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Encyclopedia > Settler
A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. 1910
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A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. 1910

Settlers are people who have migrated from the land of their birth to live permanently in colonies controlled militarily by their home country. Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-50. ... Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-50. ... -1... Human migration denotes any movement by humans from one locality to another, often over long distances or in large groups. ... This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ...


In modern history, the word "settlers" is synonymous with terms like pioneers, colonists, or (as British people once called them) "colonials". It has been argued that all peoples are "settlers", since migration has featured throughout human history and prehistory. However, the word settler is generally used only in relation to modern or early modern history. The early modern period is a term used by historians to refer to the period in Western Europe and its first colonies, that spans the time between the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution that has created modern society. ...


The reason for emigration of settlers varies, but often includes one or more factors such as: economic or personal financial hardship; social, cultural, ethnic, or religious persecution (e.g. the Pilgrims, Mormons and Zionists), or; political oppression and/or policies aimed at encouraging foreign settlement. Pilgrims Going to Church by George Henry Boughton (1867) The Pilgrims were a group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their style of religion. ... Mormon is a colloquial term used to refer to members of most of the sects of the Latter Day Saint movement, members of a religion which was founded in the 1830s. ... A bilingual poster in Romanian and Hungarian promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s. ...


The colony concerned is often, but not always, controlled by the government of a settler's home country, and emigration is usually, but not always, approved by an imperial government. The term settler is not usually used in relation to the later histories of well-established and/or independent, postcolonial countries with continuing immigration, like the present-day United States, Canada or Australia, where terms like immigrants are preferred. Imperial is a term that is used to describe something that relates to an Empire, Emperor, or the concept of Imperialism. ... Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or critical approach that deals with literature produced in countries that were once, or are now, colonies of other countries. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ...


In almost every real historical case, settlers live on land which previously belonged to long-established peoples, known as indigenous people (often called "natives", "Aborigines" or, in the Americas, "Indians"). This land is usually settled against the wishes of the indigenes, and then controlled, defended and expanded by force, or it is bought or leased from indigenous people on terms highly favourable to the settlers, sometimes under a treaty (e.g. the Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand). Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. ... The Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Te Tiriti o Waitangi) was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. ...


In some cases (e.g. Australia), the legal ownership of some lands are contested much later by indigenous people, who seek or claim traditional usage, land rights, native title and related forms of ownership or partial control. Land rights are those property rights that pertain to real estate, that is, land. ... Native title, or indigenous land rights, is a concept in the law of Australia that recognises the continued ownership of land by local Australian Aborigines or Torres Strait Islanders. ...


In the Middle East, Israeli settlers are Jews who live in areas also claimed by Palestinians. Both Israelis and Palestinians claim partial descent from peoples who lived in the region in prehistoric times (see: History of ancient Israel and Judah, Ancestry of the Palestinians). Some historians maintain that Palestinians are descended mostly from Arab settlers in the Land of Israel (which the Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed Palestine in 135 CE), after the Caliphate conquered the area in the 7th Century. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For Israeli settlements in Israel proper, see Settlements in Israel Israeli settlements are communities built for Israeli Jewish settlers in areas that it captured during the 1967 Six-Day War. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... In compiling the history of ancient Israel and Judah, there are many available sources, including the Jewish Tanakh (partially the Old Testament, it also consists of the book of the prophets, and the five books of Moses) and other Jewish texts such as the Talmud, the Ethiopian book of history... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... -1... This article concerns the concept of The Land of Israel (Hebrew: ארץ ישראל Eretz Yisrael) in Jewish and Christian thought from its Biblical sources to the present day. ... A bust of Hadrian. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... For other uses, see number 135. ... An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph (  listen?) is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... // Overview Events The Roman-Persian Wars end. ...

Early American settlers often built crude houses in the form of log cabins.
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Early American settlers often built crude houses in the form of log cabins.

The word "settler" was not originally usually used in relation to unfree labour immigrants, such as slaves (e.g. in the United States), indentured labourers (e.g. in South Africa), or convicts (e.g. in Australia). More recently descendants of these immigrants may argue that they have as much right to use the word "settler" as the descendants of free immigrants. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1307 KB) Summary Interior of a recreation of a log cabin at Conner Prairie living history museum in Fishers, Indiana. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1307 KB) Summary Interior of a recreation of a log cabin at Conner Prairie living history museum in Fishers, Indiana. ... The United States is situated in central North America, a large and diverse expanse of land and people. ... Details of cabin corner joint with squared off logs A log cabin is a small house built from logs. ... ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... An Indentured servant is an unfree labourer under contract to work (for a specified amount of time) for another person, often without any pay, but in exchange for accommodation, food, other essentials and/or free passage to a new country. ...


Although they are generally thought of as travelling by sea — the dominant form of travel in the early modern era — significant waves of settlement could also use long overland routes, such as the Great Trek by the Afrikaaners in South Africa, or the Oregon Trail in the United States. Trekboers on the karoo. ... Afrikaners (sometimes known as Boers) are white South Africans, predominantly of Calvinist German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloons descent who speak Afrikaans. ... The route of the Oregon Trail is shown in red in the western United States Map from The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ...


In Imperial Russia, the government used to invite foreign nationals to settle in sparsely populated lands. These settlers were called "colonists". See, e.g., articles Slavo-Serbia, Volga German, Volhynia. The Russian Empire in 1913 Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last... Early American settlers often built crude houses in the form of log cabins. ... Slavo-Serbia (Славо-Сербия) was a territory of Imperial Russia in 1753-1764 by the right bank of Donets River between Bakhmut (Бахмут) and Lugan (Лугань) rivers. ... Volga German pioneer family commemorative statue in Victoria, Kansas, USA. The Volga Germans were ethnic Germans living near the Volga River and the Black Sea, maintaining German culture, language, traditions, and religions: Evangelical Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Settlers in hypothetical societies, such as on other planets, often feature in science fiction or fantasy fiction and/or games. A hypothesis (= assumption in ancient Greek) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Fantasy is a genre of art, literature, film, television, and music that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of either plot, theme, setting, or all three. ...


Similar terms

This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Pioneer may refer to: Woodsman, one who makes his living in the wilderness through trapping, hunting, logging, and/or prospecting Settler, one who has travelled from his or her homeland by choice to live in a new land or colony Mormon Pioneer, a members of the Church of Jesus Christ... This article is about occupying land without permission. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Settler - definition of Settler in Encyclopedia (497 words)
Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in "new" lands or colonies.
The term settler is not usually used in relation to the later histories of well-established and/or independent, postcolonial countries with continuing immigration, like the present-day United States, Canada or Australia, where terms like immigrants are preferred.
The word "settler" was not originally usually used in relation to unfree labour immigrants, such as slaves (e.g.
Encyclopedia: Settler (1939 words)
Settlers are people who have migrated from the land of their birth to live permanently colonies controlled militarily by their home country.
Some historians maintain that Palestinians are descended mostly from Arab settlers in the Land of Israel (which the Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed Palestine in 135 CE), after the Caliphate conquered the area in the 7th Century.
However, Israelis argue that Palestinians are descended mostly from Arab "settlers" in the Land of Israel (which the Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed Palestine in 135 CE), after the Caliphate conquered the area in the 7th Century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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