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Encyclopedia > Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone

Born January 3, 1929(1929-01-03)
Flag of Italy Rome, Italy
Died April 30, 1989 (aged 60)
Years active 1959 - 1984

Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Leone is well-known for his Spaghetti Western films, and his recognizable style of juxtaposing extreme close-up shots with extreme long shots. Despite only directing seven films, Leone is recognized as one of the greatest directors of all time. Of his seven films, he is best known for his The Man With No Name trilogy, which consists of A Fistful of Dollars, For A Few Dollars More, and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, as well as Once Upon A Time In The West. Movie poster for Once Upon a Time in the West Spaghetti Western is a nickname for a broad sub-genre of Western film that emerged in the mid-1960s, so named because most of them were produced by Italian studios. ... Close Up is a half hour long New Zealand current affairs program produced by Television New Zealand. ... In film, a long shot is a view from a distance. ... ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... For a Few Dollars More (Per qualche dollaro in piu) is a 1965 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood and Lee Van Cleef. ... The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo) is a 1966 Spaghetti Western film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood (the Good), Lee van Cleef (the Bad), and Eli Wallach (the Ugly). ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...

Contents

Biography

Born in Rome, he was the son of the cinema pioneer Vincenzo Leone (known as director Roberto Roberti), and the actress Edvige Valcarenghi (Bice Waleran), and started working in the film industry himself at the age of eighteen. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


He began writing screenplays in the 1950s, primarily for the so-called "sword and sandal" or "peplum" historical epics which were popular at the time. He also worked as an assistant director on several large-scale, high-profile Hollywood productions, a.k.a. runaway productions, filmed at Cinecittà Studios in Rome, notably Quo Vadis (1951) and Ben-Hur (1959). D. W. Griffith set out to depict the splendor of ancient Babylon in Intolerance. ... ... The current version of this article or section advances a limited or personal interpretation of the subject matter. ... Entrance of the Cinecittà studios Cinecittà (Italian for Cinema City) is a large film studio in Rome, Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Quo Vadis (the title is Latin, meaning Where are you going?), is a 1951 Biblical epic film that tells the story of a Roman soldier, returning from the wars, who falls in love with a Christian and becomes intrigued by her religion. ... Ben-Hur is a 1959 epic film directed by William Wyler, and is the most popular live-action version of Lew Wallaces novel, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880). ...


When director Mario Bonnard fell ill during the production of the 1959 Italian epic Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei (The Last Days of Pompei) starring Steve Reeves, Sergio Leone was asked to step in and complete the film. As a result, when the time came to make his solo directorial debut with The Colossus of Rhodes (Il Colosso di Rodi, 1961), he was well equipped to produce low-budget films which looked and felt like Hollywood spectaculars. Stephen L. Reeves (January 21, 1926 – May 5, 2000), was a bodybuilder, actor, and author. ... Il Colosso de Rodi (English title: The Colossus of Rhodes) is a 1961 sword and sandal film directed by Sergio Leone. ...


1960s

In the early 1960s, demand for historical epics collapsed, and Leone was fortunate enough to be at the forefront of the genre which replaced it in the public's affections: the Western. His A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari, 1964) was an early trend-setter in a genre which came to be known as the "spaghetti western". Based upon Akira Kurosawa's Meiji-era samurai adventure Yojimbo (1961), it elicited a legal challenge from the Japanese director; the film is notable for its establishment of Clint Eastwood as a star. Until that time, he had been an American television actor with few roles to his name. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Movie poster for Once Upon a Time in the West Spaghetti Western is a nickname for a broad sub-genre of Western film that emerged in the mid-1960s, so named because most of them were produced by Italian studios. ... Akira Kurosawa , 23 March 1910—6 September 1998) was a prominent Japanese film director, film producer, and screenwriter. ... The Meiji period ) denotes the 45-year reign of Emperor Meiji, running from 8 September 1868 (in the Gregorian calendar, 23 October 1868) to 30 July 1912. ... Yōjimbō 用心棒 is a 1961 film by Akira Kurosawa, in which a ronin, portrayed by Toshiro Mifune, arrives at a small town with competing crime lords making their money from gambling, and convinces each crime lord to hire him as protection from the other. ... Clint Eastwood (born Clinton Eastwood, Jr. ...


The look of the film was established partly by its budget, partly by its Spanish locations, and it presented a gritty, violent, morally complex vision of the American West which paid tribute to traditional American Westerns, but significantly departed from them in storyline, plot, characterization, and mood. Leone deservedly gets credit for one great breakthrough in the Western genre that is still followed today: in traditional Western films, heroes and villains alike looked like they had just stepped out of a fashion magazine and the moral opposites were clearly drawn, even down to the hero wearing a white hat and the villain wearing a black hat. Leone's characters were, in contrast, more "realistic" and complex: usually "lone wolves" in their behaviour, they rarely shaved, looked dirty, and there was a strong suggestion of body odour and a history of criminal behaviour; they were morally ambiguous and often either generously compassionate or nakedly and brutally self-serving as the situation demanded. This sense of realism continues to affect Western movies today, and has also been influential outside this genre. Many have called it ironic that an Italian director who could not speak English and had never even seen the American West could have almost single-handedly redefined the typical vision of the American cowboy. According to Christopher Frayling's book Something to do with Death, Leone was an avid reader about the American West. He knew a great deal about the American West, and it was reflected in his films. It fascinated him as a child, and that carried into his adulthood and his films. For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ...


His next two films — For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) — completed what has come to be known as the Dollars trilogy, with each film being more financially successful and more technically proficient than its predecessor. All three films featured scores by the prolific composer Ennio Morricone: Leone had a personal way of shooting scenes with Morricone's music ongoing. Critics have often said that The Good, the Bad and the Ugly was the finest of the trilogy. For a Few Dollars More (Per qualche dollaro in piu) is a 1965 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood and Lee Van Cleef. ... The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (Italian: ) is a 1966 Italian epic spaghetti Western directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach in the title roles. ... The Dollars Trilogy, also known as The Man with No Name Trilogy, refers to the three Spaghetti Westerns starring Clint Eastwood and directed by Sergio Leone: A Fistful of Dollars (1964) For a Few Dollars More (1965) The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) Although it was not Leone... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ...


Based on these successes, in 1967 he was invited to America to direct what he hoped would be his masterwork, Once Upon a Time in the West (C'era una volta il West) for Paramount. Filmed mostly in Spain and Italy, and briefly Monument Valley, Utah, and starring Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, and Claudia Cardinale it emerged as a long, violent, dreamlike meditation upon the mythology of the American West. It was scripted by Leone's longtime friend and collaborator Sergio Donati. The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Monument Valley from the valley floor. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... For other persons named Charles Bronson, see Charles Bronson (disambiguation). ... Claudia Cardinale (born April 15, 1938) is an Italian actress born in Tunis, Tunisia to Sicilian parents. ...


The story was written by Bernardo Bertolucci and Dario Argento, both of whom went on to have significant careers as directors. Before its release, however, the film was ruthlessly edited by Paramount, which perhaps contributed to its poor box-office results in America. Nevertheless, it was a huge hit in Europe and highly praised amongst North American film students, and it has come to be regarded by many as Leone's best film. Bernardo Bertolucci (born March 16, 1940) is an Italian writer and Academy Award winning film director. ... Dario Argento (born September 7, 1940) is an Italian film director, producer and screenwriter. ...


1970s

After Once Upon a Time in the West, Leone directed A Fistful of Dynamite (Giù la testa, 1971). Leone was originally producing the film, but due to artistic differences between its director Peter Bogdanovich, Leone was asked to step in. The film is a Mexican Revolution action drama starring James Coburn as an Irish revolutionary, and Rod Steiger as a Mexican bandit who is conned into becoming a revolutionary. A Fistful of Dynamite is a 1971 film by Sergio Leone (original Italian title: Giù la testa; also known as Duck, You Sucker and Once Upon a Time … The Revolution). ... Peter Bogdanovich Serbian Cyrillic Петар Богдановић(born July 30, 1939) is a Serbian-American film director, writer and actor. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Many portions of this article are translations of excerpts from the article Revolución Mexicana in the Spanish Wikipedia. ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American Academy Award-winning actor best known for his intense performances in such films as In the Heat of the Night, On the Waterfront and Doctor Zhivago. ...


Leone continued to produce, and on occasion stepped in to re-shoot scenes. One of these films was My Name Is Nobody (1973) by Tonino Valerii (though true participation of Leone in shooting is disputed[citation needed]), a comedy western film which poked fun at the spaghetti western genre. It starred Henry Fonda as an old gunslinger who watched 'his' old West fade away before his very eyes and Terence Hill as the young stranger who helps Fonda leave the dying West with style. My Name is Nobody (also known as Il mio nome è Nessuno and Lonesome Gun) is a 1973 spaghetti western comedy film. ... Tonino Valerii (b. ... Terence Hill (born Mario Girotti March 29, 1939) is an Italian-born actor. ...


His other productions included, A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe (1975), another western comedy starring Terence Hill. The Cat (Il gatto) (1977) starring Alberto Sordi, The Toy, (Il giocattolo, 1979) starring Nino Manfredi, and three comedies by actor/director Carlo Verdone, Fun Is Beautiful (Un Sacco Bello, 1980), Bianco, Rosso e Verdone (White, Red and Verdone - Verdone means "strong green", a pun referring to the three colours of the Italian flag and to the star and director of the film Carlo Verdone, 1981) and Troppo Forte (Great!, 1986). During this period he also directed various award-winning TV commercials for European television. A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe (originally released in Italy as Un Genio, due compari, un pollo and also known as Nobodys the Greatest) is a 1975 spaghetti western comedy film directed by Damiano Damiani and, in the opening scene, Sergio Leone. ... Alberto Sordi, also known as Albertone, (June 15, 1920, Rome - February 25, 2003, Rome) was a beloved Italian actor and a film director. ... Nino Manfredi (March 22, 1921 - June 4, 2004) was an Italian actor. ... Carlo Verdone is an awarded Italian actor, film writer and film director. ...


1980s

Leone had turned down the opportunity to direct The Godfather in favor of working on another gangster story he had conceived before the Godfather offer. Leone devoted ten years on this project, based on the novel The Hoods by Harry Grey, focused on a quartet of New York City Jewish gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s who had been friends since childhood. The finished film, Once Upon a Time in America (1984), starring Robert De Niro and James Woods, was a meditation on another aspect of popular American mythology, the role of greed and violence and their uneasy coexistence with the meaning of ethnicity and friendship, and like the earlier film, it was too long and stately for the studio to stomach. The studio cut (only for the American market) its four-hour running time drastically, losing much of the sense of the complex narrative. The recut version flopped and received much criticism. This article is about the 1972 film. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Once Upon a Time in America (Italian title Cera una volta in America) (1984) is the last film by director Sergio Leone, and features Robert De Niro and James Woods as Jewish ghetto youths who rise to prominence in New York Citys world of organized crime. ... Robert De Niro (born August 17, 1943), is a two-time Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American film actor, director, and producer. ... This article contains a trivia section. ...


The original version, projected in the rest of the world, had great appreciation by the public and by critics.


When the integral version of the film was released to DVD in the USA, it gained major critical acclaim, with many critical circles hailing the film as a masterpiece.


Death

At the time of his 1989 death at the age of 60, Leone was part way through planning yet another epic, this time on the siege of Leningrad during the Second World War. Leone was infamous for his compulsive eating which led him to becoming obese. This was no doubt a contributing factor in his early death of a heart attack. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), more commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ...


In his later years, Leone had a falling out of sorts with Clint Eastwood, his most famous actor. When he directed Once Upon a Time in America, he commented that Robert De Niro was a real actor, unlike Eastwood. However, the two made amends before Leone's death. In 1992, Clint Eastwood directed Unforgiven, a revisionist Western for which he won the Oscar for best director. Leone was one of the people to whom it was dedicated. Robert De Niro (born August 17, 1943), is a two-time Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American film actor, director, and producer. ... Unforgiven is a 1992 Western film which tells the story of a retired gunslinger who takes on one more job for the money. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


In 2004 his son Andrea published a long treatment for a new film entitled A Place Only Mary Knows written by Sergio Leone, Luca Morsella and Fabio Toncelli. It is a story about two soldiers during the American Civil War.


Critical opinion of Leone's film contributions was initially mixed, partly because the spaghetti western was initially considered a low-prestige genre. However, today Sergio Leone is widely acclaimed as a master film-maker, receiving a 94% average filmography rating on Rotten Tomatoes. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Leone's largest fanbase, however, has always been fellow directors. Among the many film makers who have claimed reference or inspiration by Leone's films include: Sam Peckinpah, Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg, John Milius, George Lucas, Quentin Tarantino, Robert Rodriguez, Gore Verbinski, and Stanley Kubrick (for his film Barry Lyndon). The cultural impact of Leone's films, particularly his early Westerns, is also immense, with the showdown sequences, the amoral lead characters, and Ennio Morricone's musical scores having become icons of cinema and pop culture. David Samuel Sam Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (born November 17, 1942) is an American film director, writer and producer and founder of the World Cinema Foundation. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... John Milius (born April 11, 1944 in St. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Robert Anthony Rodriguez (born June 20, 1968) is an American writer and film director who is known for making profitable, crowd-pleasing independent and studio films with fairly low budgets and fast schedules by Hollywood standards. ... Gregor Verbinski (b. ... “Kubrick” redirects here. ... Barry Lyndon (1975) is an award-winning period film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon (1844) by William Makepeace Thackeray. ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ...


Trivia

  • Leone's five westerns are famous for their post-production dubbing. One movie critic has said of them: "The guns sound like cannons, and the cannons sound like nuclear explosions."
  • According to Christopher Frayling's biography, Leone wanted to do a remake of Gone with the Wind.
  • After viewing the notorious Italian cannibal film, Cannibal Holocaust, Leone sent a letter to the film's director, Ruggero Deodato; Dear Ruggero, what a movie! The second part is a masterpiece of cinematographic realism but everything seems so real that I think you will get in trouble with all the world. Deodato was subsequently arrested due to authorities believing it to be a real snuff film.

William Dafoe, Jr. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (born November 17, 1942) is an American film director, writer and producer and founder of the World Cinema Foundation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... Clint Eastwood (born Clinton Eastwood, Jr. ... For the shortwave radio station, see Yosemite Sam (shortwave). ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... Poster for Cannibal Holocaust, one of the best-known cannibal films. ... For the Brutal Juice song, see Cannibal Holocaust (single). ... Ruggero Deodato, born May 7, 1939 in Potenza, Italy, film director, actor, screen writer. ... A snuff film, or snuff movie, depicts the actual killing of a human being - a human sacrifice (without the aid of special effects or other trickery) perpetrated for the medium of film for the purpose of entertainment. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Once Upon a Time in America (Italian title Cera una volta in America) (1984) is the last film by director Sergio Leone, and features Robert De Niro and James Woods as Jewish ghetto youths who rise to prominence in New York Citys world of organized crime. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...

Filmography

The Last Days of Pompeii was written by Edward Bulwer-Lytton in 1834. ... Il Colosso de Rodi (English title: The Colossus of Rhodes) is a 1961 sword and sandal film directed by Sergio Leone. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... For a Few Dollars More (Per qualche dollaro in piu) is a 1965 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood and Lee Van Cleef. ... The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (Italian: ) is a 1966 Italian epic spaghetti Western directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach in the title roles. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... A Fistful of Dynamite is a 1971 film by Sergio Leone (original Italian title: Giù la testa; also known as Duck, You Sucker and Once Upon a Time … The Revolution). ... My Name is Nobody (also known as Il mio nome è Nessuno and Lonesome Gun) is a 1973 spaghetti western comedy film. ... Once Upon a Time in America (Italian title Cera una volta in America) (1984) is the last film by director Sergio Leone, and features Robert De Niro and James Woods as Jewish ghetto youths who rise to prominence in New York Citys world of organized crime. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sergio Leone: something to do with death. (1014 words)
Sergio Leone's career was characterised by a constant desire to be taken seriously as a film director.
Leone is most often regarded as a curiosity, usually considered the resuscitator of a "dead" genre (the western) and the father of a derided sub-genre (the dreaded spaghetti western).
Leone's shaky ego and yearning to be accepted as an intellectual (he often carried a copy of Céline's Journey to the end of the night to interviews; most of his associates suspected he had never read it) was often at odds with a bluff exterior, rarely yielding in battles of will.
Sergio Leone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1640 words)
Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director who is considered to be one of the greatest Western directors of all time.
Sergio Leone is well-known for his Spaghetti Western films, and his recognizable style of juxtaposing extreme close-up shots with extreme long shots, as in the opening scene of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).
Leone's characters were, in contrast, more "realistic" and complex: usually "lone wolves" in their behaviour, they rarely shaved, looked dirty, and there was a strong suggestion of body odour and a history of criminal behaviour; they were morally ambiguous and often either generously compassionate or nakedly and brutally self-serving as the situation demanded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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