruction in 1942, is housed in a purpose-built building, and depicts the situation at the height of the siege, on 18 June 1855. Events February 3 - Spain recognizes United States independence. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... The Crimean War lasted from 28 March 1854 to 1856. ... This article is about the artistic term Panorama. ... Franz Alekseevitch Roubaud was a Russian painter. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


During WW II Sevastopol withstood an Axis siege for 250 days in 1941–42. It was awarded the title of Hero City in 1945. German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... The word axis has several meanings: In geometry, it may refer to: An axis of rotation A coordinate axis An axis of symmetry In anatomy, the axis is the second cervical vertebra. ... Hero City (город-герой or gorod-geroy in Russian) is an honorary title awarded to twelve cities and one city-fortress in the Soviet Union for outstanding heroism during the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945. ...


While part of the Soviet Union, the city was not incorporated in the Crimean Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR, but was formally subordinate to Kiev (actually to Moscow). Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ...


In 1957, the town of Balaklava was incorporated into Sevastopol. 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the mask/harsh weather hood named for the city, see balaclava. ...


Russian naval base and Ukraine-Russia Black Sea Fleet dispute

According to a 1997 treaty, the Russian naval base is declared to be "located in Sevastopol" on the terms of lasting rent, following a long diplomatic and political dispute between Russia and the newly independent Ukraine. At first, Moscow refused to recognize Ukrainian sovereignty over Sevastopol as well as over surrounding Crimean oblast, arguing that city was never practically integrated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic due to its military base status. This was later resolved by the bilateral "Peace & Friendship" treaty, stating that Sevastopol belongs to Ukraine. The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... A military base is an isolated facility, settlement, or installation that shelters military equipment and personnel. ... Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. ... The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian transliteration: Avtonomna Respublika Krym, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, pronounced cry-MEE-ah in English) is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a name for the subnational entity of Bulgaria, Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


Despite this, naval base command and Russian-backed organizations actually control the city, dominating its business and cultural life. Russian society (including highest statesmen) in fact never agreed with the loss of Sevastopol, considering it as temporarily parted from their country. Moscow City authorities, guided by Mayor Luzhkov, continuously sponsor pro-Russian social, educational and cultural activities in Sevastopol (especially those related to Russian Navy servicemen and their families). These activities are directed to promote the city's practical independence from the rest of Ukraine. While Ukrainian-appointed authorities retain formal control of Sevastopol's life (such as of taxation and civil policing), trying to avoid confrontation with base command and Moscow-oriented groups. A few years ago the Communist-dominated city council rejected EBRD loan for renovation of Sevastopol's poor sewage system, declaring the project intended to increase the city's dependence on the Ukrainian government and the West. Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... A mayor (Latin maīor better) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Independence is autonomous self-government of a country by its residents and indigenous population. ... A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) was founded in 1991 to promote private and entrepreneurial initiatives in the countries of central and eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). ... Sewage is domestic, municipal, or industrial liquid waste products. ... A compass rose with West highlighted West is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ...


The ex-Soviet Black Sea Fleet with all facilities was divided between Russia's Black Sea Fleet and the Ukrainian Navy after a continuous struggle. Two navies now share some of the city's few harbours and piers, while others were demilitarized or controlled by one country. Sevastopol remains the home of the Russian Black Sea Fleet Headquarters, while Ukrainian Naval HQ is also based in the city. A judicial row continues over naval hydrographic infrastructure (see hydrographic office) in Sevastopol and on the Crimean coast (especially lighthouses used in civil navigation support). Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ... Headquarters denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... HQ is an abbreviation for: Hardware qualification Headquarters Hero Quest (board game) Heros Quest (computer game) Hydro-Quebec This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Hydrography is the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ... A hydrographic office is an organisation which is devoted to acquiring and publishing hydrographic information. ... The Peggys Point lighthouse in Nova Scotia, Canada An aid for navigation and pilotage at sea, a lighthouse is a tower building or framework sending out light from a system of lamps and lenses or, in older times, from a fire. ... This article concerns navigation in the sense of determination of position and direction on the surface of the Earth. ...


External links

  • "Narodny Oglyadach" ezine reports on morale situation in Russian naval base in Sevastopol : http://observer.sd.org.ua/news.php?id=3962
  • BBC News reports on WWII bomb destroyed in Sevastopol: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3470099.stm
  • BBC News reports on Russian Navy in Sevastopol:[1]  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1463267.stm)[2]  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/724929.stm)[3]  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/281231.stm)[4]  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/229610.stm)


Subdivisions of Ukraine
oblasts: Cherkas'ka | Chernihivs'ka | Chernivets'ka | Dnipropetrovs'ka | Donets'ka | Ivano-Frankivs'ka | Kharkivs'ka | Khersons'ka | Khmel'nyts'ka | Kirovohrads'ka | Kyivs'ka | Luhans'ka | L'vivs'ka | Mykolaivs'ka | Odes'ka | Poltavs'ka | Rivnens'ka | Sums'ka | Ternopil's'ka | Vinnyts'ka | Volyns'ka | Zakarpats'ka | Zaporiz'ka | Zhytomyrs'ka
autonomous republic: Crimea
cities with special status: Kyiv | Sevastopol'

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sevastopol. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (610 words)
Sevastopol was founded as a city and port by Catherine II on the site of the Tatar village of Akhtiar after the Russian annexation (1783) of the Crimea.
Totleben; the Russian fleet was sunk by the Russians themselves to block the entrance to the harbor.
Sevastopol declined as a military fortress after the Crimean Peace Conference (1856), and its fortifications were razed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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