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Encyclopedia > Sesame
iSesame
Sesame plants
Sesame plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Pedaliaceae
Genus: Sesamum
Species: S. indicum
Binomial name
Sesamum indicum
L.

Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum. The precise natural origin of the species is unknown, although its closest relatives occur in Africa. It is widely naturalised in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds. Sesamum Indicum This picture was taken in Aug 2004 from the culinary garden in Kendall-Jackson winery in Sonoma County, California. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Genera Ceratotheca Dicerocaryum Harpagophytum Holubia Josephinia Linariopsis Pedaliodiscus Pedalium Pterodiscus Rogeria Sesamothamnus Sesamum - sesame Uncarina Pedaliaceae (pedalium family or sesame family) is a flowering plant family classified in the order Scrophulariales in the Cronquist system and Lamiales in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system. ... Binomial name Sesamum indicum Sesame is a plant grown primarily for its oil-rich seeds. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Sesamum indicum Sesame is a plant grown primarily for its oil-rich seeds. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... In biology, naturalisation is the process when foreign or cultivated plants have spread into the wild, where they multiply by natural regeneration. ...


It is an annual plant growing to 50-100 cm tall, with opposite leaves 4-14 cm long with an entire margin; they are broad lanceolate, to 5 cm broad, at the base of the plant, narrowing to just 1 cm broad on the flowering stem. The flowers are white to purple, tubular, 3-5 cm long, with a four-lobed mouth. Peas are an annual plant. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Field of Poppy flowers Cluster of Clivia miniata flowers A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ...


The word sesame is from Latin sesamum, borrowed from Greek sēsámon "seed or fruit of the sesame plant", borrowed from Semitic (cf. Aramaic shūmshĕmā, Arabic simsim), from Late Babylonian *shawash-shammu, itself from Assyrian shamash-shammū, from shaman shammī "plant oil".


Uses

Sesame is grown primarily for its oil-rich seeds, which come in a variety of colors. The small, cream-white sesame seed is used whole in cooking for its rich nutty flavour (although such heating damages their health-giving poly-unsaturated fats), and also yields a cooking oil. Sesame seeds are sometimes added to breads, including bagels and the top of hamburger buns. Sesame seeds are baked into crackers, often in the form of sticks. A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with vegetable oil. ... A plain bagel The bagel (or sometimes beigel; Yiddish beygl) is a bread product traditionally made of yeasted wheat dough in the form of a roughly hand-sized ring which is boiled in water and then baked. ... Hamburgers often contain beef, lettuce, onions, and other toppings in a bun. ... A Cheez-It cracker. ...


Sesame seeds can be made into a paste called tahini (used in hummus) and a Middle Eastern confection called halvah. In India, sections of the Middle East and East Asia, popular treats are made from sesame mixed with honey or syrup and roasted (called pasteli in Greece). Sesame oil was the preferred cooking oil in India till the advent of groundnut (peanut) oil. Sesame flavour (through oil and roasted or raw seeds) is also very popular in Korean cuisine, used to marinate meat and vegetables. Sesame seeds are also sprinkled onto some sushi style foods. East Asian cuisines, like Chinese cuisine uses sesame seeds and oil in some dishes, such as the dim sum dish, sesame seed balls (Traditional Chinese: 麻糰; pinyin: mátuǎn). Tahini, jar 453g. ... Hummus with oil and lemon juice Classic hummus, Yemeni dish Hummus (Arabic: ‎; Hebrew: ; Armenian Õ°Õ¡Õ´Õ¸Õ½ translit: hamos; also spelled houmous, hommus, hummous or humus) is a dip made of chickpea paste and tahini (sesame seed paste), with flavorings such as olive oil, garlic, lemon juice, and paprika. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Halva (modern English spelling), halava (Sanskrit transliteration), halvah (Hebrew transliteration), halawi (Arabic transliteration), helva (Turkish transliteration) or halwa (alternate Hindi transliteration) is a confection made from semolina. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... A jar of honey, shown with a wooden honey server and scones. ... In cooking, a syrup (from Arabic شراب sharab, beverage, via Latin siropus) is a thick, viscous liquid, containing a large amount of dissolved sugars, but showing little tendency to deposit crystals. ... Binomial name Sesamum indicum Sesame (Sesamum indicum)is a crop grown primarily for its seeds. ... This article is about peanut, the food. ... Korean cuisine is the traditional food of Korea. ... Front row, left to right: uramaki roll, inarizushi, and nigiri (two kinds). ... Chinese cuisine is widely seen as representing one of the richest and most diverse culinary cuisines and heritages in the world. ... Dim sum (Chinese: &#40670;&#24515;; Cantonese IPA: d&#618;m2s&#592;m1; Pinyin: di&#462;nx&#299;n; Wade-Giles: tien-hsin; literally dot heart or order heart, meaning order to ones hearts content; also commonly translated as touch the heart, dotted heart, or snack), a Cantonese term... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as scheme of the Chinese phonetic alphabet...


Japanese cuisine uses sesame seeds in many ways. One is to make goma-dofu (胡麻豆腐) which is made from sesame paste and starch. Whole seeds are found in many salads and baked snacks as well. Chefs in tempura restaurants blend sesame and cottonseed oil for deep-frying. Tan and black sesame seed varieties are roasted and used for making the flavoring called gomashio. There are many views of what is fundamental to Japanese cuisine. ... Starch (CAS# 9005-25-8) is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water; it is used by plants as a way to store excess glucose. ... Tempura Tempura Ice Cream Tempura (Japanese: てんぷら or 天麩羅, tenpura) refers to classic Japanese deep fried batter-dipped seafood and vegetables. ... Cottonseed oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the cotton plant after the cotton lint has been removed. ... Gomashio (ごま塩) is a natural flavoring, similar to furikake, made from unhulled sesame seeds (ごま, goma) and salt (å¡©, shio). ...


The seeds are rich in manganese, copper, and calcium (90 mg per tablespoon for unhulled seeds, only 10 mg for hulled seeds), and contain Vitamin B1 (thiamine) and Vitamin E (tocopherol). They contain powerful antioxidants called lignans, which are also anti-carcinogenic. They also contain phytosterols, which block cholesterol production. Sesame contains one lignan unique to it called sesamin. The nutrients of sesame seeds are better absorbed if they are ground or pulverised before consumption. General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number calcium, Ca, 20 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 4, s Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 40. ... For the similarly-spelled nucleic acid, see Thymine Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is a colorless compound with chemical formula C12H17N5O4S. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. ... α-Tocopherol (Vitamin E) Tocopherol, or vitamin E, is a fat-soluble vitamin in eight forms that is an important antioxidant. ... β-sitosterol Phytosterols (also called plant sterols) are a group of steroid alcohol, phytochemicals naturally occurring in plants. ... A lignan is a kind of chemical compound. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Sesame is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Turnip Moth. A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae Hedyloidea Noctuoidea Families About... Binomial name Agrotis segetum Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 The Turnip Moth (Agrotis segetum) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. ...


Sesame oil is used for massage and health treatments of the body in the ancient Indian ayurvedic system with the types of massage called abhyanga and shirodhara. Ayurveda views sesame oil as the most viscous of the plant oils and as such good at pacifying the health problem associated with vata aggravation. Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a comprehensive system of medicine, first described by Charaka around the beginning of the Common Era, and based on a holistic approach rooted in earlier Vedic culture. ... Sudarsanam2 08:53, 29 October 2006 (UTC)Shirodhara Ayurveda has got a lot of special techniques, many of which are unique, of healing. ... Vata can refer to: Vata, a brand of mineral water from Pak Ab Sabalan Co. ...


Although sesame leaves are edible as a potherb[1], recipes for Korean cuisine calling for "sesame leaves" are often a mistranslation, and really mean perilla[2]. Leaf vegetables, also called greens or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. ... Korean cuisine is the traditional food of Korea. ... Binomial name Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Perilla is a genus of annual herb that is a member of the mint family, Lamiaceae. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Sesame - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (511 words)
Sesame is grown primarily for its oil-rich seeds.
Sesame oil was the preferred cooking oil in India till the advent of groundnut oil.
Sesame oil is used for massage and health treatments of the body in the ancient Indian ayurvedic system with the types of massage called abianga and shirodara.
Chapter 9: Crop Plants and Exotic Plants (643 words)
Sesame, sometimes known as benne, is grown for its edible oil pressed from the seed and for the decorticated (hulled) edible seed (Martin and Leonard 1949*).
Sesame is a source of nectar and some honey for beekeepers primarily because it flowers in midsummer when little else in the area is blooming.
Sesame is usually considered to be a self-pollinated crop (Kinman and Martin 1954) although the amount of cross-pollination that occurs is considerable.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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