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Encyclopedia > Sesclo

Sesklo (Sesclo, Greek: Σέσκλο) was a village nearby the city of Volos, in Thessaly (central Greece), in the prefecture of Magnesia. The Neolithic settlement was discovered at the end of the 19th century and the first excavations were made by Greek archaeologist, Christos Tsountas. Coordinates 39°22′ N 22°56′ E Country Greece Periphery Thessaly Prefecture Magnesia Population 82,439 source (2001) Area 26. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christos Tsountas (1857 - 1934) was a Greek classical archaeologist. ...

Contents

Geography and information

  • Location:
    • Longitude: 22.8275 (22°49'46") E
    • Latitude: 39.300833 (39°21'5") N
  • Postal code: 385 00
  • Elevation: 206 m
  • Dialing code: +11+30-24210 (0030-24210)

Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ...

Information

This settlement gives its name to the first Neolithic culture of Europe, which inhabited Thessaly and parts of Greek Macedonia. The oldest fragments researched at Sesklo place the civilization's development as far back as 6850 BC with a +/- 660 year margin of error. The first settlements, that predate the 6th millennium BCE, are known as proto-Sesklo (main group) and pre-Sesklo (secondary groups with differentiated characteristics) and they show an advanced agriculture and a very early use of pottery that rivals in age with those of the Near East. Some affinities with the culture of Hacilar seem to point to an Asian origin of these first European peasants. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Hacilar is a Neolithic settlement in south western Turkey, 25 km southwest of present day Burdur. ...


The peoples of Sesklo built their villages at hillsides, near fertile valleys, where they grew wheat and barley, keeping also herds of mainly sheep and goats, though they also had cows, pigs and dogs. Their houses were small, with one or two rooms, built of wood or mudbrick in the early period. Later the construction technique becomes more homogeneous and all homes are built of adobe with stone foundations. In the 6th millennium BCE, the first houses with two levels are found and there is also a clear intentional urbanism. Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... This article is about the pig genus. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... Mudbrick was used for the outer contruction of Sumerian ziggurats — some of the worlds largest and oldest constructions. ... In large construction projects, such as skyscrapers, cranes are essential. ... The rocky side of a mountain creek near Orosí, Costa Rica. ...


The lower levels of proto-Sesklo lack pottery, but the Sesklo people soon developed very fine glazed earthenware (cups and bowls) that they decorated with geometric paintings in red or brown colours. In the Sesklo period properly, new types of ware are incorporated. At the end of the period the decoration evolves to flame motifs. Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


One significant characteristic of this culture is the abundance of statuettes of women, often pregnant, what some consider to be a religious trait. Whichever the case, these abundant sculptures are present in all the Balcanic and most of the Danubian Neolithic complex form many millennia, though they can't be considered exclusive of this area.


The culture of Sesklo is crucial in the expansion of Neolithic into Europe. Dating and research points to the influence of this culture to other Balcanic ( Karanovo I-II and Starčevo-Körös ) which seem to originate here, and will be these which will stimulate the birth of the important Danubian Neolithic current. Also, it is thought that the differentiated settlements of pre-Sesklo can be, at least partly, responsible for the origin of the Mediterranean Neolithic (Cardium pottery). So it can be said that, with some geographically isolated exceptions, European Neolithic seem to originate here: in the Thessalia of Sesklo. The Starčevo-Körös culture is the name given by archaeologists to a widespread early Neolithic archaeological culture from Eastern Europe and the Balkans. ... This is an article about the Danubian Neolithic culture For the River Danube go to Danube River The term Danubian culture was coined by the Australian archaeologist Vere Gordon Childe for the first agrarian society in central and eastern Europe. ... Cardium Pottery or rather Printed-Cardium Pottery is a Neolithic decorative style that gets its name from the imprinting of the clay with the shell of the Cardium edulis, a marine molusk. ...


The "invasion theory" states that the Sesklo culture lasted more than one full millennium up until 5000 BC when it was violently conquered by people of the Dimini culture. The Dimini culture in this theory is considered different from that found at Sesklo. However, Professor I. Lyritzis provides a different story pertaining to the final fate of the "Seskloans". He, along with R. Galloway, compared ceramic materials from both Sesklo and Dimini utilizing thermoluminescence dating methods. He discovered that the inhabitants of the settlement in Dimini appeared around 4800 BC, four centuries after the fall of the Sesklo civilization (ca. 4400 BC). Lyritzis concluded that the "Seskloans" and "Diminians" coexisted for a period of time. (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ... (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ...


Other

Sesklo has a small school, a church, a small post office, and a small square (plateia). Plateia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. ...


Historical population

Year Population Change
1981 781 -
1991 857 76/9.73%

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Source

  • Aegean Catchment

External links

  • Sesklo Neolithic settlement
  • Sesklo (in Greek)
  • Mapquest - Sesklo, Street map not yet available.
  • Coordinates: 39°21′5″N, 22°49′46″E

  Results from FactBites:
 
clickhere.gr - Tour of Volos (1st page) (412 words)
Of great importance are the settlements that were found in the village of Sesclo (5 km from Volos) and Dimini.
The settlement of Sesclo dates back to 6,000 B.C. and is the most ancient of all in Europe.
According to Ancient Greek mythology, the slopes of mount Pilio (or Pelion) were inhabited by the Centaurs, who were half human, half animal with a horse’s body.
Notebook (1323 words)
These mounds are all that survive of the old Neolithic villages, and certainly the most important of these is Sesclo.
Not far from Sesclo is the mound of Dimini which should date round about the beginning of the 4th millennium B.C. The inhabitants of Dimini did not possess as highly developed a civilization as that of Sesclo.
Yet they appear to have had some political and military organization and possessed in their arsenal a frightening weapon of the time, the bow.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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