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Encyclopedia > Sergei Yesenin
Sergei Yesenin
Sergei Yesenin

Sergei Aleksandrovich Yesenin, sometimes spelled Esenin (Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Есе́нин; October 3, 1895 [O.S. September 21]December 28, 1925) was a famous Russian lyrical poet. Image File history File links Sergey_Yesenin. ... Image File history File links Sergey_Yesenin. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... A poet is some one who writes poetry. ...


Born in the village of Konstantinovo (today Yesenino), Ryazan region, Russia in a peasant family, Sergei Yesenin was early sent to live with his grandparents. He began to write poetry at the age of nine. A literary prodigy, in 1912 he moved to Moscow where he supported himself working as a proofreader in a printing company. The following year he enrolled in Moscow State University as an external student and studied there for a year and a half. His early poetry was inspired by Russian folklore. In 1915, he moved to St Petersburg, where he became acquainted with fellow-poets Alexander Blok, Sergei Gorodetsky, Nikolai Klyuev and Andrey Bely. It was in St Petersburg where he became well known in literature circles. Alexander Blok was especially helpful in promoting Yesenin's early career as a poet. Yesenin said that Bely gave him the meaning of form while Blok and Klyuev taught him lyricism. Ryazan (Ряза́нь) is a city in Central Russia federal district, the administrative center of the Ryazan Oblast. ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: the 16th century was a good time for European peasants A peasant, from 15th... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Proofreading is reading a proof copy of text for the purpose of detecting errors. ... Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени Ðœ.Ð’.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and arguably the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. ... Folklore is the body of verbal expressive culture, including tales, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs current among a particular population, comprising the oral tradition of that culture, subculture, or group. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Blok in 1907 Alexander Blok (Александр Александрович Блок, November 28, 1880 [O.S. November 16] – August 7, 1921), was perhaps the most gifted lyrical poet produced by Russia after Alexander Pushkin. ... Sergei Gorodetsky (Russian: January 17 (January 5 (O.S.)), 1884— June 8, 1967) was a Russian poet, one of the founders (together with Nikolay Gumilyov) of Guild of Poets (Цех поэтов). Categories: Russian poets | 1884 births | 1967 deaths | Russian people stubs ... Nikolai Alekseevich Klyuev (occasionally transliterated from the Cyrillic alphabet as Kliuev, Kluev or Kluyev) (1887-1937), was a notable Russian poet. ... Boris Budaev Andrei Bely (Андрей Белый) was the pseudonym of Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev (1880 - 1934), a Russian novelist, poet, theorist, and literary critic. ... Blok in 1907 Alexander Blok (Александр Александрович Блок, November 28, 1880 [O.S. November 16] – August 7, 1921), was perhaps the most gifted lyrical poet produced by Russia after Alexander Pushkin. ...


In 1915, Sergei Yesenin published his first book of poems, titled "Radunitsa," soon followed by "Ritual for the Dead" (1916). Through his collections of poignant poetry about love and the simple life, he became one of the most popular poets of the day. 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Blessed with good looks and a romantic personality, he fell in love frequently and over a very short period was married five times. His first marriage was in 1913 to a co-worker from the publishing house by the name of Anna Izryadnova with whom he had a son, Yuri. (During Stalinist purges, Yuri Yesenin was arrested and died in 1937 at a Gulag labor camp.) 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ... The Great Purge (Russian: ) is the name given to campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s. ... Gulag ( , Russian: ) is an acronym for Главное Управление Исправительно—Трудовых Лагерей и колоний, Glavnoye Upravleniye Ispravitelno-trudovykh Lagerey i kolonii, The Chief Directorate [or Administration] of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies of the NKVD. Anne Applebaum, in her book Gulag: A History, explains: Literally, the word GULAG is an acronym, meaning Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or Main Camp... A labor camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are engaged in penal labor. ...


In 1915 he came to St Petersburg where he met Klyuev. "For the next two years, were a team...living together most of the time.... Collections of his poetry, usually include his three love letters to Klyuev, without specifying to whom they were writen."[1]. In 1916-1917, Sergei Yesenin was drafted into military duty, but soon after the October Revolution of 1917, Russia exited World War I. Believing that the revolution would bring a better life, he briefly supported it, but soon became disillusioned and sometimes even criticized the Bolshevik rule in such poems as "The Stern October Has Deceived Me." 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution or November Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ...


In August 1917 Yesenin married for a second time to the actress Zinaida Raikh (later wife of Vsevolod Meyerhold). With her he had a daughter, Tatyana, and a son, Konstantin. Konstantin later became a well-known Football (soccer) statistician. 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (born Karl Kazimir Theodor Meyerhold) (1874 - 1940) was a Russian theatrical director, actor and theorist. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A graph of a bell curve in a normal distribution showing statistics used in educational assessment, comparing various grading methods. ...


In September of 1918, he founded his own publishing house called "Трудовая Артель Художников Слова" (the "Moscow Labor Company of the Artists of Word.")


In the fall of 1921, while visiting the studio of painter Alexei Yakovlev, he met the Paris-based American dancer Isadora Duncan, a woman 17 years his senior who knew only a dozen words in Russian, while he spoke no foreign languages. They married on May 2, 1922. Yesenin accompanied his new celebrity wife on a tour of Europe and the United States but at this point in his life, an addiction to alcohol had gotten out of control. Often drunk or on drugs, his violent rages resulted in Yesenin destroying hotel rooms or causing disturbances in restaurants. This behavior received a great deal of publicity in the world's press. The marriage to Duncan lasted only a short time and in May of 1923 he returned to Moscow. There, he immediately became involved with actress Augusta Miklashevskaya and is believed to have married her in a civil ceremony, although it's known he's never obtained a divorce from Isadora Duncan. Another lover of his during this time, Galina Benislavskaya, committed suicide at his grave a year after his death. 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Part of the Paris skyline with from left to right: Montparnasse Tower, Eiffel Tower, and in the background, towers of neighboring La Défense. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighbouring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Yesenin's behavior grew increasingly reckless and that same year he had a son Alexandr by the poet Nadezhda Volpin. Sergei Yesenin never knew his son by Volpin, but Alexander Esenin-Volpin grew up to become a prominent poet and activist in the Soviet Union's dissident movement of the 1960s with Andrei Sakharov and others. After moving to the United States, Esenin-Volpin became a prominent mathematician. Alexander Sergeyevich Esenin-Volpin (Russian: Александр Сергеевич Есенин-Вольпин; born on May 12, 1924) is a prominent Russian American mathematician. ... A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively opposes an established opinion, policy, or structure. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 Dr. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: , May 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989), was an eminent Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The last two years of Sergei Yesenin's life were filled with constant erratic and drunken behavior, but he also created some of the most famous pieces of his poetry. In the Spring of 1925, a highly volatile Sergei Yesenin met and married his fifth wife, Sophia Andreyevna Tolstaya, a granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy. She attempted to get him help but he suffered a complete mental breakdown and was hospitalized for a month. Two days after his release for Christmas, he allegedly cut his wrist and wrote a farewell poem in his own blood, then the following day hanged himself from the heating pipes on the ceiling of his room in the Hotel Anglettere at the age of 30. There is also a notion that the suicide was staged, and in actuality he was killed by GPU agents. 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Russian: , Lev Nikolaevič Tolstoj), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) was a Russian novelist, philosopher, Christian anarchist, pacifist, educational reformer, vegetarian, moral thinker and an influential member of the Tolstoy... Although not a medical term, the phrase nervous breakdown is often used by laymen to describe a sudden and acute attack of mental illness clinical depression, anxiety disorder, in a previously outwardly healthy person. ... Soviet poster of the 1920s: The GPU strikes on the head the counter-revolutionary saboteur State Political Administration was the secret police of the RSFSR and USSR until 1934. ...


After accidentally meeting Yesenin in 1925, Vladimir Mayakovsky noted: Portrait of Vladimir Mayakovsky Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский) (July 7 (O.S.) July 19 (N.S.), 1893 – April 14, 1930) was among the foremost representatives for the poetic futurism of early 20th century Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union. ...

... With the greatest difficulty I recognized Yesenin. With difficulty, too, I rejected his persistent demands that we go for a drink, demands accompanied by the waving of a fat bunch of banknotes. All day long I had his depressing image before me, and in the evening, of course, I discussed with my colleagues what could be done about Yesenin. Unfortunately, in such a situation everyone always limits oneself to talk.

Burial of Sergei Yesenin

According to Ilya Ehrenburg's memoirs "People, Years, Life" (1961), Image File history File linksMetadata Yesenin_in_coffin. ... Ilya Grigoryevich Ehrenburg (Илья́ Григо́рьевич Эренбу́рг) (January 27, 1891–August 31, 1967) was a Soviet Jewish writer and journalist whose 1954 novel gave name to the Khrushchev Thaw. ...

Yesenin was always surrounded by satellites. The saddest thing of all was to see, next to Yesenin, a random group of men who had nothing to do with literature, but simply liked (as they still do) to drink somebody else's vodka, bask in someone else's fame, and hide behind someone else's authority. It was not through this black swarm, however, that he perished, he drew them to himself. He knew what they were worth; but in his state he found it easier to be with people he despised.

Although he was one of Russia's most popular poets and had been given an elaborate funeral by the State, most of his writings were banned by the Kremlin during the reign of Joseph Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev. Nikolay Bukharin's criticism of Esenin contributed significantly to the banning. Only in 1966 most of his works were republished. The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin ( Russian: Московский Кремль) is the best known kremlin ( Russian citadel). ... Stalin redirects here. ... (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Hruščëv; surname commonly romanized as Khrushchev, IPA: ; April 17, 1894 – September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (Russian: Николай Иванович Бухарин), (October 9 (September 27 Old Style) 1888 - March 13, 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and then a Soviet politician, and intellectual. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Today, Sergei Yesenin's poems are still being memorized by school children and many have been set to music, recorded as popular songs. The early death, unsympathetic views by some of literary elite, adoration by ordinary people, sensational behavior, all contributed to the enduring and near mythical popular image of the Russian poet.


Sergei Yesenin is interred in Moscow's Vagankovskoye Cemetery. His grave is marked by a white marble sculpture. Vagankovskoye Cemetery (Ваганьковское кладбище), established in 1771, is located in the Krasnaya Presnaya (Красная Пресная) district of Moscow...


Some of Sergei Yesenin's works

  • The Scarlet of the Dawn (1910)
  • The high waters have licked (1910)
  • The Birch Tree (1913)
  • Autumn (1914)
  • The Bitch (1915)
  • I'll glance in the field (1917)
  • I left the native home (1918)
  • Hooligan (1919)
  • Hooligan's Confession (1920) (Italian translation sung by Angelo Branduardi)
  • I am the last poet of the village (1920)
  • Prayer for the First Forty Days of the Dead (1920)
  • I don't pity, don't call, don't cry (1921)
  • Pugachev (1921)
  • One joy I have left (1923)
  • A Letter to Mother (1924)
  • Tavern Moscow (1924)
  • Confessions of a Hooligan (1924),
  • Desolate and Pale Moonlight (1925)
  • The Black Man (1925)
  • To Kachalov's Dog (1925)
  • Goodbye, my friend, goodbye (1925) (His farewell poem)
Original in Russian

До свиданья, друг мой, до свиданья.
Милый мой, ты у меня в груди.
Предназначенное расставанье
Обещает встречу впереди. Angelo Branduardi Angelo Branduardi (February 12, 1950, Cuggiono), is an Italian pop singer and composer who scored relevant success in Italy and European countries such as France and Germany. ...


До свиданья, друг мой, без руки, без слова,
Не грусти и не печаль бровей,-
В этой жизни умирать не ново,
Но и жить, конечно, не новей.

English Translation

Good bye, my friend, good bye.
My dear one, you are inside my chest.
This predestined parting,
Promises a reunion ahead.


Good bye, my friend, without a handshake, without a word,
Do not get sad or show sorrow with your eyebrows,
Dying is nothing new in this life,
But living, of course, isn't novel either.

External links

http://vagalecs.narod.ru/yes-chron-eng.htm


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sergei Yesenin: Information from Answers.com (1497 words)
Yesenin accompanied his new celebrity wife on a tour of Europe and the United States but at this point in his life, an addiction to alcohol had gotten out of control.
Sergei Yesenin never knew his son by Volpin, but Alexander Esenin-Volpin grew up to become a prominent poet and activist in the Soviet Union's dissident movement of the 1960s with Andrei Sakharov and others.
Sergei Yesenin is interred in Moscow's Vagankovskoye Cemetery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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