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Encyclopedia > Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmeña
Image:Ph_pres_osmena.jpg
Order 4th President of the Philippines
(2nd President of the Commonwealth)
Term of Office August 1, 1944
May 28, 1946
Vice President none
Predecessor Manuel L. Quezon
Successor Jose P. Laurel
Born September 9, 1878
Cebu City, Cebu, Philippines
Died October 19, 1961
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. He was the father of senator Sergio Osmeña Jr. and the grandfather of Sergio Osmeña III, a current Senator of the Philippine Senate. He is also the grandfather of outgoing Senator John Osmeña. August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... Events January - April January – Cleopatras Needle arrives in London January 9 - Humbert I becomes King of Italy January 23 – Disraeli orders British fleet to Dardanelles January 28 - The Yale News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States. ... Cebu City is the capital of the province of Cebu in the Philippines and is the second most important metropolitan center in the country. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... Quezon City P is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... Manila, Philippines Metro Manila (Kalakhang Maynila in Filipino), also simply called Manila outside the metropolis, is the metropolitan area that contains the City of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. ... The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... Events January - April January – Cleopatras Needle arrives in London January 9 - Humbert I becomes King of Italy January 23 – Disraeli orders British fleet to Dardanelles January 28 - The Yale News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States. ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ...

Contents

Early life and career

A Chinese-mestizo, Osmeña was born in Cebu to Juana Osmeña y Suico. He took his elementary education in the University of San Carlos and graduated in 1892. Osmeña continued his education in Manila, studying in San Juan de Letran College where he first met Manuel L. Quezon, a classmate of his. He took up law at the University of Santo Tomas and was second place in the bar examination in 1903. Mestizo (Brazil Portuguese. ... The University of San Carlos (USC) in Cebu City is considered by some as the oldest school in the Philippines and in Asia. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The University of Santo Tomas, established on April 28, 1611, is the oldest existing university in Asia and the Philippines, and one of the largest Catholic universities in the world. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ...


Osmeña served on the war staff of General Emilio Aguinaldo as a courier and journalist. In 1900 he founded the Cebu newspaper, El Nuevo Dia which lasted for three years. PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869—February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ...


Political career

Osmeña was a lawyer and newspaper editor before involving himself in local politics, starting out as a councilor.


In 1906, he became governor of Cebu. While governor, he ran for election to the first Philippine Assembly of 1907 and was elected Speaker of that body. Osmeña was only 29 and already the highest-ranking Filipino official. 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


He and another provincial politician, Manuel Quezon of Tayabas, set up the Nacionalista Party as a foil to the Partido Federalista of Manila-based politicians. The two would engage in a rivalry for political dominance ever since. PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Nacionalista Party is a Spanish term for a Nationalist Party. ...

Osmeña was elected an assemblyman in 1907 and remained a member of the lower house until 1922. He was the country's vice president for two consecutive terms under the Philippine Commonwealth.


He went to the US in 1933 to secure passage of the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Independence Bill which was superseded by the Tydings-McDuffie Act in March 1934. The Tydings-McDuffie Act or the Philippine Independence Act (Public Law 73-127) approved on March 24, 1934 is a piece of U.S. legislation which provided for the independence of the Philippines (from the United States) by 1946. ...


Osmeña was elected as vice-president of the Commonwealth in 1935, with Quezon as president. He was re-elected in 1941.


Presidency

When the Commonwealth government relocated in the US in exile, Osmeña went with Quezon. He became president of the Commonwealth on Quezon's death in 1944 and returned to the Philippines the same year with General Douglas MacArthur and the liberation forces. After the war, Osmeña restored the Commonwealth government and the various executive departments. He continued the fight for Philippine independence. 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... MacArthur landing at Leyte Beach in 1944. ...


For the presidential election of 1946, Osmeña refused to campaign, saying that the Filipino people knew of his record of 40 years of honest and faithful service. Nevertheless, he was defeated by Manuel Roxas, who won 54 percent of the vote and became the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ...


Post-presidency

Sergio Osmeña is depicted on the 50-peso bill.

After his defeat in the election, Osmeña retired to his home in Cebu. He died on October 19, 1961, at the Veteran's Memorial Hospital in Quezon City. He is buried in the North Cemetery in Manila. Download high resolution version (944x383, 59 KB)Front side of the 50-Philippine peso bill. ... Download high resolution version (944x383, 59 KB)Front side of the 50-Philippine peso bill. ... Philippine peso bills are issued by the Central Bank of the Philippines for circulation in the Philippines. ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... Quezon City P is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ...


External links

  • The Philippine Presidency Project (http://www.pangulo.ph)
  • Biography  (http://islandphilippines.com/people/pres04.htm)


Preceded by:
Manuel L. Quezon
President of the Philippines
1944–1946
Succeeded by:
José P. Laurel


PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... José P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ...

Presidents of the Philippines
Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay | Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo

 
 

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