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Encyclopedia > Sevastopol

Coordinates: 44°36′0″N, 33°31′48″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Sevastopol
Севастополь
Official flag of Sevastopol Official coat of arms of Sevastopol
Flag Coat of arms
Location
Map of Ukraine with Sevastopol highlighted.
Government
Country
Administrative division of Ukraine
Ukraine
Sevastopol
Founded 1783
City since 1783
Mayor Sergey Kunitsin
Geographical characteristics
Area
 - City

864 km²
Population
 - City ()
   - Density

379,200
  393.97/km²
Coordinates 44°36′0″N, 33°31′48″E
Elevation ~100 m
Other Information
Postal Code 99000 — 99699
Dialing Code +380-692
Website: http://www.sevastopol-adm.gov.ua/
Museum of Sevastopol
Museum of Sevastopol

Sevastopol (Ukrainian and Russian: Севастополь; Crimean Tatar: Aqyar), formerly known as Sebastopol, is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of the Crimean peninsula. It has a population of 342,451 (2001).[1] The city, formerly the home of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet, is now a naval base shared by the Russian Navy and Ukrainian Navy. Image File history File links Sevastopol-flag. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1181x825, 16 KB) Map of Ukraine with highlighted city of Sevastopol made by Sven Teschke, Germany, 2004 --Steschke 09:33, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) see also: english version: Image:Map_of_Ukraine_political_enwiki. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Ukrainian postal codes consist of five digits. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Musee_Sevastopol. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Musee_Sevastopol. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula (from the latin words paene insula, almost island) is a geographical landform consisting of an extension of a body of land from a larger body of land, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Modern Naval Tactics It is tempting to regard modern naval combat as the purest expression of tactics. ... The Russian Navy (Russian: Военно-Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno- Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... Ukrainian Navy Ensign The Ukrainian Naval Force (Ukrainian: ) is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. ...

View of Sevastopol
View of Sevastopol

The unique geographic location and navigation conditions of the city's harbours make Sevastopol a strategic important naval point. It is also a popular seaside resort and tourist destination, mainly for visitors from the CIS countries. Image File history File linksMetadata Sevastopl_View. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sevastopl_View. ... A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences), or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Tourists on Oʻahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Member states 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 Official website http://cis. ...


The trade and shipbuilding importance of Sevastopol's Port has been growing since the fall of the Soviet Union despite the difficulties that arise from the joint military control over its harbours and piers. Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... For the type of foundation, see Deep foundation. ...


Sevastopol is also an important centre of marine biology research. In particular, studying and training of dolphins has been conducted in the city since the end of World War II, initially as a secret naval program to use these animals for special undersea operations. Marine biology is the scientific study of the plants, animals and other organisms that live in the ocean or any other body of water. ... Genera See article below. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Political status and subdivision

Administratively, Sevastopol is a municipality excluded from the surrounding Autonomous Republic of Crimea (see Administrative divisions of Ukraine for more details). The territory of the municipality is further subdivided into four raions (districts). Besides the City of Sevastopol proper, it also includes 3 towns — Balaklava, Inkerman and Kacha, and 29 villages. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and two cities with special status (singular місто зі спеціальним статусом, misto zi spetsialnym statusom). ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... Balaklava (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in the Crimea, Ukraine which has an official status of a district of the city of Sevastopol. ... Inkerman (Inkermann) is a small town in Crimea, an eastern suburb of Sevastopol. ...


History

Sevastopol rivals Kronstadt and Gibraltar as the most famous naval citadel in Europe. It was founded in 1783, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula. It became an important naval base and later a commercial port. In 1797 under an edict issued by Emperor Pavel I, the military stronghold was renamed Akhtiar after a small Tatar settlement on the North Shore of the Inlet. Finally, on April 29 (May 10), 1826, the city was returned to its original name of Sevastopol. 1888 map of Kronstadt bay Kronstadt (Russian: ), or Kronshtadt, Cronstadt, is a strongly fortified Russian seaport town, located on Kotlin Island, near the head of the Gulf of Finland, at , . It lies thirty kilometers west of Saint Petersburg, of which it is the chief port. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Paul I of Russia by Vladimir Borovikovsky Paul I of Russia (Russian: ; Pavel Petrovich) (October 1, 1754-March 23, 1801) was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The bloody Siege of Sevastopol (1854-1855) carried out by the British, French, Sardinian and Turkish troops during the Crimean War lasted for 11 months. Despite its heroic efforts, the Russian army had to leave its stronghold and evacuate over a pontoon bridge to the North Shore of the Inlet. The Russians had to make an incredibly tough decision to sink its entire fleet to prevent it from falling into the hands of the enemy and at the same time to block the entrance of the Western ships into the Inlet. When the enemy entered Sevastopol, it was faced with the ruins of a formerly glorious city. A panorama created by Franz Roubaud and restored after its destruction in 1942 is housed in a specially constructed circular building. It portrays the situation at the height of the siege, on 18 June 1855. This masterpiece combining enormous paintings and artefacts like cannons and period furniture is a must-see for every visitor to the City of Russian Glory. Combatants United Kingdom France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire United Kingdom Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,050 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease 256,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1854–1856) was fought... In its most general sense, a panorama is any wide view of a physical space. ... Franz Alekseevitch Roubaud was a Russian painter. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


During World War II Sevastopol withstood bombardment by the Nazis in 1941–1942, during the Axis siege that lasted for 250 days. The City of Russian Glory was liberated by the Red Army on May 9, 1944 and was awarded the honour title of a Hero City a year later. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Germany Romania Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Ivan Petrov Filipp Oktyabrskiy Strength 350,000+ 106,000 Casualties at least 100,000 killed, wounded or captured (Including Romanians) 95,000 captured, 11,000 killed The Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between... Red Army flag The Workers and Peasants Red Army (Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия, Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya; RKKA or usually simply the Red Army) were the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and that in 1922 became the army of the Soviet Union. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Hero City (город-герой or gorod-geroy in Russian) is an honorary title awarded to twelve cities and one city-fortress in the Soviet Union for outstanding heroism during the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945. ...


During the Soviet era, Sevastopol, a city of enormous strategic significance for the military, was a so-called "closed city". This meant that any non-residents had to apply to the authorities for a temporary permit to visit the city. It was directly subordinate to the central USSR authorities rather than the local oblast and later to the Russian administration.[2] In May 1997, Russia and Ukraine signed the "Peace & Friendship" treaty ruling out Moscow's territorial claims to Ukraine. [3] Soviet redirects here. ... A closed city (town) is a city/town with travel and residency restrictions in the former Soviet Union, or in a CIS country. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ...


In 1957, the town of Balaklava was incorporated into Sevastopol. 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Balaklava (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in the Crimea, Ukraine which has an official status of a district of the city of Sevastopol. ...


Like the rest of the Crimea, Russian remains the predominant language in the city, although following the independence of Ukraine there have been some attempts of Ukrainization that had very little success. Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Etymology of the name

The ruins of an ancient Greek theatre. Chersonesus, Sevastopol.
The ruins of an ancient Greek theatre. Chersonesus, Sevastopol.

The name of Sevastopolis (Greek: Σεβαστόπολις), or currently Sevastopol, was originally chosen in the same etymology trend as other cities in the Crimean peninsula that was intended to reflect its ancient Greek origins. It is a compound of two Greek nouns, σεβαστός (sebastós, Modern sevastós) "venerable, reverend" and πόλις (pólis) "city". Σεβαστός is the traditional Greek translation of the honourable Roman title Augustus "venerable, august", originally given to the first emperor of the Romane Empire, C. Julius Caesar Octavianus and later awarded as a title to his successors (see Augustus). Image File history File links Hersones, Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Hersones, Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. ... Chersonesus (Херсонес) is an ancient city on the territory of Sevastopol, in the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Etymology is the study of the origins of words. ... Augustus (Latin: IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS;[1] September 23, 63 BC–August 19, AD 14), known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (English Octavian; Latin: C•IVLIVS•C•F•CAESAR•OCTAVIANVS), for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, was the first and among the most important of... Augustus (plural augusti) is Latin for majestic, the increaser, or venerable. The feminine form is Augusta. ...


Despite its Greek origin, the name is not old. The city was probably named after the Empress (= "Augusta") Catherine II of Russia who founded Sevastopol in 1783. She visited the city in 1787 accompanied by Jozef II, the Emperor of Austria, and other foreign dignitaries. The royal guests were very much impressed by the look of the new city. Augustus (plural augusti) is Latin for majestic, the increaser, or venerable. The feminine form is Augusta. ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from...


West of the city are well-preserved ruins of an ancient Greek port city Chersonesos founded in the 5th c. BC. The name means "peninsula" reflecting its location and is not related to the ancient Greek name for the Crimean Peninsula, Chersonēsos Taurikē ("the Taurian Peninsula"). The remains of the city of Chersonesos Chersonesos (Greek: , Latin: , Ukrainian: , Russian: ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) also known as Chersonese, Chersonesos, Cherson, Khersones and Korsun was an ancient Greek colony founded approximately 2500 years ago in the southwestern part of Crimea, known then as Taurica. ... The Chersonesus Tauricus of Antiquity, shown on a map printed in London, ca 1770 Taurica (Greek: , Latin: ) also known as Tauris, Taurida, Tauric Chersonese, and Chersonesus Taurica was the name of Crimea in Antiquity. ... The Tauri were the original inhabitants of the southern coast of Crimea, inhabiting the Crimean Mountains and the narrow strip of land between the mountains and the Black Sea. ...


Sights and monuments

View of Sevastopol and the North Shore.
View of Sevastopol and the North Shore.

After World War II, Sevastopol was entirely rebuilt in its former glory after its total destruction by the Germans. The downtown core situated on a peninsula between two narrow inlets features beautiful, mostly Mediterranean-style, typically three-story residential buildings with columned balconies and arches, with retail and commercial spaces occupying the ground level. Some carefully restored landmarks date back to the early 20th c. (e.g., the Art Nouveau Main Post Office on Bolshaya Morskaya St and the gorgeously eclectic Art Museum on Nakhimovsky Prospect). It has been a long-time tradition for the residents of surrounding suburbs to spend summer evenings by coming to the downtown area for a leisurely stroll with their families along the avenues and boulevards encircling the Central Hill, under the famous Sevastopol chestnut trees, and usually ending up on the waterfront with its lovely Marine Boulevard. Visiting the Central Hill with its 19th c. classical-style houses, walking down its cobblestone streets under old shady trees is a treat for any visitor to this romantic seaside city with its often dramatic history. ImageMetadata File history File links Sevastopl_view_2. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Sevastopl_view_2. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Due to its military past, most streets in the city are named after Russian and Soviet military heroes. There are hundreds of monuments and plaques in various parts of Sevastopol commemorating its glorious past.


Demographics

The population of Sevastopol is 342,451 (2001), making it the 15th largest city in Ukraine and the second largest in Crimea (after its capital Simferopol).[1] According to the Ukrainian National Census, 2001, the ethnic groups of Sevastopol include Russians (71.6%), Ukrainians (22.4%), Belarusians (1.6%), Tatars (0.7%), Crimean Tatars (0.5%), Armenians (0.3%), Jews (0.3%), Moldovans/Romanians (0.2%), and Azerbaijanis (0.2%). [4] Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Simferopol (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: , literally: The white mosque) is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in southern Ukraine. ... The first Ukrainian Census after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on December 5, 2001, twelve years after the last All-Union census in 1989. ... Kültigin Monument where first mention of Tatar people is inscribed Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... The Crimean Tatars (sg. ...


Russian naval base and ownership dispute

Eduard Totleben Monument in Sevastopol (1909).
Eduard Totleben Monument in Sevastopol (1909).

According to the 1997 treaty, the Russian naval base is declared to be "located in Sevastopol" on the terms of lasting rent, following a long diplomatic and political dispute between Russia and the newly independent Ukraine. At first, Moscow refused to recognize Ukrainian sovereignty over Sevastopol as well as over the surrounding Crimean oblast, arguing that the city was never practically integrated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic due to its military base status. This was later resolved by the bilateral "Peace & Friendship" treaty stating that Sevastopol belongs to Ukraine. A separate treaty establishes the terms of a long-term lease of land and resources in Sevastopol by Russia. Image File history File linksMetadata Totleben. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Totleben. ... Eduard Ivanovich Totleben (or Todleben) (May 20, 1818 - July 1, 1884), Count, general, was a famous Russian military engineer. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian transliteration: Avtonomna Respublika Krym, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Russian: Автономная Ре&#1089... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... State motto (Ukrainian): Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ...


The status of the Black Sea Fleet has a strong influence over the city's business and cultural life. The Russian society in general and even some outspoken government representatives have never accepted the loss of Sevastopol, and tend to regard it as temporarily separated from the homeland [5]. The Moscow city authorities under the current Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov continue their sponsorship of Russian social (primarily housing), educational and cultural programs in Sevastopol, a city with tremendous symbolic and historic significance for Russians, especially those related to Russian Navy servicemen and their families. Kiev-appointed authorities retain formal control of Sevastopol's life (such as of taxation and civil policing) and try to avoid any confrontation with the base command and pro-Russian groups. A few years ago, the Communist-dominated city council rejected a EBRD loan to renovate Sevastopol's poor sewage system, declaring that the project was intended to increase the city's dependence on the Ukrainian government and the West. Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Yuriy Mikhailovich Luzhkov. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Communist parties | Ukrainian politics | Ukrainian political parties ... Founded in 1991, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) uses the tools of investment to help build market economies and democracies in 27 countries from central Europe to central Asia. ... Sewage is the liquid water produced by human society which typically contains washing water, laundry waste, faeces, urine and other liquid or semi-liquid wastes. ... The term Western World or the West (also on rare occasions called the Occident) can have multiple meanings depending on its context (i. ...


The ex-Soviet Black Sea Fleet with all its facilities was divided between Russia's Black Sea Fleet and the Ukrainian Navy after a continuous, sometimes violent struggle. The two navies now share some of the city's harbours and piers, while others were demilitarised or put under control by either country. Sevastopol remains the home of the Russian Black Sea Fleet Headquarters with the Ukrainian Naval HQ also based in the city. A judicial row continues over the naval hydrographic infrastructure both in Sevastopol and on the Crimean coast (especially lighthouses used in civil navigation support). Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Ukrainian Navy Ensign The Ukrainian Naval Force (Ukrainian: ) is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... A hydrographic office is an organisation which is devoted to acquiring and publishing hydrographic information. ... A HDR image of a traditional lighthouse For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ...


Footnotes

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  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ [1] The Warsaw Voice, "Fleeting Disagreements", 1996
  3. ^ [2] People's Times, December 28, 2005
  4. ^ 2001 Ukrainian census
  5. ^ Pravda.com.ua (in Ukrainian)

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

External links

  • sevastopol-adm.gov.ua - Official website (English)/(Ukrainian)/(Russian)
  • Satellite picture by Google Maps (English)
  • Sevastopol Internet portal
  • Sevastopol tour overview
  • BBC News reports on WWII bomb destroyed in Sevastopol
  • BBC News reports on Russian Navy in Sevastopol:[3][4][5][6]
  • Unofficial city website: sevastopol.info (Russian)
  • Sevastopol — Urban Information Center (English)/(Ukrainian)/(Russian)


Coat of Arms of Sevastopol Administrative divisions of Sevastopol, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: Balaklavskyi Raion • Haharinskyi Raion • Leninskyi Raion • Nakhimovskyi Raion Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ...

Towns: BalaklavaInkermanKacha Urban-type settlement (Russian: , posyolok gorodskogo tipa; Ukrainian: , selyshche miskoho typu; abbreviated as in Russian and as in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban settlements used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union. ... Balaklava (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in the Crimea, Ukraine which has an official status of a district of the city of Sevastopol. ... Inkerman (Inkermann) is a small town in Crimea, an eastern suburb of Sevastopol. ... , ) Kacha (Ukrainian and Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: ) — is an urban-type settlement on the Crimean peninsula. ...

Villages: Andriivka • Dalnie • Frontove • Fruktove • Honcharne • Kamyshly • Kolkhozne • Kyzylove • Novobobrivske • Orlivka • Orlyne • Osypenko • Ozerne • Pavlivka • Peredove • Pidhirne • Poliushko • Povorotne • Pyrohovka • Rezervne • Ridne • Rodnykivske • Rozcoshanka • Shyroke • Soniachnyi • Ternivka • Tylove • Verkhnyosadove • Vyshneve Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ...



Coat of arms of Ukraine Ukraine Flag of Ukraine
Administrative divisions of Ukraine:
Cherkasy Oblast | Chernihiv Oblast | Chernivtsi Oblast | Autonomous Republic of Crimea | Dnipropetrovsk Oblast | Donetsk Oblast | Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast | Kharkiv Oblast | Kherson Oblast | Khmelnytskyi Oblast | Kiev City | Kiev Oblast | Kirovohrad Oblast | Luhansk Oblast | Lviv Oblast | Mykolaiv Oblast | Odessa Oblast | Poltava Oblast | Rivne Oblast | Sevastopol City | Sumy Oblast | Ternopil Oblast | Vinnytsia Oblast | Volyn Oblast | Zakarpattia Oblast | Zaporizhia Oblast | Zhytomyr Oblast
Administrative centers of subdivision units:
Cherkasy | Chernihiv | Chernivtsi | Dnipropetrovsk | Donetsk | Ivano-Frankivsk | Kharkiv | Kherson | Khmelnytskyi | Kiev | Kirovohrad | Luhansk | Lutsk | Lviv | Mykolaiv | Odessa | Poltava | Rivne | Sevastopol | Simferopol | Sumy | Ternopil | Uzhhorod | Vinnytsia | Zaporizhia | Zhytomyr

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sevastopol. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (610 words)
Sevastopol was founded as a city and port by Catherine II on the site of the Tatar village of Akhtiar after the Russian annexation (1783) of the Crimea.
Totleben; the Russian fleet was sunk by the Russians themselves to block the entrance to the harbor.
Sevastopol declined as a military fortress after the Crimean Peace Conference (1856), and its fortifications were razed.
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